Mrs. Italy stripped on BCC. Dear Mrs. China, sorry but the difference is in Quality.

I’m Andrew Graham Dixon and I’m an art historian I’m Georgia Locatelli and I’m a chef we have both passionate about my homeland Italy their reach flavors and classic dishes of this land are in my culinary DNA and this country’s rich layers of art and history have captivated me since childhood it’s meant to make you feel as if you are being whirled up to heaven we’re stepping off the tourist track and exploring it’s at least northern regions of Emilia Romagna Lombardi and P Edmonton it’s bad pervy 30 that’s often overlooked but it drives the old country and I want to show off this classic dishes not to mention it’s hidden legacy of artists designers intellectuals one of the world’s great vendors this week we are in emilia-romagna the birthplace of modern Italian cuisine and home to some of Italy’s most fascinating artists and powerful dynasties we are beginning our journey through this wonderful region in Bologna its capital I first came here with my parents when I was about 10 years old and we must have visited just about every church in the city and everywhere we went we bought postcards of the altar pieces the sculptures the paintings and I always remember going home and sitting at the kitchen table with my mum for about a week off and on we made this scrapbook maybe it’s my very first lesson in art history I won’t afford to see all these producers to put some faces on these people that I talked to through the telephone you know all the ring stuff you know our menu always has something then comes on displays since the Middle Ages Bologna has been known by three nicknames lado de la raza LRO’s they learned the fat and the red renowned for his striking bread builder militant politics and rich cuisine Bologna represent quality and taste not to mention power I love the statue and you know for me this is really cool under this big breasts and they hold it abandoned the abundance are it’s a symbol of the fact that Bologna has always thought of itself as a rich city a powerful City you know we can get jambul on here the greatest sculptor of his age to come here and create our Neptune fountain you can feel Bologna sense of its own power as the capital of Emilia Romagna here it’s the architecture of power the scale is enormous it’s not only that it’s also like you know the culture having the culture of food is incredible you know part Mahama is is more recognizable than the Italian flag representatives and cheese you know all produced in a very traditional designer way tradition is important in Bologna a city which likes to remember its past at its heart is the oldest university in the world established in 1088 the home of ladakh de fer learn it Enrico bleat see one of my favorite italian authors studied here and he’s agreed to show us round Wow fantastic is just coming off the street lineup yeah the most influential families the most wealthy family all around Europe centered their children for a tour of the main universities and it was almost the compulsory to pass from here sometime in Vilonia these they’re sort of graduation plaques yeah the the graduated students left here the coat of arms of their families in 1562 bologna began a massive remodeling of the city center including an expansion of the Cathedral of San Pietro when the Pope realized that some alarm that the Cathedral was destined to become bigger than st. Peter’s in the Vatican itself the money was diverted to these

magnificent University buildings and it gave birth to a new type of pilgrim to Bologna students you know Andrew what I think as well is that all the students come here and this is not only important where they bring in and learn the horse or will they take away of the color of their billing budget these hallowed halls have seen the likes of Dante Patrick and thomas a becket pass through them and there’s one room which I’m particularly excited about seeing a true example of how art and inspire learning Wow this is one of the great things not just a Bologna this is one of the great things in the world it’s the only really authentic surviving early early Anatomy theater and that is a renaissance coffered ceiling and in the middle we’ve got Apollo with his lyre pointing down the god of medicine pointing straight down probably to the hand of the Anatomy teacher as he demonstrates to students how to cut up a body I feel a bit presumptuous doing this but I think it’s the only way to understand the space which is a theater of learning he loves the up there yeah because the professor in action time sir was also an actor right yeah absolutely performing absolutely teaching was a form of rhetoric and you feel that up here my job but BJ Georgia come up here to come my job would have been to be done here at angle sweeping up the blood and then craves leftover f50 and so now you’re on the spot and you’ve got all the figures of the past Galen Hippocrates they are all caught in a frozen moment of their teaching and and this canopy on the top of us is an allegorical figure of anatomy but it’s supported by