Frankenreads: A Public Read-Athon of Frankenstein

online yet. Test. It just logged in. So, thank you so much Test. Test. This is a caption test I’m Neil, and as my capacity of the president of the — I would like to welcome you to a live stream reading of Frankenstein, as part of our larger Franken reads program, we would like to thank the global community of nearly 700Franken reads partners, including universities, public libraries, schools, and museums in 45 countries who will be participating during Franken read, October 24 through 31 bangs , by

planning public readings, symposia and more We would like to thanks Elizabeth Dolen for first suggesting the idea fev Franken reads — for their outstanding work on the project. For special thanks are due to the library of congress for live streaming and organizing this reading and for so crotchetyly hosting us in this grand historic space, the site of so much brilliant research And finally, we’d like to thank the national endowment for the humanities, which made the whole event possible through a chairman’s grant With that, I’ll turn things over to Mark, who has been a strong pillar of support throughout the project >> Thank you. I’ll be as quick as possible with my remarks, as you’ll be hearing my voice as much today I would like to congratulate Amanda, Neil, Stephanie, and everyone involved with this remarkable project. It was done in the recognition that the 200th anniversary of the book is an extraordinary reason to celebrate the vie brancy of the novel We’re proud to support the humanities whenever possible I read the book in high school, and my first deep dive with it came in a graduate seminar with Neil, where we read the novel alongside works like the Matrix, and things like that in the novel, victor Frankenstein has a dream about his future bride, embracing her He soon realizes that with a kiss, she became vivid with the hue of death, a shroud envel lopping her form, with grave worms crawling in the folds of her flannel. If this train is reversed, as it is in the story, with the dead coming back to life, it’s a metaphor for what the team has accomplished with their own embrace of the novel’s power Frankenstein never died, and the book remains one of the most read in the world When I think about what this project has succeeded in doing with 600 partners in 49 countries, I can’t help but imagine the ways that the novel is coming alive again in a manner that it has never had before I imagine voices speaking in unison with shelly’s passions coming to life, and occasionally, I would like to think a unity, a harmony But to the power of the words themselves, the strange, beautiful deepening mastery that they hold when we speak them aloud to each other I think it’s no exaggeration to say that this novel has never been quite so human as it has through the course of the project, and how it has today. Never did we expect it to transform into the monster that it has From the esteemed library of congress herself, Carla >> Welcome to the library of congress and to Franken reads, part of our week-long celebration of the 200th anniversary of Mary Sh elley’s Frankenstein this all-day reading is being held in the magnificent reading room of the library’s Thomas Jefferson building >> Franken sign, volume one, letter one. To Ms Seville, England, St

PaidPetersberg, December You will rejoice to hear that no disaster has accompanied the commencement of an enterprise which you have regarded with such evil forebodings.task is to assure my dear sister of my welfare and increasing confidence in the success of my undertaking.as I walk in the streets of Petersburgh, I feel a cold northern breeze play upon my cheeks, which braces my nerves and fills me with delight.the regions towards which I am advancing, gives me a foretaste of those icy climes promise, my daydreams become more fervent and vivid pole is the seat of frost and desolation; it ever presents itself to my imagination as the region of beauty and delight ever visible, its broad disk just skirting the horizon and diffusing a perpetual splendour I will put some trust in preceding navigators there snow and frost are banished; and, sailing over a calm sea, we may be wafted to a land surpassing in wonders and in beauty every region hitherto discovered on the habitable globe without example, as the phenomena of the heavenly bodies undoubtedly are in those undiscovered solitudes which attracts the needle and may regulate a thousand celestial observations that require only this voyage to render their seeming eccentricities consistent for ever with the sight of a part of the world never before visited, and may tread a land never before imprinted by the foot of man sufficient to conquer all fear of danger or death and to induce me to commence this laborious voyage with the joy a child feels when he embarks in a little boat, with his holiday mates, on an expedition of discovery up his native river be false, you cannot contest the inestimable benefit which I shall confer on all mankind, to the last generation, by discovering a passage near the pole to those countries, to reach which at present so many months are requisite; or by ascertaining the secret of the magnet, which, if at all possible, can only be effected by an undertaking such as mine agitation with which I began my letter, and I feel my heart glow with an enthusiasm which elevates me to heaven, for steady purpose,a point on which the soul may fix its intellectual eye.dream of my early years Thomas’s library the various voyages which have been made in the prospect of arriving at the North Pacific Ocean through the seas which surround the pole.the voyages made for purposes of discovery composed the whole of our good Uncle Thomas’s library.These volumes were my study day and night, and my familiarity with them increased that regret learning that my fatherâ ™s dying injunction had forbidden my uncle to allow me to embark in a seafaring life.the first time, those poets whose effusions entranced my soul and lifted it to heaven.lived in a paradise of my own creation; I imagined that I also might obtain a niche in the temple where the names of Homer and Shakespeare are consecrated and how heavily I bore the disappointment

fortune of my cousin, and my thoughts were turned into the channel of their earlier bent on my present undertaking which I dedicated myself to this great enterprise several expeditions to the North Sea; I voluntarily endured cold, famine, thirst, and want of sleep; I often worked harder than the common sailors during the day and devoted my nights to the study of mathematics, the theory of medicine, and those branches of physical science from which a naval adventurer might derive the greatest practical advantage under-mate in a Greenland whaler, and acquitted myself to admiration my captain offered me the second dignity in the vessel and entreated me to remain with the greatest earnestness, so valuable did he consider my services deserve to accomplish some great purpose? and luxury, but I preferred glory to every enticement that wealth placed in my path but my hopes fluctuate, and my spirits are often depressed and difficult voyage, the emergencies of which will demand all my fortitude: I am required not only to raise the spirits of others, but sometimes to sustain my own, when theirs are failing sledges; the motion is pleasant, and, in my opinion, far more agreeable than that of an English stagecoach you are wrapped in furs, a dress which I have already adopted, for there is a great difference between walking the deck and remaining seated motionless for hours, when no exercise prevents the blood from actually freezing in your veins the post-road between St. Petersburgh and Archangel fortnight or three weeks; and my intention is to hire a ship there, which can easily be done by paying the insurance for the owner, and to engage as many sailors as I think necessary among those who are accustomed to the whale-fishing of June; and when shall I return? answer this question? perhaps years, will pass before you and I may meet you, and save me, that I may again and again testify my gratitude for all your love and kindness encompassed as I am by frost and snow! in collecting my sailors; those whom I have already engaged appear to be men on whom I can depend and are certainly possessed of dauntless courage yet been able to satisfy, and the absence of the object of

which I now feel as a most severe evil, I have no friend, Margaret: When I am glowing with the enthusiasm of success, there will be none to participate my joy; if I am assailed by disappointment, no one will endeavour to sustain me in dejection paper, it is true; but that is a poor medium for the communication of feeling who could sympathise with me, whose eyes would reply to mine sister, but I bitterly feel the want of a friend courageous, possessed of a cultivated as well as of a capacious mind, whose tastes are like my own, to approve or amend my plans for the first fourteen years of my life I ran wild on a common and read nothing but our Uncle Thomas’ books of voyages the celebrated poets of our own country; but it was only when it had ceased to be in my power to derive its most important benefits from such a conviction that I perceived the necessity of becoming acquainted with more languages than that of my native country more illiterate than many schoolboys of fifteen that my daydreams are more extended and magnificent, but they want keeping; and I greatly need a friend who would have sense enough not to despise me as romantic, and affection enough for me to endeavour to regulate my mind shall certainly find no friend on the wide ocean, nor even here in Archangel, among merchants and seamen dross of human nature, beat even in these rugged bosoms of wonderful courage and enterprise; he is madly desirous of glory, or rather, to word my phrase more characteristically, of advancement in his profession of national and professional prejudices, unsoftened by cultivation, retains some of the noblest endowments of humanity board a whale vessel; finding that he was unemployed in this city, I easily engaged him to assist in my enterprise disposition and is remarkable in the ship for his gentleness and the mildness of his discipline well-known integrity and dauntless courage, made me very desirous to engage him best years spent under your gentle and feminine fosterage, has so refined the groundwork of my character that I cannot overcome an intense distaste to the usual brutality exercised on He saw his mistress once before the destined ceremony; but she was bathed in tears, and throwing herself at his feet, entreated him to spare her, confessing at the same time that she loved another, but that he was poor, and that her father would never consent to the union suppliant, and on being informed of the name of her lover, instantly abandoned his pursuit money, on which he had designed to pass the remainder of his life; but he bestowed the whole on his rival, together with the remains of his prize-money to purchase stock, and then himself

solicited the young woman’s father to consent to her marriage with her lover thinking himself bound in honour to my friend, who, when he found the father inexorable, quitted his country, nor returned until he heard that his former mistress was married according to her inclinations.” you will exclaim uneducated: He is as silent as a Turk, and a kind of ignorant carelessness attends him, which, while it renders his conduct the more astonishing, detracts from The interest.the interest and sympathy which otherwise he would command labour, to arrive at once at the summit But this discovery was so great and overwhelming that all the steps by which I had been progressively led to it were obliterated, and I beheld only the result but the spring promises well, and it is considered as a remarkably early season, so that perhaps I may sail sooner than I expected.sufficiently to confide in my prudence and considerateness whenever the safety of others is committed to my care on the near prospect of my undertaking a conception of the trembling sensation, half pleasurable and half fearful, with which I am preparing to depart “the land of mist and snow,” but I shall kill no albatross; therefore do not be A LARMed by my Shall I meet you again, after having traversed immense seas, and returned by the most southern cape of Africa or America?cannot bear to look on the reverse of the picture by every opportunity: I may receive your letters on some occasions when I need them most to support my spirits never hear from me again Walton To Mrs. Saville, England haste to say that I am safe—and well advanced on my voyage merchantman now on its homeward voyage from Archangel; more fortunate than I, who may not see my native land, perhaps, for many years purpose, nor do the floating sheets of ice that continually pass us, indicating the dangers of the region towards which we are advancing, appear to dismay them latitude; but it is the height of summer, and although not so warm as in England, the southern gales, which blow us speedily towards those shores which I so ardently desire to attain, breathe a degree of renovating warmth which I had not expected that would make a figure in a letter springing of a leak are accidents which experienced navigators scarcely remember to record, and I shall be well content if nothing worse happen to us during our voyage well as yours, I will not rashly encounter danger us that I cannot forbear recording it, although it is

very probable that you will see me before these papers can come into your possession by ice, which closed in the ship on all sides, scarcely leaving her the sea-room in which she floated.especially as we were compassed round by a very thick fog.change would take place in the atmosphere and weather away, and we beheld, stretched out in every direction, vast and irregular plains of ice, which seemed to have no end mind began to grow watchful with anxious thoughts, when a strange sight suddenly attracted our attention and diverted our solicitude from our own situation fixed on a sledge and drawn by dogs, pass on towards the north, at the distance of half a mile; a being which had the shape of a man, but apparently of gigantic stature, sat in the sledge and guided the dogs traveller with our telescopes until he was lost among the distant inequalities of the ice miles from any land; but this apparition seemed to denote that it was not, in reality, so distant as we had supposed impossible to follow his track, which we had observed with the greatest attention we heard the ground sea, and before night the ice broke and freed our ship morning, fearing to encounter in the dark those large loose masses which float about after the breaking up of the ice was light, I went upon deck and found all the sailors busy on one side of the vessel, apparently talking to someone in the sea.had seen before, which had drifted towards us in the night on a large fragment of ice.was a human being within it whom the sailors were persuading to enter the vessel seemed to be, a savage inhabitant of some undiscovered island, but a European said, “Here is our captain, and he will not allow you to perish on the open sea On perceiving me, the stranger addressed me in English, although with a foreign accent said he, “will you have the kindness to inform me whither you are bound? You may conceive my astonishment on hearing such a question addressed to me from a man on the brink of destruction and to whom I should have supposed that my vessel would have been a resource which he would not have exchanged for the most precious wealth the earth can afford voyage of discovery towards the northern pole and consented to come on board thus capitulated for his safety, your surprise would have been boundless body dreadfully emaciated by fatigue and suffering.cabin, but as soon as he had quitted the fresh air he fainted deck and restored him to animation by rubbing him with brandy and forcing him to swallow a small quantity wrapped him up in blankets and placed him near the chimney of the kitchen stove little soup, which restored him wonderfully.he was able to speak, and I often feared that his sufferings had deprived him of understanding I removed him to my own cabin and attended on him as much as my duty would permit creature: His eyes have generally an expression of wildness, and even madness, but there are moments when, if anyone performs an act of kindness towards him or does him any the most trifling service, his whole countenance is lighted up, as it were, with a beam of benevolence and sweetness that I never saw equalled

despairing, and sometimes he gnashes his teeth, as if impatient of the weight of woes that oppresses him had great trouble to keep off the men, who wished to ask him a thousand questions; but I would not allow him to be tormented by their idle curiosity, in a state of body and mind whose restoration evidently depended upon entire repose he had come so far upon the ice in so strange a vehicle aspect of the deepest gloom, and he replied, “To seek one who fled from me “And did the man whom you pursued travel in the same fashion? “Then I fancy we have seen him, for the day before we picked you up we saw some dogs drawing a sledge, with a man in it, across the ice This aroused the stranger’s attention, and he asked a multitude of questions concerning the route which the daemon, as he called him, had pursued he said, “I have, doubtless, excited your curiosity, as well as that of these good people; but you are too considerate to make inquiries “Certainly; it would indeed be very impertinent and inhuman in me to trouble you with any inquisitiveness of mine “And yet you rescued me from a strange and perilous situation; you have benevolently restored me to life Soon after this he inquired if I thought that the breaking up of the ice had destroyed the other sledge any degree of certainty, for the ice had not broken until near midnight, and the traveller might have arrived at a place of safety before that time; but of this I could not judge life animated the decaying frame of the stranger be upon deck to watch for the sledge which had before appeared; but I have persuaded him to remain in the cabin, for he is far too weak to sustain the rawness of the atmosphere watch for him and give him instant notice if any new object should appear in sight.this strange occurrence up to the present day health but is very silent and appears uneasy when anyone except myself enters his cabin gentle that the sailors are all interested in him, although they have had very little communication with him a brother, and his constant and deep grief fills me with sympathy and compassion.his better days, being even now in wreck so attractive and amiable Margaret, that I should find no friend on the wide ocean; yet I have found a man who, before his spirit had been broken by misery, I should have been happy to have possessed as the brother of my heart concerning the stranger at intervals, should I have any fresh incidents to record pity to an astonishing degree destroyed by misery without feeling the most poignant grief? his mind is so cultivated, and when he speaks, although his words are culled with the choicest art, yet they flow with rapidity and unparalleled eloquence his illness and is continually on the deck, apparently watching for the sledge that preceded his own.utterly occupied by his own misery but that he interests himself deeply in the projects of others mine, which I have communicated to him without disguise Nor have I believed it impossible to find a true

friend. I agree with you, and believing that friendship is not only desirable, but a possessable acquisition. To judge respecting friendship You have hope in the world before you, and have no cause for despair. But I? I have lost everything, and cannot begin life anew As he said this, his countenance become expressive of grief Broken in spirit as he is, no one can feel more deeply than he does the beauties of nature can feel more deeply than he does the beauties of nature sight afforded by these wonderful regions seem still to have the power of elevating his soul from earth may suffer misery and be overwhelmed by disappointments, yet when he has retired into himself, he will be like a celestial spirit that has a halo around him, within whose circle no grief or folly ventures express concerning this divine wanderer? Yet, if you will, smile at the warmth of my expression, while I find every day new causes for repeating them may easily perceive, Captain Walton, that I have suffered great and unparalleled misfortunes.memory of these evils should die with me, but you have won me to alter my determination.once did; and I ardently hope that the gratification of your wishes may not be a serpent to sting you, as mine has been disasters will be useful To you Yell yet if you are inclined, listen to my tale Internal evidence of the truth of the events of which it is composed You may easily concede that I was much gratified by the awkward communication, yet I could not concur that he should renew his grief the promised narrative, partly from curiosity and partly from a strong desire to ameliorate his fate if it were I wait but for one event, and then I shall repose in peace he, perceiving that I wished to interrupt him; “but you are mistaken, my friend, if thus you will allow me to name you; nothing can alter my destiny; listen to my history, and you will perceive how irrevocably it is determined ”his narrative the next day when I should be at leisure when I am not imperatively occupied by my duties, to record, as nearly as possible in his own words, what he has related during the day you the greatest pleasure; but to me, who know him, and who hear it from his own lips—with what interest and sympathy shall I read it in some future day! my family is one of the most distinguished of that republic counsellors and syndics, and my father had filled several public situations He was respected by all who knew him for his integrity and indefatigable attention to public business occupied by the affairs of his country; a variety of circumstances had prevented his marrying early, nor was it until the decline of life that he became a husband and the father of a family illustrate his character, I cannot refrain from relating them merchant who, from a Fe flourishing state, fell, through numerous mischances, into poverty of a proud and unbending disposition and could not bear to live in poverty and oblivion in the same country where he had formerly been distinguished for his rank and magnificence the most honourable manner, he retreated

with his daughter to the town of Lucerne, where he lived unknown and in wretchedness truest friendship and was deeply grieved by his retreat in these unfortunate circumstances which led his friend to a conduct so little worthy of the affection that united them.him out, with the hope of persuading him to begin the world again through his credit and assistance to conceal himself, and it was ten months before my father discovered his abode hastened to the house, which was situated in a mean street near the Reuss despair alone welcomed him of money from the wreck of his fortunes, but it was sufficient to provide him with sustenance for some months, and in the meantime he hoped to procure some respectable employment in a merchant’s house in inaction; his grief only became more deep and rankling when he had leisure for reflection, and at length it took so fast hold of his mind that at the end of three months he lay on a bed of sickness, incapable of any exertion greatest tenderness, but she saw with despair that their little fund was rapidly decreasing and that there was no other prospect of support.of an uncommon mould, and her courage rose to support her in her adversity straw and by various means contrived to earn a pittance scarcely sufficient to support life more entirely occupied in attending him; her means of subsistence decreased; and in the tenth month her father died in her arms, leaving her an orphan and a beggar.knelt by Beaufort’s coffin weeping bitterly, when my father entered the chamber poor girl, who committed herself to his care; and after the interment of his friend he conducted her to Geneva and placed her under the protection of a relation between the ages of my parents, but this circumstance seemed to unite them only closer in bonds of devoted affection father’s upright mind which rendered it necessary that he should Perhaps during former years he had suffered from the late-discovered unworthiness of one beloved and so was disposed to set a greater value on tried worth.worship in his attachment to my mother, differing wholly from the doting fondness of age, for it was inspired by reverence for her virtues and a desire to be the means of, in some degree, recompensing her for the sorrows she had endured, but which gave inexpressible grace to his behaviour to her her wishes and her convenience exotic is sheltered by the gardener, from every rougher wind and to surround her with all that could tend to excite pleasurable emotion in her soft and benevolent mind.of her hitherto constant spirit, had been shaken by what she had gone through.previous to their marriage my father had gradually relinquished all his public functions; and immediately after their union they sought the pleasant climate of Italy, and the change of scene and interest attendant on a tour through that land of wonders, as a restorative for her weakened frame Naples, and as an infant Fe accompanied them in their rambles.other, they seemed to draw inexhaustible stores of affection from a very mine of love to bestow them upon me father’s smile of benevolent pleasure while regarding me are my first recollections no one could submit more gracefully to constraint

Her person was the image of her mind. Her hazel eyes, although as lively as a bird’s, possessed an attractive softness Her figure was light and airy, and though capable of enduring great fatigue, she appeared the most fragile creature in the world I never saw so much grace I was more calm and philosophical than my companion, yet me temper was not so yielding My application was of longer endurance, but it was not so severe. I delighted in investigating the facts relative to the actual world. She busied herself in following the aerial creations of the The world was to me a secret which I desired to divine My brothers were considerably younger than myself. But I had a friend Henry was the son of a merchant of Geneva, an intimate friend of my father. He was a boy of singular talent and fancy. I remember when he was 9 years old, he wrote a fairy tail, which was the delight and amazement of all of his companions. When I was very young, I remember that we used to act plays composed by him out of these favorite books The principle characters were Orlando, Robin hood, Amades, and St. George. Our studies were never forced And by some means we always had an end placed in view which excited us in the prosecution of them. It was by this method, and not by emulation that we were urged to application Elizabeth was not incited to apply herself to drawing that her companions might not outstrip her, but through her desire of pleasing her aunt by the reputation of some favorite scene done by her own hand. We learned Latin and English that we might read the writings in those languages. We loved application, and our amusements would have been the labors of other children Perhaps we did not learn languages so quickly as those who are disciplined by the ordinary methods, but what we learned was impressed more deeply on our memories. In this description, I include Henry, for he was constantly with us.He went to school with me and generally passed the afternoon at our house For being an only child and destitute of our companions at home — that he should find associates at our house, and we were never completely happy when he was absent I feel pleasure when recounting my childhood For when I would account to myself for the birth of my passion, I find it arise like a mountain river from a noble and almost forgotten sources. But swelling, it became the torrent, which in its course, has swept away all of my hopes and joys Natural philosophy is the genius that has regulated my fate. I desire to state those facts When I was 13 years of age, we all went on a party of pleasure In this house, I chanced to find a volume of the works of of Cornelius Agripa. The wonderful facts he would relate changed the feeling I opened it with apathy; the theory which he attempts to

demonstrate and the wonderful facts which he relates soon changed this feeling into enthusiasm.mind, and bounding with joy, I communicated my discovery to my father title page of my book and said, “Ah! upon this; it is sad trash If, instead of this remark, my father had taken the pains to explain to me that the principles of Agrippa had been entirely exploded and that a modern system of science had been introduced which possessed much greater powers than the ancient, because the powers of the latter were chimerical, while those of the former were real and practical, under such circumstances I should certainly have thrown Agrippa aside and have contented my imagination, warmed as it was, by returning with greater ardour to my former studies my ideas would never have received the fatal impulse that led to my ruin taken of my volume by no means assured me that he was acquainted with its contents, and I continued to read with the greatest avidity to procure the whole works of this author, and afterwards of Paracelsus and Albertus Magnus these writers with delight; they appeared to me treasures known to few besides myself these secret stores of knowledge my father, yet his indefinite sincere of my favorite always withheld me I disclosed my discoveries to Elizabeth, therefore, under a promise of strict secrecy It may appear strange that a discipline of Albetus Magnus should arise I entered where the greatest diligence into the search of the philosopher’s stone and the elixir of life But the latter obtained my most undivided attention. Wealth was an inferior object But what glory would attend the Wealth was an inferior object, but what glory would attend the discovery if I could banish disease from the human frame and render man invulnerable to any but a violent death!promise liberally accorded by my favourite authors, the fulfilment of which I most eagerly sought; and if my incantations were always unsuccessful, I attributed the failure rather to my own inexperience and mistake than to a want of skill or fidelity in my instructors exploded systems, mingling, like an unadept, a thousand contradictory theories and floundering desperately in a very slough of multifarious knowledge, guided by an ardent imagination and childish reasoning, till an accident again changed the current of my ideas had retired to our house near Belrive, when we witnessed a most violent and terrible thunderstorm of Jura, and the thunder burst at once I remained, while the storm lasted, watching its progress with curiosity and delight.beheld a stream of fire issue from an old and beautiful oak which stood about twenty yards from our house; and so soon as the dazzling light vanished, the oak had disappeared, and nothing remained but a blasted stump found the tree shattered in a singular manner Before this I was not unacquainted with the more obvious laws of electricity research in natural philosophy was with us, and excited by this catastrophe, he entered on the explanation of a theory which he had formed on the subject of electricity and galvanism, which was at once new and astonishing to me had retired to our house near Belrive, when we witnessed a most violent and terrible thunderstorm.of Jura, and the thunder burst at once I remained, while the storm lasted, watching its progress with curiosity and delight beheld a stream of fire issue from an old and beautiful oak which stood about twenty yards from our house; and so soon as the dazzling light vanished, the oak had

disappeared, and nothing remained but a blasted stump found the tree shattered in a singular manner entirely reduced to thin ribbons of wood research in natural philosophy was with us, and excited by this catastrophe, he entered on the explanation of a theory which he had formed on the subject of electricity and galvanism, which was at once new and astonishing to me He made a kite with a wire and string, which drew down that fluid from the clouds This last stroke completed the overthrow of Cornelius Agrippa, Albertus Magnus, and Paracelsus, the lords of my imagination; but by some fatality the overthrow of these men disinclined me to pursue my accustomed studies inclined to commence the study of any modern system. And this disinclination was influenced by the following circumstance: My father expressed a wish that I should attend a course of lectures upon natural philosophy, to which I cheerfully consented. The lecture, being therefore one of the last, was entirely incomprehensible to me The professor discoursed with the greatest fluency of potassium, Boran, and terms to which I could have fixed no idea. And I became disgusted with the science of natural philosophy. My occupations at this age were principally the mathematics And most of the branchs of study are pertaining to that science I was busily employed in learning languages. Latin was already familiar to me, and I began to read some of the easiest Greek authors without the help of a lexicon. I also perfectly understood English and German This is the list of my accomplishments at the age of 17 And you may conceive that my hours were fully employed in acquireg and maintaining a knowledge of this various literature Another task also devolved upon me when I became the instructor of my brothers William, the youngest of our family, was yet an infant, and the most beautiful little fellow in the world Such was the domestic circle from which the care and pain seemed forever vanished My father directed our studies, and my mother partook of our enjoyments Neither of us possessed the slightest preeminence over the other. The voices of command was never heard amongst us But mutual affection gaged us all to comply with and obey the slightest desire of each other >> When I attained the sage of 17, my parents resolved that I should become Geneva, but my father thought it necessary for the completion of my education that I should be made acquainted with other customs than those of my native country

early date, but before the day resolved upon could arrive, the first misfortune of my life occurred—an omen, as it were, of my future misery her illness was severe, and she was in the greatest danger quickly recovered During her confinement many arguments had been urged to persuade my mother to refrain from attending upon her entreaties, but when she heard that the life of her favourite was menaced, she could no longer control her anxiety attentions triumphed over the malignity of the distemper—Elizabeth was saved, but the consequences of this imprudence were fatal to her preserver.her fever was accompanied by the most alarming symptoms, and the looks of her medical attendants prognosticated the worst event and benignity of this best of women did not desert her hopes of future happiness were placed on the prospect of your union Elizabeth, my love, you must supply my place to my younger children you; and, happy and beloved as I have been, is it not hard to quit you all? me; I will endeavour to resign myself cheerfully to death and will indulge a hope of meeting you in another world ” countenance expressed affection even in death.those whose dearest ties are rent by that most irreparable evil, the void that presents itself to the soul, and the despair that is exhibited on the countenance.persuade itself that she whom we saw every day and whose very existence appeared a part of our own can have departed for ever—that the brightness of a beloved eye can have been extinguished and the sound of a voice so familiar and dear to the ear can be hushed, never more to be heard first days; but when the lapse of time proves the reality of the evil, then the actual bitterness of grief commences hand rent away some dear connection? which all have felt, and must feel? grief is rather an indulgence than a necessity; and the smile that plays upon the lips, although it may be deemed a sacrilege, is not banished still duties which we ought to perform; we must continue our course with the rest and learn to think ourselves fortunate whilst one remains whom the spoiler has not seized which had been deferred by these events, was now again determined upon leave the repose, akin to death, of the house of mourning and to rush into the thick of life those that remained to me, and above all, I desired to see my sweet Elizabeth in some degree consoled to act the comforter to us all its duties with courage and zeal whom she had been taught to call her uncle and cousins

