BULLET TRAIN – Riding Japan's Super Shinkansen – 新幹線に乗りましょ!

Japan’s bullet train or Shinkansen system is one of mankind’s modern technological marvels in its over 50 years of operation the Shinkansen has transported over 10 billion passengers more than the total population of earth at speeds exceeding 200 miles an hour for some trains in the most earthquake-prone country on the planet one would expect the worst to happen but of all those billions of passengers there have been zero passenger fatalities in operation it’s a safe efficient and convenient system and we mean convenient on this episode of the American rail club we’re taking the world’s ultimate train from Tokyo to Osaka and back taking a day journey while exploring the history of the Shinkansen and its possibilities around the world and in America welcome aboard pick a seat and enjoy the ride it’s early in the morning on our trip to Japan and we’re taking the day to go from our hotel in Tokyo to Osaka we’ll be taking the 754 AM Nozomi Express Shinkansen from Shinagawa station to arrive at Xin Osaka by 10:20 a.m. from there we’ll go to Universal Studios Japan for the morning and afternoon and then to dote on Mori at night where we will then return back afterwards on the 9:10 p.m Nozomi to arrive at Tokyo by 11:35 p.m pretty full day none of us ever had a packed travel day like this by train especially between two major cities separated by over 320 miles something like this would only be possible by bullet train and it’s time to start getting to the station but first let’s pick up something to eat grabbing some breakfast over in Kamata was quick and inexpensive and the food in Japan is pretty tasty and healthier than my guilty pleasure of – bacon egg and cheese McGriddle and so we stood out our morning let’s do this you can see how everything’s like got my sheet here and I have a gonna cleaning towel everything – something you don’t see back at home afterwards time to take the K in tohoku up to Shinagawa station with our Shing Content tickets already bought the day before then it’s on to the platform of the backbone of Japan’s infrastructural engine the Shinkansen what I mean this system is punctual it redefines it entirely the clockwork of seeing this amazing system in action is awe-inspiring to anyone even if they aren’t interested in trains the engineering the speed and the timing safety and the people behind it all of this make it what it is kind of surreal but it’s like wow pretty much everything worked and I was supposed to ended this posed to be for 748 or like a 739 so everything is super punctual just the way let’s get our seats on board settle in and discuss it more in depth on board but not too much as we’ll only be here for two hours and twenty minutes to cover 320 miles but first breakfast the development of the shikon s’en literally translated as new trunk line was long in the making in 1903 Germany tested the first electric multiple unit train that reached a record 130 miles an hour compared to regular locomotives which