these grisly figures of skinned men so you see the tendons yes and the muscle and everything is incredible he’s even got a peeled penis you don’t see many of those in world art she done figured the back she know it is holding no he is holding a human nose because that is Talia court see the founding father of cosmetic surgery who apparently he did he did the first nose job so that’s why he’s holding his nose how many years ago how many years ago how many know how many noses ago Madonna and riku I have to say thank you it’s just a masterpiece it’s not hard to see how Bologna earned its nickname la dr. a learn it walking through these stunning buildings the sense of them as living places of learning really is striking they give the whole city a sense of life and vivacity but just like an army students and their teachers march on their stomachs and it’s time to discover a true Bolognese meal you know what with all this culture and everything I think that you know now would you just explore the same enough thought that and not being Billy James here let’s have to work out something about the grass you can’t come to Bologna without eating the king of Italian dishes past African dish that’s known worldwide and another day spaghetti bolognaise in Italy we are famous for our pasta and Bologna is the place to come from fresh egg pasta which part isn’t here have turned into a work of art no wonder the city is known as the grass on the fat one so yeah the same attention to detail the respect to art and to music you know it space to food and so here you are look this is all made by hand the voice has their d’italia tell l’italiano Shimizu they cut the telly telly how long do you want so if you want every source short on your telly this is rather a light source like an S dough or tomato sauce then long time telling 2/4 or 1/4 1/4 no this is tailor made pasta only he says any tortellini pairing Guarnere what’s temerity to fool your aspect because you take the moment you tell you’re asking yourself come inside you don’t come here just buy stuff it’s not like a fuel station then you come in and you fill up the car and go and you talk to them they talk to you look there’s a chair you can

sit down if you’re tired food here is a living tradition this shop has been the same family 430 years and the often putting box oh yeah and yeah it’s obviously very serious business is possible yes very serious this is the perfect place to get the Italia Italia for dinner tonight this is like a cathedral a entry now the inner chamber and Igglepiggle when you eat spaghetti or when you eat dry pasta one comes from the south let’s do room wait okay so doodle which contains a lot of protein these because it know the type of soil they just only grow softly so the soft wheat hasn’t got any protein in it so the old ain’t they won’t be there the past would be very much ok so by putting the eggs which contains a lot of protein in the eggs you’re gonna achieve that al dente texture this is like an incredible expression of how the actually the land determine what you have on the plains you know all the words eats this spaghetti bolognese yeah but they made the Bologna Bologna they don’t know what spaghetti bolognese nobody eats spaghetti bolognese and Noble on yes no no I saw a tower so how come the world over people is bigger because Americans are ok Society you seen this this is called mozzarella and signora jiraiya de Icaza several matter a know I would like to things to make the pasta and when your husband come that drunk you wait behind the door you don’t know why you hit him he knows why you you’re married local ocean yeah husband knows this one very well Justine Justine did not person also just you know right she said buon appetito I don’t drop it I’m leaving Andrew for a couple of hours buy some other ingredients for dinner tonight you know oh yes throw cut off it that’s it my ragout is based on a classic recipe written by Pellegrino Susan in 1891 Bongiorno Bongiorno is book science in the kitchen and the art of eating well is my Bible in fact here in Italy is everybody Bible first of all and since Amador where pockety no achieve on yo me llamo naturally tambourine on a Punta Cana entire una poon Tina while Giorgio focuses on the local cuisine I want to find a delicacy of my own of the artistic type I’m on the hunt for one of Polonius hidden gems every major Italian now an aluminium enzymatic National Art Gallery which houses the work of local artists thankfully there’s 25 miles of porticoes covering bellona’s pavements to keep the Sun off my head and with their frescoes even these are artistic as well as functional sort of stank of exhaust yeah it’s okay but look if it’s to found this place it’s not easy to find but this is what I like you know here we are it’s an unassuming part of Bologna really unassuming you wouldn’t even know that this art gallery was here is this a subtle sign minister already been here that they attack you to rally but I found the real trip inside for you this building may not be as impressive as the you fitzy in Florence but inside there are real treasures to be found the pinnacle of Italian art is not restricted to Tuscany and Rome Bologna and Emilia Romagna also produced some fantastically influential artists the Bolognese do not like this idea that you

