(AV17772) Science, Technology and Jobs A Town Hall Meeting

good morning everyone my name is Stephen quest I’m the chair the Iowa State College Republicans I want to begin by thanking everyone for coming in to Iowa State this morning for our event and I hope you enjoy our speaker this morning I had the honor of introducing former Speaker of the House and current presidential candidate Newt Gingrich Newt Gingrich is the architect of the contract with america that led the Republican Party to victory in 1994 by capturing the majority in the US House for the first time the Republican Party to victory in 1994 like after the majority in the US House for the first time in 40 years under news leadership Congress asked first balanced budget regeneration leading to the repayment of over 400 billion in debt congress also cut taxes for the first time in 16 years and reformed welfare they did over 60% of well their efficiency rating to javagold it’s cool in addition the Congress is for funding strengthen our defense and intelligence capabilities an action later lauded by bipartisan 9/11 Commission The Washington Times install new tubes indispensable leader and Time magazine named him Man of the Year connection and I said leaders make things possible exceptional leaders make them inedible Newt Gingrich belongs the category of deceptive one in Harrisburg plasma TV news experiences Asylum of careers holders and instrument early age life through his country and of detection of real realising the importance of understand a story a computer the immersive Dalton today’s injury received an absolute degree from Emory University and master’s and doctorate in modern European degree from Tulane University’s first elected in 1938 you recommend your joining partners for 20 years living for years speaker daudt and also they’re not attending class war of the George W Bush was provided completed October 20 round security Newton finally recognized their commitment to the value system alcohol his leadership cultivated Medicare from mango seed confident FDA reform and health of seriously ill initiated a new focus on research preservation and well 2003 new powers of seven for health information to develop free market one officer 21st century system of health and healthcare that a senator and individual prevention both knowledge-intensive the invitation read with that is my auntie is formally for the house fingers thank you thank you all very very much I’m delighted to be here and I’m actually standing behind this so the TV cameras picked up Iowa State the this is a rare opportunity for me because this is such a good science and technology and engineering University that it gives me a chance to talk about one of my favorite topics which is a long way outside of normal politics but before I do that let me just say very briefly that we did yesterday in Des Moines announced a 21st century contract with America this is the legislative component they’re actually four components to it one component is executive orders so you can go to neut org and you’ll see a section on the very first day and the idea is that after the inaugural address I would sign somewhere between 50 and 200 executive orders moving the federal government as of the very first day within the framework of the law for example the very first executive order would abolish all of the White House czars and so you’d go through a series of those steps the second part of the contract is the legislative program which we would try to get enacted in the first year that’s longer than we took with the contract with American 94 because these are more complicated they’re much bigger many of them are newer and because I think people are sick of things being rushed through Congress like the stimulus package that nobody had even read like Obamacare which speaker Pelosi said you have to pass the bill to learn what’s in it I think the fact is that we people want to see regular order where subcommittees hold hearings they have open markups they go to full committee they hold hearings they have open markups they go to the floor they have the right to amend on the floor I’m going to recommend to the Congress that the conference committees be on c-span so that because of the among the most

important meetings and so people out of see legislation being written because this represents such a large scale of change the unity need to be involved so the first thing is is the legislative program the second thing as executive orders on the first day the third part of the new contract is a training program for all the transition team and all the presidential personnel on the grounds that the scale of change we’re going to try to implement is so large that people really need to be trained in to where we’re going and what we’re doing for example I think we should abolish the Department of Energy because it’s been essentially an anti in American energy bureaucracy that has been remarkably improper well if you go out if you go out to recruit a Secretary of Energy and you say in your job is to get rid of your job you need to work through with them because the first thing that will happen is the bureaucracy and the interest groups will try to capture them to get them to say oh we really need to keep it and so you need a training program that because we’re going to be so different the last part is you the fourth part of this new contract is to tell people I’m not asking you to be for me because if you’re for me you’ll vote and you’ll go home and you say I sure hope he gets it done that is impossible under our constitutional system no single individual can achieve the scale of change we need and so we need citizens who are willing to be with me for eight years getting the Congress to do the right thing getting your state legislators to do the right thing at the risk of embarrassing or the majority leader Linda upmeyer is here so she can talk