lead the passenger cars to either push or pull a train electric multiple units or e/m use are a different layout where motors are distributed along the entire train to increase efficiency for 1903 however technology hadn’t quite figured out how to sync all the motors to not resist and limit each other but a standing impression would be made on a young engineer of the Japanese railway Bureau sent to observe the test yasujiro Shima he had a dream to create Japan’s first bullet train or Dangan arisia connecting Tokyo all through Shimonoseki the western end of Japan’s main island Honshu plans were actually made and worked for the doc gonorrhea shop project in 1939 instead of using electricity however it would be steam but those plans bombed after something called World War 2 which devastated Japan’s infrastructure and burned down a majority of Tokyo and the single most destructive and deadly bombing attack in human history Japan adhering to the principles of fall down seven times get up eight had a chance to reinvent itself and three major factors would do it number one is decision to electrify its major railways gained through the sovereignty of the San Francisco treaty Japan was under immense pressure by the United States and General MacArthur to adopt diesel engines due to austerity measures and a dependency it would create on Japan to outside sources of fuel mainly Americas but thankfully it dodged that stinky bullet number two the Japanese National Railways or jnr had this man as its president Shinji so go under his leadership JR would be able to make bold decisions to grow its services then there was a dice on sale yoku or big factor number three the chief engineer at Jan arm Hideo Chima remember yasujiro Chima earlier who witnessed the record test in Germany Hideo is his son or Musco okay I’ll try to cut back on the Japanese learning there is no quiz after this in the 1950s jay-ar was struggling to keep up with the demand of population and economic growth and proposed to plans of building new narrow gauge lines along its Tokaido corridor between Tokyo and Osaka but Shinji and had a hoe had a third infant plan I mean I meant plan this plan would build a new larger standard gauge passenger rail network segregated away from freight and slower passenger trains achieve speeds in excess of a hundred thirteen miles per hour as well as followed much of the previous bullet train plan from 1939 except this time using electric multiple units the 2500 meter turning radius four corners standard on modern Shinkansen lines that was actually carried over from the 1939 plan the plans were approved in 1958 with engineering quickly commencing and construction beginning in 1959 to connect Tokyo to Osaka this Shinkansen plan or new trunk line after the standard gauge designation also brought along the ridicule moaning and hysteria from other superiors in Jnr the Japanese government and the media all throughout the planning and construction Shima and slow go were deemed madmen for sticking to trains in a coming age of automobiles and airplane words that would probably make the best humble pie with MIT’s crow later the Shinkansen was massively expensive with a budget of 1.6 billion u.s. dollars in that year which doubled to an actual of 3.2 billion u.s. dollars from 1963 to 2018 dollars that’s nearly twenty six billion dollars even including all new engineering research design and manufacturing it’s still more than half the cost per mile of California’s now 100 billion dollar project but because of these cost overruns in out of respect both so go followed by Shima resigned from J&R before ultimately the fruit of theirs and thousands of others laborers who realized on October 1st 1964 right on time for the Tokyo Olympics the era of high-speed rail had begun since the Shinkansen opening jnr had run into a lot of cost problems but contrary to popular belief this wasn’t actually created because of debt acquired from the Shinkansen project itself quite the contrary actually it paid in spades and it was subsidizing the two biggest losses for Jun are forced construction of commuter railways in sparse urban areas and government constraints on fare increases with inflation the change came when jnr was eventually split regionally into private companies rather than a public

government corporation in 1987 these new japan rail or jr companies brought the much-needed technological improvements especially to rail service like the Shinkansen which stayed with the initial zero series Hikari for nearly 20 years after introduction in 1987 the year of breakup and privatization the 100 series Shinkansen ran at a hundred 37 mile an hour top speed top speed by 1992 was increased to a hundred seventy miles an hour by the series 300 by 2000 the series 500 could reach 186 miles an hour and today and e5 Shinkansen can reach 200 miles an hour hooray for capitalism the amazing history behind the Shinkansen is the reason why Japan and its visitors are able to enjoy the comforts it affords today the seating on board is rather comfy in the reserved class with plenty of space to stretch out eat on tables and put your luggage on top without worrying about running out of space and checking it in the bathrooms aren’t pristine have actual functioning sinks push button operation and sized properly for actual human beings not goblins like on Amtrak japanese etiquette suggests for you to stay quiet at a conversational level in the cars and if you need a good walking stretch or a talk on the cell phone there’s the in-between cars that have cell phones smoking areas and bathrooms the rails on which the bullet trains right upon are as smooth as a silk kimono every night of every day a crew of about 3,000 across the network perform maintenance and needed repairs on a track that takes close to 370 trains per day the receiving a dedicated inspection train equipped with gear like laser measuring equipment called doctor yellow which is quite a rare sight but hey with my luck I snapped a picture of what a Ginza then there’s the punctuality of the entire network which I previously talked about the average delay if there even is a delay for the Shinkansen is a scant 30 seconds thanks to the teamwork of everyone and the skill of the conductor’s I’m sure you’ve seen the videos of cleaning crews that clean these trains that seat 1200 plus people in only seven minutes flat I didn’t get a chance to see them but their work obviously shows as everything is clean whisking through over the rural parts of Japan cities tunnels and mountains it becomes clear how amazing these trains really are and how it has enabled Japan’s economy to reach the level it has we were already getting close when we looked back at our watches and realize how quick two hours and 300 miles had gone nobody was cramped and we were all relaxed at exactly 1019 we were at the station and we felt cheated out of our early minute so we stayed here gawking at the bullet trains for a bit more and another weekend by the way these shirts you can get them on the ark teespring and more goodies back to scheduled programming the amount of time the bullet train has given us to enjoy another part of the country was time well spent from shin-osaka we were able to easily and quickly board a train to osaka station then transfer Anisha Kujo to head for Universal City station to Universal Studios Japan it’s almost as if somebody stopped time were able to arrive here with ease and get to basically the reason why we came to Japan in the first place JoJo’s Bizarre Adventure the ride after we did all we wanted there we had enough