simply paint what you see realism is not their thing art is about conveying an idea it’s a much more intellectual approach to painting we’d already was born in Bologna in 1575 and became celebrated throughout Italy but his fame dimmed as the Bolognese style of painting with fell out of fashion like this great painting was commissioned for Polonius San Domenico church and you can just imagine the impact it would have had as you stared at it over mass certainly draws your eye it’s a drama it’s a dram it’s the massacre of the innocents so that’s what they are the little kids this is one of the bloodiest scenes in all of the Bible a genocide enacted upon chunchu and yet the idea here in bologna was that if you actually painted it as if it were real it would just be so sensational that people wouldn’t think about what’s really going on whereas if you distance it all people can bear to look at it and therefore they can think about it in a different way and be affected by in a different way for dinner and Rene will enjoy a bolognese masterpiece of a different soul pasta ragout is a dish the seats firmly on a local tradition of rich Italian food must be one of the reason Vilonia is also nicknamed like Vasa the fact Polonia dota not exist without bologna allah grasa lagarza the fat one for my ragu sauce for a Pellegrino Artusi classic recipe after she was obsessed by the ideal compiling compressed lists of recipes from every tallien region our twosies is one of your heroes it’s definitely it was the first writer that actually sort of put together in the book a concept of Italian cuisine you know because we have so many different region with so many different micro climatic condition and so many different ingredients so obviously the diet is a little bit different so it’s believed it was not just to give you a recipe they will give you the whole history of the recipe and the meaning of the recipe so it’s kind of a culinary portrait of Italy Garibaldi unified Italy politically but II kind of unified in tallit gastronomical you know what I mean you have a little nice slap butter you said you were gonna put some heart in it it allows your heart yeah the butcher then we went this morning to get the team he said oh we want two hearts as well I thought yeah I’ll have their hearts along as I thought it was really good to put some artists so you must have liked or teller if you’ve allowed or Telo to alter the greater twosies recipe that’s true you’re right if you get some good advice in the market or it just seems right it is you follow it yeah so my Beach is now brown it I gotta put the vegetable in even I already cooked today when I went to the butcher okay he says it’s true and to Z say not to put the tomato but just nice little spoon of tomato a little colori for the corner but you know what you’re doing here how do you know you’re doing you you’re gonna get hit on the head with that rolling pins because she said whatever you do if you’re making the ragu Bolognese and you don’t put the tomato but I really want to put a tiny little bit you’re a heretic you’re a heretic I tell you what I tell you what r2z has to say to you Susie had a very nosy priest right we live near him right and he called him Don pompadour or Baba though do you know why because this priest got his nose into everyone everyone business every source is like the tomato he gets in everywhere in everywhere yeah and look I just put in literally like a spoonful goodie – you should give some leftovers to her and see if she knows you’re right down to the success of your heretical pasta sauce recipe while my sauce is cooking we got time to take in the sunset over bolonia that’s if we can make it out all the 280 stairs I mean what you try it’s not working up an appetite that’s what we’re doing working up an appetite for you see I hope we arrive and you look at the moon is so beautiful

look all day chapter starting book it’s just red isn’t it now we really like the dip Polonia to me you know the best dish is tonya telly with ragu it’s the best dish can I take some cheese for the party channel cosy how much as much as you like I don’t like to as much as you can afford usually they say thank you to Z Thank You Adam hit the pastures pasta is delicious I mean if that was spaghetti Georgia law only heart would fall off that’s exactly what it’s been and not death exactly the spread of the idea of the spaghetti bolognese or with the meat sauce is very much attached to the immigrants the immigrants left Italy because there was no enough food so when they went to America you know they’re only did make a living they say was there was a plentiful of meat there so they put as much meat as you can with every dish of pasta so what had before been the district just eat once in a while when times are good and you had to make became suddenly it was something buongiorno buongiorno Giuliana Giorno well I’m off