to you about the legislature later on getting the governor to do the right thing but also if we shrink the Washington bureaucracy if we implement the Tenth Amendment of the Constitution which says the powers are reserved to the state and the people and Washington becomes smaller citizens have to get bigger so this is a real fundamental change I’m outlining for all of you now I think where we are and I’m gonna explain it in more detail in a second but I think where we are is captured brilliantly by Abraham Lincoln that’s the only thing I want to read to you today but I think it is so profound you know President Lincoln was an attorney who had never managed anything larger than a law firm with one partner his entire military experience had been serving as a volunteer temporarily in the Black Hawk War and Lincoln came found himself fighting a civil war having to reorganize the federal government having to organized the Army and the Navy just didn’t know no president learns as much as Lincoln learned he’s a remarkable man and it isn’t going well the war is very painful the casualties are enormous the cost is immense and so in December of 1862 Lincoln writes a message to Congress and this is part of what he wrote and I think it fits us so perfectly that I want to share it with you he says quote the dogmas of the quiet past are inadequate to the stormy present the occasion is piled high with difficulty and we must rise with the occasion as our case is new so we must think anew and act anew we must disenthrall ourselves and then we shall save our country I think we’re in a very similar place and I don’t think our political system or our news media system has been capable of having the conversation we need we’re in a different place for three very big reasons the first is we’re now in a world market which is real and permanent we’re going to be competing from here on out we came out of World War two the dominant country in the world all of our competitors have been bombed either by us or by the Nazis or the Japanese the result was that we were over 50% of the world’s economy in 1945 and we sustained an enormous momentum for a long time now we have real competitors China is a real competitor that’s not a bad thing they have every right to pursue happiness but it does mean we’ve got to sort of roll up our sleeves and decide to compete India is going to be a real competitor and so we’re in a different world in that sense second we’re going to have an enormous explosion of Science and Technology I believe in the next 25 years we’re going to have four to seven times as much new science as we had in the last 25 years we’re a more scientist alive today than all the previous you in history they are connected with better computers and better lab equipment every year they communicate with each other through cell phone and through Media with enormous speed and they’re connected to the marketplace by licensing royalties venture capital so we’re a world of enormous change we also are changing as a people we’re living longer remember Social Security was developed for retirement at 65 when the average person died at 62 was a sign

of FDR’s genius as a politician that people were grateful for a program most of them wouldn’t get the average age people lived in 1900 was 46 a young girl born in Japan last year will live on on average to be 89 that means half of them will live longer than 89 nobody’s ever tried to design or look not only are we living longer we’re living differently if you go and look at student dorms today and you go back and look at student dorms 30 years ago or 40 years ago and part of the increasing cost of college candidly is people live better you know you look at high schools that have to have huge parking lots why do they have to have you talking lots because every junior and seniors driving go back 40 or 50 years ago would have been unthinkable to have that scale of mobility so people think of yourselves I mean how many of you want you know instant on television with 600 channels and then find out and Wednesday evening there’s nothing you want to watch you know you want instant food you want microwave ovens I mean this is a very different world than the world of our parents and grandparents and we haven’t adjusted to it yet and the greatest lagging indicator is government because bureaucracies are built not to change I used to do a RIF about federal FedEx and UPS which was actually a youtube video called FedEx versus a federal bureaucracy and several million people watched it and and it’s very simple model how many of you have ever tracked a package on either UPS or FedEx mr. agent okay so so this is not a theory right you know we have technology today which enables us to track people to track to track packages in virtually real-time at no extra cost part of the program the federal government has somewhere between 11 and 20 million illegal immigrants we can’t find and I’ve suggested that we simply send each of them a package now in a way what I’m suggesting is silly but it’s also illustrating a fundamental principle isn’t it I was just down at the Florida Virtual School system Jeb Bush created a virtual school in Florida it now has 80,000 students K through 12 it’s a different world things are evolving every day and yet government is so encumbered one of the reasons I’m very intrigued with strong America now is that it seeks to apply Lean Six Sigma to modernize the federal government it would be the largest change in government since the civil service acts of the 1880s it would change 130 years of the way we behave and we have to do it we have to have a government which improves in a continuing basis so there’s another reason otherwise known to come here I really want to recruit scientists engineers technologists and students of science and engineering because of something which CP snow spoke about in 1959 CP snow was a physicist