time, when she recalled She forgot even her own regret in her endeavours to make us forget father to permit him to accompany me and to become my fellow student, but in vain.and saw idleness and ruin in the aspirations and ambition of his son being debarred from a liberal education read in his kindling eye and in his animated glance a restrained but firm resolve not to be chained to the miserable details of commerce each other nor persuade ourselves to say the word “Farewell!” It was said, and we retired under the pretence of seeking repose, each fancying that the other was deceived; but when at morning’s dawn I descended to the carriage which was to convey me away, they were all there—my father again to bless me, Clerval to press my hand once more, my Elizabeth to renew her entreaties that I would write often and to bestow the last feminine attentions on her playmate and friend.to convey me away and indulged in the most melancholy reflections by amiable companions, continually engaged in endeavouring to bestow mutual pleasure—I was now alone must form my own friends and be my own protector remarkably secluded and domestic, and this had given me invincible repugnance to new countenances Clerval; these were “old familiar faces,” but I believed myself totally unfitted for the company of strangers.my journey; but as I proceeded, my spirits and hopes rose it hard to remain during my youth cooped up in one place and had longed to enter the world and take my station among other human beings it would, indeed, have been folly to repent these and many other reflections during my journey to Ingolstadt, which was long and fatiguing I alighted and was conducted to my solitary apartment to spend the evening as I pleased.of introduction and paid a visit to some of the principal professors.the Angel of Destruction, which asserted omnipotent sway over me from the moment I turned my reluctant steps from my father’s door—led me first to M. Krempe, professor of natural philosophy imbued in the secrets of his science concerning my progress in the different branches of science appertaining to natural philosophy.contempt, mentioned the names of my time in studying such nonsense? ” instant that you have wasted on those books is utterly and entirely lost.exploded systems and useless names lived, where no one was kind enough to inform you that these fancies which you have so greedily imbibed are a thousand years old and as I little expected, in this enlightened and scientific age, to find a disciple of Albertus Magnus and Paracelsus So saying, he stepped aside and wrote down a list of several books treating of natural philosophy which he desired me to procure, and

dismissed me after mentioning that in the beginning of the following week he intended to commence a course of lectures upon natural philosophy in its general relations, and that M Waldman, a fellow professor, would lecture upon chemistry the alternate days that he omitted have said that I had long considered those authors useless whom the professor reprobated; but I returned not at all the more inclined to recur to these studies in any shape Krempe was a little squat man with a gruff voice and a repulsive countenance; the teacher, therefore, did not prepossess me in favour of his pursuits connected a strain, perhaps, I have given an account of the conclusions I had come to concerning them in my early years the results promised by the modern professors of natural science accounted for by my extreme youth and my want of a guide on such matters, I had retrod the steps of knowledge along the paths of time and exchanged the discoveries of recent inquirers for the dreams of forgotten alchemists of modern natural philosophy of the science sought Fe immortality and power; such Fe views, although futile, The ambition of the inquirer seemed to limit itself to the annihilation of those visions on which my interest in science was chiefly founded.boundless grandeur for realities of little worth.first two or three days of my residence at Ingolstadt, which were chiefly spent in becoming acquainted with the localities and the principal residents in my new abode thought of the information which M. Krempe had given me concerning the lectures.and hear that little conceited fellow deliver sentences out of a pulpit, I recollected what he had said of M Waldman, whom I had never seen, as he had hitherto been out of town.idleness, I went into the lecturing room, which M. Waldman entered shortly after age, but with an aspect expressive of the greatest benevolence; a few grey hairs covered his temples, but those His person was short but remarkably erect and his voice the sweetest I had ever heard recapitulation of the history of chemistry and the various improvements made by different men of learning, pronouncing with fervour the names of the most distinguished discoverers present state of the science and explained many of its elementary terms experiments, he concluded with a panegyric upon modern chemistry, the terms of which I shall “The ancient teachers of this science,” said he, “promised impossibilities and performed nothing little; they know that metals cannot be transmuted and that the elixir of life is a chimera but these philosophers, whose hands seem only made to dabble in dirt, and their eyes to pore over the microscope or crucible, have indeed performed miracles nature and show how she works in her hiding-places discovered how the blood circulates, and the nature of the air we breathe unlimited powers; they can command the thunders of heaven, mimic the earthquake, and even mock the invisible world with its own shadows.Such were the professor’s words—rather let me say such the words of the fate—enounced to destroy me grappling with a palpable enemy; one by one the various keys were touched which formed the mechanism of my being; chord after chord was sounded, and soon my mind was filled with one thought, one conception, one purpose soul of Frankenstein—more, far more, will I achieve; treading in the steps already marked, I will pioneer a new way, explore unknown powers, and unfold to the world the deepest mysteries of creation insurrection and turmoil; I felt that order would thence arise, but I had no power to produce it.There only remained a resolution to return to my ancient studies and to devote myself to a science for which I believed myself to possess a natural talent.mild and attractive than in public, for there was a certain dignity in his mien during his lecture which in his own house was replaced by the greatest affability and kindness.account of my former pursuits as I had given to his fellow professor narration concerning my studies and smiled at the names of Cornelius Agrippa and Paracelsus, but without the contempt that M. Krempe had exhibited indefatigable zeal modern philosophers were indebted for most of the foundations of their knowledge.to give new names and arrange in connected classifications the facts which they in a great degree had been the instruments of bringing to light erroneously directed, scarcely ever fail in ultimately turning to the solid advantage of mankind.” I listened to his statement, which was delivered without any presumption or affectation, and then added that his lecture had removed my prejudices against modern chemists; I expressed myself in measured terms, with the modesty and deference due from a youth

to his instructor, without letting escape any of the enthusiasm which stimulated my intended labours Chemistry is that branch of natural philosophy in which the greatest improvements have been and may be made; it is on that account that I have made it my peculiar study; but at the same time, I have not neglected the A man would make but a very sorry chemist if he attended to that department of human knowledge alone.of science and not merely a petty experimentalist, I should advise you to apply to every branch of natural philosophy, including mathematics.He then took me into his laboratory and explained to me the uses of his various machines, instructing me as to what I ought to procure and promising me the use of his own when I should have advanced far enough in the science not to derange their mechanism I had requested, and I took my leave me; it decided my future destiny particularly chemistry, in the most comprehensive sense of the term, became nearly my sole occupation.of genius and discrimination, which modern inquirers have written on these subjects cultivated the acquaintance of the men of science of the university, and I found even in M. Krempe a great deal of sound sense and real information, combined, it is true, with a repulsive physiognomy and manners, but not on that account the less valuable. Waldman I found a true friend by dogmatism, and his instructions were given with an air of frankness and good nature that banished every idea of pedantry inclined me more to that branch of philosophy than the love for the science itself The more fully I entered into science, the more I pursued it for its own sake That application now became so aridenned and eager that the stars often disappeared in the light of morning. As I applied so closely, and maybe easily conceived that I improved My ardour was indeed the astonishment of the students, and my proficiency that of the masters sly smile, how Cornelius Agrippa went on, whilst M Waldman expressed the most heartfelt exultation in my progress which I paid no visit to Geneva, but was engaged, heart and soul, in the pursuit of some discoveries which I hoped to make them can conceive of the enticements of science others have gone before you, and there is nothing more to know; but in a scientific pursuit there is continual food for discovery and wonder which closely pursues one study must infallibly arrive at great proficiency in that study; and I, who continually sought the attainment of one object of pursuit and was solely wrapped Fe up in this, improved so rapidly that at the end of two years I made some discoveries in the improvement of some chemical instruments, which procured me great esteem and admiration at the university had become as well acquainted with the theory and practice of natural philosophy as depended on the lessons of any of the professors at Ingolstadt, my residence there being no longer conducive to my improvements, I thought of returning to my friends and my native town, when an incident happened that protracted my stay peculiarly attracted my attention was the structure of the human frame, and, indeed, any animal endued with life principle of life proceed? has ever been considered as a mystery; yet with how many things are we upon the brink of becoming acquainted, if cowardice or carelessness did not restrain our inquiries mind and determined thenceforth to apply myself more particularly to those branches of natural philosophy which relate to physiology supernatural enthusiasm, my application

to this study would have been irksome and almost intolerable first have recourse to death anatomy, but this was not sufficient; I must also observe the natural decay and corruption of the human body taken the greatest precautions that my mind should be impressed with no supernatural horrors.at a tale of superstition or to have feared the apparition of a spirit and a churchyard was to me merely the receptacle of bodies deprived of life, which, from being the seat of beauty and strength, had become food for the worm cause and progress of this decay and forced to spend days and nights in vaults and charnel-houses object the most insupportable to the delicacy of the human feelings degraded and wasted; I beheld the corruption of death succeed to the blooming cheek of life; I saw how the worm inherited the wonders of the eye and brain the minutiae of causation, as exemplified in the change from life to death, and death to life, until from the midst of this darkness a sudden light broke in upon me—a light so brilliant and wondrous, yet so simple, that while I became dizzy with the immensity of the prospect which it illustrated, I was surprised that among so many men of genius who had directed their inquiries towards the same science, that I alone should be reserved to discover so astonishing a secret shine in the heavens than that which I now affirm is true it, yet the stages of the discovery were distinct and probable labour and fatigue, I succeeded in discovering the cause of generation and life; nay, more, I became myself capable of bestowing animation upon lifeless matter experienced on this discovery soon gave place to delight and rapture.labour, to arrive at once at the summit of my desires was the most gratifying consummation of my toils overwhelming that all the steps by which I had been progressively led to it were obliterated, and I beheld only the result the wisest men since the creation of the world was now within my grasp opened upon me at once: The information I had obtained was of a nature rather to direct my endeavours so soon as I should point them towards the object of my search than to exhibit that object already accomplished been buried with the dead and found a passage to life, aided only by one glimmering and seemingly ineffectual light and hope which your eyes express, my friend, that you expect to be informed of the secret with which I am acquainted; that cannot be; listen patiently until the end of my story, and you will easily perceive why I am reserved upon that subject ardent as I then was, to your destruction and infallible misery at least by my example, how dangerous is the acquirement of knowledge and how much happier that man is who believes his native town to be the world, than he who aspires to become greater than his nature will allow placed within my hands, I hesitated a long time concerning the manner in which I should employ it bestowing animation, yet to prepare a frame for the

reception of it, with all its intricacies of fibres, muscles, and veins, still remained a work of inconceivable difficulty and labour attempt the creation of a being like myself, or one of simpler organization; but my imagination was too much exalted by my first success to permit me to doubt of my ability to give life to an animal as complex and wonderful as man.command hardly appeared adequate to so arduous an undertaking, but I doubted not that I should ultimately succeed reverses; my operations might be incessantly baffled, and at last my work be imperfect, yet when I considered the improvement which every day takes place in science and mechanics, I was encouraged to hope my present attempts would at least lay the foundations of future success magnitude and complexity of my plan as any argument of its impracticability.the creation of a human being great hindrance to my speed, I resolved, contrary to my first intention, to make the being of a gigantic stature, that is to say, about eight feet in height, and proportionably After having formed this determination and having spent some months in successfully collecting and arranging my materials, I began feelings which bore me onwards, like a hurricane, in the first enthusiasm of success bounds, which I should first break through, and pour a torrent of light into our dark world creator and source; many happy and excellent natures would owe their being to me his child so completely as I should deserve theirs that if I could bestow animation upon lifeless matter, I might in process of time renew life where death had apparently devoted the body to corruption while I pursued my undertaking with unremitting ardour my person had become emaciated with confinement certainty, I failed; yet still I clung to the hope which the next day or the next hour might realise possessed was the hope to which I had dedicated myself; and the moon gazed on my midnight labours, while, with unrelaxed and breathless eagerness, I pursued nature to her hiding-places secret toil as I dabbled among the unhallowed damps of the grave or tortured the living animal to animate the lifeless clay? with the remembrance; but then a resistless and almost frantic impulse urged me forward; I seemed to have lost all soul or sensation but for this one pursuit that only made me feel with renewed acuteness so soon as, the unnatural stimulus ceasing to operate, I had returned to my old habits and disturbed, with profane fingers, the tremendous secrets of the human frame at the top of the house, and separated from all the other apartments by a gallery and staircase, I kept my workshop of filthy creation; my eyeballs were starting from their sockets in attending The dissecting room and the slaughter-house furnished many of my materials; and often did my human nature turn with loathing from my occupation, whilst, still urged on by an eagerness which perpetually increased, I brought my work near to a conclusion was thus engaged, heart and soul, in one pursuit

did the fields bestow a more plentiful harvest or the vines yield a more luxuriant vintage, but my eyes were insensible to the charms of nature neglect the scenes around me caused me also to forget those friends who were so many miles absent, and whom I had not seen for so long a time I well remembered the words of my father: “I know that while you are pleased with yourself you will think of us with affection, and we shall hear regularly from you any interruption in your correspondence as a proof that your other duties are equally neglected I knew well therefore what would be my father’s feelings, but I could not tear my thoughts from my employment, loathsome in itself, but which had taken an irresistible hold of my imagination all that related to my feelings of affection until the great object, which swallowed up every habit of my nature, should be completed unjust if he ascribed my neglect to vice or faultiness on my part, but I am now convinced that he was justified in conceiving that I should not be altogether free from blame ought always to preserve a calm and peaceful mind and never to allow passion or a transitory desire to disturb his tranquillity of knowledge is an exception to this rule yourself has a tendency to weaken your affections and to destroy your taste for those simple pleasures in which no alloy can possibly mix, then that study is certainly unlawful, that is to say, not befitting the human mind observed; if no man allowed any pursuit whatsoever to interfere with the tranquillity of his domestic affections, Greece had not been enslaved, Caesar would have spared his country, America would have been discovered more gradually, and the empires of But I forget that I am moralizing in the most interesting part of my tale, and your looks remind me to proceed letters and only took notice of my silence by inquiring into my occupations more particularly than before.during my labours; but I did not watch the blossom or the expanding leaves—sights which before always yielded me supreme delight—so deeply was I engrossed in my occupation before my work drew near to a close, and now every day showed me more plainly how well I had succeeded anxiety, and I appeared rather like one doomed by slavery to toil in the mines, or any other unwholesome trade than an artist occupied by his favourite employment fever, and I became nervous to a most painful degree; the fall of a leaf startled me, and I shunned my fellow creatures as if I had been guilty of a crime perceived that I had become; the energy of my purpose alone sustained me: My labours would soon end, and I believed that exercise and amusement would then drive away incipient disease; and I promised myself both of these when my creation should be complete that I beheld the accomplishment of my toils agony, I collected the instruments of life around me, that I might infuse a It was already one in the morning; the rain pattered dismally against the panes, and my candle was nearly burnt out, when, by the glimmer of the half-extinguished light, I saw the dull yellow eye of the creature open; it breathed hard, and a convulsive motion agitated its limbs at this catastrophe, or how delineate the wretch whom with such infinite pains and care I had endeavoured to form?

and I had selected his features as beautiful the work of muscles and arteries beneath; his hair was of a lustrous black, and flowing; his teeth of a pearly whiteness; but these luxuriances only formed a more horrid contrast with his watery eyes, that seemed almost of the same colour as the dun-white sockets in which they were set, his shrivelled complexion and straight black lips are not so changeable as the feelings of human nature for the sole purpose of infusing life into an inanimate body of rest and health far exceeded moderation; but now that I had finished, the beauty of the dream vanished, and breathless horror and disgust filled my heart being I had created, I rushed out of the room and continued a long time traversing my bed-chamber, unable to compose my mind to sleep the tumult I had before endured, and I threw myself on the bed in my clothes, endeavouring to seek a few moments of forgetfulness but I was disturbed by the wildest dreams of health, walking in the streets of Ingolstadt her, but as I imprinted the first kiss on her lips, they became livid with the hue of death; her features appeared to change, and I thought that I held the corpse of my dead mother in my arms; a shroud enveloped her form, and I saw the grave-worms crawling in the folds of the flannel cold dew covered my forehead, my teeth chattered, and every limb became convulsed; when, by the dim and yellow light of the moon, as it forced its way through the window shutters, I beheld the wretch—the miserable monster whom I had created bed; and his eyes, if eyes they may be called, were fixed on me some inarticulate sounds, while a grin wrinkled his cheeks hear; one hand was stretched out, seemingly to detain me, but I escaped and rushed downstairs belonging to the house which I inhabited, where I remained during the rest of the night, walking up and down in the greatest agitation, listening attentively, catching and fearing each sound as if it were to announce the approach of the demoniacal corpse to which I had so miserably given life No mortal could support the horror of that countenance was ugly then, but when those muscles and joints were rendered capable of motion, it became a thing such as even Dante could not have conceived hardly that I felt the palpitation of every artery; at others, I nearly sank to the ground through languor and Mingled with this horror, I felt the bitterness of disappointment; dreams that had been my food and pleasant rest for so long a space were now become a hell to me; and the

change was so rapid, the overthrow so complete! dawned and discovered to my sleepless and aching eyes the church of Ingolstadt, its white steeple and clock, which indicated the sixth hour the court, which had that night been my asylum, and I issued into the streets, pacing them with quick steps, as if I sought to avoid the wretch whom I feared every turning of the street would present to my view which I inhabited, but felt impelled to hurry on, although drenched by the rain which poured from a black and comfortless sky some time, endeavouring by bodily exercise to ease the load that weighed upon my mind clear conception of where I was or what I was doing sickness of fear, and I hurried on with irregular steps, not daring to look Like one who, on a lonely road, Doth walk in fear and dread, And, having once turned round, walks on, And turns no more his head; Because he knows a frightful fiend Doth close behind him tread length opposite to the inn at which the various diligences and carriages usually stopped remained some minutes with my eyes fixed on a coach that was coming towards me from the other end of the street was the Swiss diligence; it stopped just where I was standing, and on the door being opened, I perceived Henry Clerval, who, on seeing me, instantly sprung out “how glad I am to see you! at the very moment of my alighting!Nothing could equal my delight on seeing Clerval; his presence brought back to my thoughts my father, Elizabeth, and all those scenes of home so dear to my recollection forgot my horror and misfortune; I felt suddenly, and for the first time during many months, calm and serene joy in the most cordial manner, and we walked towards my college about our mutual friends and his own good fortune in being permitted to come to Ingolstadt great was the difficulty to persuade my father that all necessary knowledge was not comprised in the noble art of book-keeping; and, indeed, I believe I left him incredulous to the last, for his constant answer to my unwearied entreaties was the same as that of the Dutch schoolmaster in The Vicar of Wakefield: ‘I have ten thousand florins a year without Greek, I eat heartily without Greek overcame his dislike of learning, and he has permitted me to undertake a voyage of discovery to the land of knowledge “It gives me the greatest delight to see you; but tell me how you left my father, brothers, and Elizabeth ” little uneasy that they hear from you so seldom a little upon their account myself he, stopping short and gazing full in my face, “I did not before remark how very ill you appear; so thin and pale; you look as if you had been watching for several nights “You have guessed right; I have lately been so deeply engaged in one occupation that I have not allowed myself sufficient rest, as you see; but I hope, I sincerely hope, that all these

employments are now at an end and that I am at length free.” endure to think of, and far less to allude to, the occurrences of the preceding I walked with a quick pace, and we soon arrived at my college me shiver, that the creature whom I had left in my apartment might still be there, alive and walking about feared still more that Henry should see him few minutes at the bottom of the stairs, I darted up towards my own room door before I recollected myself children are accustomed to do when they expect a spectre to stand in waiting for them on the other side; but nothing appeared was empty, and my bedroom was also freed from its hideous guest good fortune could have befallen me, but when I became assured that my enemy had indeed fled, I clapped my hands for joy and ran down to Clerval the servant presently brought breakfast; but I was unable to contain myself I felt my flesh tingle with excess of sensitiveness, and my pulse beat rapidly instant in the same place; I jumped over the chairs, clapped my hands, and laughed aloud spirits to joy on his arrival, but when he observed me more attentively, he saw a wildness in my eyes for which he could not account, and my loud, unrestrained, heartless laughter frightened and astonished him God’s sake, is the matter? “Do not ask me,” cried I, putting my hands before my eyes, for I thought I saw the dreaded spectre glide into the room; “he can tell ” I imagined that the monster seized me; I struggled furiously and fell down in a fit such joy, so strangely turned to bitterness grief, for I was lifeless and did not recover my senses for a long, long time fever which confined me for several months father’s advanced age and unfitness for so long a journey, and how wretched my sickness would make Elizabeth, he spared them this grief by concealing the extent of my disorder kind and attentive nurse than himself; and, firm in the hope he felt of my recovery, he did not doubt that, instead of doing harm, he performed the kindest action that he could towards them and surely nothing but the unbounded and unremitting attentions of my friend could have restored me to life bestowed existence was for ever before my eyes, and I raved incessantly concerning him at first believed them to be the wanderings of my disturbed imagination, but the pertinacity with which I continually recurred to the same subject persuaded him that my disorder indeed owed its origin to some uncommon and terrible event

frequent relapses that alarmed and grieved my friend, I recovered capable of observing outward objects with any kind of pleasure, I perceived that the fallen leaves had disappeared and that the young buds were shooting forth from the trees that shaded my window season contributed greatly to my convalescence affection revive in my bosom; my gloom disappeared, and in a short time I became as cheerful as before I was attacked by the fatal passion “how kind, how very good you are to me spent in study, as you promised yourself, has been consumed in my sick room the disappointment of which I have been the occasion, but you will forgive me “You will repay me entirely if you do not discompose yourself, but get well as fast as you can; and since you appear in such good spirits, I may speak to you on one subject, may I not? observed my change of colour, “I will not mention it if it agitates you; but your father and cousin would be very happy if they received a letter from you in your own handwriting and are uneasy at your long silence first thought would not fly towards those dear, dear friends whom I love and who are so deserving of my love? “If this is your present temper, my friend, you will perhaps be glad to see a letter that has been lying here some days for you; it is from your cousin, I believe ” very ill, and even the constant letters of dear kind Henry are not sufficient to reassure me on your account hold a pen; yet one word from you, dear Victor, is necessary to calm our apprehensions each post would bring this line, and my persuasions have restrained my uncle from undertaking a journey to Ingolstadt inconveniences and perhaps dangers of so long a journey, yet how often have I regretted not being able to perform it myself! Yet that is over now: Clerval writes that indeed you are getting better this intelligence soon in your own handwriting and friends who love you dearly he asks but to see you, but to be assured that you are well; and not a care will ever cloud his benevolent countenance improvement of our Ernest! to enter into foreign service, but we cannot part with him, at least until his elder brother returns to us of a military career in a distant country, but Ernest never had your powers of application fetter; his time is spent in the open air, climbing the hills or rowing on the lake unless we yield the point and permit him to enter on the profession which he has selected This girl had always been the favourite of her father, but

through a strange perversity, her mother could not endure her, and after the death of M.My aunt observed this, and when Justine was twelve years of age, prevailed on her mother to allow her to live at our house.country have produced simpler and happier manners than those which prevail Hence there is less distinction between the several classes of its inhabitants; and the lower orders, being neither so poor nor so despised, their manners are more refined and moral same thing as a servant in France and England family, learned the duties of a servant, a condition which, in our fortunate country, does not include the idea of ignorance and a sacrifice of the dignity of a human being favourite of yours; and I recollect you once remarked that if you were in an ill humour, one glance from Justine could dissipate it, for the same reason that Ariosto gives concerning the beauty of Angelica—she My aunt conceived a great attachment for her, by which she was induced to give her an education superior to that which she had at first intended was the most grateful little creature in the world: I do not mean that she made any professions I never heard one pass her lips, but you could see by her eyes that she almost adored her protectress many respects inconsiderate, yet she paid the greatest attention to every gesture of my aunt excellence and endeavoured to imitate her phraseology and manners, so that even now she often reminds me of her was too much occupied in their own grief to notice poor Justine, who had attended her during her illness with the most anxious affection “One by one, her brothers and sister died; and her mother, with the exception of her neglected daughter, was left childless troubled; she began to think that the deaths of her favourites was a judgement from heaven to chastise her partiality her confessor confirmed the idea which she had conceived departure for Ingolstadt, Justine was called home by her repentant mother She wept when she quitted our house; she was much altered since the death of my aunt; grief had given softness and a winning mildness to her manners, which had before been remarkable for vivacity house of a nature to restore her gaiety her unkindness, but much oftener accused Perpetual fretting at length threw Madame Moritz into a decline, which at first increased her irritability, but she is now at peace for ever weather, at the beginning of this last winter.assure you I love her tenderly extremely pretty; as I mentioned before, her mien and her expression continually remind me of my dear aunt you, my dear cousin, of little darling William tall of his age, with sweet laughing blue eyes, dark eyelashes, and curling hair appear on each cheek, which are rosy with health littlewives, but Louisa Biron is his favourite, a pretty little

girl of five years of age you wish to be indulged in a little gossip concerning the The pretty Miss Mansfield has already received the congratulatory visits on her approaching marriage with a young Englishman, John Melbourne, Esq Duvillard, the rich banker, last autumn.Manoir, has suffered several misfortunes But he has already recovered his spirits, and is reported to be on the point of marrying a lively pretty Frenchwoman, Madame Tavernier.Manoir; but she is very much admired, “I have written myself into better spirits, dear cousin; but my anxiety Write, dearest Victor,—one line—one word will be a blessing to us.kindness, his affection, and his many letters; we are sincerely grateful.I entreat you, write! ” I exclaimed, when I had read her letter: “I will write instantly and relieve them from the anxiety they must feel.” I wrote, and this exertion greatly fatigued me; but my convalescence had commenced, and proceeded regularly to leave my chamber was to introduce Clerval to the several professors of the university rough usage, ill befitting the wounds that my mind had sustained my labours, and the beginning of my misfortunes, I had conceived a violent antipathy even to the name of natural philosophy health, the sight of a chemical instrument would renew all the agony of my nervous symptoms he perceived that I had acquired a dislike for the room which had previously been my laboratory no avail when I visited the professors. Waldman inflicted torture when he praised, with kindness and warmth, the astonishing progress I had made in the sciences subject; but not guessing the real cause, he attributed my feelings to modesty, and changed the subject from my improvement, to the science itself, with a desire, as I evidently saw, of drawing me out one by one, in my view those instruments which were to be afterwards used in putting me to a slow and cruel death dared not exhibit the pain I felt were always quick in discerning the sensations of others, declined the subject, alleging, in excuse, his total ignorance; and the conversation took a more general turn but he never attempted to draw my secret from me; and although I loved him with a mixture of affection and reverence that knew no bounds, yet I could never persuade myself to confide in him that event which was so often present to my recollection, but which I feared the detail to another would only impress more deeply Krempe was not equally docile; and in my condition at that time, of almost insupportable sensitiveness, his harsh blunt encomiums gave me even more pain than the benevolent approbation of M ” cried he; “why, M. Clerval, I assure you he has outstript us all believed in Cornelius Agrippa as firmly as in the gospel, has now set himself at the head of the university; and if he is not soon pulled down, we shall all be out of countenance

face expressive of suffering, “M. Frankenstein is modest; an excellent quality in a young man themselves, you know, M Clerval: I was myself when young; but that wears out in a very short time Krempe had now commenced an eulogy on himself, which happily turned the conversation from a subject that was so annoying to me tastes for natural science; and his literary pursuits differed wholly from those which had occupied me design of making himself complete master of the oriental languages, and thus he should open a field for the plan of life he had marked out for himself career, he turned his eyes toward the East, as affording scope for his spirit of enterprise languages engaged his attention, and I was easily induced to enter on the same studies and now that I wished to fly from reflection, and hated my former studies, I felt great relief in being the fellow-pupil with my friend, and found not only instruction but consolation in the works of the orientalists from Greece Summer passed away in these occupations, and my return to Geneva was fixed for the latter end of autumn; but being delayed by several accidents, winter and snow arrived, the roads were deemed impassable, and my journey was retarded until the ensuing spring longed to see my native town and my beloved friends.long, from an unwillingness to leave Clerval in a strange place, before he had become acquainted with any of its inhabitants cheerfully; and although the spring was uncommonly late, when it came its beauty compensated for its dilatoriness commenced, and I expected the letter daily which was to fix the date of my departure, when Henry proposed a pedestrian tour in the environs of Ingolstadt, that I might bid a personal farewell to the country I had so long inhabited proposition: I was fond of exercise, and Clerval had always been my favourite companion in the ramble of this nature that I had taken among the scenes of my native country perambulations: My health and spirits had long been restored, and they gained additional strength from the salubrious air I breathed, the natural incidents of our progress, and the conversation of my friend intercourse of my fellow-creatures, and rendered me unsocial; but Clerval called forth the better feelings of my heart; he again taught me to love the aspect of nature, and the cheerful faces of children How sincerely you did love me, and endeavour to elevate my mind until it was on a level with your own.narrowed me, until your gentleness and affection warmed and opened my senses; I became the same happy creature who, a few years ago, loved and beloved by all, had no sorrow or care power of bestowing on me the most delightful sensations filled me with ecstasy the flowers of spring bloomed in the hedges, while those of summer were already in bud during the preceding year had pressed upon me, notwithstanding my endeavours to throw them off, with an invincible burden sincerely sympathised in my feelings: He exerted himself to amuse me, while he expressed the sensations that filled his soul occasion were truly astonishing: His conversation was full of