Alabama there’s no like intention to freshen up in the moment and I know that Andrew would love this place but there isn’t this another example of how in Bologna people who do everyday occupations somehow manage to do them in in surroundings of such calm and dignity and beauty you know like the lady making the pasta she’s doing it you know in a shop looks like a palace beneath the calm and dignity is a volatile political Easter it’s not just the building that they are read in Vilonia the politicus do the center of Bologna is full of small independent business they will thrive because of socialist policies established by bolonia Communist Party in the postwar years small traders a much lower business rate in large corporations and is this linked to the Communist Party that is in more recent times the reason for bolonia third nickname la raza the red your face will feel so good all day you know paulownia reputation for political militancy is not limited to the post-war communist years as far back as 1506 bologna so popular uprising against the ruling classes which led to the city in annexed by the papal state the colonies spirit of rebellion grows again during the Second World War Bologna was a Center for the resistance over 18 and the resistance fighters were shot here by the Nazis paulownia Ladouceur has also left a lotta sztyc legacy the 20th century bolognese artist Giorgio Morandi spent his career paying homage to humble everyday objects right up until his death in 1964 day after day he sat in this studio rearranging and painting these pots he’s revered in bologna the studios preserved as a shrine and his life work is displayed in this new museum it’s a painting of apparently almost nothing there is this sort of my flavor of all Italy it reminds me of my grandparents keeping things and never turn away anything and and even a personality to each of the object they mean something to them you hardly ever get in where I’m the anything that looks like luxury color this is not luxury this is simplicity if you think about it then you have all the scholar in the front of you it’s like the ingredients you get a lot of ingredients and most of chef’s just put them all in the dish right you know what takes a lot of strength and surf assertiveness to make sure that you only pick the right one and will work for you I think that’s part of his cleverness as an artist he’s very much painting during the rise of global capitalism right if you wanted to find his sort of opposite in world art it would be Andy Warhol vessel whose

painting the ordinary objects of American life but it’s heinz tomatoes and if it’s brand names brillo boxes I mean maybe that’s maybe that’s Bologna that roster maybe maybe this is a kind of counter blast because he’s painting these pictures up until what he dies in 1964 so maybe he’s the sort of counter blast to Warhol for me Bologna definitely lives up to its three nicknames la doctor like Raza and la raza and they’re all intricately intertwined a fascinating marriage of food culture and politics it’s quite a comfortable very bourgeois time that you do maybe had forgotten that socialist past but it’s still there do you think I think so so it’s goodbye to Bologna now we’re off to explore the rest of Emilia Romagna this is the Pahlavi this fertile land has nourished the region’s rich history and fed the local culture of literally and metaphorically the beautiful river core is the artery of emilia romagna it has painted the region in a palette of swirling fog deep dark soil and lush arable farmland many of the rich historical tradition of this region stem from these Gators this river is also the souls of my best memories were linear Romania the tame the land to grow what they want and here they even tamed the sea you know it’s like something very special I wanted to show Andrew one of the great pastimes from the oven with the land the river as a backdrop the paddle owner is a traditional way of fishing where friends can get together to share in the peace and tranquility of this land and get a meal – buona sera these are your Sochi shorts the marine the companion in the rain what’s achieving such ease because they all own these heart together it’s like going to the bar that is a bit more secluded it’s like the golf club except with fish but what I really want to know is I want to know I’m you know how it works how it works if you push that one the trick is done Christopher it’s a promise pins of the Queen Dhokla yes okay press okay oh it’s coming up look at that look how bees these are like you’re makin Sawyer this the name pad the loaner refers to the shape of the net which resembled Jam panty the fisherman fried egg catch it it’s baby red mullet they all different you see soon you deep fry these and sit-ups just put a bit of flour and defy that’s it it’s not very difficult to kind of fishing and I have to say I think it’s Italian people spending time together this about the drink and the food the food always brings them together for all his work in mayor like Coubertin banana this pose from life is typical of emilia romagna rooted in