a novelist and a political figure is a cabinet officer in Great Britain in 1959 he did the wreath lecture on the BBC and he invented what he called the two cultures he said in the 19th century an educated person knew science and they knew Shakespeare in the 20th century we split them apart and the more you specialized in science and math and engineering the less you knew about literature and the more you specialized in the social sciences and in history the less you knew about science he said the result is today if you really know a lot scientifically you probably are inarticulate and if you’re really articulate you probably don’t know a lot about science so the result is if you see somebody on TV and you can’t understand them they may be right but you don’t know what they said and if you see so many on TV and they’re really clear they’re almost certainly wrong but they sound good that’s a huge part of where we are one of the the only one of these I’m going to talk about today is number seven I mean I mean number eight which is really different I think than any politician you’ve ever dealt with I spent three years with Bob Kerrey the former senator Democratic senator from Nebraska co-chairing an Alzheimer study group and what fan tonight I’ve studied science off and on my whole lifetime before I decided at 15 to do what I’m doing now I wanted to be either a vertebrate paleontologist or a zoo director so I’ve had a real interest in the natural world for my whole life and as we studied Alzheimer’s which is a huge challenge

for this country the estimate is that Alzheimer’s from now to 2050 will cost 20 trillion dollars and it’s a human problem it lasts a very long time and the caregivers are twice as likely to have health problems as people who aren’t dealing with Alzheimer’s because of the stress and the strain and the difficulty so it’s a really big challenge 20 trillion dollars by the way is one-and-a-half federal debts so you’re gonna see the scare of you if you’ll representing the scale of Alzheimer’s on a graph you’d have US federal debt 14 trillion Alzheimer’s 20 so it’s a huge challenge so as we were digging into this here’s what it be remember my basic model we’re gonna have four to seven times as much new size now here’s what makes this fascinating as a public policy challenge four to seven times as much new science if it’s four times as much new science as we got in the last twenty five years it means that you right now are the equivalent of being in 1900 the Wright brothers have not yet flown Ford has not yet developed the mass produced car there is no commercial radio television doesn’t exist think about it how would you sit in 1900 and design today they’ve been so many breakthroughs that will tell it 25 years I mean there are people in this room who will still barely be middle-aged in the period I’m describing but if there’s seven times as much new science you’re with Sir Isaac Newton trying to discover calculus around 1660 that’s how big the scale of change I’m describing so now you apply it to brain science and you learn something really fascinating we haven’t known very much about the human brain because all the new instrumentation that lets us follow a human brain is only about twenty years old so prior to – sometime around 1990 we couldn’t figure out what was going on in your head because we had no mechanism for following it as we’ve started to study your brain we’ve learned that you have about as many neurons as there are stars in the known universe so one person you aren’t one person is potentially the same volume of data as all of astrophysics these are the two largest users of computing power that we have and the brain scientists I meet with tell me you actually have to have you actually have to go through two cycles of computer improvement to get enough speed and enough set and enough storage capacity to deal with what we’re going to learn in the next 20 years that the current generation of computing will not be capable of dealing with the volume of data we’re going to get now why does this matter to you what if you could accelerate brain science Alzheimer’s autism Parkinson’s mental health learning faster I mean how many things did your brain relate to and so I’m proposing three steps here to dramatically accelerate brain science this has a big impact on the federal budget a big impact on every American and it has I think a very big impact on job creation because health will be the biggest sector of the world economy and as people get wealthier around the world they’re going to want to buy better health products and if we are the leading producer of better health products they’re gonna really be interested in what we’re doing they’re gonna buy from us and that creates very high value-added jobs and brings tremendous amounts of foreign capital in the United States so the three things are first I’m for zero capital gains tax so we bring hundreds of billions of dollars into the US because what you want to do is make it very easy for a scientist with a new idea to find capital to start a company imagine you had the mental equivalent of 70 apples or 70 Microsoft’s where somebody has a big idea they go out they start a company and ten years later they’re employing twenty thousand people selling worldwide you want to accelerate the rise of small biologically-based companies second you want to fundamentally change the Food and Drug Administration to a new model the current Food and Drug Administration stops new medicines their vision of protecting you is to not let things through the model for all this is the iron lung I’m actually trying to find an analog because I’d I’d like to use it to demonstrate to people in nineteen fifty sixty thousand people got polio if you had projected from 1960 in 1950 and you’d said so in 2011 how many people will be in iron lungs paid for by the federal government and what would the budget be the correct current answer zero the reason is Jonas Salk discovered a vaccine now here was the sequence the first year he discovered the vaccine he