imagination; and very often, in imitation of the Persian and Arabic writers, he invented tales of wonderful fancy and passion poems, or drew me out into arguments, which he supported with great ingenuity afternoon: The peasants were dancing, and every one we met appeared gay and happy along with feelings of unbridled joy and hilarity — “My dear Victor, “You have probably waited impatiently for a letter to fix the date of your return to us; and I was at first tempted to write only a few lines, merely mentioning the day on which I What would be your surprise, my son, when you expected a happy and glad welcome, to behold, on the contrary, tears and wretchedness? callous to our joys and griefs; and how shall I inflict pain on my long absent son? news, but I know it is impossible; even now your eye skims over the page to seek the words which are to convey to you the horrible tidings delighted and warmed my heart, who was so gentle, yet so gay! will simply relate the circumstances of the transaction two brothers, went to walk in Plainpalais prolonged our walk farther than usual of returning; and then we discovered that William and Ernest, who had gone on before, were not to be found until they should return we had seen his brother; he said, that he had been playing with him, that William had run away to hide himself, and that he vainly sought for him, and afterwards waited for a long time, but that he did not return continued to search for him until night fell, when Elizabeth conjectured that he might have returned to the house could not rest, when I thought that my sweet boy had lost himself, and was exposed to all the damps and dews of night; Elizabeth also suffered extreme anguish my lovely boy, whom the night before I had seen blooming and active in health, stretched on the grass livid and motionless; the print of the murder’s finger was on his neck that was visible in my countenance betrayed the secret to Elizabeth she persisted, and entering the room where it lay, hastily examined the neck of the victim, and clasping her hands exclaimed, ‘O God! William had teased her to let him wear a very valuable miniature that she possessed of your mother.the temptation which urged the murderer to the deed although our exertions to discover him are unremitted; but they will not restore my beloved William! herself unjustly as the cause of his death; her words pierce my heart be an additional motive for you, my son, to return and be our comforter? to witness the cruel, miserable death of her youngest darling! vengeance against the assassin, but with

feelings of peace and gentleness, that will heal, instead of festering, the wounds of our minds but with kindness and affection for those who love you, and not with hatred for your enemies father, “Alphonse Frankenstein Clerval, who had watched my countenance as I read this letter, was surprised to observe the despair that succeeded the joy I at first expressed on receiving new from my friends covered my face with my hands Henry, when he perceived me weep with bitterness, “are you always to be unhappy? I motioned him to take up the letter, while I walked up and down the room in the extremest agitation Clerval, as he read the account of my misfortune friend,” said he; “your disaster is irreparable come with me, Henry, to order the horses During our walk, Clerval endeavoured to say a few words of consolation; he could only express his heartfelt sympathy ” said he, “dear lovely child, he now sleeps with his angel mother! in his young beauty, but must weep over his untimely loss! friends mourn and weep, but he is at rest we must reserve that for his miserable survivors Clerval spoke thus as we hurried through the streets; the words impressed themselves on my mind and I remembered them afterwards in solitude.I hurried into a cabriolet, and bade farewell to my friend.longed to console and sympathise with my loved and sorrowing friends; but when I drew near my native town, I slackened my progress feelings that crowded into my mind youth, but which I had not seen for nearly six years taken place; but a thousand little circumstances might have by degrees worked other alterations, which, although they were done more tranquilly, might not be the less decisive dreading a thousand nameless evils that made me tremble, although I was unable to define them were placid; all around was calm; and the snowy mountains, “the palaces of nature,” were not changed.restored me, and I continued my journey towards Geneva which became narrower as I approached my native town sides of Jura, and the bright summit of Mont Blanc I fear, my friend, that I shall render myself tedious by dwelling on these preliminary circumstances; but they were days of comparative happiness, and I think of them with pleasure took in again beholding thy streams, thy mountains, and, more than all, thy lovely lake! fear again overcame me could hardly see the dark mountains, I felt still more gloomily scene of evil, and I foresaw obscurely that I was destined to become one single circumstance, that in all the misery I imagined and dreaded, I did not conceive the hundredth part of the anguish I was destined to endure in the environs of Geneva; the gates of

the town were already shut; and I was obliged to pass the night at Secheron, a village at the distance of half a league from the city unable to rest, I resolved to visit the spot where my poor William had been murdered was obliged to cross the lake in a boat to arrive at Plainpalais lightning playing on the summit of Mont Blanc in the most beautiful figures and, on landing, I ascended a low hill, that I might observe its progress.and I soon felt the rain coming slowly in large drops, but its violence quickly increased although the darkness and storm increased every minute, and the thunder burst with a terrific crash over my head and the Alps of Savoy; vivid flashes of lightning dazzled my eyes, illuminating the lake, making it appear like a vast sheet of fire; then for an instant every thing seemed of a pitchy darkness, until The storm, as is often the case in Switzerland, appeared at once in various parts of the heavens north of the town, over the part of the lake which lies between the promontory of Belrive and the village of Copêt faint flashes; and another darkened and sometimes disclosed the Môle, a peaked mountain to the east of the lake beautiful yet terrific, I wandered on with a hasty step spirits; I clasped my hands, and exclaimed aloud, “William, dear angel! dirge!” As I said these words, I perceived in the gloom a figure which stole from behind a clump of trees near me; I stood fixed, gazing intently: I could not be mistaken object, and discovered its shape plainly to me; its gigantic stature, and the deformity of its aspect more hideous than belongs to humanity, instantly informed me that it was the wretch, the filthy daemon, to whom I had given life imagination, than I became convinced of its truth; my teeth chattered, and I was forced to lean against a tree for support The mere presence of the idea was an irresistible proof of the fact but it would have been in vain, for another flash discovered him to me hanging among the rocks of the nearly perpendicular ascent of Mont Salêve, a hill that bounds Plainpalais on the south continued, and the scene was enveloped in an impenetrable darkness I had until now sought to forget: The whole train of my progress toward the creation; the appearance of the works of my own hands at my bedside; its departure the night on which he first received life; and was this his first crime? depraved wretch, whose delight was in carnage and misery; had he not murdered my brother? suffered during the remainder of the night, which I spent, cold and wet, in the open air the weather; my imagination was busy in scenes of evil and despair had cast among mankind, and endowed with the will and power to effect purposes of horror, such as the deed which he had now done, nearly in the light of my own vampire, my own spirit let loose from the grave, and forced to destroy all that was dear to me knew of the murderer, and cause instant But I paused when I reflected on the story that I had to tell endued with life, had met me at midnight

among the precipices of an inaccessible mountain with which I had been seized just at the time that I dated my creation, and which would give an air of delirium to a tale I well knew that if any other had communicated such a relation to me, I should have looked upon it as the ravings of insanity.animal would elude all pursuit, even if I were so far credited as to persuade my relatives to commence it scaling the overhanging sides of Mont Salêve? entered my father’s house family, and went into the library to attend their usual hour of rising dream but for one indelible trace, and I stood in the same place where I had last embraced my father before my departure for Ingolstadt which stood over the mantel-piece at my father’s desire, and represented Caroline Beaufort in an agony of despair, kneeling by the coffin of her dead father pale; but there was an air of dignity and beauty, that hardly permitted the sentiment of pity William; and my tears flowed when I looked upon it entered: He had heard me arrive, and hastened to welcome me: “Welcome, my dearest Victor,” said he ago, and then you would have found us all joyous and delighted which nothing can alleviate; yet your presence will, I hope, revive our father, Grief on the death of mamma Poor Elizabeth is also quite inconsolable Do not, said I, welcome me thus Try to be more calm that I may not be absolutely miserable the moment I enter my father’s house after so long an absence But tell me, how does my father support his misfortune? And how is my poor Elizabeth? She requires consolation She accused herself of having caused the death. But since the murderer had been discovered — the murderer discovered? Good God! How can that be? Who can attempt to pursue him? It is impossible One might as well try to overtake the winds, or confine a mountain-stream with a straw.“I do not know what you mean,” replied my brother, in accents of wonder, “but to us the discovery we have made completes our misery.even now Elizabeth will not be convinced, notwithstanding all the evidence Justine Moritz, who was so amiable, and fond of all the family, could suddenly become so capable of so frightful, so appalling a crime?” that; no one believes it, surely, Ernest? ” circumstances came out, that have almost forced conviction upon us; and her own behaviour has been so confused, as to add to the evidence of facts a weight that, I fear, leaves no hope for doubt ”which the murder of poor William had been discovered, Justine had been taken ill, and confined to her bed for several days servants, happening to examine the apparel she had worn on the night of the murder, had discovered in her pocket the picture of my mother, which had been judged to be the temptation of the murderer of the others, who, without saying a word to any of the family, went to a magistrate; and, upon their

deposition, Justine was apprehended.poor girl confirmed the suspicion in a great measure by her extreme confusion of manner.shake my faith; and I replied earnestly, “You are all mistaken; I know the murderer At that instant my father entered his countenance, but he endeavoured to welcome me cheerfully; and, after we had exchanged our mournful greeting, would have introduced some other topic than that of our disaster, had not Ernest exclaimed, “Good God, papa! murderer of poor William.“We do also, unfortunately,” replied my father, “for indeed I had rather have been for ever ignorant than have discovered so much depravity and ungratitude in one I valued so highly “My dear father, you are mistaken; Justine is innocent “If she is, God forbid that she should suffer as guilty sincerely hope, that she will be acquitted that Justine, and indeed every human being, was guiltless of this murder circumstantial evidence could be brought forward strong enough to convict her publicly; its astounding horror would be looked upon as madness by the vulgar creator, who would believe, unless his senses convinced him, in the existence of the living monument of presumption and rash ignorance which I had let loose upon the world? beheld her; it had endowed her with loveliness surpassing the beauty of her childish years vivacity, but it was allied to an expression more full of sensibility and intellect justify my poor guiltless Justine have not only lost that lovely darling boy, but this poor girl, whom I sincerely love, is to be torn away by even a worse fate not; and then I shall be happy again, even after the sad death of my little William “She is innocent, my Elizabeth,” said I, “and that shall be proved; fear nothing, but let your spirits be cheered by the assurance of her acquittal and that made me wretched, for I knew that it was impossible: And to see every one else prejudiced in so deadly a manner rendered me hopeless and despairing.” She wept rely on the justice of our laws, and the activity with which I shall prevent the slightest shadow of partiality We passed a few sad hours until eleven o’clock, when the trial was to commence.being obliged to attend as witnesses, I accompanied them to the court mockery of justice I suffered living torture of my curiosity and lawless devices would cause the death of two of my fellow beings: One a smiling babe full of innocence and joy, the other far more dreadfully murdered, with every aggravation of infamy that could make the murder memorable in horror possessed qualities which promised to render her life

happy; now all was to be obliterated in an ignominious grave, and I the cause! confessed myself guilty of the crime ascribed to Justine, but I was absent when it was committed, and such a declaration would have been considered as the ravings of a madman and would not have exculpated her who suffered through me countenance, always engaging, was rendered, by the solemnity of her feelings, exquisitely beautiful and did not tremble, although gazed on and execrated by thousands, for all the kindness which her beauty might otherwise have excited was obliterated in the minds of the spectators by the imagination of the enormity she was supposed to have committed was evidently constrained; and as her confusion had before been adduced as a proof of her guilt, she worked up her mind to an appearance of courage her eyes round it and quickly discovered where we were seated saw us, but she quickly recovered herself, and a look of sorrowful affection seemed to attest her utter guiltlessness against her had stated the charge, several witnesses were called against her, which might have staggered anyone who had not such proof of her innocence as I had on which the murder had been committed and towards morning had been perceived by a market-woman not far from the spot where the body of the murdered child had been afterwards found there, but she looked very strangely and only returned a confused and unintelligible answer eight o’clock, and when one inquired where she had passed the night, she replied that she had been looking for the child and demanded earnestly if anything had been heard concerning him violent hysterics and kept her bed for several days servant had found in her pocket; and when Elizabeth, in a faltering voice, proved that it was the same which, an hour before the child had been missed, she had placed round his neck, a murmur of horror and indignation filled the court defence countenance had altered tears, but when she was desired to plead, she collected her powers and spoke in an audible although variable voice protestations should acquit me; I rest my innocence on a plain and simple explanation of the facts which have been adduced against me, and I hope the character I have always borne will incline my judges to a favourable interpretation where any circumstance appears doubtful or suspicious She then related that, by the permission of Elizabeth, she had passed the evening of the night on which the murder had been committed at the house of an

aunt at Chêne, a village situated at about a league from On her return, at about nine o’clock, she met a man who asked her if she had seen anything of the child who was lost and passed several hours in looking for him, when the gates of Geneva were shut, and she was forced to remain several hours of the night in a barn belonging to a cottage, being unwilling to call up the inhabitants, to whom she was well known watching; towards morning she believed that she slept for a few minutes; some steps disturbed her, and she awoke asylum, that she might again endeavour to find my brother body lay, it was without her knowledge when questioned by the market-woman was not surprising, since she had passed a sleepless night and the fate of poor William was yet uncertain “how heavily and fatally this one circumstance weighs against me, but I have no power of explaining it; and when I have expressed my utter ignorance, I am only left to conjecture concerning the probabilities by which it might have been placed in my pocket on earth, and none surely would have been so wicked as to destroy me wantonly for so doing; or, if I had, why should he have stolen the jewel, to part with it again so soon? witnesses examined concerning my character, and if their testimony shall not overweigh my supposed guilt, I must Several witnesses were called who had known her for many years, and they spoke well of her; but fear and hatred of the crime of which they supposed her guilty rendered them timorous and unwilling to come forward her excellent dispositions and irreproachable conduct, about to fail the accused, when, although violently agitated, she desired permission to address the court unhappy child who was murdered, or rather his sister, for I was educated by and have lived with his parents ever since and even long before his birth me to come forward on this occasion, but when I see a fellow creature about to perish through the cowardice of her pretended friends, I wish to be allowed to speak, that I may say what I know of her character her, at one time for five and at another for nearly two years me the most amiable and benevolent of human creatures aunt, in her last illness, with the greatest affection and care and afterwards attended her own mother during a tedious illness, in a manner that excited the admiration of all who knew her, after which she again lived in my uncle’s house, where she was beloved by all the family who is now dead and acted towards him like a most affectionate mother say that, notwithstanding all the evidence produced against her, I believe and rely on her perfect innocence action; as to the bauble on which the chief proof rests, if

she had earnestly desired it, I should have willingly given it to her, so much do I esteem and value her A murmur of approbation followed Elizabeth’s simple and powerful appeal, but it was excited by her generous interference, and not in favour of poor Justine, on whom the public indignation was turned with renewed violence, charging her with the blackest ingratitude spoke, but she did not answer brother also in his hellish sport have betrayed the innocent to death and ignominy? situation, and when I perceived that the popular voice and the countenances of the judges had already condemned my unhappy victim, I rushed out of the court in agony equal mine; she was sustained by innocence, but the fangs of remorse tore my bosom and would not forgo their hold lips and throat were parched I was known, and the officer guessed the cause of my visit all black, and Justine was condemned horror, and I have endeavoured to bestow upon them adequate expressions, but words cannot convey an idea of the heart-sickening despair that I then endured added that Justine had already confessed her guilt hardly required in so glaring a case, but I am glad of it, and, indeed, none of our judges like to condemn a criminal upon circumstantial evidence, be it ever so decisive This was strange and unexpected intelligence; what could it mean? world would believe me to be if I disclosed the object of my suspicions? Elizabeth eagerly demanded the result as you may have expected; all judges had rather that ten innocent should suffer than that one guilty should escape This was a dire blow to poor Elizabeth, who had relied with firmness upon Justine’s innocence in human goodness? my sister, how could she put on those smiles of innocence only to betray? severity or guile, and yet she has committed a murder.Soon after we heard that the poor victim had expressed a desire to see my cousin.that he left it to her own judgment and feelings to decide.” The idea of this visit was torture to We entered the gloomy prison chamber and beheld Justine sitting on some straw at the farther end; her hands were manacled, and her head rested on her knees when we were left alone with her, she threw herself at the feet of Elizabeth, weeping bitterly although I was then very wretched, I was not so miserable as I am now “And do you also believe that I am so very, very wicked? crush me, to condemn me as a murderer?” Her voice was suffocated with sobs “why do you kneel, if you are innocent? believed you guiltless, notwithstanding every evidence, until I heard that you had yourself declared your guilt assured, dear Justine, that nothing can shake my confidence

in you for a moment, but your own confession I confessed, that I might obtain absolution; but now that falsehood lies heavier at my heart than all my other sins confessor has besieged me; he threatened and menaced, until I almost began to think that I was the monster that he said I was fire in my last moments if I continued obdurate all looked on me as a wretch doomed to ignominy and perdition and now only am I truly miserable She paused, weeping, and then continued, “I thought with horror, my sweet lady, that you should believe your Justine, whom your blessed aunt had so highly honoured, and whom you loved, was a creature capable of a crime which none but the devil himself could have perpetrated where we shall all be happy; and that consoles me, going as I am to suffer ignominy and death moment distrusted you your innocence enemies by my tears and prayers Justine shook her head mournfully you remember me and think of me as of one unjustly condemned, I am resigned to the fate awaiting me submit in patience to the will of heaven! ” to the corner of the prison room where I could conceal the anguish that possessed me. Despair? Who dare talk of that? The poor victim who on thehe morrow was to die felt not as I did. I gnashed my teeth and ground them together, uttering a groan that came from my inmost soul Justine started She approached me and said, “Dear sir, you are very kind of visit me You do not believe they am guilty?” I could not answer. “No Justine He is more convinced of your innocence than I was.” I truly thank him In these last moments, I feel the sincerest gratitude towards those who think of me with kindness misfortune, and I feel as if I could die in peace now that my innocence is acknowledged by you, dear lady, and your cousin Thus the poor sufferer tried to comfort others and herself never-dying worm alive in my bosom, which allowed of no hope or consolation but hers also was the misery of innocence, which, like a cloud that passes over the fair moon, for a while hides but cannot tarnish its brightness the core of my heart; I bore a hell within me which nothing could extinguish and it was with great difficulty that Elizabeth could tear herself away die with you; I cannot live in this world of misery.Justine

assumed an air of cheerfulness, She embraced Elizabeth and said in a voice of half-suppressed emotion, “Farewell, sweet lady, dearest Elizabeth, my beloved and only friend; may heaven, in its bounty, bless and preserve you; may this be the last failed to move the judges from their settled conviction in the criminality of the saintly sufferer.and heard the harsh, unfeeling reasoning of these men, my purposed avowal died away on my lips but not revoke the sentence passed upon my wretched victim heart, I turned to contemplate the deep and voiceless grief of my Elizabeth mind than, after the feelings have been worked up by a quick succession of events, the dead calmness of inaction and certainty which follows and deprives the soul both of hope and fear but a weight of despair and remorse pressed on my heart which nothing could remove like an evil spirit, for I had committed deeds of mischief beyond description horrible, and more, much more was yet behind intentions and thirsted for the moment when I should put them in practice and make myself useful to my fellow beings serenity of conscience which allowed me to look back upon the past with self-satisfaction, and from thence to gather promise of new hopes, I was seized by remorse and the sense of guilt, which hurried me away to a hell of intense tortures such as no language can describe health, which had perhaps never entirely recovered from the first shock it had sustained joy or complacency was torture to me; solitude was my only consolation—deep, dark, deathlike solitude alteration perceptible in my disposition and habits and endeavoured by arguments deduced from the feelings of his serene conscience and guiltless life to inspire me with fortitude and awaken in me the courage to dispel the dark cloud which brooded over me.loved your brother”—tears came into his eyes as he spoke—“but is it not a duty to the survivors that we should refrain from augmenting their unhappiness by an appearance of immoderate grief? excessive sorrow prevents improvement or enjoyment, or even the discharge of daily usefulness, without which no man is fit for society This advice, although good, was totally inapplicable to my case; I should have been the first to hide my grief and console my friends if remorse had not mingled its bitterness, and terror its alarm, with my other sensations a look of despair and endeavour to hide myself from his view our house at Belrive ten o’clock and the impossibility of remaining on the lake after that hour had rendered our residence within the walls of Geneva very irksome to me retired for the night, I took the boat and passed many hours upon the water was carried by the wind; and sometimes, after rowing into the middle of the lake, I left the boat to pursue its own course and gave way to my own miserable reflections peace around me, and I the only unquiet thing that wandered

restless in a scene so beautiful and heavenly—if I except some bat, or the frogs, whose harsh and interrupted croaking was heard only when I approached the shore—often, I say, I was tempted to plunge into the silent lake, that the waters might close over me and my calamities for ever the heroic and suffering Elizabeth, whom I tenderly loved, and whose existence was bound up in mine surviving brother; should I by my base desertion leave them exposed and unprotected to the malice of the fiend whom I had let loose among them?wished that peace would revisit my mind only that I might afford them consolation and happiness evils, and I lived in daily fear lest the monster whom I had created should perpetrate some new wickedness not over and that he would still commit some signal crime, which by its enormity should almost efface the recollection of the past as anything I loved remained behind teeth, my eyes became inflamed, and I ardently wished to extinguish that life which I had so thoughtlessly bestowed malice, my hatred and revenge burst all bounds of moderation highest peak of the Andes, could I, when there, have precipitated him to their base wreak the utmost extent of abhorrence on his head and avenge the deaths of William and Justine the horror of the recent events no longer took delight in her ordinary occupations; all pleasure seemed to her sacrilege toward the dead; eternal woe and tears she then thought was the just tribute she should pay to innocence so blasted and destroyed who in earlier youth wandered with me on the banks of the lake and talked with ecstasy of our future prospects sent to wean us from the earth had visited her, and its dimming influence quenched her dearest smiles she, “on the miserable death of Justine Moritz, I no longer see the world and its works as they before appeared to me.vice and injustice that I read in books or heard from others as tales of ancient days or imaginary evils; at least they were remote and more familiar to reason than to the imagination; but now misery has come home, and men appear to me as monsters thirsting for each other’s blood guilty; and if she could have committed the crime for which she suffered, assuredly she would have been the most depraved of human creatures have murdered the son of her benefactor and friend, a child whom she had nursed from its birth, and appeared to love as if it had been her own! human being, but certainly I should have thought such a creature unfit to remain in the society of men are of the same opinion, and that confirms me the truth, who can assure themselves of certain happiness? of a precipice, towards which thousands are crowding and endeavouring to plunge me into the abyss and the murderer escapes; he walks about the world free, and perhaps respected

suffer on the scaffold for the same crimes, I would not change places with such a wretch I listened to this discourse with the extremest agony was the true murderer countenance, and kindly taking my hand, said, “My dearest friend, you must calm yourself knows how deeply; but I am not so wretched as you are sometimes of revenge, in your countenance that makes me tremble who centre all their hopes in you each other, here in this land of peace and beauty, your native country, we may reap every tranquil blessing—what can disturb our peace? And could not such words from Fe her whom I fondly prized before every other gift of fortune suffice to chase away the fiend that lurked in my heart?as if in terror, lest at that very moment the destroyer had been near to rob me of her.nor the beauty of earth, nor of heaven, could redeem my soul from woe; the very accents of love were ineffectual beneficial influence could penetrate limbs to some untrodden brake, there to gaze upon the arrow which had pierced it, and to die, was but a type of me But Elizabeth and Ernest never had This place had been described to them as so wonderful and sublime We departed from Geneva on this tour about the middle of the month of August The weather was uncommonly fine, and it might have been sorrow to have been chased away by any fleeting circumstance, this excursion would certainly have had the effect intended by my father As it was, I was somewhat interested We followed When the sun had set, we beheld mountains overhanging us on every side, and heard the sound of the river raging among rocks and the dashing of water falls around The next day we pursued our journey, and as we ascended still higher, the valley appeared more magnificent and Ruined castles hanging on the precipices of piny mountains, the impetuous Arve, and cottages every here and there peeping forth from among the trees formed a scene of singular beauty sublime by the mighty Alps, whose white and shining pyramids and domes towered above all, as belonging to another earth, the habitations of another race of beings Pélissier, where the ravine, which the river forms, opened before me, and I began to ascend the mountain that overhangs it of Chamounix sublime, but not so beautiful and picturesque as that of Servox, through which I had just passed.immediate boundaries, but I saw no more ruined castles and fertile fields heard the rumbling thunder of the falling avalanche and marked the smoke of its passage Mont Blanc, raised itself from the Surround ing aiguilles, and its tremendousdôme overlooked the valley At other times, I brought the animals

before my companion At a distance, I , weighted down by despair At 8:00 in the evening, I arrived at Chamounix Ernest was delighted and in high spirits The rain seemed to promise for the next day. We returned to our apartment, but not to sleep. At least I did not I remained many hours at the window, watching the lightning that played above, and listening to the rushing of the Arve, which runs below my I spent the following day roaming through the valley Arveiron, which take their rise in a glacier, that with slow pace is advancing down from the summit of the hills to barricade the valley although they did not remove my grief, they subdued and tranquilized it I returned in the evening fatigued but less unhappy and conversed with my family with more cheerfulness than had been my custom for some time My father was pleased, and Elizabeth overjoyed The following morning, rain full down in torrents. The feelings overpowered me. I knew that they would remain that day at the end, and as I had ever endeared myself to the rain, moisture, and cold, I resolved to go alone to the summit of It had then filled me with a sublime ecstasy that gave wings to the soul and allowed it to soar from the obscure world to light and joy.nature had indeed always the effect of solemnising my mind and causing me to forget the passing cares of life I was well acquainted with the path, and the presence of another would destroy the solitary grandeur of the scene is cut into continual and short windings, which enable you to surmount the perpendicularity of the mountain of the winter avalanche may be perceived, where trees lie broken and strewed on the ground, some entirely destroyed, others bent, leaning upon the jutting rocks of the mountain or transversely upon other trees intersected by ravines of snow, down which stones continually roll from above; one of them is particularly dangerous, as the slightest sound, such as even speaking in a loud voice, produces a concussion of air sufficient to draw destruction upon the head of the speaker but they are sombre and add an air of severity to the scene vast mists were rising from the rivers which ran through it and curling in thick wreaths around the opposite mountains, whose summits were hid in the uniform clouds, while rain poured from the dark sky and added to the melancholy impression I received from the objects around me superior to those apparent in the brute; it only renders them more necessary beings hunger, thirst, and desire, we might be nearly free; but now we are moved by every wind that

blows and a chance word or scene that that word may convey to us pollutes the day weep, Embrace fond woe, or cast our cares away; It is the same: For, be it joy or sorrow, The path of its departure still is free.morrow; Nought may endure but mutability!the top of the ascent cloud, and I descended upon the glacier the waves of a troubled sea, descending low, and interspersed by rifts that sink deep width, but I spent nearly two hours in crossing it Montanvert was exactly opposite, at the distance of a league; and above it rose Mont Blanc, in awful majesty gazing on this wonderful and stupendous scene ice, wound among its dependent mountains, whose aerial summits hung over its recesses the sunlight over the clouds now swelled with something like joy; I exclaimed, “Wandering spirits, if indeed ye wander, and do not rest in your narrow beds, allow me this faint happiness, or take me, as your companion, away from the joys of life As I said this I suddenly beheld the figure of a man, at some distance, advancing towards me with superhuman speed ice, among which I had walked with caution; his stature, also, as he approached, seemed to exceed that of man eyes, and I felt a faintness seize me, but I was quickly restored by the cold gale of the mountains that it was the wretch whom I had created resolving to wait his approach and then close with him in mortal combat bitter anguish, combined with disdain and malignity, while its unearthly ugliness rendered it almost too horrible for human eyes hatred had at first deprived me of utterance, and I recovered only to overwhelm him with words expressive of furious detestation and contempt dare approach me? vengeance of my arm wreaked on your miserable head? your miserable existence, restore those victims whom you have so diabolically murdered!“I expected this reception,” said the daemon then, must I be hated, who am miserable beyond all living things! me, thy creature, to whom thou art bound by ties only dissoluble by the annihilation of one of us mine towards you and the rest of mankind I will leave them and you at peace; but if you refuse, I will glut the maw of death, until it be satiated with the blood of your remaining friends come on, then, that I may extinguish the spark which I so negligently bestowed My rage was without bounds; I sprang on him, impelled by all the feelings which can arm one being against the existence of another