the place semolina and a little bit of double zero flour okay this one stick to it the other one’s gonna make it crispy now the only place the jump is in the pot how long do they take to cook Georgia was very very fast we’re gonna cook in about maybe one minute very good thirty abbiamo farm at the churning sea and ooh I really wanted you to come and see this because this is really when we’re talking about richness of this land very much culture and the real power of this land is really on these people and on this river then he’s brought down four thousand and thousand of year these goodness from the Alps and brought it down to them and they’ve been here every day taking a little bit with respect and we love and you know look at the variety the color the beauty and the abundance this is what is all about

media Romania 13800 chips chips Nell paddle on nostris say Vida on the paddle only there is no stress so Ballard a paddle own a cake we she lived with pensar fr acrylic a teapot is the culture that you know is just a little step towards freedom isn’t it these are for the longer Brindisi are getting work now sir after a strong coffee we’re back on the road and heading to the historical city of Ferrara the city of Ferrara was built on the banks of the pile it was the stronghold of the s-stay dynasty who ruled here for over 300 years until the end of the sixteenth century American history is the s-stay used arts and architecture to express that power and wealth I wanted you to see this art that is designed by Albert II the father of Renaissance architecture yeah and on the top is the statue of Nikola 3 they stay chained I thought that their I feel like I’m taking a reluctant eight-year-old on a tour around architectural defects of Ferrara asked to find something better for you a contract today Ferrara’s of bustling university town full of students in bicycles the university was established by Alberto the fifth of the este in 3091 the ester invited artists architects and scholars from all over Europe Jewish bankers persecuted elsewhere were welcomed here in fact the doors were flung open to all who could contribute to making Ferrara powerful and successful if you came from anywhere else in Italy and you arrived here you’d be like stumbling out of the Dark Ages into this new Renaissance idea of what is a city you know these wide streets this was really the first emphatic expression of a very particular Renaissance idea which was a planned town you know town planning the medieval town just grows like an organism and you end up with this labyrinth where poor lives next to rich everything’s a kind of chaos here in Ferrara for the first time the s they said no we’re not going to have that kind of city anymore we’re going to have a planned city wide streets far only for the rich it’s just lined with palaces in all directions and the center of it all this that bring great expression of s they power the products or the demand t yeah with these amazing kind of sharp diamonds of stone all over it studded like a kind of piece of chain mail I mean there’s nothing else like it in Renaissance akut entire not quite like this is very modern yeah I think you did I mean you know fascist architects looked at this building when they were designing it in the 30s and the 40s they were looking at this kind of symmetry is architectural power I think it’s very beautiful but I also think there’s something slightly sinister about it it’s telling you if you’re one of the Ferraris poor don’t mess with us or we’ll come down and you like so the fist yes yes absolutely in their heyday the Este were as dominant as the mated ship and even married into other powerful dynasties including a notorious union would look at sea aboard shock but in 1598 with no air to continue the line Ferrara was claimed by the papal States today the s-stay dynasty is largely forgotten because the esterday lost the power battle all of their buildings got stripped of their possessions got taken to other places so what we’re left with is this beautiful fantastic but rather melancholy stage set it’s like the set of a play but all the actors are gone we are driving further west along the path

to modern this city is on to do of my favorite things Asami vinegar and fast cars but it’s also home to a truly heart-stopping work of art one that’s rooted in the soil and the blood of this region I’m going to tell you a story I’m gonna give you a role in the story as well if you’re their role in the story yeah are you so you have to imagine but it’s 1480 you’ve done something terrible maybe you’ve tried to poison the Duke of the s-stay dynasty but you’ve been caught and you’ve been sentenced to death now they’re taking you down this street when you get to the end of the street they’re going to rip pieces of your flesh off with redhot pincers they’re going to hang you by the neck until you’re dead but you’ve got some friends with and they are the members of the local Confraternity of the good death and it’s their job to make sure that you repent before you die this is their church they stop you here and they bring you