gave it to his own family to prove it was safe the second year a million four hundred thousand volunteers were vaccinated see if it was safe there were that desperate to get a vaccine against polio the third year the whole country is vaccinated that process in the current FDA would take 25 years in cost a couple hundred maybe might cost as much as a billion dollars that’s how much we’ve slowed down the the introduction of new knowledge there’s a parallel of that with EPA but I’m not going to get into it today okay but but for anybody who’s going into science and technology and engineering there’s a big parallel with EPA anyway the third thing I want to do don’t to build a brand new brain science project modeled on the human genome project the Apollo project to go to the moon in the Manhattan Project to develop the atomic bomb and I want to say to the brain science community we don’t want politicians deciding how much they can allocate out of current resources because that gets all involved and who else wants the money we’ve got just in Alzheimer’s for Parkinson’s autism mental health etc Justin autism Justin Alzheimer’s we got 20 trillion dollars sitting on the table brain scientists tell us if you slow down don’t you don’t to cure it if you slow down the rate of onset because it’s largely a disease of aging if you slow it down by five years you say between eight and two and ten trillion dollars they have this entire supercommittee looking for a trillion five if I walked into him and said I can get you five times that amount of money they wouldn’t listen to me for one minute because it’s because it’s a new as this Lincoln’s point this is new thinking this is a new approach it’s different so question you ought to ask yourself and you could go to the business school and ask them to work this out as an investment question if you have eight to ten trillion dollars in savings on the table what size investment is worthwhile to save eight to ten trillion now all of you understand this model because all of you changed oil in your car so the engine doesn’t freeze up I have a friend who once didn’t do that and they had this red light it was his first car and he came out of a family that didn’t educate him pretty much and he couldn’t figure out why this red light keep going on and one morning his energy engine froze and he actually had to get a new engine and ever since he became a fanatic about changing oil so all of us understand the idea of investing to avoid cost so what’s it worth to save eight to ten trillion was worth a heck of a lot more than we’re spending right now and the way I would pay for it in a time of really difficult budgets is I would issue Alzheimer’s bonds that you could buy to be US savings bonds specifically designated for brain research and the agreement would be if we get the five-year postponement and we save the money the first slice of money goes to pay off the bonds so you now have an investment strategy to pay for the research to then reward and pay it off and you save human suffering you save families from health problems and you save truly literally truly not billions trillions of dollars and the second-order effect is going to be all the other things you learn so Alzheimer’s alone will pay for all the research into all the different aspects of the brain that’s that’s how big is now this is fundamentally different like I can assure you this will become this number this number eight will become very controversial but it’s a conversation we have to have if we’re truly I mean it’s very simple are we in a period of massive scientific change do we want to be the most rapidly evolving country in the world with the highest level of productivity producing the best products and having the highest paid jobs how do you rethink the federal government so it accelerates rather than messes up getting into a better future will breakthrough save money is it a fact that the Salk vaccine has in fact saved an immense amount of pain and immense amount of money because you don’t be able to polio anymore I mean these things are either factually real and now let’s have a conversation about them or they’re a fantasy I guarantee you in Washington DC this will be seen as newts fantasy because it’s too new it’s too big but it fits exactly what your life will be with whether it’s going into space which we’ve managed to mess up so totally that we went from being a country that got to the moon in seven years to a country that doesn’t have a space shuttle I mean utilize how bad the bureaucracy has to be to go through this cycle and because we didn’t spend money we spent tons of money we just spent it badly on bureaucracy so whether it’s engineering or it’s construction or the opportunities are enormous for us to create a better future and places like Iowa State are exactly where we should have this conversation because we need people who know science and technology and engineering being involved in the political process so people understand what the possibilities are because a lot