you give vent to your hatred on my devoted head accumulation of anguish, is dear to me, and I will defend it powerful than thyself; my height is superior to thine, my joints more supple even mild and docile to my natural lord and king if thou wilt also perform thy part, the which thou owest me every other and trample upon me alone, to whom thy justice, and even thy clemency and affection, is most due ought to be thy Adam, but I am rather the fallen angel, whom thou drivest from joy for no misdeed alone am irrevocably excluded and me; we are enemies fight, in which one must fall favourable eye upon thy creature, who implores thy goodness and compassion? benevolent; my soul glowed with love and humanity; but am I not alone, miserably alone? can I gather from your fellow creatures, who owe me nothing? caves of ice, which I only do not fear, are a dwelling to me, and the only one which man does not grudge kinder to me than your fellow beings existence, they would do as you do, and arm themselves for my destruction me, and deliver them from an evil which it only remains for you to make so great, that not only you and your family, but thousands of others, shall be swallowed up in the whirlwinds of its rage that, abandon or commiserate me, as you shall judge that I deserve bloody as they are, to speak in their own defence before they are condemned would, with a satisfied conscience, destroy your own creature to me, and then, if you can, and if you will, destroy the work of your hands “Why do you call to my remembrance,” I rejoined, “circumstances of which I shudder to reflect, that I have been the miserable origin and author? which you first saw light! whether I am just to you or not “Thus I relieve thee, my creator,” he said, and placed his hated hands before my eyes, which I flung from me with violence; “thus I take from thee a sight which you abhor demand this from you and the temperature of this place is not

fitting to your fine sensations; come to the hut upon the mountain.before it descends to hide itself behind your snowy precipices and illuminate another world, you will have heard my story and can decide ever the neighbourhood of man and lead a harmless life, or become the scourge of your fellow creatures and the author of your own speedy ruin.As he said this he led the way across the ice; I followed.him, but as I proceeded, I weighed the various arguments that he had used and determined at least to listen to his tale.compassion confirmed my resolution murderer of my brother, and I eagerly sought a confirmation or denial of this opinion the duties of a creator towards his creature were, and that I ought to render him happy before I complained of his wickedness began to descend; we entered the hut, the fiend with an air of exultation, I with a heavy heart and depressed spirits myself by the fire which my odious companion had lighted, he thus began his tale that I remember the original era of my being; all the events of that period appear confused and indistinct.seized me, and I saw, felt, heard, and smelt at the same time; and it was, indeed, a long time before I learned to distinguish between the operations of my various senses light pressed upon my nerves, so that I was obliged to shut my eyes me, but hardly had I felt this when, by opening my eyes, as I now suppose, the light poured in upon me again.I presently found a great alteration in my sensations surrounded me, impervious to my touch or sight; but I now found that I could wander on at liberty, with no obstacles which I could not either surmount or avoid oppressive to me, and the heat wearying me as I walked, I sought a place where I could receive shade and here I lay by the side of a brook resting from my fatigue, until I felt tormented by hunger and thirst state, and I ate some berries which I found hanging on the trees or lying on the ground and then lying down, was overcome by sleep also, and half frightened, as it were, instinctively, finding myself so desolate a sensation of cold, I had covered myself with some clothes, but these were insufficient to secure me from the dews of night wretch; I knew, and could distinguish, nothing; but feeling pain invade me on all sides, I sat down and wept heavens and gave me a sensation of pleasure.rise from among the trees.path, and I again went out in search of berries.trees I found a huge cloak, with which I covered myself, and sat down upon the ground and darkness; innumerable sounds rang in my ears, and on all sides various scents saluted me; the only object that I could distinguish was the bright moon, and I fixed my eyes on that with pleasure passed, and the orb of night had greatly lessened, when I began to distinguish my sensations from each other stream that supplied me with drink and the trees that shaded me with their foliage that a pleasant sound, which often saluted my ears, proceeded from the throats of the little winged animals who had often intercepted the light from my eyes accuracy, the forms that surrounded me and to perceive

the boundaries of the radiant roof of light which canopied me pleasant songs of the birds but was unable sensations in my own mode, but the uncouth and inarticulate sounds which broke from me frightened me into silence again night, and again, with a lessened form, showed itself, while I still remained in the forest.distinct, and my mind received every day additional ideas and to perceive objects in their right forms; I distinguished the insect from the herb, and by degrees, one herb from another none but harsh notes, whilst those of the blackbird and thrush were sweet and enticing.I found a fire which had been left by some wandering beggars, and was overcome with delight at the warmth I experienced from it live embers, but quickly drew it out How strange, I thought, that the same cause should produce such opposite effects! and to my joy found it to be composed of wood branches, but they were wet and would not burn watching the operation of the fire the heat dried and itself became inflamed the various branches, I discovered the cause and busied myself in collecting a great quantity of wood, that I might dry it and have a plentiful supply of fire.with it, I was in the greatest fear lest my fire should be extinguished and leaves and placed wet branches upon it; and then, spreading my cloak, I lay on the ground and sank into sleep first care was to visit the fire quickly fanned it into a flame fan of branches, which roused the embers when they were nearly extinguished pleasure, that the fire gave light as well as heat and that the discovery of this element was useful to me in my food, for I found some of the offals that the travellers had left had been roasted, and tasted much more savoury than the berries I gathered from the trees the same manner, placing it on the live embers by this operation, and the nuts and roots much improved often spent the whole day searching in vain for a few acorns to assuage the pangs of hunger.the place that I had hitherto inhabited, to seek for one where the few wants I experienced would be more easily satisfied.lamented the loss of the fire which I had obtained through accident and knew not how to reproduce it consideration of this difficulty, but I was obliged to relinquish all attempt to supply it, and wrapping myself up in my cloak, I struck across the wood towards the setting sun and at length discovered the open country the night before, and the fields were of one uniform white; the appearance was disconsolate, and I found my feet chilled by the cold damp substance that covered the ground I longed to obtain food and shelter; at length I perceived a small hut, on a rising ground, which had doubtless been built for the convenience of some shepherd examined the structure with great curiosity which he was preparing his breakfast perceiving me, shrieked loudly, and quitting the hut, ran across the fields with a speed of which his debilitated form hardly appeared capable had ever before seen, and his flight somewhat surprised me of the hut; here the snow and rain could not penetrate; the ground was dry; and it presented to me then as exquisite and divine a retreat as Pandaemonium appeared to the daemons of hell after their sufferings in the lake of fire shepherd’s breakfast, which consisted of bread, cheese, milk, and wine; the latter, however, I did not like.among some straw and fell asleep by the warmth of the sun, which shone brightly on the white ground, I determined to recommence my travels; and, depositing the remains of the peasant’s breakfast in a wallet I found, I proceeded across the fields for several

hours, until at sunset I arrived at a village stately houses engaged my admiration by turns and cheese that I saw placed at the windows of some of the cottages, allured my appetite I had hardly placed my foot within the door before the children shrieked, and one of the women fainted fled, some attacked me, until, grievously bruised by stones and many other kinds of missile weapons, I escaped to the open country and fearfully took refuge in a low hovel, quite bare, and making a wretched appearance after the palaces I had beheld in the village a neat and pleasant appearance, but after my late dearly bought experience, I dared not enter it wood, but so low that I could with difficulty sit upright in it earth, which formed the floor, but it was dry; and although the wind entered it by innumerable chinks, I found it an agreeable asylum from the snow and rain happy to have found a shelter, however miserable, from the inclemency of the season, and still more from the barbarity of man my kennel, that I might view the adjacent cottage and discover if I could remain in the habitation I had found cottage and surrounded on the sides which were exposed by a pig sty and a clear pool of water crept in; but now I covered every crevice by which I might be perceived with stones and wood, yet in such a manner that I might move them on occasion to pass out; all the light I enjoyed came through the sty, and that was sufficient for me carpeted it with clean straw, I retired, for I saw the figure of a man at a distance, and I remembered too well my treatment the night before to trust myself in his power sustenance for that day by a loaf of coarse bread, which I purloined, and a cup with which I could drink more conveniently than from my hand of the pure water which flowed by my retreat it was kept perfectly dry, and by its vicinity to the chimney of the cottage it was tolerably warm reside in this hovel until something should occur which might alter my determination the bleak forest, my former residence, the rain-dropping branches, and dank earth was about to remove a plank to procure myself a little water when I heard a step, and looking through a small chink, I beheld a young creature, with a pail on her head, passing before my hovel demeanour, unlike what I have since found cottagers and farmhouse servants to be blue petticoat and a linen jacket being her only garb; her fair hair was plaited but not adorned: She looked patient yet sad quarter of an hour she returned bearing the pail, which was now partly filled with milk incommoded by the burden, a young man met her, whose countenance expressed a deeper despondence melancholy, he took the pail from her head and bore it to the cottage himself with some tools in his hand, cross the field behind the cottage; and the girl was also busied, sometimes in the house and sometimes in the yard one of the windows of the cottage had formerly occupied a part of it, but the panes had been filled up with wood imperceptible chink through which the eye could just

penetrate visible, whitewashed and clean but very bare of furniture an old man, leaning his head on his hands in a disconsolate attitude arranging the cottage; but presently she took something out of a drawer, which employed her hands, and she sat down beside the old man, who, taking up an instrument, began to play and to produce sounds sweeter than the voice of the thrush or the nightingale wretch who had never beheld aught beautiful before countenance of the aged cottager won my reverence, while the gentle manners of the girl enticed my love perceived drew tears from the eyes of his amiable companion, of which the old man took no notice, until she sobbed audibly; he then pronounced a few sounds, and the fair creature, leaving her work, knelt at his feet kindness and affection that I felt sensations of a peculiar and overpowering nature; they were a mixture of pain and pleasure, such as I had never before experienced, either from hunger or cold, warmth or food; and I withdrew from the window, unable to bear these emotions returned, bearing on his shoulders a load of wood relieve him of his burden, and taking some of the fuel into the cottage, placed it on the fire; then she and the youth went apart into a nook of the cottage, and he showed her a large loaf and a piece of cheese garden for some roots and plants, which she placed in water, and then upon the fire whilst the young man went into the garden and appeared busily employed in digging and pulling up roots an hour, the young woman joined him and they entered the cottage together pensive, but on the appearance of his companions he assumed a more cheerful air, and they sat down to eat arranging the cottage, the old man walked before the cottage in the sun for a few minutes, leaning on the arm of the youth contrast between these two excellent creatures countenance beaming with benevolence and love; the younger was slight and graceful in his figure, and his features were moulded with the finest symmetry, yet his eyes and attitude expressed the utmost sadness and despondency and the youth, with tools different from those he had used in the morning, directed his steps across the fields extreme wonder, I found that the cottagers had a means of prolonging light by the use of tapers, and was delighted to find that the setting of the sun did not put an end to the pleasure I experienced in watching my human neighbours companion were employed in various occupations which I did not understand; and the old man again took up the instrument which produced the divine sounds that had enchanted me in the morning began, not to play, but to utter sounds that were monotonous, and neither resembling the harmony of the old man’s instrument nor the songs of the birds; I since found that he read aloud, but at that time I knew nothing of the science of words or letters.occupied for a short time, extinguished their lights and retired, as I conjectured, to rest ” manners of these people, and I longed to join them, but dared not had suffered the night before from the barbarous villagers, and resolved, whatever course of conduct I might hereafter think it right to pursue, that for the

present I would remain quietly in my hovel, watching and endeavouring to discover the motives which influenced their actions and prepared the food, and the youth departed after the first meal routine as that which preceded it out of doors, and the girl in various laborious occupations within be blind, employed his leisure hours on his instrument or in contemplation respect which the younger cottagers exhibited towards their venerable companion office of affection and duty with gentleness, and he rewarded them by his benevolent smiles went apart and appeared to weep but I was deeply affected by it miserable, it was less strange that I, an imperfect and solitary being, should be wretched every luxury; they had a fire to warm them when chill and delicious viands when hungry; they were dressed in excellent clothes; and, still more, they enjoyed one another’s company and speech, interchanging each day looks of affection and kindness questions, but perpetual attention and time explained to me many appearances which were at first enigmatic discovered one of the causes of the uneasiness of this amiable family: It was poverty, and they suffered that evil in a very distressing degree the vegetables of their garden and the milk of one cow, which gave very little during the winter, when its masters could scarcely procure food to support it pangs of hunger very poignantly, especially the two younger cottagers, for several times they placed food before the old man when they reserved none for themselves night, to steal a part of their store for my own consumption, but when I found that in doing this I inflicted pain on the cottagers, I abstained and satisfied myself with berries, nuts, and roots which I gathered from a neighbouring wood through which I was enabled to assist their labours part of each day in collecting wood for the family fire, and during the night I often took his tools, the use of which I quickly discovered, and brought home firing sufficient for the consumption of several days this, the young woman, when she opened the door in the morning, appeared greatly astonished on seeing a great pile of wood on the outside and the youth joined her, who also expressed surprise not go to the forest that day, but spent it in repairing the cottage and cultivating the garden method of communicating their experience and feelings to one another by articulate sounds sometimes produced pleasure or pain, smiles or sadness, in the minds and countenances of the hearers I ardently desired to become acquainted with it words they uttered, not having any apparent connection with visible objects, I was unable to discover any clue by which I could unravel the mystery of their reference after having remained during 676767676767 the space of

several revolutions of the moon in my hovel, I discovered the names that were given to some of the most familiar objects of discourse; I learned and applied the words,fire, milk, bread, andwood them several names, but the old man had only one, which wasfather the youthFelix, brother, orson when I learned the ideas appropriated to each of these sounds and was able to pronounce The gentle manners and beauty of the cottagers greatly endeared them to me; when they were unhappy, I felt depressed; when they rejoiced, I sympathised in their joys I saw few human beings besides them, and if any other happened to enter the cottage, their harsh manners and rude gait only enhanced to me the superior accomplishments of my friends The old man, I could perceive, often endeavoured to encourage his children, as sometimes I found that he called them, to cast off their melancholy He would talk in a cheerful accent, with an expression of goodness that bestowed pleasure even upon me Agatha listened with respect, her eyes sometimes filled with tears, which she endeavoured to wipe away unperceived; but I generally found that her countenance and tone were more cheerful after having listened to the exhortations of her father It was not thus with Felix He was always the saddest of the group, and even to my unpractised senses, he appeared to have suffered more deeply than his friends But if his countenance was more sorrowful, his voice was more cheerful than that of his sister, especially when he addressed the old man “I could mention innumerable instances which, although slight, marked the dispositions of these amiable cottagers In the midst of poverty and want, Felix carried with pleasure to his sister the first little white flower that peeped out from beneath the snowy ground Early in the morning, before she had risen, he cleared away the snow that obstructed her path to the milk-house, drew water from the well, and brought the wood from the outhouse, where, to his perpetual astonishment, he found his store always replenished by an invisible hand In the day, I believe, he worked sometimes for a neighbouring farmer, because he often went forth and did not return until dinner, yet brought no wood with him At other times he worked in the garden, but as there was little to do in the frosty season, he read to the old man and Agatha “This reading had puzzled me extremely at first, but by degrees I discovered that he uttered many of the same sounds when he read as when he talked I conjectured, therefore, that he found on the paper signs for speech which he understood, and I ardently longed to comprehend these also; but how was that possible when I did not even understand the sounds for which they stood as signs? I improved, however, sensibly in this science, but not sufficiently to follow up any kind of conversation, although I applied my whole mind to the endeavour, for I easily perceived that, although I eagerly longed to discover myself to the cottagers, I ought not to make the attempt until I had first become master of their language, which knowledge might enable me to make them overlook the deformity of my figure, for with this also the contrast perpetually presented to my eyes had made me acquainted “I had admired the perfect forms of my cottagers—their grace, beauty, and delicate complexions; but how was I terrified when I viewed myself in a transparent pool! At first I started back, unable to believe that it was indeed I who was reflected in the mirror; and when I became fully convinced that I was in reality the monster that I am, I was filled with the bitterest sensations of despondence and mortification Alas! I did not yet entirely know the fatal effects of this miserable deformity “As the sun became warmer and the light of day longer, the snow vanished, and I beheld the bare trees and the black earth From this time Felix was more employed, and the heart-moving indications of impending famine disappeared Their food, as I afterwards found, was coarse, but it was wholesome; and they procured a sufficiency of it Several new kinds of plants sprang up in the garden, which they dressed; and these signs of comfort increased daily as the season advanced “The old man, leaning on his son, walked each day at noon, when it did not rain, as I found

it was called when the heavens poured forth its waters This frequently took place, but a high wind quickly dried the earth, and the season became far more pleasant than it had been “My mode of life in my hovel was uniform During the morning I attended the motions of the cottagers, and when they were dispersed in various occupations, I slept; the remainder of the day was spent in observing my friends When they had retired to rest, if there was any moon or the night was star-light, I went into the woods and collected my own food and fuel for the cottage When I returned, as often as it was necessary, I cleared their path from the snow and performed those offices that I had seen done by Felix I afterwards found that these labours, performed by an invisible hand, greatly astonished them; and once or twice I heard them, on these occasions, utter the words good spirit, wonderful; but I did not then understand the signification of these terms “My thoughts now became more active, and I longed to discover the motives and feelings of these lovely creatures; I was inquisitive to know why Felix appeared so miserable and Agatha so sad I thought that it might be in my power to restore happiness to these deserving people When I slept or was absent, the forms of the venerable blind father, the gentle Agatha, and the excellent Felix flitted before me I looked upon them as superior beings who would be the arbiters of my future destiny I formed in my imagination a thousand pictures of presenting myself to them, and their reception of me I imagined that they would be disgusted, until, by my gentle demeanour and conciliating words, I should first win their favour and afterwards their love These thoughts exhilarated me and led me to apply with fresh ardour to the acquiring the art of language My organs were indeed harsh, but supple; and although my voice was very unlike the soft music of their tones, yet I pronounced such words as I understood with tolerable ease It was as the ass and the lap-dog; yet surely the gentle ass whose intentions were affectionate, although his manners were rude, deserved better treatment than blows and execration “The pleasant showers and genial warmth of spring greatly altered the aspect of the earth Men who before this change seemed to have been hid in caves dispersed themselves and were employed in various arts of cultivation The birds sang in more cheerful notes, and the leaves began to bud forth on the trees Happy, happy earth! Fit habitation for gods, which, so short a time before, was bleak, damp, and unwholesome My spirits were elevated by the enchanting appearance of nature; the past was blotted from my memory, the present was tranquil, and the future gilded by bright rays of hope and AntsAnticipations of joy.” >> I replied in the affirmative Every minute continued you have burdened your memory with exploded systems and useless names Good God! In what desert land have you lived, where no one was kind enough to inform you that these fancies which you have so greedily imbibed are a thousand years old and as musty as they are ancient? I little expected, in this enlightened and scientific age, to find a disciple of Albertus Magnus and Paracelsus My dear sir, you must begin your studies entirely anew So saying, he stepped aside and wrote down a list of several books treating of natural philosophy which he desired me to procure, and dismissed me after mentioning that in the beginning of the following week he intended to commence a course of lectures upon natural philosophy in its general relations, and that M Waldman, a fellow professor, would lecture upon chemistry the alternate days that he omitted I returned home not Disapointed Beg, pardon

My senses were gratified and refreshed by a thousand scents of delight and a thousand sights of beauty It was on one of these days, when my cottagers periodically rested from labour—the old man played on his guitar, and the children listened to him—that I observed the countenance of Felix was melancholy beyond expression; he sighed frequently, and once his father paused in his music, and I conjectured by his manner that he inquired the cause of his son’s sorrow Felix replied in a cheerful accent, and the old man was recommencing his music when someone tapped at the door It was a lady on horseback, accompanied by a country-man as a guide The lady was dressed in a dark suit and covered with a thick black veil Agatha asked a question, to which the stranger only replied by pronouncing, in a sweet accent, the name of Felix Her voice was musical but unlike that of either of my friends On hearing this word, Felix came up hastily to the lady, who, when she saw him, threw up her veil, and I beheld a countenance of angelic beauty and expression Her hair of a shining raven black, and curiously braided; her eyes were dark, but gentle, although animated; her features of a regular proportion, and her complexion wondrously fair, each cheek tinged with a lovely pink Felix seemed ravished with delight when he saw her, every trait of sorrow vanished from his face, and it instantly expressed a degree of ecstatic joy, of which I could hardly have believed it capable; his eyes sparkled, as his cheek flushed with pleasure; and at that moment I thought him as beautiful as the stranger She appeared affected by different feelings; wiping a few tears from her lovely eyes, she held out her hand to Felix, who kissed it rapturously and called her, as well as I could distinguish, his sweet Arabian She did not appear to understand him, but smiled He assisted her to dismount, and dismissing her guide, conducted her into the cottage Some conversation took place between him and his father, and the young stranger knelt at the old man’s feet and would have kissed his hand, but he raised her and embraced her affectionately I soon perceived that although the stranger uttered articulate sounds and appeared to have a language of her own, she was neither understood by nor herself understood the cottagers They made many signs which I did not comprehend, but I saw that her presence diffused gladness through the cottage, dispelling their sorrow as the sun dissipates the morning mists Felix seemed peculiarly happy and with smiles of delight welcomed his Arabian Agatha, the ever-gentle Agatha, kissed the hands of the lovely stranger, and pointing to her brother, made signs which appeared to me to mean that he had been sorrowful until she came Some hours passed thus, while they, by their countenances, expressed joy, the cause of which I did not comprehend Presently I found, by the frequent recurrence of some sound which the stranger repeated after them, that she was endeavouring to learn their language; and the idea instantly occurred to me that I should make use of the same instructions to the same end The stranger learned about twenty words at the first lesson; most of them, indeed, were those which I had before understood, but I profited by the others As night came on, Agatha and the Arabian retired early When they separated Felix kissed the hand of the stranger and said, ‘Good night sweet Safie ‘ He sat up much longer, conversing with his father, and by the frequent repetition of her name I conjectured that their lovely guest was the subject of their conversation I ardently desired to understand them, and bent every faculty towards that purpose, but found it utterly impossible The next morning Felix went out to his work, and after the usual occupations of Agatha were finished, the Arabian sat

at the feet of the old man, and taking his guitar, played some airs so entrancingly beautiful that they at once drew tears of sorrow and delight from my eyes She sang, and her voice flowed in a rich cadence, swelling or dying away like a nightingale of the woods When she had finished, she gave the guitar to Agatha, who at first declined it She played a simple air, and her voice accompanied it in sweet accents, but unlike the wondrous strain of the stranger The old man appeared enraptured and said some words which Agatha endeavoured to explain to Safie, and by which he appeared to wish to express that she bestowed on him the greatest delight by her music The days now passed as peaceably as before, with the sole alteration that joy had taken place of sadness in the countenances of my friends Safie was always gay and happy; she and I improved rapidly in the knowledge of language, so that in two months I began to comprehend most of the words uttered by my protectors In the meanwhile also the black ground was covered with herbage, and the green banks interspersed with innumerable flowers, sweet to the scent and the eyes, stars of pale radiance among the moonlight woods; the sun became warmer, the nights clear and balmy; and my nocturnal rambles were an extreme pleasure to me, although they were considerably shortened by the late setting and early rising of the sun, for I never ventured abroad during daylight, fearful of meeting with the same treatment I had formerly endured in the first village which I entered >> We’ll now take a short 15-minute break. Thank you My days were spent in close attention, that I might more

speedily master the language; and I may boast that I improved

more rapidly than the Arabian, who understood very little and

conversed in broken accents, whilst I comprehended and could

imitate almost every word that was spoken While I improved in speech, I also learned the science of letters as it was taught to the stranger, and this opened before me a wide field for wonder and delight The book from which Felix instructed Safie was Volney’sRuins of Empires I should not have understood the purport of this book had not Felix, in reading it, given very minute explanations He had chosen this work, he said, because the declamatory style was framed in imitation of the Eastern authors Through this work I obtained a cursory knowledge of history and a view of the several empires at present existing in the world; it gave me an insight into the manners, governments, and religions of the different nations of the earth I heard of the slothful Asiatics, of the stupendous genius and mental activity of the Grecians, of the wars and wonderful virtue of the early Romans—of their subsequent degenerating—of the decline of that mighty empire, of chivalry, Christianity, and kings I heard of the discovery of the American hemisphere and wept with Safie over the hapless fate of its original inhabitants These wonderful narrations inspired me with strange feelings Was man, indeed, at once so powerful, so virtuous and magnificent, yet so vicious and base? He appeared at one time a mere scion of the evil principle and at another as all that can be conceived of noble and godlike To be a great and virtuous man appeared the highest honour that can befall a sensitive being; to be base and vicious, as many on record have been, appeared the lowest degradation, a condition more abject than that of the blind mole or harmless worm For a long time I could not conceive how one man could go forth to murder his fellow, or even why there were laws and governments; but when I heard details of vice and bloodshed, my wonder ceased and I turned away with disgust and loathing Every conversation of the cottagers now opened new wonders to me While I listened to the instructions which Felix bestowed upon the Arabian, the strange system of human society was explained to me I heard of the division of property, of immense wealth and squalid poverty, of rank, descent, and noble blood The words induced me in turn towards myself I learned that the possessions most esteemed by your fellow creatures were high and unsullied descent united with riches A man might be respected with only one of these advantages, but without either he was considered, except in very rare instances, as a vagabond and a slave, doomed to waste his powers for the profits of the chosen few! And what was I? Of my creation and creator I was absolutely ignorant, but I knew that I possessed no money, no friends, no kind of property I was, besides, endued with a figure hideously deformed and loathsome; I was not even of the same nature as man I was more agile than they and could subsist upon coarser diet; I bore the extremes of heat and cold with less injury to my frame; my stature far exceeded theirs When I looked around I saw and heard of none like me Was I, then, a monster, a blot upon the earth, from which all men fled and whom all men disowned? I cannot describe to you the agony that these reflections inflicted upon me; I tried to dispel them, but sorrow only increased with knowledge Oh, that I had for ever remained in my native wood, nor known nor felt beyond the sensations of hunger, thirst, and heat! Of what a strange nature is knowledge!