time to take a train over to Osaka famous daughter amore district Osaka is known for its culinary culture frequently called the kitchen of Japan there’s even a saying in Japan that goes Kyoto No kia ora Osaka no cuido meaning one dresses into decadence in Kyoto and one eats into decadence in Osaka thus the Japanese term cuidado or to over indulge yourself in food indeed the food in Osaka is amazing although I think osakans are confused with how hamburgers are used but apart from cuisine the sights and lights of Osaka are enough to feed the eyes and the senses which reminds me of the old Cuban saying of bodega Jana Corazon contento or bellyful and heart content and with our heart content and legs exhausted it was time to get ourselves back to Tokyo before midnight on the last train home upon the platform itself we were able to get ourselves some Japanese snacks and alcohol to add eyes bleary to the ailments incredible how convenient it is to have a convenience store right on the platform it just works on the way back I thought about the immense amount of possibilities a system like this would bring to the u.s. much of the world including France Germany China Taiwan Italy Spain and even Morocco now have high-speed rail systems while America has dug itself in a dark hole of automobile and airline dependency the same hole that Japan avoided nearly 50 years ago thanks to the brave and innovative men that pioneered the Shinkansen the journey we took on the Shinkansen is by car would take over six hours and eight by bus that’s already half that they’d gone sure planes once they were in the air can go pretty fast but accounting for flight time plus security check plus boarding disembarking and traveling to and from the airport and your one and a half hour flight to turn to about three or four hours of total travel time there’s a reason why the Shinkansen rules an outright majority of share and travel between these two cities for starting at around $95 for this lower service to 130 dollars for the express one-way marginally cheaper bus tickets and fluctuating airline tickets around the same prices with fees don’t seem to be a good deal and one ride on the Shinkansen you can tell why the competition is scared around the world there’s actually hope for the system to come to the US through the Texas Central Railway Company coincidentally being done with the assistance of jr. Central the same company that runs the Tokaido Shinkansen we took if you want to learn a little bit more information about that you can click this video over here although we’ll be coming out with more information on it pretty soon it’ll be linked over here Japan isn’t done yet improvements to speed on the current system are currently being tested with the new Alpha X experimental train capable of over 225 miles per hour then there’s the great leap forward with what we dub the Hyperloop killer that actually exists the SC maglev this train has been breaking record at the record with the latest one in 20 fifteen at 375 miles an hour with more to go the test line in Yamanashi will be open to the public come the 2020 Olympics around the corner rhyming with history just as Japan unveiled its first Shinkansen in 1964

maybe someday the US will be able to realize the benefits of rail and we too can raise the ceiling of what is possible within our country whether it’s an easy day trip to a city 300 miles away facilitating jobs in the new economy or bringing family together the passenger train has an important place in a nation’s of modern infrastructure Japan has proved that for itself and the rest of the world it’s amazing that more than 10 billion passengers including myself and my friends have journeyed on this amazing work of human wonder and engineering with no fatalities making it probably the safest place to be in the world on top of unheard-of punctuality spectacular speed and surplus comfort it’s an experience and adventure that you too can have and hope to get a chance to hop on board whether it’s in Japan Europe or in the near future in America thank you for watching this video on American rail club if you want more real news on transit infrastructure and high speed rail in America and around the world be sure to subscribe and pull that belt share this video with friends interested in trains or planning a trip to Japan it’s no cost and everyone is welcome aboard want to support arc further upgrade your ticket to ride by supporting us on patreon where just $1 will get you access to exclusive videos and behind-the-scenes before the general public thank you for writing them next up the future