of the future will be invented in places like Iowa State so that’s a sweeping overview I’d love for you to go to new organ read the contract it’s a it’s a pretty sophisticated document I think it’s the right size in general and I’d like you to be with me but I won’t ask you to be for me and I blow just toss it wide open for questions do we have microphones or how do we just gonna talk they’re just going to talk a pen and go ahead why don’t you stand up though so that way people can at least hear you I’d wonder if that’s the if that is the way it’s worded I’d have to look at it but I would be very tempted to look at and I will go now that you’ve raised it nobody’s raised this before I will go and look at what Mitch Daniel did in Indiana because there they had unionized by executive order and he took very immediate steps as soon as you went in and so I would look very very male Mitch today and get his information on what he did and since he’s the former director of the budget I asked him to look at the Kennedy executive order and see to what extent it could be modified just by the executive order some very good he’s that’s why we have a page at new org on the first day which people can go to which is designed to do that okay good yes sir cool now that the first one I want to think about some because it’s a condition of employment that’s negotiable that is you’re getting paid a larger salary for giving up your patent rights than you would have gotten paid if you didn’t give up your patent rights so the that’s interesting to look at and I’ll talk to some people about it the second one I agree with you that look this is obviously because this is a very smart science and technology school so you’re probably not representative of the country at large but I’m curious for those of you who are students here how many of you found stretches of high school boring okay let me give you let me give you a thought experiment okay this is actually something which Mitch Daniel has gotten into law in Indiana that I first talked to him about about five years ago how many of you if we’d had a system that said if you get through in three years you get the cost of your fourth year as an automatic scholarship how many of you could have gone through high school in three years oh yeah okay how many could have gotten through in two years okay could any of you got into in one year okay he could have I asked this one time and the person in the back of the room yelled how big is the reward again now here’s where I want you to think about and this is this is how much I’m prepared to challenge the orthodoxy this is why I was fascinated with the Florida Virtual School which I’d recommend for Iowa I think the whole concept of a state or federal curriculum is profoundly wrong it’s it’s a to reform that started in the 20s and 30s it was an effort to professionalize education and it’s exactly backwards here’s why you show up at school there’s a crisis in Greece you’re curious about the crisis in Greece you actually would learn you pay attention you’d listen but today is the day we’re assigned the French Revolution so teacher says don’t ask me anything that’s interesting because you got to learn this the teachers have been bureaucratized I love teaching I’ve taught in high school I’ve taught in college teachings of missionary vocation you have to love teaching and you have to you have to really want people to learn to be a good teacher there’s something

that happens that has passion and if it doesn’t have so if you bureaucratize the process you autumn Leiby or aqua ties the teacher you make it all boring and it all becomes a matter of cheating because you’re tutting you’re studying for the test you’re not studying to learn you’re studying to get through some tests and everybody knows it and so you gradually Drent take the life out of the system I was a two examples I talked to him in a day about gifted students I think this was in Council Bluffs she has two for fourth grade sons they just took the AC T and they scored at the middle range for a high school senior now if she leaves them in a normal school they’re going to disintegrate because they’re already capable of doing senior worked and the fourth grade they happen to be very smart she’s invested a lot of her life in them you know they’ve really they read constantly they learn constantly they do math really well they ought to be on a track that is their own unique learn as fast as you can there’s a there’s a the Indian Health System I mean the Indian mathematics system which is in English is online and there’s a student as there’s an 11 year old and upstate New York is doing college-level calculus just cuz he found it and he was interested so he goes to it you know when he’s done doing school he goes and really learns so he endures the school which he’s now way past in order to have time to go but he socialized he’s supposed to go to school because he’s only 11 and therefore you know it would be bad if he wasn’t sitting there being bored so I want you to think about this we need to really think about fundamentally resetting you know for special ed students we now have this model of a personal contract you know every special ed student in theory is supposed to have their own personal curriculum why don’t we do that for every single student and then why don’t we say you know you’re gonna learn your whole life so a lot of the break points we invented the 19th century don’t really work anymore if you can do High schol age senior level history in the ninth grade you ought to do it and if you can do you know graduate level math in the seventh grade you ought to do it and we ought to figure out so how do you get credit for that and how to how do you get credentialed for life so somebody can hire you but if we go back to accelerating people and teaching people and encouraging people the American people will they will respond amazingly fast and the other point you made is exactly right if the teacher is the authority figure you can’t question them if the knowledge is the authority figure then you and the teacher are both engaged in a quest fundamentally different model bureaucracies have to Center power and authority figures profession center power and knowledge fundamentally different models and we chose the wrong model and it’s going to have to be changed yes sir yes well I tried to talk to teachers and the bureaucracy their mind closed well thank you very much I wasn’t quite sure actually what you were going with all the different things you’re doing it I said I was sending a thing if this is gonna be really good or