It clings to the mind when it has once seized on it like a lichen on the rock I wished sometimes to shake off all thought and feeling, but I learned that there was but one means to overcome the sensation Of pain and that was death — a state which I feared yet did not understand I admired virtue and good feelings and loved the gentle manners and amiable qualities of my cottagers, but I was shut out from intercourse with them, except through means which I obtained by stealth, when I was unseen and unknown, and which rather increased than satisfied the desire I had of becoming one Of my fellows The gentle words of Agatha and the animated smiles of the charming Arabian were not for me The mild exhortations of the old man and the lively conversation of the loved Felix were not for me Miserable, unhappy wretch! Other lessons were impressed upon me even more deeply I heard of the difference of sexes, and the birth and growth of children, how the father doted on the smiles of the infant, and the lively sallies of the older child, how all the life and cares of the mother were wrapped up in the precious charge, how the mind of youth expanded and gained knowledge, of brother, sister, and all the various relationships which bind one human being to another in mutual bonds Where were my friends relations? No father had watched my infant days, no mother had blessed me with smiles and caresses; or if they had, all my past life was now a blot, a blind vacancy in which I distinguished nothing From my earliest remembrance I had been as I then was in height and proportion I had never yet seen a being resembling me or who claimed any intercourse with me What was I? The question again recurred, to be answered only with groans I will soon explain to what these feelings tended, but allow me now to return to the cottagers, whose story excited in me such various feelings of indignation, delight, and wonder, but which all terminated in additional love and reverence For my protectors” for so I loved in a innocent half painful, half deceit to call them.” Chapter 6 Some time elapsed before I learned the history of my friends It was one which could not fail to impress itself deeply on my mind, unfolding as it did a number of circumstances, each interesting and wonderful to one so utterly inexperienced as I was The name of the old man was De Lacey He was descended from a good family in France, where he had lived for many years in affluence, respected by his superiors and beloved by his equals His son was bred in the service of his country, and Agatha had ranked with ladies of the highest distinction A few months before my arrival they had lived in a large and luxurious city called Paris, surrounded by friends and possessed of every enjoyment which virtue, refinement of intellect, or taste, accompanied by a moderate fortune, could afford The father of Safie had been the cause of their ruin He was a Turkish merchant and had inhabited Paris for many years, when, for some reason which I could not learn, he became obnoxious to the government He was seized and cast into prison the very day that Safie arrived from Constantinople to join him He was tried and condemned to death The injustice of his sentence was very flagrant; all Paris was indignant; and it was judged that his religion and wealth rather than the crime alleged against him had been the cause of his condemnation Felix had been present at the trial; his horror and indignation were uncontrollable when he heard the decision of the court He made, at that moment, a solemn vow to deliver him and then looked around for the means After many fruitless attempts to gain admittance to the prison, he found a strongly grated window in an unguarded part of the building, which lighted the dungeon of the unfortunate Muhammadan, who, loaded with chains, waited in despair the execution of the barbarous sentence Felix visited the grate at night and made known to the prisoner his intentions in his favour The Turk, amazed and delighted, endeavoured to kindle the zeal of his deliverer by promises of

reward and wealth Felix rejected his offers with contempt, yet when he saw the lovely Safie, who was allowed to visit her father and who by her gestures expressed her lively gratitude, the youth could not help owning to his own mind that the captive possessed a treasure which would fully reward his toil and hazard The Turk quickly perceived the impression that his daughter had made on the heart of Felix and endeavoured to secure him more entirely in his interests by the promise of her hand in marriage so soon as he should be conveyed to a place of safety Felix was too delicate to accept this offer, yet he looked forward to the probability of the event as to the consummation of his happiness During the ensuing days, when the preparations were going forward for the escape of the merchant, the zeal of Felix was warmed by several letters that he received from this lovely girl, who found means to express her thoughts in the language of her lover by the aid of an old man, a servant of her father who understood French She thanked him in the most ardent terms for his intended Services towards her father, and at the same time she gently deplored her own fate I have copies of these letters, for I found means, during my residence in the hovel, to procure the implements of writing; and the letters were often in the hands of Felix or Agatha Before I depart I will give them to you; they will prove the truth of my tale; but at present, as the sun is already far declined, I shall only have time to repeat the substance of them to you Safie related that her mother was a Christian Arab, seized and made a slave by the Turks; recommended by her beauty, she had won the heart of the father of Safie, who married her The young girl spoke in high and enthusiastic terms of her mother, who, born in freedom, spurned the bondage to which she was now reduced She instructed her daughter in the tenets of her religion and taught her to aspire to higher powers of intellect and an independence of spirit forbidden to the female followers of Muhammad This lady died, but her lessons were indelibly impressed on the mind of Safie, who sickened at the prospect of again returning to Asia and being immured within the walls of a harem, allowed only to occupy herself with infantile amusements, ill-suited to the temper of her soul, now accustomed to grand ideas and a noble emulation for virtue The prospect of marrying a Christian and remaining in a country where women were allowed to take a rank in society was enchanting to her The day for the execution of the Turk was fixed, but on the night previous to it he quitted his prison and before morning was distant many leagues from Paris Felix had procured passports in the name of his father, sister, and himself He had previously communicated his plan to the former, who aided the deceit by quitting his house, under the pretence of a journey and concealed himself, with his daughter, in an obscure part of Paris Felix conducted the fugitives through France to Lyons and across Mont Cenis to Leghorn, where the merchant had decided to wait a favourable opportunity of passing into some part of the Turkish dominions Safie resolved to remain with her father until the moment of his departure, before which time the Turk renewed his promise that she should be united to his deliverer; and Felix remained with them in expectation of that event; and in the meantime he enjoyed the society of the Arabian, who exhibited towards him the simplest and tenderest affection They conversed with one another through the means of an interpreter, and sometimes with the interpretation of looks; and Safie sang to him the divine airs of her native country The Turk allowed this intimacy to take place and encouraged the hopes of the youthful lovers, while in his heart he had formed far other plans He loathed the idea that his daughter should be united to a Christian, but he feared the resentment of Felix if he should appear lukewarm, for he knew that he was still in the power of his deliverer if he should choose to betray him to the Italian state which they inhabited He revolved a thousand plans by which he should be enabled to prolong the deceit until it might be no longer necessary, and secretly to take his daughter with him when he departed His plans were facilitated by the news which arrived from Paris The government of France were greatly enraged at the escape of their victim and spared no pains to detect and punish his

deliverer The plot of Felix was quickly discovered, and De Lacey and Agatha were thrown into prison The news reached Felix and roused him from his dream of pleasure His blind and aged father and his gentle sister lay in a noisome dungeon while he enjoyed the free air and the society of her whom he loved This idea was torture to him He quickly arranged with the Turk that if the latter should find a favourable opportunity for escape before Felix could return to Italy, Safie should remain as a boarder at a convent at Leghorn; and then, quitting the lovely Arabian, he hastened to Paris and delivered himself up to the vengeance of the law, hoping to free De Lacey and Agatha by this proceeding He did not succeed They remained confined for five months before the trial took place, the result of which deprived them of their fortune and condemned them to a perpetual exile from their native country They found a miserable asylum in the cottage in Germany, where I discovered them Felix soon learned that the treacherous Turk, for whom he and his family endured such unheard-of oppression, on discovering that his deliverer was thus reduced to poverty and ruin, became a traitor to good feeling and honour and had quitted Italy with his daughter, insultingly sending Felix a pittance of money to aid him, as he said, in some plan of future maintenance Such were the events that preyed on the heart of Felix and rendered him, when I first saw him, the most miserable of his family He could have endured poverty, and while this distress had been the meed of his virtue, he gloried in it; but the ingratitude of the Turk and the loss of his beloved Safie were misfortunes more bitter and irreparable The arrival of the Arabian now infused new life into his soul When the news reached Leghorn that Felix was deprived of his wealth and rank, the merchant commanded his daughter to think no more of her lover, but to prepare to return to her native country The generous nature of Safie was outraged by this command; she attempted to expostulate with her father, but he left her angrily, reiterating his tyrannical mandate A few days later, the Turk entered his daughter’s apartment and told her hastily that he had reason to believe that his residence at Leghorn had been divulged and that he should speedily be delivered up to the French government; he had consequently hired a vessel to convey him to Constantinople, for which city he should sail in a few hours He intended to leave his daughter under the care of a confidential servant, to follow at her leisure with the greater part of his property, which had not yet arrived at Leghorn When alone, Safie resolved in her own mind the plan of conduct that it would become her to pursue in this emergency A residence in Turkey was abhorrent to her; her religion and her feelings were alike averse to it By some papers of her father which fell into her hands she heard of the exile of her lover and learnt the name of the spot where he then resided She hesitated some time, but at length she formed her determination Taking with her some jewels that belonged to her and a sum of money, she quitted Italy with an attendant, a native of Leghorn, but who understood the common language of Turkey, and departed for Germany She arrived in safety at a town about twenty leagues from the cottage of De Lacey, when her attendant fell dangerously ill Safie nursed her with the most devoted affection, but the poor girl died, and the Arabian was left alone, unacquainted with the language of the country and utterly ignorant of the customs of the world She fell, however, into good hands The Italian had mentioned the name of the spot for which they were bound, and after her death the woman of the house in which they had lived took care that Safie should arrive in safety at the cottage of her lover Chapter 7. Such was the history of my beloved cottagers It impressed me deeply I learned, from the views of social life which it developed, to admire their virtues and to deprecate the vices of mankind As yet I looked upon crime as a distant evil, benevolence and generosity were ever present before me, inciting within me a desire to become an actor in the busy scene where so many admirable qualities were called forth and displayed

But in giving an account of the progress of my intellect, I must not omit a circumstance which occurred in the beginning of the month of August of the same year One night during my accustomed visit to the neighbouring wood where I collected my own food and brought home firing for my protectors, I found on the ground a leathern portmanteau containing several articles of dress and some books I eagerly seized the prize and returned with it to my hovel Fortunately the books were written in the language, the elements of which I had acquired at the cottage; they consisted of Paradise Lost, a volume ofPlutarch’s Lives, and theSorrows of Werter The possession of these treasures gave me extreme delight; I now continually studied and exercised my mind upon these histories, whilst my friends were employed in their ordinary occupations I can hardly describe to you the effect of these books They produced in me an infinity of new images and feelings, that sometimes raised me to ecstasy, but more frequently sunk me into the lowest dejection In theSorrows of Werter, besides the interest of its simple and affecting story, so many opinions are canvassed and so many lights thrown upon what had hitherto been to me obscure subjects that I found in it a never-ending source of speculation and astonishment The gentle and domestic manners it described, combined with lofty sentiments and feelings, which had for their object something out of self, accorded well with my experience among my protectors and with the wants which were for ever alive in my own bosom But I thought Werter himself a more divine being than I had ever beheld or imagined; his character contained no pretension, but it sank deep The disquisitions upon death and suicide were calculated to fill me with wonder I did not pretend to enter into the merits of the case, yet I inclined towards the opinions of the hero, whose extinction I wept, without precisely understanding it As I read, however, I applied much personally to my own feelings and condition I found myself similar yet at the same time strangely unlike to the beings concerning whom I read and to whose conversation I was a listener I sympathised with and partly understood them, but I was unformed in mind; I was dependent on none and related to none The path of my departure was free, and there was none to lament my annihilation My person was hideous and my stature gigantic What did this mean? Who was I? What was I? Whence did I come? What was my destination? These questions continually recurred, but I was unable to solve them The volume ofPlutarch’s Lives which I possessed contained the histories of the first founders of the ancient republics This book had a far different effect upon me from theSorrows of Werter I learned from Werter’s imaginations despondency and gloom, but Plutarch taught me high thoughts; he elevated me above the wretched sphere of my own reflections, to admire and love the heroes of past ages Many things I read surpassed my understanding and experience I had a very confused knowledge of kingdoms, wide extents of country, mighty rivers, and boundless seas But I was perfectly unacquainted with towns and large assemblages of men The cottage of my protectors had been the only school in which I had studied human nature, but this book developed new and mightier scenes of action I read of men concerned in public affairs, governing or massacring their species I felt the greatest ardour for virtue rise within me, and abhorrence for vice, as far as I understood the signification of those terms, relative as they were, as I applied them, to pleasure and pain alone Induced by these feelings, I was of course led to admire peaceable lawgivers, Numa, Solon, and Lycurgus, in preference to Romulus and Theseus

The patriarchal lives of my protectors caused these impressions to take a firm hold on my mind; perhaps, if my first introduction to humanity had been made by a young soldier, burning for glory and slaughter, I should have been imbued with different sensations But Paradise Lost excited different and far deeper emotions I read it, as I had read the other volumes which had fallen into my hands, as a true history It moved every feeling of wonder and awe that the picture of an omnipotent God warring with his creatures was capable of Having I often referred the several situations, as their similarity struck me, to my own Like Adam I was created apparently united by no link to any other being in existence; but his state was far different from mine in every other respect He had come forth from the hands of God a perfect creature, happy and prosperous, guarded by the especial care of his Creator; he was allowed to converse with and acquire knowledge from beings of a superior nature, but I was wretched, helpless, and alone Many times I considered Satan as the fitter emblem of my condition, for often, like him, when I viewed the bliss of my protectors, the bitter gall of envy rose within me Another circumstance strengthened and confirmed these feelings Soon after my arrival in the hovel I discovered some papers in the pocket of the dress which I had taken from your laboratory At first I had neglected them, but now that I was able to decipher the characters in which they were written, I began to study them with diligence It was your journal of the four months that preceded my creation You minutely described in these papers every step you took in the progress of your work; this history was mingled with accounts of domestic occurrences You doubtless recollect these papers Here they are Everything is related in them which bears reference to my accursed origin; the whole detail of that series of disgusting circumstances which produced it is set in view; the minutest description of my odious and loathsome person is given, in language which painted your own horrors and rendered mine indelible I sickened as I read Hateful day when I received life I exclaimed in agony ‘Accursed creator! Why did you form a monster so hideous that evenyou turned from me in disgust? God, in pity, made man beautiful and alluring, after his own image; but my form is a filthy type of yours, more horrid even from the very resemblance Satan had his companions, fellow devils, to admire and encourage him, but I am solitary and Detested” these were the reflections of my hours of despondency and solitude; but when I contemplated the virtues of the cottagers, their amiable and benevolent dispositions, I persuaded myself that when they should become acquainted with my admiration of their virtues they would compassionate me and overlook my personal deformity Could they turn from their door one, however monstrous, who solicited their compassion and friendship? I resolved, at least, not to despair, but in every way to fit myself for an interview with them which would decide my fate I postponed this attempt for some months longer, for the importance attached to its success inspired me with a dread lest I should fail Besides, I found that my understanding improved so much with every day’s experience that I was unwilling to commence this undertaking until a few more months should have added to my Wisdom. Several changes in the meantime, took place in the cottage The presence of Safie diffused happiness among its inhabitants, and I also found that a greater degree of plenty reigned there Felix and Agatha spent more time in amusement and conversation, and were assisted in their labours by servants They did not appear rich, but they were contented and happy; their feelings were serene and peaceful, while mine became every day more tumultuous Increase of knowledge only discovered to me more clearly what a wretched outcast I was I cherished hope, it is true, but it vanished when I beheld my

person reflected in water or my shadow in the moonshine, even as that frail image and that inconstant shade “I endeavoured to crush these fears and to fortify myself for the trial which in a few months I resolved to undergo; and sometimes I allowed my thoughts, unchecked by reason, to ramble in the fields of Paradise, and dared to fancy amiable and lovely creatures sympathising with my feelings and cheering my gloom; their angelic countenances breathed smiles of consolation But it was all a dream; no Eve soothed my sorrows nor shared my thoughts; I was alone I remembered Adam’s supplication to his Creator But where was mine? He had abandoned me, and in the bitterness of my heart I cursed him Autumn passed thus I saw, with surprise and grief, the leaves decay and fall, and nature again assume the barren and bleak appearance it had worn when I first beheld the woods and the lovely moon Yet I did not heed the bleakness of the weather; I was better Yet I did not heed the bleakness of the weather; I was better fitted by my conformation for the endurance of cold than heat.the flowers, the birds, and all the gay apparel of summer; when those deserted me, I turned with more attention towards the cottagers the absence of summer another; and their joys, depending on each other, were not interrupted by the casualties that took place around them became my desire to claim their protection and kindness; my heart yearned to be known and loved by these amiable creatures; to see their sweet looks directed towards me with affection was the utmost limit of my ambition them from me with disdain and horror treasures than a little food or rest: I required kindness and sympathy; but I did not believe myself utterly unworthy of it revolution of the seasons had taken place since I awoke into life directed towards my plan of introducing myself into the cottage of my protectors which I finally fixed was to enter the dwelling when the blind old man should be alone the unnatural hideousness of my person was the chief object of horror with My voice, although harsh, had nothing terrible in it; I thought, therefore, that if in the absence of his children I could gain the good will and mediation of the old De Lacey, I might by his means be tolerated by my younger protectors of about 20 minutes. Thank you “One day, when the sun shone on the red leaves that strewed the

ground and diffused cheerfulness, although it

denied warmth, Safie, Agatha, and Felix departed on a long

country walk, and the old man, at his own desire, was left

alone in the cottage up his guitar and played several mournful but sweet airs, more sweet and mournful than I had ever heard him play before illuminated with pleasure, but as he continued, thoughtfulness and sadness succeeded; at length, laying aside the instrument, he sat absorbed in reflection and moment of trial, which would decide my hopes or realise my fears cottage; it was an excellent opportunity; yet, when I proceeded to execute my plan, my limbs failed me and I sank to the ground firmness of which I was master, removed the planks which I had placed before my hovel to conceal my retreat renewed determination I approached the door of their cottage a traveller in want of a little rest; you would greatly oblige me if you would allow me to remain a few minutes before the fire try in what manner I can to relieve your wants; but, unfortunately, my children are from home, and as I am blind, I am afraid I shall find it difficult to procure food for you host; I have food; it is warmth and rest only that I need to me, yet I remained irresolute in what manner to commence the interview, when the old man addressed me you are my countryman; are you French? family and understand that language only of some friends, whom I sincerely love, and of whose favour I have some hopes creature, I look around and I have no relation or friend upon earth never seen me and know little of me there, I am an outcast in the world for ever unfortunate, but the hearts of men, when unprejudiced by any obvious self-interest, are full of brotherly love and charity and if these friends are good and amiable, do not despair excellent creatures in the world; but, unfortunately, they are prejudiced against me been hitherto harmless and in some degree beneficial; but a fatal prejudice clouds their eyes, and where they ought to see a feeling and kind friend, they behold only a detestable monster you are really blameless, cannot you undeceive them? and it is on that account that I feel so many overwhelming terrors unknown to them, been for many months in the habits of daily kindness towards them; but they believe that I wish to injure them, and it is

that prejudice which I wish to overcome continued, ‘If you will unreservedly confide to me the particulars of your tale, I perhaps may be of use in undeceiving them countenance, but there is something in your words which persuades me that you are sincere afford me true pleasure to be in any way serviceable to a human creature kindness; and I trust that, by your aid, I shall not be driven from the society and sympathy of your fellow creatures that can only drive you to desperation, and not instigate you to virtue have been condemned, although innocent; judge, therefore, if I do not feel for your misfortunes voice of kindness directed towards me; I shall be for ever grateful; and your present humanity assures me of success with those friends whom I am on the point of meeting decision, which was to rob me of or bestow happiness on me for ever sufficient to answer him, but the effort destroyed all my remaining strength; I sank on the chair and sobbed aloud the hand of the old man, I cried, ‘Now is the time! opened, and Felix, Safie, and Agatha entered consternation on beholding me? attend to her friend, rushed out of the cottage.supernatural force tore me from his I could have torn him limb from limb, as the lion rends the antelope bitter sickness, and I refrained blow, when, overcome by pain and anguish, I quitted the cottage, and in the general tumult escaped unperceived to my hovel ” extinguish the spark of existence which you had so wantonly bestowed? possession of me; my feelings were those of rage and revenge the cottage and its inhabitants and have glutted myself with their shrieks and misery and wandered in the wood; and now, no longer restrained by the fear of discovery, I gave vent to my anguish in fearful howlings the toils, destroying the objects that obstructed me and ranging through the wood with a stag-like swiftness the bare trees waved their branches above me; now and then the sweet voice of a bird burst forth amidst the universal stillness enjoyment; I, like the arch-fiend, bore a hell within me, and finding myself unsympathised with, wished to tear up the trees, spread havoc and destruction around me, and then to have sat down and enjoyed the ruin.that could not endure; I became fatigued with excess of bodily exertion and sank on the damp grass in the sick impotence of despair.that existed who would pity or assist me; and should I feel kindness towards my enemies?everlasting war against the species, and more than all, against him who had formed me and sent me forth to this insupportable misery men and knew that it was impossible to return to my retreat during that day underwood, determining to devote the ensuing hours to reflection on my situation of day restored me to some degree of tranquillity; and when I considered what had passed at the cottage, I could not help believing that I had been too hasty in my conclusions had interested the father in my behalf, and I was a fool in having exposed my person to the horror of his children Lacey to me, and by degrees to have

discovered myself to the rest of his family, when they should have been prepared for my approach.irretrievable, and after much consideration I resolved to return to the cottage, seek the old man, and by my representations win him to my party.afternoon I sank into a profound sleep; but the fever of my blood did not allow me to be visited by peaceful dreams was for ever acting before my eyes; the females were flying and the enraged Felix tearing me from his father’s feet was already night, I crept forth from my hiding-place, and went in search of food directed my steps towards the well-known path that conducted to the cottage silent expectation of the accustomed hour when the family arose in the heavens, but the cottagers did not appear The inside of the cottage was dark, and I heard no motion; I cannot describe the agony of this suspense but pausing near the cottage, they entered into conversation, using violent gesticulations; but I did not understand what they said, as they spoke the language of the country, which differed from that of my protectors.with another man; I was surprised, as I knew that he had not quitted the cottage that morning, and waited anxiously to discover from his discourse the meaning of these unusual appearances to him, ‘that you will be obliged to pay three months’ rent and to lose the produce of your garden? advantage, and I beg therefore that you will take some days to consider of your determination Felix; ‘we can never again inhabit your cottage greatest danger, owing to the dreadful circumstance that I have related He and his companion entered the For the first time the feelings of revenge and hatred filled my bosom, and I did not strive to control them, but allowing myself to be borne away by the stream, I bent my mind towards injury and death mild voice of De Lacey, the gentle eyes of Agatha, and the exquisite beauty of the Arabian, these thoughts vanished and a gush of tears somewhat soothed me had spurned and deserted me, anger returned, a rage of anger, and unable to injure anything human, I turned my fury towards inanimate objects of combustibles around the cottage, and after having destroyed every vestige of cultivation in the garden, I waited with forced impatience until the moon had sunk to commence my operations arose from the woods and quickly dispersed the clouds that had loitered in the heavens; the blast tore along like a mighty avalanche and produced a kind of insanity in my spirits that burst all bounds of reason and reflection danced with fury around the devoted cottage, my eyes still fixed on the western horizon, the edge of which the moon nearly touched and I waved my brand; it sank, and with a loud scream I fired the straw, and heath, and bushes, which I had collected cottage was quickly enveloped by the flames, which clung to it and licked it with their forked and destroying tongues assistance could save any part of the habitation, I quitted the scene and sought for refuge in the woods whither should I bend my steps? my misfortunes; but to me, hated and despised, every country must be equally horrible were my father, my creator; and to whom could I apply with more fitness than to him who had given me life? bestowed upon Safie, geography had not been omitted; I had learned from these the relative situations of the different countries of the earth your native town, and towards this place I resolved to proceed southwesterly direction to reach my destination, but the sun was my only guide that I was to pass through, nor could I ask information from a single human being; but I did not despair although towards you I felt no sentiment but that of hatred passions and then cast me abroad an

object for the scorn and horror of mankind pity and redress, and from you I determined to seek that justice which I vainly attempted to gain from any other being that wore the human form the district where I had so long resided encountering the visage of a human being became heatless; rain and snow poured around me; mighty rivers were frozen; the surface of the earth was hard and chill, and bare, and I found no shelter all within me was turned to gall and bitterness habitation, the more deeply did I feel the spirit of revenge enkindled in my heart me, and I possessed a map of the country; but I often wandered wide from my path respite; no incident occurred from which my rage and misery could not extract its food; but a circumstance that happened when I arrived on the confines of Switzerland, when the sun had recovered its warmth and the earth again began to look green, confirmed in an especial manner the bitterness and horror of my feelings travelled only when I was secured by night from the view of man path lay through a deep wood, I ventured to continue my journey after the sun had risen; the day, which was one of the first of spring, cheered even me by the loveliness of its sunshine and the balminess of the air pleasure, that had long appeared dead, revive within me sensations, I allowed myself to be borne away by them, and forgetting my solitude and deformity, dared to be happy I even raised my humid eyes with thankfulness towards the blessed sun, which bestowed such joy upon me the wood, until I came to its boundary, which was skirted by a deep and rapid river, into which many of the trees bent their branches, now budding with the fresh spring path to pursue, when I heard the sound of voices, that induced me to conceal myself under the shade of a cypress came running towards the spot where I was concealed, laughing, as if she ran from someone in sport precipitous sides of the river, when suddenly her foot slipped, and she fell into the rapid stream extreme labour, from the force of the current, saved her and dragged her to shore every means in my power to restore animation, when I was suddenly interrupted by the approach of a rustic, who was probably the person from whom she had playfully fled tearing the girl from my arms, hastened towards the deeper parts of the wood but when the man saw me draw near, he aimed a gun, which he carried, at my body and fired with increased swiftness, escaped into “This was then the reward of my benevolence! destruction, and as a recompense I now writhed under the miserable pain of a wound which shattered the flesh and bone which I had entertained but a few moments before gave place to hellish rage and gnashing of teeth hatred and vengeance to all mankind my pulses paused, and I fainted in the woods, endeavouring to cure the wound which I had received knew not whether it had remained there or passed through; at any rate I had no means of extracting it the oppressive sense of the injustice and ingratitude of their infliction and deadly revenge, such as would alone compensate for the outrages and anguish I had endured I continued my journey be alleviated by the bright sun or gentle breezes of spring; all joy was but a mockery which insulted my desolate state and made me feel more painfully that I was not made for the enjoyment of pleasure and in two months from this time I reached the environs of Geneva retired to a hiding-place among the fields that surround it to meditate in what manner I should apply to you and far too unhappy to enjoy the gentle breezes of evening or the

prospect of the sun setting behind the stupendous mountains of Jura me from the pain of reflection, which was disturbed by the approach of a beautiful child, who came running into the recess I had chosen, with all the sportiveness of infancy seized me that this little creature was unprejudiced and had lived too short a time to have imbibed a horror of deformity educate him as my companion and friend, I should not be so desolate in this peopled earth boy as he passed and drew him towards me his hands before his eyes and uttered a shrill scream; I drew his hand forcibly from his face and said, ‘Child, what is the meaning of this? listen to me ‘ papa.’“‘Boy, you will never see your father again; you must come with me.’“‘Hideous monster! towards whom I have sworn eternal revenge; you shall be my first victim “The child still struggled and loaded me with epithets which carried despair to my heart; I grasped his throat to silence him, and in a moment he lay dead at my feet swelled with exultation and hellish triumph; clapping my hands, I exclaimed, ‘I too can create desolation; my enemy is not invulnerable; this death will carry despair to him, and a thousand other miseries shall torment and destroy him “As I fixed my eyes on the child, I saw something glittering on his breast softened and attracted me delight on her dark eyes, fringed by deep lashes, and her lovely lips; but presently my rage returned; I remembered that I was for ever deprived of the delights that such beautiful creatures could bestow and that she whose resemblance I contemplated would, in regarding me, have changed that air of divine benignity to one expressive of disgust and affright.transported me with rage?instead of venting my sensations in exclamations and agony, I did not rush among mankind and perish in the attempt to destroy them feelings, I left the spot where I had committed the murder, and seeking a more secluded hiding-place, I entered a barn which had appeared to me to be empty.was young, not indeed so beautiful as her whose portrait I held, but of an agreeable aspect and blooming in the loveliness of youth and health joy-imparting smiles are bestowed on all but me ‘Awake, fairest, thy lover is near—he who would give his life but to obtain one look of affection from thine eyes; my beloved, awake! ‘ and curse me, and denounce the murderer?darkened eyes opened and she beheld me.fiend within me—not I, but she, shall suffer; the murder I have committed because I am for ever robbed of all that she could give me, she shall atone sanguinary laws of man, I had learned now to work mischief whom I can live in the interchange of those sympathies necessary for my being.of you as a right which you must not refuse to concede ” anew in me the anger that had died away while he narrated his peaceful life among the cottagers, and as he said

this I could no longer suppress the rage that burned within me torture shall ever extort a consent from me.men, but you shall never make me base in my own eyes whose joint wickedness might desolate the world me, but I will never consent “You are in the wrong,” replied the fiend; “and instead of threatening, I am content to reason with you pieces and triumph; remember that, and tell me why I should pity man more than he pities me? could precipitate me into one of those ice-rifts and destroy my frame, the work of your own hands of kindness, and instead of injury I would bestow every benefit upon him with tears of gratitude at his acceptance are insurmountable barriers to our union inspire love, I will cause fear, and chiefly towards you my arch-enemy, because my creator, do I swear inextinguishable hatred destruction, nor finish until I desolate your heart, so that you shall curse the hour of your birth A fiendish rage animated him as he said this; his face was wrinkled into contortions too horrible for human eyes to behold; but presently he calmed himself and proceeded— “I intended to reason you do not reflect that you are the cause of its excess benevolence towards me, I should return them a hundred and a hundredfold; for that one creature’s sake I would make peace with the whole kind! moderate; I demand a creature of another sex, but as hideous as myself; the gratification is small, but it is all that I can receive, and it shall content me off from all the world; but on that account we shall be more attached to one another will be harmless and free from the misery I now feel gratitude towards you for one benefit! of some existing thing; do not deny me my request! possible consequences of my consent, but I felt that there was some justice in his argument expressed proved him to be a creature of fine sensations, and did I not as his maker owe him all the portion of happiness that it was in my power to bestow? continued, “If you consent, neither you nor any other human being shall ever see us again; I will go to the vast wilds of South America destroy the lamb and the kid to glut my appetite; acorns and berries afford me sufficient nourishment as myself and will be content with the same fare the sun will shine on us as on man and The picture I present to you is peaceful and human, and you must feel that you could deny it only in the wantonness of power and cruelty now see compassion in your eyes; let me seize the favourable moment and persuade you to promise what I so ardently desire “You propose,” replied I, “to fly from the habitations of man, to dwell in those wilds where the beasts of the field will be your only companions sympathy of man, persevere in this exile? kindness, and you will meet with their detestation; your evil passions will be renewed, and you will then have a companion to aid you in the task of destruction point, for I cannot consent.“How inconstant are your feelings!