in because they want you to see one last thing before I die before you die I’d like to have a resort before I die you maybe you had your last wish already so she cut your results this object is going to be the last thing really that you should hold in your mind’s eye if you want to save yourself was created in 1477 by an artist called guidon that sony what is he made of it’s made of terracotta da yeah it’s made of the same earth of emilia romagna from which from which all the things that we’ve been eating grow so the idea behind the sculpture is that you are going to your death and I as a member of the company of the good death want you to have as good a death as possible and that if you look at Christ’s dead figure lying while Mary the Madonna grieves over him Mary Magdalene twists her face into this scream of anguish somehow this emotion will transmit from that sculpture into you and that you will feel these things in your heart and you will be moved to turn to the priest who accompanies you on the scaffold you will confess and maybe just maybe this sculpture may help to save us of the intercessors achieve what is set out for Hazzard these sculptures are refined and sophisticated yet unashamedly proud of their roots having grown out of the humblest of materials the emilia-romagna clay itself well you can step out of character now what draws me most this region is the beautiful prayer rose out of this soil for 25 years I’ve been buying balsamic vinegar traditionally from their god sake family but until now I never met my supplier at today I got this is the place where it all happens the produce transform itself and becomes balsamic vinegar traditionally the real the real deal The Audacity family has been making vinegars in 1714 the family has perfected the art of create a symphony of flavor after the most modest of ingredients grapes patience and the colony of bacteria that the vinegar producer called the mother la madre LS so annoying practically a colony a Cheeto battery the mother is a colony of bacteria C reform on a continuum ain’t a keeper for me itself right so what does the mother do to this liquid a natural sugar then that is inside the mother preferred the she’s very honest of my sort of a change said the mother bacteria colony that you still use in every batch every year was that was actually first sort of created and you’re still it’s still the same bacteria fascist exact it’s not disease is the same time that’s exactly what the value would be the value of the Italia is on the value of the matter if you

start tomorrow you’re gonna have to wait quite a long time before right but summer vinegar is of the swept aside as a simple condiment that you used to dip your bread in or throw over a salad but but Sammy vinegar traditionally is a very different to normal person a vinegar and that’s why this tiny little bottle of 25 years old vinegar cost 250 euros the aging factor I think is a typical expression of this land this patient this idea of you know I can’t wait to have some fantastic now is the sweet with the salt it’s even more than it takes 25 years to get the bus because of that battle the 25 years we actually managed to meet each other well here’s the path of you and I Georgia salute bindi on this trip to mother is a dream woman first I get to make a turn and now I get to satisfy my second law bastards Medina is on twins of Ferrari and we can’t come here without going to visit the new Ferrari museum and testament to his life work it was obsessed with races his childhood and etern is dreaming to a quest to build the ultimate racing machine today Ferrari is famous worldwide Enzo’s original workshop at office founded here in 1929 is still standing sheltered by this spectacular museum designed by architect Yan caplets key it’s a perfect demonstration of how tradition meets modernity and technology in this region it’s all white it’s like an art gallery the cars are on plinths so beautiful are they I think cars deserve to be looked at in terms of you know especially these kind of sculptural for me looking that beautiful shape in the airplane or it’s funny if you were looking at these cars as if they’re sculptures but they do actually look like sculpture of the nineteen forties think ahead anymore or do you think about what sort of biomorphic that was in the air so even the cars are like that even if you are a Jew that this one Ferrari seems to me to be the man who almost like literally gives us Li the engine to drive into the future Emilia Romagna has also given the world Ducati Maserati Lamborghini what a roll call for one fairly small region this real modern aesthetic and as culture of design why do you think it flourished in northern Italy I think it’s the passion of the drive you know they want to show everybody that they could do something really great they dream about being that’s when two Ferrari used to say I dream about being Ferrari I dreamt to be Ferrari and I become adapted you know can imagine how strong he must have been feeling to dream about it no more Medici normal Medici no Morris their normal day they took the mantle