really bad I wasn’t I wasn’t questioned but but let me I mean this is part of why my campaign is so different my campaign is really a cultural campaign with a political component I’m really talking about rebuilding and reinventing the entrepreneurial America that you know the Wright brothers did not ask permission to invent flying and if they had asked permission and this is but this is why if you’ve invented your hope vested your whole life in the School of Education the number of years of tenure the extra certification etc you’ve now tried to surround yourself with paper and we all of a sudden strip away the paper and require you to surround yourself with knowledge and learning and energy it’s terrified it is frightened mean people had a legitimate right to be frightened they invested their whole life in a bureaucratic structure which is failing but they but but it’s the only structure they’re comfortable in so the the transition cost of this kind of change are enormous but think about the Wright brothers one them one of my favorite stories for all of you would be entrepreneurs the Wright brothers were my bicycle mechanics I mean it’s a slight understatement because in in their generation that was a high-end technology they studied birds they were

pretty sophisticated they built their own wind tunnel they had help from the US government they went to the National Weather Service and said where’s the best continuous uplift in the United States and it’s a Kitty Hawk coming off the ocean going up the hill so the National Weather Service played a role the Smithsonian had a $50,000 grant from the Congress to invent flying and had really good scientists and this is one of the great studies of the difference between what works and what fails in America the Wright brothers every summer went down to Kitty Hawk by train from Dayton Ohio they took a lot of extra wood because they knew something really important they didn’t know how to fly and since they didn’t know how to fly they were going to crash and they took the extra wood so that when they crashed they could rebuild the plane they also because they didn’t know how to fly decided to build a very light airplane which required a very light engine so it’s very underpowered the original Wright Flyer is very is underpowered because because they understood something else which is if you build a heavier engine you have to build a heavier plane and since they thought they had crash a lot they wanted a light plane that they could rebuild easily and so they would get up in the morning fix coffee go up on the top of the hill start down the hill and crash pick the plane up go back up fix it go but they do the six or seven times a day they do this I think for three years finally fly in December of 1903 the first time they fly it is slow enough that one brother is running along next to the plane so it doesn’t flip over the distance they fly is shorter than the wingspan of a Boeing 747 and they never get high enough to get over the fuselage but they flew once they understood what worked they improved it so rapidly that in 1907 they flew around the island of Manhattan and a million and a half people saw an airplane for the first time so that there was they were really once they got it they could improve but they had to get it first meanwhile the Smithsonian which says all this money and all this scientists and all this prestige they don’t want to go as far away as Kitty Hawk because it’s inconvenient so they got to figure out how do you get wind under the wings they invent something which we still use today they put a catapult on a ship just like aircraft carriers however that means you are launching the plane over the Potomac now remember the Wright brothers understood the most important thing they didn’t know how to fly the Smithsonian because they can afford it get the best German metallurgy and they built a really really powerful engine which means it’s really heavy which means you have to have a really heavy frame so now you’ve got this big sophisticated heavy airplane being launched over water by a sophisticated catapult and the Smithsonian had missed the first key point they thought they know how to fly so the plane and the Smithsonian was so confident they bring reporters down to watch so early one morning in Alexandria Virginia the fog lifts off the river here’s the boat in the airplane they launch it and it goes straight into the river because it doesn’t fly and because it’s heavy it sinks now that means hey you got to get it up out of the river be you have no idea what originally broke because everything’s been broken up by the water see you can’t afford to rebuild it it’s too expensive the Smithsonian was so resentful of the Wright brothers that they treated him so badly that for 35 years the Wright brothers would not give them their airplane it’s now in the Air and Space Museum but for 35 years they wouldn’t get tuned they were so mad because the Wright brothers are going around the world as perfect American entrepreneurs don’t have advanced degrees didn’t get permission with the government weren’t subsidized by Congress they only had one virtue they actually flew now I think there’s a profound symbolic message about how we need to fundamentally rethink what we’ve been doing and get away from planning process you know 60 copies to be reviewed by three people you’ve never met who’ve never done it either in order to get a small grant waiting six months of your life to see whether or not you get the grant we got to go back to a country where we just go do things yes come on back there – we have a couple professors here yeah you you’re engineer