representations, and why do you again harden yourself to my complaints? inhabit, and by you that made me, that with the companion you bestow, I will quit the neighbourhood of man and dwell, as it may chance, in the most savage of places my dying moments I shall not curse my maker His words had a strange effect upon me a wish to console him, but when I looked upon him, when I saw the filthy mass that moved and talked, my heart sickened and my feelings were altered to those of horror and hatred thought that as I could not sympathise with him, I had no right to withhold from him the small portion of happiness which was yet in my power to bestow but have you not already shown a degree of malice that should reasonably make me distrust you? increase your triumph by affording a wider scope for your revenge? hatred and vice must be my portion; the love of another will destroy the cause of my crimes, and I shall become a thing of whose existence everyone will be ignorant forced solitude that I abhor, and my virtues will necessarily arise when I live in communion with an equal sensitive being and become linked to the chain of existence and events from which I am now excluded ” had related and the various arguments which he had employed which he had displayed on the opening of his existence and the subsequent blight of all kindly feeling by the loathing and scorn which his protectors had manifested towards him.in my calculations; a creature who could exist in the ice-caves of the glaciers and hide himself from pursuit among the ridges of inaccessible precipices was a being possessing faculties it would be vain to cope with concluded that the justice due both to him and my fellow creatures demanded of me that I should comply with his request “I consent to your demand, on your solemn oath to quit Europe for ever, and every other place in the neighbourhood of man, as soon as I shall deliver into your hands a female who will accompany you in your exile.“I swear,” he cried, “by the sun, and by the blue sky of heaven, and by the fire of love that burns my heart, that if you grant my prayer, while they exist you shall never behold me again labours; I shall watch their progress with unutterable anxiety; and fear not but that when you are ready I shall appear.” fearful, perhaps, of any change in my sentiments greater speed than the flight of an eagle, and quickly lost among the undulations of the sea of ice and the sun was upon the verge of the horizon when he departed descent towards the valley, as I should soon be encompassed in darkness; but my heart was heavy, and my steps slow paths of the mountain and fixing my feet firmly as I advanced perplexed me, occupied as I was by the emotions which the occurrences of the day had produced the halfway resting-place and seated myself beside the fountain clouds passed from over them; the dark pines rose before me,

and every here and there a broken tree lay on the ground; it was a scene of wonderful solemnity and stirred strange thoughts within me in agony, I exclaimed, “Oh! about to mock me; if ye really pity me, crush sensation and memory; let me become as nought; but if not, depart, depart, and leave me in darkness These were wild and miserable thoughts, but I cannot describe to you how the eternal twinkling of the stars weighed upon me and how I listened to every blast of wind as if it were a dull ugly siroc on its way to consume me village of Chamounix; I took no rest, but returned immediately to Geneva expression to my sensations—they weighed on me with a mountain’s weight and their excess destroyed my agony beneath them house, presented myself to the family.intense alarm, but I answered no question, scarcely did I speak ban—as if I had no right to claim their sympathies—as if never more might I enjoy companionship with them adoration; and to save them, I resolved to dedicate myself to my most abhorred task every other circumstance of existence pass before me like a dream, and that thought only had to me the reality of life me and I saw animals inflecting torture upon me? By degrees, however, these feelings became calmed I entered again into the everyday scene of life, if not with interest, at least Day after day, week after week, passed away on my return to Geneva; and I could not collect the courage to recommence my work disappointed fiend, yet I was unable to overcome my repugnance to the task which was enjoined me female without again devoting several months to profound study and laborious disquisition been made by an English philosopher, the knowledge of which was material to my success, and I sometimes thought of obtaining my father’s consent to visit England for this purpose; but I clung to every pretence of delay and shrank from taking the first step in an undertaking whose immediate necessity began to appear less absolute to me my health, which had hitherto declined, was now much restored; and my spirits, when unchecked by the memory of my unhappy promise, rose proportionably pleasure, and he turned his thoughts towards the best method of eradicating the remains of my melancholy, which every now and then would return by fits, and with a devouring blackness overcast the approaching sunshine in a little boat, watching the clouds and listening to the rippling of the waves, silent and listless failed to restore me to some degree of composure, and on my return I met the salutations of my friends with a readier smile and a more cheerful heart these rambles that my father, calling me aside, thus addressed me, “I am happy to remark, my dear son, that you have resumed your former pleasures and seem to be

returning to yourself as to the cause of this, but yesterday an idea struck me, and if it is well founded, I conjure you to avow it only useless, but draw down treble misery on us all I trembled violently at his exordium, and my father continued— “I confess, my son, that I have always looked forward to your marriage with our dear Elizabeth as the tie of our domestic comfort and the stay of my declining years your earliest infancy; you studied together, and appeared, in dispositions and tastes, entirely suited to one another that what I conceived to be the best assistants to my plan may have entirely destroyed it sister, without any wish that she might become your wife.you may love; and considering yourself as bound in honour to Elizabeth, this struggle may occasion the poignant misery which you appear to feel.“My dear father, reassure yourself Elizabeth does, my warmest admiration and affection entirely bound up in the expectation of our union.“The expression of your sentiments of this subject, my dear Victor, gives me more pleasure than I have for some time experienced happy, however present events may cast a gloom over us have taken so strong a hold of your mind that I wish to dissipate to an immediate solemnisation of the marriage events have drawn us from that everyday tranquillity befitting my years and infirmities possessed as you are of a competent fortune, that an early marriage would at all interfere with any future plans of honour and utility that you may have formed dictate happiness to you or that a delay on your part would cause me any serious uneasiness.answer me, I conjure you, with confidence and sincerity.I listened to my father in silence and remained for some time incapable of offering any reply multitude of thoughts and endeavoured to arrive at some conclusion with my Elizabeth was one of horror and dismay had not yet fulfilled and dared not break, or if I did, what manifold miseries might not impend over me and my devoted family! deadly weight yet hanging round my neck and bowing me to the ground? the monster depart with his mate before I allowed myself to enjoy the delight of a union from which I expected peace upon me of either journeying to England or entering into a long correspondence with those philosophers of that country whose knowledge and discoveries were of indispensable use to me in my present undertaking desired intelligence was dilatory and unsatisfactory; besides, I had an insurmountable aversion to the idea of engaging myself in my loathsome task in my father’s house while in habits of familiar intercourse with those I loved accidents might occur, the slightest of which would disclose a tale to thrill all connected with me with horror lose all self-command, all capacity of hiding the harrowing sensations that would possess me during the progress of my unearthly occupation.achieved, and I might be restored to my family in peace and happiness.to destroy him and put an end to my slavery for ever.but concealing the true reasons of this request, I clothed my desires under a guise which excited no suspicion, while I urged my desire with an earnestness that easily induced my father to comply melancholy that resembled madness in its intensity and effects, he was glad to find that I was capable of taking pleasure in the idea of such a journey, and he hoped that change of scene and varied amusement would, before my return, have restored me entirely to myself.my own choice; a few months, or at most a year, was the period contemplated me, he had, in concert with Elizabeth, This interfered with the solitude I coveted for the prosecution of my task; yet at the commencement of my journey the presence of my

friend could in no way be an impediment, and truly I rejoiced that thus I should be saved many hours of lonely, maddening reflection force his abhorred presence on me to its progress?it was understood that my union with Elizabeth should take place immediately on my return promised myself from my detested toils—one consolation for my unparalleled sufferings; it was the prospect of that day when, enfranchised from my miserable slavery, I might claim Elizabeth and forget the past in my union with her.but one feeling haunted me which filled me with fear and agitation friends unconscious of the existence of their enemy and unprotected from his attacks, exasperated as he might be by my departure wherever I might go, and would he not accompany me to England? itself, but soothing inasmuch as it supposed the safety of my friends.But through the whole period during which I was the slave of my creature I allowed myself to be governed by the impulses of the moment; and my present sensations strongly intimated that the fiend would follow me and exempt my family from the danger of his machinations that I again quitted my native country.and Elizabeth therefore acquiesced, but she was filled with disquiet at the idea of my suffering, away from her, the inroads of misery and grief a companion in Clerval—and yet a man is blind to a thousand minute circumstances which call forth a woman’s sedulous attention.a thousand conflicting emotions rendered her mute as she bade me a tearful, silent farewell.was to convey me away, hardly knowing whither I was going, and careless of what was passing around bitter anguish that I reflected on it, to order that my chemical instruments should be packed to go with me passed through many beautiful and majestic scenes, but my eyes were fixed and unobserving travels and the work which was to occupy me whilst they endured indolence, during which I traversed many leagues, I arrived at Strasburgh, where I waited two days for Clerval when he saw the beauties of the setting sun, and more happy when he beheld it rise and recommence a new day.colours of the landscape and the appearances of the sky wherefore are you desponding and sorrowful!” In truth, I was occupied by gloomy thoughts and neither saw the descent of the evening star nor the golden sunrise reflected in the Rhine more amused with the journal of Clerval, who observed the scenery with an eye of feeling and delight, than in I, a miserable wretch, haunted by a curse that shut up every avenue to enjoyment.boat from Strasburgh to Rotterdam, whence we might take shipping for London.willowy islands and saw several beautiful towns.fifth from our departure from Strasburgh, arrived at Mainz becomes much more picturesque between hills, not high, but steep, and of beautiful forms standing on the edges of precipices, surrounded by black

woods, high and inaccessible presents a singularly variegated landscape ruined castles overlooking tremendous precipices, with the dark Rhine rushing beneath; and on the sudden turn of a promontory, flourishing vineyards with green sloping banks and a meandering river and populous towns occupy the scene Even I, depressed in mind, and my spirits continually agitated by gloomy feelings, even I was pleased and as I gazed on the cloudless blue sky, I seemed to drink in a tranquillity to which I had long been a stranger to Fairy-land and enjoyed a happiness seldom tasted by man most beautiful scenes of my own country; I have visited the lakes of Lucerne and Uri, where the snowy mountains descend almost perpendicularly to the water, casting black and impenetrable shades, which would cause a gloomy and mournful appearance were it not for the most verdant islands that relieve the eye by their gay appearance; I have seen this lake agitated by a tempest, when the wind tore up whirlwinds of water and gave you an idea of what the water-spout must be on the great ocean; and the waves dash with fury the base of the mountain, where the priest and his mistress were overwhelmed by an avalanche and where their dying voices are still said to be heard amid the pauses of the nightly wind; I have seen the mountains of La Valais, and the Pays de Vaud; but this country, Victor, pleases me more than all those wonders more majestic and strange, but there is a charm in the banks of this divine river that I never before saw equalled.precipice; and that also on the island, almost concealed amongst the foliage of those lovely trees; and now that group of labourers coming from among their vines; and that village half hid in the recess of the mountain guards this place has a soul more in harmony with man than those who pile the glacier or retire to the inaccessible peaks of the mountains of our own country words and to dwell on the praise of which you are so eminently deserving ” His wild and enthusiastic imagination was chastened by the sensibility of his heart affections, and his friendship was of that devoted and wondrous nature that the worldly-minded teach us to look for only in the imagination sufficient to satisfy his eager mind which others regard only with admiration, he loved with ardour: — ——The sounding cataract Haunted him like a passion: The tall rock, The mountain, and the deep and gloomy wood, Their colours and their forms, were then to him An appetite; a feeling, and a love, That had no need of a remoter charm, By thought supplied, or any interest Unborrow’d from the eye imaginations fanciful and magnificent, which formed a world, whose existence depended on the life of its creator;—has this mind perished? divinely wrought, and beaming with beauty, has decayed, but your spirit still visits and consoles your unhappy friend ineffectual words are but a slight tribute to the unexampled worth of Henry, but they soothe my heart, overflowing with the anguish which his remembrance creates plains of Holland; and we resolved to post the remainder

of our way, for the wind was contrary and the stream of the river was too gentle to aid us arising from beautiful scenery, but we arrived in a few days at Rotterdam, whence we proceeded by sea to England latter days of December, that I first saw the white cliffs of Britain scene; they were flat but fertile, and almost every town was marked by the remembrance of some story Spanish Armada, Gravesend, Woolwich, and Greenwich—places which I had heard of even in my country Paul’s towering above all, and the Tower famed in English history London was our present point of rest; we determined to remain several months in this wonderful and celebrated city men of genius and talent who flourished at this time, but this was with me a secondary object; I was principally occupied with the means of obtaining the information necessary for the completion of my promise and quickly availed myself of the letters of introduction that I had brought with me, addressed to the most distinguished natural philosophers my days of study and happiness, it would have afforded me inexpressible pleasure existence, and I only visited these people for the sake of the information they might give me on the subject in which my interest was so terribly profound I could fill my mind with the sights of heaven and earth; the voice of Henry soothed me, and I could thus cheat myself into a transitory peace brought back despair to my heart between me and my fellow men; this barrier was sealed with the blood of William and Justine, and to reflect on the events connected with those names filled my soul with anguish former self; he was inquisitive and anxious to gain experience and instruction observed was to him an inexhaustible source of instruction and amusement belief that he had in his knowledge of its various languages, and in the views he had taken of its society, the means of materially assisting the progress of European colonization and trade.I tried to conceal this as much as possible, that I might not debar him from the pleasures natural to one who was entering on a new scene of life, I often refused to accompany him, alleging another engagement, that I might remain alone materials necessary for my new creation, and this was to me like the torture of single drops of water continually falling on the head was an extreme anguish, and every word that I spoke in allusion to it caused my lips to quiver, and my heart to palpitate received a letter from a person in Scotland who had formerly been our visitor at Geneva country and asked us if those were not sufficient allurements to induce us to prolong our journey as far north as Perth, where he resided invitation, and I, although I abhorred society, wished to view again mountains and streams and all the wondrous works with which Nature adorns her chosen dwelling-places beginning of October, and it was now February our journey towards the north at the expiration of another month follow the great road to Edinburgh, but to visit Windsor, Oxford, Matlock, and the Cumberland lakes, resolving to arrive at the completion of this tour about the end of July.the materials I had collected, resolving to finish my labours in some obscure nook in the northern highlands of Scotland and remained a few days at Windsor, rambling in its

beautiful forest mountaineers; the majestic oaks, the quantity of game, and the herds of stately deer were all novelties to us filled with the remembrance of the events that had been transacted there more than a century and a half before. Had collected his forces.after the whole nation had forsaken his cause to join the standard of Parliament and liberty.his companions, the amiable Falkland, the insolent Goring, his queen, and son, gave a peculiar interest to every part of the city which they might be supposed to have inhabited dwelling here, and we delighted to trace its footsteps.imaginary gratification, the appearance of the city had yet in itself sufficient beauty to obtain our admiration.picturesque; the streets are almost magnificent; and the lovely Isis, which flows beside it through meadows of exquisite verdure, is spread forth into a placid expanse of waters, which reflects its majestic assemblage of towers, and spires, and domes, embosomed among aged trees enjoyment was embittered both by the memory of the past and the anticipation of the future never visited my mind, and if I was ever overcome byennui, the sight of what is beautiful in nature or the study of what is excellent and sublime in the productions of man could always interest my heart and communicate elasticity to my spirits entered my soul; and I felt then that I should survive to exhibit what I shall soon cease to be—a miserable spectacle of wrecked humanity, pitiable to others and intolerable to myself Oxford, rambling among its environs and endeavouring to identify every spot which might relate to the most animating epoch of English history often prolonged by the successive objects that presented themselves Hampden and the field on which that patriot fell its debasing and miserable fears to contemplate the divine ideas of liberty and self-sacrifice of which these sights were the monuments and the remembrancers chains and look around me with a free and lofty spirit, but the iron had eaten into my flesh, and I sank again, trembling and hopeless, into my miserable self proceeded to Matlock, which was our next place of rest this village resembled, to a greater degree, the scenery of Switzerland; but everything is on a lower scale, and the green hills want the crown of distant white Alps which always attend on the piny mountains of my native country little cabinets of natural history, where the curiosities are disposed in the same manner as in the collections at Servox and Chamounix pronounced by Henry, and I hastened to quit Matlock, with which that terrible scene was thus associated northwards, we passed two months in Cumberland and Westmorland lingered on the northern sides of the mountains, the lakes, and

the dashing of the rocky streams were all familiar and dear sights to me who almost contrived to cheat me into happiness proportionably greater than mine; his mind expanded in the company of men of talent, and he found in his own nature greater capacities and resources than he could have imagined himself to have possessed while he associated with his inferiors me; “and among these mountains I should scarcely But he found that a traveller’s life is one that includes much pain amidst its enjoyments stretch; and when he begins to sink into repose, he finds himself obliged to quit that on which he rests in pleasure for something new, which again engages his attention, and which also he forsakes for other novelties lakes of Cumberland and Westmorland and conceived an affection for some of the inhabitants when the period of our appointment with our Scotch friend approached, and we left them to travel on time, and I feared the effects of the daemon’s disappointment wreak his vengeance on my relatives at every moment from which I might otherwise have snatched repose and peace impatience; if they were delayed I was miserable and overcome by a thousand fears; and when they arrived and I saw the superscription of Elizabeth or my father, I hardly dared to read and ascertain my fate followed me and might expedite my remissness by murdering my companion would not quit Henry for a moment, but followed him as his shadow, to protect him from the fancied rage of his destroyer crime, the consciousness of which haunted me down a horrible curse upon my head, as mortal as that of crime and mind; and yet that city might have interested the most unfortunate being Oxford, for the antiquity of the latter city was more pleasing to him new town of Edinburgh, its romantic castle and its environs, the most delightful in the world, Arthur’s Seat, St Bernard’s Well, and the Pentland Hills, compensated him for the change and filled him with cheerfulness and admiration Andrew’s, and along the banks of the But I was in no mood to laugh and talk with strangers or enter into their feelings or plans with the good humour expected from a guest; and accordingly I I may be absent a month or two; but do not interfere with my motions, I entreat you; leave me to peace and solitude for a short time; and when I return, I hope it will be with a lighter heart, more congenial to your own temper Henry wished to dissuade me, but seeing me bent on this plan, ceased to remonstrate “in your solitary rambles, than with these Scotch people, whom I do not know; that I may again feel myself somewhat at home, which I cannot do in your absence Having parted from my friend, I determined to visit some remote spot of Scotland and finish my work in solitude followed me and would discover himself to me when I should have finished, that he might receive his companion northern highlands and fixed on one of the remotest of the Orkneys as the scene of my labours being hardly more than a rock whose high sides were continually beaten upon by the waves pasture for a few miserable cows, and oatmeal for its inhabitants, which consisted of five persons, whose gaunt and scraggy limbs gave tokens of their miserable fare.indulged in such luxuries, and even fresh water, was to be procured from the mainland, which was about five miles distant three miserable huts, and one of these was vacant when I arrived

exhibited all the squalidness of the most miserable penury were unplastered, and the door was off its hinges some furniture, and took possession, an incident which would doubtless have occasioned some surprise had not all the senses of the cottagers been benumbed by want and squalid poverty unmolested, hardly thanked for the pittance of food and clothes which I gave, so much does suffering blunt even the coarsest sensations of men to labour; but in the evening, when the weather permitted, I walked on the stony beach of the sea to listen to the waves as they roared and dashed at my feet different from this desolate and appalling landscape its cottages are scattered thickly in the plains gentle sky, and when troubled by the winds, their tumult is but as the play of a lively infant when compared to the roarings of the giant ocean occupations when I first arrived, but as I proceeded in my labour, it became every day more horrible and irksome to me to enter my laboratory for several days, and at other times I toiled day and night in order to complete my work.enthusiastic frenzy had blinded me to the horror of my employment; my mind was intently fixed on the consummation of my labour, and my eyes were shut to the horror of my proceedings my heart often sickened at the work of my hands detestable occupation, immersed in a solitude where nothing could for an instant call my attention from the actual scene in which I was engaged, my spirits became unequal; I grew restless and nervous the ground, fearing to raise them lest they should encounter the object which I so much dreaded to behold fellow creatures lest when alone he should come to claim his companion labour was already considerably advanced with a tremulous and eager hope, which I dared not trust myself to question but which was intermixed with obscure forebodings of evil that made my heart sicken in my bosom sun had set, and the moon was just rising from the sea; I had not sufficient light for my employment, and I remained idle, in a pause of consideration of whether I should leave my labour for the night or hasten its conclusion by an unremitting attention to it occurred to me which led me to consider the effects of what I was now doing the same manner and had created a fiend whose unparalleled barbarity had desolated my heart and filled it for ever with the bitterest remorse of whose dispositions I was alike ignorant; she might become ten thousand times more malignant than her mate and delight, for its own sake, in murder and wretchedness of man and hide himself in deserts, but she had not; and she, who in all probability was to become a thinking and reasoning animal, might refuse to comply with a compact made before her creation creature who already lived loathed his own deformity, and might he not conceive a greater abhorrence for it when it came before his eyes in the female form? him to the superior beauty of man; she might quit him, and he be again alone, exasperated by the fresh provocation of Even if they were to leave Europe and inhabit the deserts of the new world, yet one of the first results of those sympathies for which the

daemon thirsted would be children, and a race of devils would be propagated upon the earth who might make the very existence of the species of man a condition precarious and full of terror inflict this curse upon everlasting generations? of the being I had created; I had been struck senseless by his fiendish threats; but now, for the first time, the wickedness of my promise burst upon me; I shuddered to think that future ages might curse me as their pest, whose selfishness had not hesitated to buy its own peace at the price, perhaps, of the existence of the whole human race me, when, on looking up, I saw by the light of the moon the daemon at the casement gazed on me, where I sat fulfilling the task which he had allotted to me he had loitered in forests, hid himself in caves, or taken refuge in wide and desert heaths; and he now came to mark my progress and claim the fulfilment of my promise on my promise of creating another like to him, and trembling with passion, tore to pieces the thing on which I was engaged.on whose future existence he depended for happiness, and with a howl of devilish despair and revenge, withdrew made a solemn vow in my own heart never to resume my labours; and then, with I was alone; none were near me to dissipate the gloom and relieve me from the sickening oppression of the most terrible reveries near my window gazing on the sea; it was almost motionless, for the winds were hushed, and all nature reposed under the eye of the quiet moon water, and now and then the gentle breeze wafted the sound of voices as the fishermen called to one another hardly conscious of its extreme profundity, until my ear was suddenly arrested by the paddling of oars near the shore, and a person landed close to my house creaking of my door, as if some one endeavoured to open it softly presentiment of who it was and wished to rouse one of the peasants who dwelt in a cottage not far from mine; but I was overcome by the sensation of helplessness, so often felt in frightful dreams, when you in vain endeavour to fly from an impending danger, and was rooted to the spot footsteps along the passage; the door opened, and the wretch whom I dreaded appeared said in a smothered voice, “You have destroyed the work which you began; what is it that you intend? Switzerland with you; I crept along the shores of the Rhine, among its willow islands and over the summits of its hills of England and among the deserts of Scotland and cold, and hunger; do you dare destroy my hopes? create another like yourself, equal in deformity and wickedness “Slave, I before reasoned with you, but you have proved yourself unworthy of my condescension yourself miserable, but I can make you so wretched that the light of day will be hateful to you “The hour of my irresolution is past, and the period of your power is arrived act of wickedness; but they confirm me in a determination of not creating you a companion in vice the earth a daemon whose delight is in death and wretchedness? >> We will now take another 20 minute break. Thank you The monster saw my determination in my face and gnashed his teeth

in the impotence of anger

wife for his bosom, and each beast have his mate, and I be

alone?