on and they took it on through showing something that they could do so they they went forwards with that is so important but this car wasn’t just made to be look at they were designed to be driven every aspect of these cars is a product of craftsmanship even today every engine is signed by the mechanic and puts it together Johnny I feel my brother’s go around finally we arrive in Parma our last stop in emilia-romagna this town is famous for the highest quality delicacy Parma ha Parmesan cheese and quality control has become a business to the EU our space is food standard agency in this tiny town baptistry Archbishop’s Palace Cathedral beautiful Romanesque Cathedral it’s not just the food that’s world-class church after you one of the world’s great buildings and how cool is it it’s like instant air-conditioning you come out 40 degrees heat in here you can relax you can enjoy you can see here in Parma’s Cathedral that’s one of the most innovative or inspiring works of ours of the whole Renaissance it’s in

the 1520’s Antonio la clé death we encourage you was commissioned to paint the dome of the cathedral but now you now you look up to the dough and it’s showing us the assumption of the Virgin Mary she’s being washed into heaven after her death I’m just going to meet her son Jesus Christ in this is our belief this is like cuz I like a spiral it’s a painting that’s meant to make you feel as if you are being whirled up to heaven it does it down really feels that he’s lifting you up reputation but what’s amazing about this is that it’s ten years after Michelangelo has finished the Sistine Chapel people think they have done by those Romans so what they do this is not a ceiling this is not a ceiling this is a dome in the past if they painted a dome they just painted it blue with gold stars of heaven gray geo set himself the challenge to paint the Madonna entering heaven it was a really appreciative of these wealthy beloved see this is the terrible paradox Titian supposedly the greatest painter in the history of painting he heard about this and he looked at it and said this is incredible you couldn’t pay Corey geo enough for this in fact if you turn that dome upside down and made it into a bowl and filled it with gold it wouldn’t be enough money but the tragedy of it is that the patron the cannon of the Cathedral was obviously very conservative man he simply said it looks like a stew of rocks Lex that was his judgment and encourage you finished it in 1530 took in eight years from start to end you never got another Commission in Parma Wow it was like thank you very much but no just a little way out of Parma is my great friends Massimo speaker all his farm Parma is famous for his tried arm and I think Massimo school Italo de bello is definitely some of the best in the world culatello is a type of Parma ham only made with the finest cut of pork ramp so massive what we use is very very simply salt pepper salt and pepper garlic garlic red wine for Tana territorial the bloody pig’s blood a big banner a meat fish meat from the pig which is around is the cattle bulletin what makes this recipe is the farm is the silent these are the ingredients as well of this people time and time is what place it’s like for the a balsamic vinegar again the master of time the master of time when they make Ferraris the master of time when they make culatello they know how to wait for something then gets better and better and better the meat is massaged with garlic and wine then is covered with soap finally is wrapped idly in a pig’s blood it’s a technique that hasn’t changed for centuries that’s the same way the grandfather used to make culatello for Giuseppe Verdi what does that Prevert do you know they used to buy culatello from his grandfather look this is where they actually the artisan is king fantastic how long will it behind he can stay up to two three years without any problem when it’s ready is down to the cellar knocking smashing march of the pig yeah this is the paradise of the pig this cellar has been used to kill culatello for nearly 700 years they like sleeping bats Massimo mr. Bailey see mr. Paradiso and my Allen peak paradise are these the names of the clients akia príncipe Carla that’s Prince Charles is one look at that Prince Albert of Monaco this cellar is like a perfectly honed machine to

work best Massimo must keep exactly 5,000 culatello hanging in here he decides every day how much to open or close the window depend on the temperature demanded the humidity so the fresh air will come in with the form the humidity and these activate the noble white mold then give that characteristic flavour to the cube meat this is the last ingredients coming naturally through the wind and the man the side Armour to exposed culatello to specimen Atomos enter perfume sentimental fool – Talia whoa that’s a perfume of eastery everything presented Profumo dolce if the woman smell ah that would be my lover a pistol no brandy Casa Paraiso Sergey mange Alejandra we’re gonna eat it before we get back to London letting you away with that how wonderful that something as simple as