in San Diego I am curiously if you don’t mind me putting this five what was the reception among neuroscientists my experience in meetings and we’ve had meetings with Nobel Prize winners we’ve had meetings with 10 and 20 neuroscientists at a time my experience is that the one you get them into the topic I’m not arguing about ideology they’re fascinated and they like the idea you care about it you know but look I think I think I would say that’s right I think the job of a leader is to communicate a vision sufficiently compelling the people suspend disbelief and are willing to try when when we passed welfare reform we got half the Democrats to vote yes there’s the 101 to 101 and and you know one of the things I’m trying to get the House Republicans to do right now is to take a bill by Senator Webb and Senator Warner who are two Democrats it’s a bill that allows Virginia to develop oil and gas offshore it gives 50 percent of the royalties to the federal government 37 and a half to Virginia 12 and a half to land conservation and infrastructure and I want the House Republicans to pass it with no amendment send it to the Senate so that Senator Reid gets a democratic bill authored by two Democratic senators supported by Tim Kaine the former governor who was the Democratic National Chairman and I don’t think he can bottle it up and at that point we’ll go to the President and I don’t see how the president vetoes a bill which creates more American energy to create more American jobs to increase revenue to the federal government I mean how does he in this economy veto that bill authored by two Democrats but that you know but bipartisanship has to be intelligent and it doesn’t that the Washington model is what are you going to sell out to be bipartisan that’s where that’s what they mean okay my model is what can I find that we agree on that enables us to be bipartisan so I’m not going to go into a room of neuroscientists and decide on an argument about philosophical conservatism but I may go into a room with neuroscientist and say is it possible to design a dramatically better approach to science and by the way what I would do will be very controversial with scientists for a different reason there are a lot of scientists who are invested in the NIH small grant peer-review system and you start suggesting that the human genome model is a better model you’re going to have all sorts of folks whose rice bowls are getting overturned and they’re gonna be talking mean that there is bad about pork barrel as anybody else so it’s not like the scientists are pure at heart and everything is perfect they have their own culture of their own systems their own inside groups but that’s not my job you know you know my job is to represent the nation and that is that’s as true with I’m talking the oil industry or whether I’m talking to scientists or whether I’m talking to somebody else and it’s not my job isn’t to try to figure out how to go out here and take care of everybody if you’re not prepared to rethink what you’re doing you don’t understand the world we’re in because if you don’t rethink it the world’s gonna rethink it for you so it’s not like this is an optional class this is gonna happen the only question is whether we’re smart enough to get ahead of it or we wait till it runs us over yes sir okay right yeah you can you can certainly reverse the president’s position on social engineering in the military I mean I was underwhelmed when Leon Panetta proudly announced that 97 percent of the troops have now gone through sensitivity training somehow that wasn’t what I thought we were recruited people to be on active duty yeah Minister you have to start with the idea this is an administration of

extraordinarily anti-military pop prejudice which just hides it okay mr president is not a commander-in-chief in any normal sense he’s a politician in chief the three that my dad spent 27 years in the infantry I grew up as an army brat I am totally opposed to 3,000 troops being left in Iraq this is a target they can’t defend themselves they are they have they have Iran next door the Iranians have every vested interest in killing us no no currently serving general recommended 3,000 3,000 is a political number I think it is despicable for the president I know States to choose a political number against the advice of his generals for some political reason so his press office feels good at the risk of their lives and I take this very personally as an army brat I think this is a disastrous decision you either stay in with adequate troops to protect themselves this is in the 22 24,000 range or you get out and frankly given this president we’re probably safer to get out because I don’t think you’ll do the things necessary to be protected Iraq has been decaying steadily the Iranians are on offense in Iraq we’re on defense and I think what nobody understands yet how well I’m going to give three or four speeches on national security in the near future I’m going to propose to the other candidates that we have three additional debates only on national security and only allow generals to be the question there’s no news media so we have a serious national security debate we are in much deeper trouble than people think we are in Afghanistan and correct me if you think of some way off on this the length of time it would take for us to create a modern Afghanistan is beyond any plausible American investment and the impossibility of doing that as long as the Pakistanis create a sanctuary for the Taliban is a hundred percent I mean as long as they can run hide rearm and refit in Pakistan we’re never gonna win the war but frankly we’re gonna we’re gonna take out al Qaeda is the way they just did it in Yemen where I do give the president credit I want to say this because the press asked me this morning it’s important to make this clear any American who actively advocates killing Americans places themselves in our Constitution as a traitor the American who the president authorized killing in Yemen was an enemy combatant enemy combatants don’t get Miranda rights and it’s very important that this is a war this is not a criminal adventure