were requited by detestation and scorn

misery, and soon the bolt will fall which must ravish from you your happiness for ever the intensity of my wretchedness? revenge remains—revenge, henceforth dearer than light or food! tormentor, shall curse the sun that gazes on your misery snake, that I may sting with its venom “Devil, cease; and do not poison the air with these sounds of malice and I am no coward to bend beneath words I started forward and exclaimed, “Villain! sure that you are yourself safe I would have seized him, but he eluded me and quitted the house with precipitation which shot across the waters with an arrowy swiftness and was soon lost amidst the waves murderer of my peace and precipitate him into the ocean and perturbed, while my imagination conjured up a thousand images to torment and sting me with him in mortal strife? he had directed his course towards the mainland next victim sacrificed to his insatiate revenge words—“I will be with you on your wedding-night.” That, then, was the period fixed for the fulfilment of my destiny satisfy and extinguish his malice yet when I thought of my beloved Elizabeth, of her tears and endless sorrow, when she should find her lover so barbarously snatched from her, tears, the first I had shed for many months, streamed from my eyes, and I resolved not to fall before my enemy without a bitter struggle from the ocean; my feelings became calmer, if it may be called calmness when the violence of rage sinks into the depths of despair

the last night’s contention, and walked on the beach of the sea, which I almost regarded as an insuperable barrier between me and my fellow creatures; nay, a wish that such should prove the fact stole across me that barren rock, wearily, it is true, but uninterrupted by any sudden shock of misery.or to see those whom I most loved die under the grasp of a daemon whom I had myself created spectre, separated from all it loved and miserable in the separation higher, I lay down on the grass and was overpowered by a deep sleep preceding night, my nerves were agitated, and my eyes inflamed by watching and misery refreshed me; and when I awoke, I again felt as if I belonged to a race of human beings like myself, and I began to reflect upon what had passed with greater composure; yet still the words of the fiend rang in my ears like a death-knell; they appeared like a dream, yet distinct and oppressive as a reality sat on the shore, satisfying my appetite, which had become ravenous, with an oaten cake, when I saw a fishing-boat land close to me, and one of the men brought me a packet; it contained letters from Geneva, and one from Clerval entreating me to join him time fruitlessly where he was, that letters from the friends he had formed in London desired his return to complete the negotiation they had entered into for his Indian enterprise departure; but as his journey to London might be followed, even sooner than he now conjectured, by his longer voyage, he entreated me to bestow as much of my society on him as I could spare solitary isle and to meet him at Perth, that we might proceed southwards together life, and I determined to quit my island at the expiration of two days.task to perform, on which I shuddered to reflect; I must pack up my chemical instruments, and for that purpose I must The next morning, at daybreak, I summoned sufficient courage and unlocked The remains of the half-finished creature, whom I had destroyed, lay scattered on the floor, and I almost felt as if I had mangled the living flesh of a human being instruments out of the room, but I reflected that I ought not to leave the relics of my work to excite the horror and suspicion of the peasants; and I accordingly put them into a basket, with a great quantity of stones, and laying them up, determined to throw them into the sea that very night; and in the meantime I sat upon the beach, employed in cleaning and arranging my chemical apparatus alteration that had taken place in my feelings since the night of the appearance of the daemon gloomy despair as a thing that, with whatever consequences, must be fulfilled; but I now felt as if a film had been taken from before my eyes and that I for the first time saw clearly for one instant occur to me; the threat I had heard weighed on my thoughts, but I did not reflect that a voluntary act of mine could avert it create another like the fiend I had first made would be an act of the basest and most atrocious selfishness, and I banished from my mind every thought that could lead to a different conclusion the moon rose; and I then, putting my basket aboard a little skiff, sailed out about four miles from the shore boats were returning towards land, but I sailed away from them of a dreadful crime and avoided with shuddering anxiety any encounter with my fellow creatures been clear, was suddenly overspread by a thick cloud, and I took advantage of the moment of darkness and cast my basket into the sea; I listened to the gurgling sound as it sank and then sailed away from the spot pure, although chilled by the northeast breeze that was then rising

such agreeable sensations that I resolved to prolong my stay on the water, and fixing the rudder in a direct position, stretched myself at the bottom of the boat obscure, and I heard only the sound of the boat as its keel cut through the waves; the murmur lulled me, and in a short time I slept soundly this situation, but when I awoke I found that the sun had already mounted considerably continually threatened the safety of my little skiff must have driven me far from the coast from which I had embarked quickly found that if I again made the attempt the boat would be instantly filled with water slenderly acquainted with the geography of this part of the world that the sun was of little benefit to me Atlantic and feel all the tortures of starvation or be swallowed up in the immeasurable waters that roared and buffeted around me felt the torment of a burning thirst, a prelude to my other sufferings covered by clouds that flew before the wind, only to be replaced by others; I looked upon the sea; it was to be my grave ” I thought of Elizabeth, of my father, and of Clerval—all left behind, on whom the monster might satisfy his sanguinary and merciless passions despairing and frightful that even now, when the scene is on the point of closing before me for ever, I shudder to reflect on it as the sun declined towards the horizon, the wind died away into a gentle breeze and the sea became free from breakers I felt sick and hardly able to hold the rudder, when suddenly I saw a line of high land towards the south the dreadful suspense I endured for several hours, this sudden certainty of life rushed like a flood of warm joy to my heart, and tears gushed from my eyes strange is that clinging love we have of life even in the excess of misery! of my dress and eagerly steered my course towards the land as I approached nearer I easily perceived the traces of cultivation myself suddenly transported back to the neighbourhood of civilised man land and hailed a steeple which I at length saw issuing from behind a small promontory debility, I resolved to sail directly towards the town, as a place where I could most easily procure nourishment a small neat town and a good harbour, which I entered, my heart bounding with joy at my unexpected escape and arranging the sails, several people crowded towards the spot appearance, but instead of offering me any assistance, whispered together with gestures that at any other time might As it was, I merely remarked that they spoke English, and I therefore addressed them in that language.so kind as to tell me the name of this town and inform me where I am? “You will know that soon enough,” replied a man with a hoarse voice will not prove much to your taste, but you will not be consulted as to your quarters, I promise you I was exceedingly surprised on receiving so rude an answer from a stranger, and I was also disconcerted on perceiving the frowning and angry countenances of his companions Englishmen to receive strangers so inhospitably “I do not know,” said the man, “what the custom of the English may be, but it is the custom of the Irish to hate villains

While this strange dialogue continued, I perceived the crowd rapidly increase curiosity and anger, which annoyed and in some degree alarmed me sound arose from the crowd as they followed and surrounded me, when an ill-looking man approaching tapped me on the shoulder and said, “Come, sir, you must follow me to Mr.? Kirwin’s to give an account of yourself “Ay, sir, free enough for honest folks Kirwin is a magistrate, and you are to give an account of the death of a gentleman who was found murdered here last night This answer startled me, but I presently recovered myself proved; accordingly I followed my conductor in silence and was led to one of the best houses in the town hunger, but being surrounded by a crowd, I thought it politic to rouse all my strength, that no physical debility might be construed into apprehension or conscious guilt that was in a few moments to overwhelm me and extinguish in horror and despair all fear of ignominy or death my fortitude to recall the memory of the frightful events which I am about to relate, in proper detail, to my recollection of the magistrate, an old benevolent man with calm and mild manners degree of severity, and then, turning towards my conductors, he asked who appeared as witnesses on this occasion and, one being selected by the magistrate, he deposed that he had been out fishing the night before with his son and brother-in-law, Daniel Nugent, when, about ten o’clock, they observed a strong northerly blast rising, and they accordingly put in for port had not yet risen; they did not land at the harbour, but, as they had been accustomed, at a creek about two miles below the fishing tackle, and his companions followed him at some distance he struck his foot against something and fell at his length on the ground and by the light of their lantern they found that he had fallen on the body of a man, who was to all appearance dead the corpse of some person who had been drowned and was thrown on shore by the waves, but on examination they found that the clothes were not wet and even that the body was not then cold cottage of an old woman near the spot and endeavoured, but in vain, to restore it to life about five and twenty years of age there was no sign of any violence except the black mark of fingers on his neck not in the least interest me, but when the mark of the fingers was mentioned I remembered the murder of my brother and felt myself extremely agitated; my limbs trembled, and a mist came over my eyes, which obliged me to lean on a chair for support eye and of course drew an unfavourable augury from my manner but when Daniel Nugent was called he swore positively that just before the fall of his companion, he saw a boat, with a single man in it, at a short distance from the shore; and as far as he could judge by the light of a few stars, it was the same boat in which I had just landed beach and was standing at the door of her cottage, waiting for the return of the fishermen, about an hour before she heard of the discovery of the body, when she saw a boat with only one man in it push off from that part of the shore where the corpse was

afterwards found the fishermen having brought the body into her house; it was not cold and Daniel went to the town for an apothecary, but life was quite gone concerning my landing, and they agreed that, with the strong north wind that had arisen during the night, it was very probable that I had beaten about for many hours and had been obliged to return nearly to the same spot from which I had departed that I had brought the body from another place, and it was likely that as I did not appear to know the shore, I might have put into the harbour ignorant of the distance of the town of —— from the place where I had deposited the corpse Kirwin, on hearing this evidence, desired that I should be taken into the room where the body lay for interment, that it might be observed what effect the sight of it would produce upon me extreme agitation I had exhibited when the mode of the murder had been described magistrate and several other persons, to the inn strange coincidences that had taken place during this eventful night; but, knowing that I had been conversing with several persons in the island I had inhabited about the time that the body had been found, I was perfectly tranquil as to the consequences of the affair and was led up to the coffin I reflect on that terrible moment without shuddering and agony magistrate and witnesses, passed like a dream from my memory when I saw the lifeless form of Henry Clerval stretched before me myself on the body, I exclaimed, “Have my murderous machinations deprived you also, my dearest Henry, of life? victims await their destiny; but you, Clerval, my friend, my benefactor—” The human frame could no longer support the agonies that I endured, and I was carried out of the room in strong convulsions death; my ravings, as I afterwards heard, were frightful; I called myself the murderer of William, of Justine, and of Clerval assist me in the destruction of the fiend by whom I was tormented; and at others I felt the fingers of the monster already grasping my neck, and screamed aloud with agony and terror Kirwin alone understood me; but my gestures and bitter cries were sufficient to affright the other witnesses before, why did I not sink into forgetfulness and rest? children, the only hopes of their doting parents; how many brides and youthful lovers have been one day in the bloom of health and hope, and the next a prey for worms and the decay of the tomb! could thus resist so many shocks, which, like the turning of the wheel, continually renewed the torture? two months found myself as awaking from a dream, in a prison, stretched on a wretched bed, surrounded by gaolers, turnkeys, bolts, and all the miserable apparatus of a dungeon awoke to understanding; I had forgotten the particulars of what had happened and only felt as if some great misfortune had suddenly overwhelmed me; but when I looked around and saw the barred windows and the squalidness of the room in which I was, all flashed across my memory and I groaned bitterly was sleeping in a chair beside me of the turnkeys, and her countenance expressed all those bad qualities which often characterise that class rude, like that of persons accustomed to

see without sympathising in sights of misery indifference; she addressed me in English, and the voice struck me as one that I had heard during my sufferings ” said she feeble voice, “I believe I am; but if it be all true, if indeed I did not dream, I am sorry that I am still alive to feel this misery and horror “For that matter,” replied the old woman, “if you mean about the gentleman you murdered, I believe that it were better for you if you were dead, for I fancy it will go hard with you! am sent to nurse you and get you well; I do my duty with a safe conscience; it were well if everybody did the same I turned with loathing from the woman who could utter so unfeeling a speech to a person just saved, on the very edge of death; but I felt languid and unable to reflect on all that had passed me as a dream; I sometimes doubted if indeed it were all true, for it never presented itself to my mind with the force of reality became more distinct, I grew feverish; a darkness pressed around me; no one was near me who soothed me with the gentle voice of love; no dear hand supported me medicines, and the old woman prepared them for me; but utter carelessness was visible in the first, and the expression of brutality was strongly marked in the visage of the second a murderer but the hangman who would gain his fee? Kirwin had shown me extreme kindness prison to be prepared for me ; and it was he who had provided a physician and a nurse for although he ardently desired to relieve the sufferings of every human creature, he did not wish to be present at the agonies and miserable ravings of a murderer that I was not neglected, but his visits were short and with long intervals recovering, I was seated in a chair, my eyes half open and my cheeks livid like those in death often reflected I had better seek death than desire to remain in a world which to me was replete with wretchedness At one time I considered whether I should not declare myself guilty and suffer the penalty of the law, less innocent than poor Justine had been.my apartment was opened and Mr. Kirwin entered compassion; he drew a chair close to mine and addressed me in French, “I fear that this place is very shocking to you; can I do anything to make you more comfortable? ”is nothing to me; on the whole earth there is no comfort which I am capable of receiving ” can be but of little relief to one borne down as you are by so strange a misfortune melancholy abode, for doubtless evidence can easily be brought to free you from the criminal charge “That is my least concern; I am, by a course of strange events, become the most miserable of mortals have been, can death be any evil to me? “Nothing indeed could be more unfortunate and agonising than the strange chances that have lately occurred accident, on this shore, renowned for its hospitality, seized immediately, and charged with murder your eyes was the body of your friend, murdered in so

unaccountable a manner and placed, as it were, by some fiend across your path Kirwin said this, notwithstanding the agitation I endured on this retrospect of my sufferings, I also felt considerable surprise at the knowledge he seemed to possess concerning me.exhibited in my countenance, for Mr. Kirwin hastened to say, “Immediately upon your being taken ill, all the papers that were on your person were brought me, and I examined them that I might discover some trace by which I could send to your relations an account of your misfortune and illness among others, one which I discovered from its commencement to be from your father nearly two months have elapsed since the departure of my letter you are unfit for agitation of any kind ” times worse than the most horrible event; tell me what new scene of death has been acted, and whose murder I am now to lament?“Your family is perfectly well,” said Mr. Kirwin with gentleness; “and someone, a friend, is come to visit you.I know not by what chain of thought the idea presented itself, but it instantly darted into my mind that the murderer had come to mock at my misery and taunt me with the death of Clerval, as a new incitement for me to comply with his hellish desires Kirwin regarded me with a troubled countenance exclamation as a presumption of my guilt and said in rather a severe tone, “I should have thought, young man, that the presence of your father would have been welcome instead of inspiring such violent repugnance ” cried I, while every feature and every muscle was relaxed from anguish to pleasure My change of manner surprised and pleased the magistrate; perhaps he thought that my former exclamation was a momentary return of delirium, and now he instantly resumed his former benevolence nurse, and in a moment my father entered it given me greater pleasure than the arrival of my father cried, “Are you then safe—and Elizabeth—and Ernest? My father calmed me with assurances of their welfare and endeavoured, by dwelling on these subjects so interesting to my heart, to raise my desponding spirits; but he soon felt that a prison cannot be the abode of cheerfulness ” said he, looking mournfully at the barred windows and wretched appearance of the room fatality seems to pursue you unfortunate and murdered friend was an agitation too great to be endured in my weak state; I shed tears destiny of the most horrible kind hangs over me, and I must live to fulfil it, or surely I should have died on the coffin of Henry We were not allowed to converse for any length of time, for the precarious state of my health rendered every precaution Kirwin came in and insisted that my strength should not be exhausted by too much exertion was to me like that of my good angel, and I gradually recovered my health absorbed by a gloomy and black

melancholy that nothing could dissipate ever before me, ghastly and murdered these reflections threw me made my friends dread a destiny, which is now drawing to a close extinguish these throbbings and relieve me from the mighty weight of anguish that bears me to the dust; and, in executing the award of justice, I shall also sink to rest distant, although the wish was ever present to my thoughts; and I often sat for hours motionless and speechless, wishing for some mighty revolution that might bury me and my destroyer in its ruins prison, and although I was still weak and in continual danger of a relapse, I was obliged to travel nearly a hundred miles to the country town where the court was held Kirwin charged himself with every care of collecting witnesses and arranging my defence publicly as a criminal, as the case was not brought before the court that decides on life and death its being proved that I was on the Orkney Islands at the hour the body of my friend was found; and a fortnight after my removal I was liberated from prison freed from the vexations of a criminal charge, that I was again allowed to breathe the fresh atmosphere and permitted to return to my native country feelings, for to me the walls of a dungeon or a palace were alike hateful and although the sun shone upon me, as upon the happy and gay of heart, I saw around me nothing but a dense and frightful darkness, penetrated by no light but the glimmer of two eyes that glared upon me of Henry, languishing in death, the dark orbs nearly covered by the lids and the long black lashes that fringed them; sometimes it was the watery, clouded eyes of the monster, as I first saw them in my chamber at Ingolstadt soon visit, of Elizabeth and Ernest; but these words only drew deep groans from me happiness and thought with melancholy delight of my beloved cousin or longed, with a devouringmaladie du pays, to see once more the blue lake and rapid Rhone, that had been so dear to me in early childhood; but my general state of feeling was a torpor in which a prison was as welcome a residence as the divinest scene in nature; and these fits were seldom interrupted but by paroxysms of anguish and despair put an end to the existence I loathed, and it required unceasing attendance and vigilance to restrain me from committing some dreadful act of violence recollection of which finally triumphed over my selfish despair without delay to Geneva, there to watch over the lives of those I so fondly loved and to lie in wait for the murderer, that if any chance led me to the place of his concealment, or if he dared again to blast me by his presence, I might, with unfailing aim, put an end to the existence of the monstrous image which I had endued with the mockery of a soul still more monstrous.departure, fearful that I could not sustain the fatigues of a journey, for I was a shattered wreck—the shadow of a human being and day preyed upon my wasted frame with such inquietude and impatience, my father thought it best to yield bound for Havre-de-Grace and sailed with a fair wind from the

Irish shores and listening to the dashing of the waves from my sight, and my pulse beat with a feverish joy when I reflected that I should soon see Geneva light of a frightful dream; yet the vessel in which I was, the wind that blew me from the detested shore of Ireland, and the sea which surrounded me, told me too forcibly that I was deceived by no vision and that Clerval, my friend and dearest companion, had fallen a victim to me and the monster of my creation life; my quiet happiness while residing with my family in Geneva, the death of my mother, and my departure for Ingolstadt enthusiasm that hurried me on to the creation of my hideous enemy, and I called to mind the night in which he first lived thought; a thousand feelings pressed upon me, and I wept bitterly I had been in the custom of taking every night a small quantity of laudanum, for it was by means of this drug only that I was enabled to gain the rest necessary for the preservation of life various misfortunes, I now swallowed double my usual quantity and soon slept profoundly from thought and misery; my dreams presented a thousand objects that scared me kind of nightmare; I felt the fiend’s grasp in my neck and could not free myself from it; groans and cries rang in my ears perceiving my restlessness, awoke me; the dashing waves were around, the cloudy sky above, the fiend was not here: A sense of security, a feeling that a truce was established between the present hour and the irresistible, disastrous future imparted to me a kind of calm forgetfulness, of which the human mind is by its structure peculiarly susceptible strength and that I must repose before I could continue my journey.indefatigable, but he did not know the origin of my sufferings and sought erroneous methods to remedy the incurable ill beings, and I felt attracted even to the most repulsive among them, as to creatures of an angelic nature and celestial mechanism.whose joy it was to shed their blood and to revel in their groans.and hunt me from the world, did they know my unhallowed acts and the crimes which had their source in me! my desire to avoid society and strove by various arguments to banish my despair the degradation of being obliged to answer a charge of murder, and he endeavoured to prove to me the futility of pride passions, would indeed be degraded if such a wretch as I felt pride innocent as I, and she suffered the same charge; she died for it; and I am the cause of this—I murdered her My father had often, during my imprisonment, heard me make the same assertion; when I thus accused myself, he sometimes seemed to desire an explanation, and at others he appeared to consider it as the offspring of delirium, and that, during my illness, some idea of this kind had presented itself to my imagination, the remembrance of which I preserved in my convalescence continual silence concerning the wretch I had created supposed mad, and this in itself would for ever have chained my tongue to disclose a secret which would fill my hearer with consternation and make fear and unnatural horror the inmates of his breast thirst for sympathy and was silent when I would have given

the world to have confided the fatal secret.I could offer no explanation of them, but their truth in part relieved the burden of my mysterious woe.an expression of unbounded wonder, “My dearest Victor, what infatuation is this?make such an assertion again “I am not mad,” I cried energetically; “the sun and the heavens, who have viewed my operations, can bear witness of my truth innocent victims; they died by my machinations own blood, drop by drop, to have saved their lives; but I could not, my father, The conclusion of this speech convinced my father that my ideas were deranged, and he instantly changed the subject of our conversation and endeavoured to alter the course of my thoughts.obliterate the memory of the scenes that had taken place in Ireland and never alluded to them or suffered me to speak of my misfortunes more calm; misery had her dwelling in my heart, but I no longer talked in the same incoherent manner of my own crimes; sufficient for me was the consciousness of them.the imperious voice of wretchedness, which sometimes desired to declare itself to the whole world, and my manners were calmer and more composed than they had ever been since my journey to the sea of ice.way to Switzerland, I received the “My dear Friend, “It gave me the greatest pleasure to receive a letter from my uncle dated at Paris; you are no longer at a formidable distance, and I may hope to see you in less than a fortnight must have suffered!ill than when you quitted Geneva.miserably, tortured as I have been by anxious suspense; yet I hope to see peace in your countenance and to find that your heart is not totally void of comfort and tranquillity.exist that made you so miserable a year ago, even perhaps augmented by time.when so many misfortunes weigh upon you, but a conversation that I had with my uncle previous to his departure renders some explanation necessary before we meet Elizabeth have to explain? questions are answered and all my doubts satisfied possible that you may dread and yet be pleased with this explanation; and in a probability of this being the case, I dare not any longer postpone writing what, during your absence, I have often wished to express to you but have never had the courage to begin had been the favourite plan of your parents ever since our infancy taught to look forward to it as an event that would certainly take place childhood, and, I believe, dear and valued friends to one another as we grew older entertain a lively affection towards each other without desiring a more intimate union, may not such also be our case? happiness, with simple truth—Do you not love another? spent several years of your life at Ingolstadt; and I confess to you, my friend, that when I saw you last autumn so unhappy, flying to solitude from the society of every creature, I could not help supposing that you might regret our connection and believe yourself bound in honour to fulfil the wishes of your parents, although they opposed themselves to your inclinations love you and that in my airy dreams of futurity you have been my constant friend and companion desire as well as my own when I declare to you that our marriage would render me eternally miserable unless it were the

dictate of your own free choice down as you are by the cruellest misfortunes, you may stifle, by the wordhonour, all hope of that love and happiness which would alone restore you to yourself affection for you, may increase your miseries tenfold by being an obstacle to your wishes playmate has too sincere a love for you not to be made miserable by this supposition.in this one request, remain satisfied that nothing on earth will have the “Do not let this letter disturb you; do not answer tomorrow, or the next day, or even until you come, if it will give you pain your health, and if I see but one smile on your lips when we meet, occasioned by this or any other exertion of mine, I shall need no other happiness revived in my memory what I had before forgotten, the threat of the fiend—“I will be with you on your wedding-night!Such was my sentence, and on that night would the daemon employ every art to destroy me and tear me from the glimpse of happiness which promised partly to console my sufferings consummate his crimes by my death then assuredly take place, in which if he were victorious I should be at peace and his power over me be at an end family have been massacred before his eyes, his cottage burnt, his lands laid waste, and he is turned adrift, homeless, penniless, and alone, but free my Elizabeth I possessed a treasure, alas, balanced by those horrors of remorse and guilt which would pursue me until death softened feelings stole into my heart and dared to whisper paradisiacal dreams of love and joy; but the apple was already eaten, and the angel’s arm bared to drive me from all hope death was inevitable; yet, again, I considered whether my marriage would hasten my fate few months sooner, but if my torturer should suspect that I postponed it, influenced by his menaces, he would surely find other and perhaps more dreadful means of revenge wedding-night, yet he did not consider that threat as binding him to peace in the meantime, for as if to show me that he was not yet satiated with blood, he had murdered Clerval immediately after the enunciation of his threats immediate union with my cousin would conduce either to hers or my father’s happiness, my adversary’s designs against my life In this state of mind I wrote to Elizabeth “little happiness remains for us on earth; yet all that I may one day enjoy is centred in you you alone do I consecrate my life and my endeavours for contentment dreadful one; when revealed to you, it will chill your frame with horror, and then, far from being surprised at my misery, you will only wonder that I survive what I have endured terror to you the day after our marriage shall take place, for, my sweet cousin, there must be perfect confidence between us and I know you will comply In about a week after the arrival of Elizabeth’s letter we returned to Geneva affection, yet tears were in her eyes as she beheld my emaciated frame and feverish cheeks that heavenly vivacity that had before charmed me; but her gentleness and soft looks of compassion made her a more fit companion for one blasted and miserable as I was when I thought of what had passed, a real insanity possessed me; sometimes I was furious and burnt with rage, sometimes low and despondent but sat motionless, bewildered by the

multitude of miseries that overcame me me from these fits; her gentle voice would soothe me when transported by passion and inspire me with human feelings when sunk in torpor remonstrate and endeavour to inspire me with resignation resigned, but for the guilty there is no peace luxury there is otherwise sometimes found in indulging the excess of grief.of my immediate marriage with Elizabeth.our union with delight.it I will consecrate myself, in life or death, to the happiness of my cousin “My dear Victor, do not speak thus let us only cling closer to what remains and transfer our love for those whom we have lost to those who yet live close by the ties of affection and mutual misfortune despair, new and dear objects of care will be born to replace those of whom we have been so cruelly deprived Such were the lessons of my father returned; nor can you wonder that, omnipotent as the fiend had yet been in his deeds of blood, I should almost regard him as invincible, and that when he had pronounced the words “I shall be with you on your wedding-night,” I should regard the threatened fate as unavoidable of Elizabeth were balanced with it, and I therefore, with a contented and even cheerful countenance, agreed with my father that if my cousin would consent, the ceremony should take place in ten days, and thus put, as I imagined, the seal to my fate might be the hellish intention of my fiendish adversary, I would rather have banished myself for ever from my native country and wandered a friendless outcast over the earth than have consented to this miserable marriage the monster had blinded me to his real intentions; and when I thought that I had prepared only my own death, I hastened that of a far dearer victim.drew nearer, whether from cowardice or a prophetic feeling, I felt my heart sink within me.appearance of hilarity that brought smiles and joy to the countenance of my father, but hardly deceived the ever-watchful and nicer eye of Elizabeth placid contentment, not unmingled with a little fear, which past misfortunes had impressed, that what now appeared certain and tangible happiness might soon dissipate into an airy dream and leave no trace but deep and everlasting regret congratulatory visits were received, and all wore a smiling appearance own heart the anxiety that preyed there and entered with seeming earnestness into the plans of my father, although they might only serve as the decorations of my tragedy the inheritance of Elizabeth had been restored to her by the Austrian government our union, we should proceed to Villa Lavenza and spend our first days of happiness beside the beautiful lake near which it stood.to defend my person in case the fiend should openly attack me constantly about me and was ever on the watch to prevent artifice, and by these means gained a greater degree of tranquillity threat appeared more as a delusion, not to be regarded as worthy to disturb my peace, while the happiness I hoped for in my marriage wore a greater appearance of certainty as the day fixed for its solemnisation drew nearer and I heard it continually spoken of as an occurrence which no accident could possibly prevent demeanour contributed greatly to calm her mind wishes and my destiny, she was melancholy, and a presentiment of evil pervaded her; and perhaps also she thought of the dreadful secret which I had promised to reveal to her on the following day overjoyed, and, in the bustle of preparation, only recognised in

the melancholy of his niece the diffidence of a bride large party assembled at my father’s, but it was agreed that Elizabeth and I should commence our journey by water, sleeping that night at Evian and continuing our voyage on the following day.Those were the last moments of my life during which I enjoyed the feeling of happiness hot, but we were sheltered from its rays by a kind of canopy while we enjoyed the beauty of the scene, sometimes on one side of the lake, where we saw Mont Salêve, the pleasant banks of Montalègre, and at a distance, surmounting all, the beautiful Mont Blanc, and the assemblage of snowy mountains that in vain endeavour to emulate her; sometimes coasting the opposite banks, we saw the mighty Jura opposing its dark side to the ambition that would quit its native country, and an almost insurmountable barrier to the invader who should wish to enslave it what I may yet endure, you would endeavour to let me taste the quiet and freedom from despair that this one day at least permits me to enjoy “Be happy, my dear Victor,” replied Elizabeth; “there is, I hope, nothing to distress you; and be assured that if a lively joy is not painted in my face, my heart is contented too much on the prospect that is opened before us, but I will not listen to such a sinister voice the clouds, which sometimes obscure and sometimes rise above the dome of Mont Look also at the innumerable fish that are swimming in the clear waters, where we can distinguish every pebble that lies at the bottom Thus Elizabeth endeavoured to divert her thoughts and mine from all reflection upon melancholy subjects a few instants shone in her eyes, but it continually gave place to distraction and reverie passed the river Drance and observed its path through the chasms of the higher and the glens of the lower hills and we approached the amphitheatre of mountains which forms its eastern boundary woods that surrounded it and the range of mountain above mountain by which it was overhung along with amazing rapidity, sank at sunset to a light breeze; the soft air just ruffled the water and caused a pleasant motion among the trees as we approached the shore, from which it wafted the most delightful scent of flowers and hay.landed, and as I touched the shore I felt those cares and fears revive which soon were to clasp me and cling to me for ever landed; we walked for a short time on the shore, enjoying the transitory light, and then retired to the inn and contemplated the lovely scene of waters, woods, and mountains, obscured in darkness, yet still displaying their black outlines south, now rose with great violence in the west heavens and was beginning to descend; the clouds swept across it swifter than the flight of the vulture and dimmed her rays, while the lake reflected the scene of the busy heavens, rendered still busier by the restless waves that were beginning to rise soon as night obscured the shapes of objects, a thousand fears arose in my mind right hand grasped a pistol which was hidden in my bosom; every sound terrified me, but I resolved that I would sell my life dearly and not shrink from the conflict until my own life or that of my adversary was extinguished some time in timid and fearful silence, but there was something in my glance which communicated terror to her, and trembling, she asked, “What is it that agitates you, my dear Victor? “this night, and all will be safe; but this night is