fog or even silence can generate such incredible flavor I’ve been struck for the first time on this trip that the features of the landscape are actually just as important to the art of the region the fog the swirls through carriages fresco in Parma Cathedral just as it swirls around Massimo’s cellar centuries-old tradition are vital to this region livelihoods even today so be preserving them is important to everyone lives here Thomas Palatine library contains a rare historical treasure then I’m desperate to get a peek at wow this book is one of the earliest existing Italian recipe books written in 1680 by Katherine Asha who was private chef to the Duke Renu chief earnings this 400 years old manuscript has recently been restored this book is very important it really tells you what the kukri of that time was like obviously this is not the cookery of the four people this is cooking of the rich the recipe are very simply written but is a very intelligent book because he has a reference to French food he has reference to Far East food so it shows you how sophisticated the wear on the taste you just even that long time don’t touch if you’ve been to Oxford – you should know that you don’t touch him out of script I touch it because I got the gloves that’s okay your hand self for one time can I look intelligent that you need like a person for one time yeah please I got the gloves also they talked didn’t see the phone I see Dukes of the 17th century would use these astounding banquets as political tools demonstrating that power and wealth the visiting dignitaries would be left in awe and wonder this is amazing the smell of this is mess of a kitchen it’s penance for chef like carbonara and Pellegrino boozy food is not just something to fill up your belly it’s Nancy the kitchen it also can fete the mind and be used to great intellectual energy this is what modern cookery is all about and this is how we start to learn is when people like that start to write these books this book has been restored by a group of very special ladies who call themselves the for nello dining club they want to ensure that this recipe are kept alive and most importantly enjoy for our last meal in the mini Romagna they have invited us to try out one of Nash’s recipes I’m gonna keep something for you which is this really special dish and is the Rosa deep are very simple ingredients the Felix take a pair open up butterfly it open then we got some garlic some rosemary some Parma ham some parmesan and again ancora veal in contrast ready boy keifa the Manjari

bhava sadita mangia without the effort of these women this recipe would have been lost forever okay no not a motor Otto in Kundu Tony H the Philip is stuffed with Parmesan cheese and parmesan then rolled and tied wine allora pesto and boku no chef yeah I love the way that the cheese mixes in with the Parma ham being that the sweet flavor and then the wine kicks in that’s right with the cream I mean this is Richard this book proved in the banqueting was something that was not just about food was about showing your power your understanding of who was sitting around the table what they were gonna heat sure that your understanding of the word the surround you to get things from Jay Nova to get things from very exacting from C cities that was a show of power cheers everybody these ladies might be just a bit more glamorous than our friends at the fishing huh the sentiments the same to keep the heritage and traditions of this region alive Emilia Romagna is where Centaurus old traditions and met with the modern world the people here know how to appreciate the silence with the speak richness with simplicity and all as we deny to enjoy life strap our check in Bologna for me a great rediscovery was the extent to which people doing relatively modest occupations like making pasta bigger papa managed to carve out for themselves this fantastic environment to work in they’ve kept that tradition of the small the respect of the working person yes that there doesn’t have to be a multinational company you can stay small and it will still work what do you think your abiding memories will be of this trip through I mean Oh for me it was just incredible to see these people then they got is such a joy of life in one side almost like the southerners you know and then in the other side you have this absolutely tough work ethic they can wait for their produce you mean sort of the joy of the south and the work ethic of the North s refused well this theme of patience or you know taking a long time to get something just right I think it’s true of the art as well to remember that that amazing dome means if I could add my favorite thing that was my favorite thing ever and never seen anything like that that’s much better than this Sistine Chapel rather than sisters have much better spoken like a true northern Italian so where are we gonna go next are gonna take you to gone buddy I can take it to my region my view of the world started from there I want you to ever look at it from a bizarre so George is going home at the Apple and yeah push that Ahnold accident you