let’s say the Attorney General is totally wrong in how he approaches it the president in this one area is right but remember al-qaeda now if we totally seal off Afghanistan al-qaeda is in Yemen it’s in Somalia I mean it is spreading across the planet and it’s not just me we have these words though they can say al Qaeda is weaker but by the way they’re these seven new groups well the seven new groups are all branches of al Qaeda I mean the fact is there is an anti Western movement growing and growing in multiple countries including here we’ve arrested now I think over 130 people inside the United States plotting various things including some of the other day who was plotting an event at the New York ports allowed to have one last question but thank you for serving our country it’s very very important yes sir well I think the National Science Foundation overall has been relatively successful but it’s too small when we the biggest mistake when I was speaker when we doubled the size of NIH we should instead of health we should have tripled the size of National Science Foundation because it’s much smaller and much of the science that sustains the National Institutes of Health particularly in physics chemistry and mathematics actually come out of the National Science Foundation so that that was a mistake overall it’s not a bad system it’s not perfect we have too many small grants and the problem of the peer-review system is it makes it you know Einstein would never have been accepted in a peer-review system so if we don’t have

enough outliers that get money now and we and we tend to focus too many young scientists on filling out grant forms and sitting and waiting for the for the grant so I think we’ve got to think about being more robust in how we approach it but I I am the Advanced Research Project agency which is now called DARPA the Defense of is actually the most successful and interestingly it requires a complete turnover every three years of the people who are there so that there’s a constant process of new ideas new energy new approaches that has been very very successful and it’s probably the most successful government it’s the place that invented most of the modern computer and it’s the place that they paid to invent they paid to they don’t do it but they also it paid for the internet I mean all that stuff I mean Al Gore wasn’t working at DARPA at the time but the DARPA itself actually did it y’all wanna you have the last question as you’re a patient you’re sitting up here yes okay good question now the question was how would you control the border he’s from California so he has a lively interest in this let me start out as a historian any country which seriously wants to control the border controls the border you apply manpower you apply technology and you control it okay Ronald Reagan wrote in 1986 in his diary he was signing the Simpson Mazzoli Act because we had to get control the border it’s 25 years ago we defeated Japan Germany and Italy in 44 months between December 7th 1941 Pearl Harbor and the surrender of Japan is literally three years and eight months so what what I’m proposing here is two things first a bill which we would introduce and move at the very beginning which we’re having drafted now which says which would say all federal regulations and laws are waived for the purpose of completing the border control by January 1 19 2014 so that it is literally dealt with the way we would have more time so no environmental impact studies you know none of none of the various things that make it harder you just say control it period second there are 23,000 people employed by the Department of Homeland Security in the Washington area I would be prepared to move half of them to Texas New Mexico and Arizona to ensure adequate manpower but this idea that you have the Rio Grande the entire Texas Mexico border as a river the idea that you can’t design for example infrared technology that says water person you know this I mean these things are not coming if this was a military operation if you go look what the Israelis do in much harder circumstances they are remarkably effective at minimizing penetration now I think frankly if we do that the other thing you should do is have a cleaner simpler easier to use legal visa system I mean if somebody wants to visit the u.s. to go to some of us to come here as a student Sony wants to come up to buy some technology or to be engaged in business it should be easy to come in Legally today it’s more expensive and takes more time to be legal than it does to hire a coyote to come across the border so you got to do the two in parallel you want to make it easy to visit America legally within our law and you want to make it virtually impossible to visit to come in illegally and and you can do it I mean historically there’s no doubt you can do this if you’re serious let me thank all of you I will say two things I think Iowa is vital to our campaign I don’t have the kind of money that Perry and Romney have I’m not going to be able to go out and compete in a state the size of California right now but if I come in first or second in Iowa and can go on to New Hampshire and come in first or second and then get to South Carolina I think I will be the nominee and I think at that stage you have so much earned media that that the value of the money that they raise is dramatically less relevant McCain was outspent in Florida ten to one and won the Florida primary because of her in media so you can play a big role I am asking you to be with me not just through the primary of the caucus not just through the election but for the next four the eight years of actually implementing this it’s a huge assignment if you had a chance to go to new dog you’ll see how big it is and we’re open for you to help us improve it we got a year to get this even better and we appreciate your help thank you all very very much