dreadful, very dreadful I passed an hour in this state of mind, when suddenly I reflected how fearful the combat which I momentarily expected would be to my wife, and I earnestly entreated her to retire, resolving not to join her until I had obtained some knowledge as to the situation of my enemy walking up and down the passages of the house and inspecting every corner that might afford a retreat to my adversary was beginning to conjecture that some fortunate chance had intervened to prevent the execution of his menaces when suddenly I heard a shrill and dreadful scream into my mind, my arms dropped, the motion of every muscle and fibre was suspended; I could feel the blood trickling in my veins and tingling in the extremities of my limbs the scream was repeated, and I rushed into the room of the best hope and the purest creature on earth? thrown across the bed, her head hanging down and her pale and distorted features half covered by her hair figure—her bloodless arms and relaxed form flung by the murderer on its bridal bier recollection; I fell senseless on the ground surrounded by the people of the inn; their countenances expressed a breathless terror, but the horror of others appeared only as a mockery, a shadow of the feelings that oppressed me lay the body of Elizabeth, my love, my wife, so lately living, so dear, so worthy which I had first beheld her, and now, as she lay, her head upon her arm and a handkerchief thrown across her face and neck, I might have supposed her asleep with ardour, but the deadly languor and coldness of the limbs told me that what I now held in my arms had ceased to be the Elizabeth whom I had loved and cherished was on her neck, and the breath had ceased to issue from her lips agony of despair, I happened to look up darkened, and I felt a kind of panic on seeing the pale yellow light of the moon The shutters had been thrown back, and with a sensation of horror not to be described, I saw at the open window a figure the most hideous and abhorred.he seemed to jeer, as with his fiendish finger he pointed towards the corpse of my wife drawing a pistol from my bosom, fired; but he eluded me, leaped from his station, and running with the swiftness of lightning, plunged into the lake disappeared, and we followed the track with boats; nets were cast, but in vain.returned hopeless, most of my companions believing it to have been a form conjured up by my fancy.search the country, parties going in different directions among the woods and vines proceeded a short distance from the house, but my head whirled round, my steps were like those of a drunken man, I fell at last in a state of utter

exhaustion; a film covered my eyes, and my skin was parched with the heat of fever placed on a bed, hardly conscious of what had happened; my eyes wandered round the room as if to seek something that I had lost as if by instinct, crawled into the room where the corpse of my beloved lay over it and joined my sad tears to theirs; all this time no distinct idea presented itself to my mind, but my thoughts rambled to various subjects, reflecting confusedly on my misfortunes and their cause Justine, the murder of Clerval, and lastly of my wife; even at that moment I knew not that my only remaining friends were safe from the malignity of the fiend; my father even now might be writhing under his grasp, and Ernest might be dead at his feet I started up and resolved to return to Geneva with all possible speed.and I must return by the lake; but the wind was unfavourable, and the rain fell in torrents.might reasonably hope to arrive by night myself, for I had always experienced relief from mental torment in bodily exercise and the excess of agitation that I endured rendered me incapable of any exertion leaning my head upon my hands, gave way to every gloomy idea that arose which were familiar to me in my happier time and which I had contemplated but the day before in the company of her who was now but a shadow and a recollection saw the fish play in the waters as they had done a few hours before; they had then been observed by Elizabeth as a great and sudden change lower, but nothing could appear to me as it had done the day before every hope of future happiness; no creature had ever been so miserable as I was; so frightful an event is single in the history of man incidents that followed this last overwhelming event? reached theiracme, and what I must now relate can but be tedious to you friends were snatched away; I was left desolate must tell, in a few words, what remains of my hideous narration former sunk under the tidings that I bore for they had lost their charm and their delight—his Elizabeth, his more than daughter, whom he doted on with all that affection which a man feels, who in the decline of life, having few affections, clings more earnestly to those that remain brought misery on his grey hairs and doomed him to waste in wretchedness! that were accumulated around him; the springs of existence suddenly gave way; he was unable to rise from his bed, and in a few days he died in my arms chains and darkness were the only objects that pressed upon me wandered in flowery meadows and pleasant vales with the friends of my youth, but I awoke and found myself in a dungeon gained a clear conception of my miseries

and situation and was then released from my prison many months, as I understood, a solitary cell had been my habitation gift to me, had I not, as I awakened to reason, at the same time awakened to revenge pressed upon me, I began to reflect on their cause—the monster whom I had created, the miserable daemon whom I had sent abroad into the world for my destruction when I thought of him, and desired and ardently prayed that I might have him within my grasp to wreak a great and signal revenge on his cursed head useless wishes; I began to reflect on the best means of securing him; and for this purpose, about a month after my release, I repaired to a criminal judge in the town and told him that I had an accusation to make, that I knew the destroyer of my family, and that I required him to exert his whole authority for the apprehension of the murderer or exertions on my part shall be spared to discover the villain “I thank you,” replied I; “listen, therefore, to the deposition that I have to make should fear you would not credit it were there not something in truth which, however wonderful, forces conviction mistaken for a dream, and I have no motive for falsehood ” My manner as I thus addressed him was impressive but calm; I had formed in my own heart a resolution to pursue my destroyer to death, and this purpose quieted my agony and for an interval reconciled me to life with firmness and precision, marking the dates with accuracy and never deviating The magistrate appeared at first perfectly incredulous, but as I continued he became more attentive and interested; I saw him sometimes shudder with horror; at others a lively surprise, unmingled with disbelief, was When I had concluded my narration, I said, “This is the being whom I accuse and for whose seizure and punishment I call upon you to exert your whole power and I believe and hope that your feelings as a man will not revolt from the execution of those functions on this occasion.This address caused a considerable change in the physiognomy of my own auditor kind of belief that is given to a tale of spirits and supernatural events; but when he was called upon to act officially in consequence, the whole tide of his incredulity returned willingly afford you every aid in your pursuit, but the creature of whom you speak appears to have powers which would put all my exertions to defiance can traverse the sea of ice and inhabit caves and dens where no man would venture to intrude?the commission of his crimes, and no one can conjecture to what place he has wandered or what region he may now inhabit.” spot which I inhabit, and if he has indeed taken refuge in the Alps, he may be hunted like the chamois and destroyed as a beast of prey.not credit my narrative and do not intend to pursue my enemy with the punishment which is his desert As I spoke, rage sparkled in my eyes; the magistrate was intimidated my power to seize the monster, be

assured that he shall suffer punishment proportionate to his crimes yourself described to be his properties, that this will prove impracticable; and thus, while every proper measure is pursued, you should make up your mind to disappointment ” can say will be of little avail while I allow it to be a vice, I confess that it is the devouring and only passion of my soul that the murderer, whom I have turned loose upon society, still exists have but one resource, and I devote myself, either in my life or death, to his destruction.I trembled with excess of agitation as I said this; there was a frenzy in my manner, and something, I doubt not, of that haughty fierceness which the martyrs of old are said to have possessed was occupied by far other ideas than those of devotion and heroism, this elevation of mind had much the appearance of madness does a child and reverted to my tale as the effects of delirium I broke from the house angry and disturbed and retired to meditate on some other mode of action all voluntary thought was swallowed up and lost alone endowed me with strength and composure; it moulded my feelings and allowed me to be calculating and calm at periods when otherwise delirium or death would have been my portion Geneva for ever; my country, which, when I was happy and beloved, was dear to me, now, in my adversity, became hateful together with a few jewels which had belonged to my mother, and departed to cease but with life of the earth and have endured all the hardships which travellers in deserts and barbarous countries are wont to meet die and leave my adversary in being.was to gain some clue by which I might trace the steps of my fiendish enemy.wandered many hours round the confines of the town, uncertain what path I should pursue the entrance of the cemetery where William, Elizabeth, and my father reposed of the trees, which were gently agitated by the wind; the night was nearly dark, and the scene would have been solemn and affecting even to an uninterested observer flit around and to cast a shadow, which was felt but not seen, around the head of the mourner first excited quickly gave way to rage and despair murderer also lived, and to destroy him I must drag out my weary existence earth and with quivering lips exclaimed, “By the sacred earth on which I kneel, by the shades that wander near me, by the deep and eternal grief that I feel, I swear; and by thee, O Night, and the spirits that preside over thee, to pursue the daemon who caused this misery, until he or I shall perish in mortal conflict life; to execute this dear revenge will I again behold the sun and tread the green herbage of earth, which otherwise should

vanish from my eyes for ever and on you, wandering ministers of vengeance, to aid and conduct me in my work drink deep of agony; let him feel the despair that now torments me I had begun my adjuration with solemnity and an awe which almost assured me that the shades of my murdered friends heard and approved my devotion, but the furies possessed me as I concluded, and rage choked my utterance night by a loud and fiendish laugh the mountains re-echoed it, and I felt as if all hell surrounded me with mockery and laughter been possessed by frenzy and have destroyed my miserable existence but that my vow was heard and that I was reserved for vengeance.well-known and abhorred voice, apparently close to my ear, addressed me in an audible whisper, “I am satisfied, miserable wretch! I darted towards the spot from which the sound proceeded, but the devil eluded my grasp arose and shone full upon his ghastly and distorted shape as he fled with more than mortalI pursued him, and for many months this has been my task windings of the Rhone, but vainly a strange chance, I saw the fiend enter by night and hide himself in a vessel bound for the Black Sea he escaped, I know not how although he still evaded me, I have ever followed in his track by this horrid apparition, informed me of his path; sometimes he himself, who feared that if I lost all trace of him I should despair and die, left some mark to guide me saw the print of his huge step on the white plain care is new and agony unknown, how can you understand what I have felt and still feel? pains which I was destined to endure; I was cursed by some devil and carried about with me my eternal hell; yet still a spirit of good followed and directed my steps and when I most murmured would suddenly extricate me from seemingly insurmountable difficulties hunger, sank under the exhaustion, a repast was prepared for me in the desert that restored and inspirited me the peasants of the country ate, but I will not doubt that it was set there by the spirits that I had invoked to aid me cloudless, and I was parched by thirst, a slight cloud would bedim the sky, shed the few drops that revived me, and vanish of the rivers; but the daemon generally avoided these, as it was here that the population of the country chiefly collected seldom seen, and I generally subsisted on the wild animals that crossed my path friendship of the villagers by distributing it; or I brought with me some food that I had killed, which, after taking a small part, I always presented to those who had provided me with fire and utensils for cooking hateful to me, and it was during sleep alone that I could taste joy repose, and my dreams lulled me even to rapture provided these moments, or rather hours, of happiness that I might retain strength to fulfil my pilgrimage.sunk under my hardships inspirited by the hope of night, for in sleep I saw my friends, my wife, and my beloved country; again I saw the benevolent countenance of my father, heard the silver tones of my Elizabeth’s voice, and beheld Clerval enjoying health and youth march, I persuaded myself that I was dreaming until night should come and that I should then enjoy reality in the arms of my dearest friends sometimes they haunted even my waking hours, and persuade

myself that they still lived! within me, died in my heart, and I pursued my path towards the destruction of the daemon more as a task enjoined by heaven, as the mechanical impulse of some power of which I was unconscious, than as the ardent desire of my soul writing on the barks of the trees or cut in stone that guided me and instigated my fury words were legible in one of these inscriptions—“you live, and my power is complete of the north, where you will feel the misery of cold and frost, to which I am impassive follow not too tardily, a dead hare; eat and be refreshed wrestle for our lives, but many hard and miserable hours must you endure until that period shall arrive devote thee, miserable fiend, to torture and death or I perish; and then with what ecstasy shall I join my Elizabeth and my departed friends, who even now prepare for me the reward of my tedious toil and horrible pilgrimage! northward, the snows thickened and the cold increased in a degree almost too severe to support hovels, and only a few of the most hardy ventured forth to seize the animals whom starvation had forced from their hiding-places to seek for prey no fish could be procured; and thus I was cut off from my chief article of maintenance the difficulty of my labours furs and provide food, for we shall soon enter upon a journey where your sufferings will satisfy my everlasting hatred My courage and perseverance were invigorated by these scoffing words; I resolved not to fail in my purpose, and calling on Heaven to support me, I continued with unabated fervour to traverse immense deserts, until the ocean appeared at a distance and formed the utmost boundary of the horizon distinguished from land by its superior wildness and ruggedness beheld the Mediterranean from the hills of Asia, and hailed with rapture the boundary of their toils with a full heart thanked my guiding spirit for conducting me in safety to the place where I hoped, notwithstanding my adversary’s gibe, to meet and grapple with him procured a sledge and dogs and thus traversed the snows with inconceivable speed the same advantages, but I found that, as before I had daily lost ground in the pursuit, I now gained on him, so much so that when I first saw the ocean he was but one day’s journey in advance, and I hoped to intercept him before he should reach the beach on, and in two days arrived at a wretched hamlet on the seashore concerning the fiend and gained accurate information arrived the night before, armed with a gun and many pistols, putting to flight the inhabitants of a solitary cottage through fear of his terrific appearance winter food, and placing it in a sledge, to draw which he had seized on a numerous drove of trained dogs, he had harnessed them, and the same night, to the joy of the horror-struck villagers, had pursued his journey across the sea in a direction that led to no land; and they conjectured that he must speedily be destroyed by the breaking of the ice or frozen by the eternal

frosts a temporary access of despair a destructive and almost endless journey across the mountainous ices of the ocean, amidst cold that few of the inhabitants could long endure and which I, the native of a genial and sunny climate, could not hope to survive live and be triumphant, my rage and vengeance returned, and like a mighty tide, overwhelmed every other feeling spirits of the dead hovered round and instigated me to toil and revenge, I prepared for my journey fashioned for the inequalities of the Frozen Ocean, and purchasing a plentiful stock of provisions, I departed from land passed since then, but I have endured misery which nothing but the eternal sentiment of a just retribution burning within my heart could have enabled me to support often barred up my passage, and I often heard the thunder of the ground sea, which threatened my destruction paths of the sea secure had consumed, I should guess that I had passed three weeks in this journey; and the continual protraction of hope, returning back upon the heart, often wrung bitter drops of despondency and grief from my eyes prey, and I should soon have sunk beneath this misery conveyed me had with incredible toil gained the summit of a sloping ice mountain, and one, sinking under his fatigue, died, I viewed the expanse before me with anguish, when suddenly my eye caught a dark speck upon the dusky plain could be and uttered a wild cry of ecstasy when I distinguished a sledge and the distorted proportions of a well-known form within hastily wiped away, that they might not intercept the view I had of the daemon; but still my sight was dimmed by the burning drops, until, giving way to the emotions that oppressed me, I wept aloud disencumbered the dogs of their dead companion, gave them a plentiful portion of food, and after an hour’s rest, which was absolutely necessary, and yet which was bitterly irksome to me, I continued my route again lose sight of it except at the moments when for a short time some ice-rock concealed it with its intervening crags when, after nearly two days’ journey, I beheld my enemy at no more than a mile distant, my heart bounded within me grasp of my foe, my hopes were suddenly extinguished, and I lost all trace of him more utterly than I had ever done before its progress, as the waters rolled and swelled beneath me, became every moment more ominous and terrific with the mighty shock of an earthquake, it split and cracked with a tremendous and overwhelming sound minutes a tumultuous sea rolled between me and my enemy, and I was left drifting on a scattered piece of ice that was continually lessening and thus preparing for me a hideous death passed; several of my dogs died, and I myself was about to sink under the accumulation of distress when I saw your vessel riding at anchor and holding forth to me hopes of succour and life came so far north and was astounded at the sight to construct oars, and by these means was enabled, with infinite fatigue, to move my ice raft in the direction of your ship southwards, still to trust myself to the mercy of the seas rather than abandon my purpose boat with which I could pursue my enemy

exhausted, and I should soon have sunk under my multiplied hardships into a death which I still dread, for my task is unfulfilled conducting me to the daemon, allow me the rest I so much desire; or must I die, and he yet live? shall not escape, that you will seek him and satisfy my vengeance in his death undertake my pilgrimage, to endure the hardships that I have undergone? appear, if the ministers of vengeance should conduct him to you, swear that he shall not live—swear that he shall not triumph over my accumulated woes and He is eloquent and persuasive, and once his words had even power over my heart; but trust him not full of treachery and fiend-like malice William, Justine, Clerval, Elizabeth, my father, and of the wretched Victor, and thrust your sword into his heart story, Margaret; and do you not feel your blood congeal with horror, like that which even now curdles mine?could not continue his tale; at others, his voice broken, yet piercing, uttered with difficulty the words so replete with anguish lighted up with indignation, now subdued to downcast sorrow and quenched in infinite wretchedness and tones and related the most horrible incidents with a tranquil voice, suppressing every mark of agitation; then, like a volcano bursting forth, his face would suddenly change to an expression of the wildest rage as he shrieked out imprecations on his persecutor appearance of the simplest truth, yet I own to you that the letters of Felix and Safie, which he showed me, and the apparition of the monster seen from our ship, brought to me a greater conviction of the truth of his narrative than his asseverations, however earnest and connected Frankenstein the particulars of his creature’s formation, but on this point he was impenetrable Would you also create for yourself and the world a demoniacal enemy? Frankenstein discovered that I made notes concerning his history; he asked to see them and then himself corrected and augmented them in many places, but principally in giving the life and spirit to the conversations he held with his enemy narration,” said he, “I would not that a mutilated one should go down to posterity Thus has a week passed away, while I have listened to the strangest tale that ever imagination formed soul have been drunk up by the interest for my guest which this tale and his own elevated and gentle manners have created one so infinitely miserable, so destitute of every hope of consolation, to live? be when he composes his shattered spirit to peace and death offspring of solitude and delirium; he believes that when in dreams he holds converse with his friends and derives from that communion consolation for his miseries or excitements to his vengeance, that they are not the creations of his fancy, but the beings themselves who visit him from the regions of a remote world reveries that render them to me almost as imposing and interesting as truth confined to his own history and misfortunes displays unbounded knowledge and a quick and piercing

apprehension touching; nor can I hear him, when he relates a pathetic incident or endeavours to move the passions of pity or love, without tears been in the days of his prosperity, when he is thus noble and godlike in ruin! myself destined for some great enterprise possessed a coolness of judgment that fitted me for illustrious achievements nature supported me when others would have been oppressed, for I deemed it criminal to throw away in useless grief those talents that might be useful to my fellow creatures completed, no less a one than the creation of a sensitive and rational animal, I could not rank myself with the herd of common projectors the commencement of my career, now serves only to plunge me lower in the dust nothing, and like the archangel who aspired to omnipotence, I am chained in an eternal hell.of analysis and application were intense; by the union of these qualities I conceived the idea and executed the creation of a man passion my reveries while the work was incomplete exulting in my powers, now burning with the idea of their effects hopes and a lofty ambition; but how am I sunk! once was, you would not recognise me in this state of degradation high destiny seemed to bear me on, until I fell, never, never again to rise Must I then lose this admirable being? sought one who would sympathise with and love me found such a one, but I fear I have gained him only to know his value and lose him your kind intentions towards so miserable a wretch; but when you speak of new ties and fresh affections, think you that any can replace those who are gone? any woman another Elizabeth? strongly moved by any superior excellence, the companions of our childhood always possess a certain power over our minds which hardly any later friend can obtain which, however they may be afterwards modified, are never eradicated; and they can judge of our actions with more certain conclusions as to the integrity of our motives indeed such symptoms have been shown early, suspect the other of fraud or false dealing, when another friend, however strongly he may be attached, may, in spite of himself, be contemplated with suspicion through habit and association, but from their own merits; and wherever I am, the soothing voice of my Elizabeth and the conversation of Clerval will be ever whispered in my ear such a solitude can persuade me to preserve my life undertaking or design, fraught with extensive utility to my fellow creatures, then could I live to fulfil it pursue and destroy the being to whom I gave existence; then my lot on earth will be fulfilled and I may die My beloved Sister, September 2d and ignorant whether I am ever doomed to see again dear England and the dearer friends that inhabit it which admit of no escape and threaten every moment to crush my vessel to be my companions look towards me for aid, but I have none to bestow in our situation, yet my courage and hopes do not desert me lives of all these men are endangered through me

and you will anxiously await my return.visitings of despair and yet be tortured by hope My beloved sister, the sickening failing of your heart-felt expectations is, in prospect, more terrible to me than my own death children; you may be happy talks as if life were a possession which he valued accidents have happened to other navigators who have attempted this sea, and in spite of myself, he fills me with cheerful auguries eloquence; when he speaks, they no longer despair; he rouses their energies, and while they hear his voice they believe these vast mountains of ice are mole-hills which will vanish before the resolutions of man of expectation delayed fills them with fear, and I almost dread a mutiny caused by this despair uncommon interest that, although it is highly probable that these papers may never reach you, yet I cannot forbear recording it ice, still in imminent danger of being crushed in their conflict unfortunate comrades have already found a grave amidst this scene of desolation health; a feverish fire still glimmers in his eyes, but he is exhausted, and when suddenly roused to any exertion, he speedily sinks again into apparent lifelessness.I entertained of a mutiny the wan countenance of my friend—his eyes half closed and his limbs hanging listlessly—I Fe Fe Fe Fe Fe Fe was roused by half a dozen of the sailors, He told me that he and his companions had been chosen by the other sailors to come in deputation to me to make me a requisition which, in justice, I could not refuse.probably never escape, but they feared that if, as was possible, the ice should dissipate and a free passage be Fe opened, I should be rash enough to continue my voyage and lead them into fresh dangers, after they might happily have surmounted this engage with a solemn promise that if the vessel should be freed I would instantly direct my course southwards conceived the idea of returning if set free possibility, refuse this demand? Frankenstein, who had at first been silent, and indeed appeared hardly to have force enough to attend, now roused himself; his eyes sparkled, and his cheeks flushed with momentary vigour placid as a southern sea, but because it was full of dangers and terror, because at every new incident your fortitude was to be called forth and your courage exhibited, because danger and death surrounded it, and these you were to brave and overcome was it an honourable undertaking.benefactors of your species, your names adored as belonging to brave men who encountered death for honour and the benefit of mankind imagination of danger, or, if you will, the first mighty and terrific trial of your courage, you shrink away and are content to be handed down as men who had not strength enough to endure cold and peril; and so, poor souls, they were chilly and returned to their warm firesides preparation; ye need not have come thus far and dragged your captain to the shame of a defeat merely to prove yourselves cowards your hearts may be; it is mutable and cannot withstand you if you say that it Do not return to your families with the stigma of disgrace marked on your brows conquered and who know not what it is to turn their backs on the foe.He spoke this with a voice so modulated to the different feelings expressed in his speech, with an eye so full of lofty design and heroism, that can you wonder that these men were moved? consider of what had been said, that I would not lead them

farther north if they strenuously desired the contrary, but that I hoped that, with reflection, their courage would return.How all this will terminate, I know not, but I had rather die than return shamefully, my purpose unfulfilled men, unsupported by ideas of glory and honour, can never willingly continue to endure their present hardships return if we are not destroyed and indecision; I come back ignorant and disappointed possess to bear this injustice with patience glory; I have lost my friend bitter circumstances to you, my dear sister; and while I am wafted towards England and towards you, I will not despond and roarings like thunder were heard at a distance as the islands split and cracked in every direction as we could only remain passive, my chief attention was occupied by my unfortunate guest whose illness increased in such a degree that he was entirely confined to his bed driven with force towards the north; a breeze sprang from the west, and on the 11th the passage towards the south became perfectly free their return to their native country was apparently assured, a shout of tumultuous joy broke from them, loud and long-continued asked the cause of the tumult will soon return to England “Do so, if you will; but I will not.is assigned to me by Heaven, and I dare not.assist my vengeance will endow me with sufficient strength.” Saying this, he endeavoured to spring from the bed, but the exertion was too great for him; he fell back and fainted I often thought that life was entirely extinct breathed with difficulty and was unable to speak draught and ordered us to leave him undisturbed friend had certainly not many hours to live could only grieve and be patient eyes were closed, and I thought he slept; but presently he called to me in a feeble voice, and bidding me come near, said, “Alas! feel that I shall soon die, and he, my enemy and persecutor, may still be in being moments of my existence I feel that burning hatred and ardent desire of revenge I once expressed; but I feel myself justified in desiring the death of my adversary occupied in examining my past conduct; nor do I find it blamable created a rational creature and was bound towards him to assure, as far as was in my power, his happiness and well-being another still paramount to that species had greater claims to my attention because they included a greater proportion of happiness or misery did right in refusing, to create a companion for the first creature selfishness in evil; he destroyed my friends; he devoted to destruction beings who possessed exquisite sensations, happiness, and wisdom; nor do I know where this thirst for vengeance may end other wretched, he ought to die motives, I asked you to undertake my unfinished work, and I renew this request now, when I am only induced by reason and virtue country and friends to fulfil this task; and now that you are returning to England, you will have little chance of meeting with him and the well balancing of what you may

esteem your duties, I leave to you; my judgment and ideas are already disturbed by the near approach of death think right, for I may still be misled by passion instrument of mischief disturbs me; in other respects, this hour, when I momentarily expect my release, is the only happy one which I have enjoyed for several years before me, and I hasten to their arms avoid ambition, even if it be only the apparently innocent one of distinguishing yourself in science and discoveries these hopes, yet another may succeed His voice became fainter as he spoke, and at length, exhausted by his effort, he sank into silence attempted again to speak but was unable; he pressed my hand feebly, and his eyes closed for ever, while the irradiation of a gentle smile passed away from his lips the untimely extinction of this glorious spirit? understand the depth of my sorrow? be inadequate and feeble by a cloud of disappointment may there find consolation fairly, and the watch on deck scarcely stir voice, but hoarser; it comes from the cabin where the remains of Frankenstein still lie power to detail it; yet the tale which I have recorded would be incomplete without this final and wonderful catastrophe remains of my ill-fated and admirable friend find words to describe—gigantic in stature, yet uncouth and distorted in its proportions was concealed by long locks of ragged hair; but one vast hand was extended, in colour and apparent texture like that of a mummy he ceased to utter exclamations of grief and horror and sprung towards the window as his face, of such loathsome yet appalling hideousness endeavoured to recollect what were my duties with regard to this destroyer and again turning towards the lifeless form of his creator, he seemed to forget my presence, and every feature and gesture seemed instigated by the wildest rage of some uncontrollable passion ” he exclaimed consummated; the miserable series of my being is wound to its close! destroying all thou lovedst His voice seemed suffocated, and my first impulses, which had suggested to me the duty of obeying the dying request of my friend in destroying his enemy, were now suspended by a mixture of curiosity and compassion dared not again raise my eyes to his face, there was something so

scaring and unearthly in his ugliness address him in a pause of the tempest of his passion.If you had listened to the voice of conscience and heeded the stings of remorse before you had urged your diabolical vengeance to this extremity, Frankenstein would yet have lived ” said the daemon corpse, “he suffered not in the consummation of the deed anguish that was mine during the lingering detail of its execution while my heart was poisoned with remorse susceptible of love and sympathy, and when wrenched by misery to vice and hatred, it did not endure the violence of the change without torture such as you cannot even imagine to Switzerland, heart-broken and overcome to horror; I abhorred myself author at once of my existence and of its unspeakable torments, dared to hope for happiness, that while he accumulated wretchedness and despair upon me he sought his own enjoyment in feelings and passions from the indulgence of which I was for ever barred, then impotent envy and bitter indignation filled me with an insatiable thirst for vengeance that it should be accomplished a deadly torture, but I was the slave, not the master, of an impulse which I detested yet could not disobey anguish, to riot in the excess of my despair adapt my nature to an element which I had willingly chosen became an insatiable passion I was at first touched by the expressions of his misery; yet, when I called to mind what Frankenstein had said of his powers of eloquence and persuasion, and when I again cast my eyes on the lifeless form of my friend, indignation was rekindled within me over the desolation that you have made buildings, and when they are consumed, you sit among the ruins and lament the fall would he be the object, again would he become the prey, of your accursed vengeance lament only because the victim of your malignity is withdrawn from your power “Oh, it is not thus—not thus,” interrupted the being conveyed to you by what appears to be the purport of my actions of virtue, the feelings of happiness and affection with which my whole being overflowed, that I wished to be participated.shadow, and that happiness and affection are turned into bitter and loathing despair, in what should I seek for sympathy? sufferings shall endure; when I die, I am well satisfied that abhorrence and opprobrium should load my memory of virtue, of fame, and of enjoyment beings who, pardoning my outward form, would love me for the excellent qualities which I was capable of unfolding misery, can be found comparable to mine.of my sins, I cannot

believe that I am the same creature whose thoughts were once filled with sublime and transcendent visions of the beauty and the majesty of goodness friends and associates in his desolation; I am alone friend, seem to have a knowledge of my crimes and his misfortunes them he could not sum up the hours and months of misery which I endured wasting in impotent passions not satisfy my own desires craving; still I desired love and fellowship, and I was still spurned when all humankind sinned against me? his friend from his door with contumely? sought to destroy the saviour of his child? an abortion, to be spurned at, and kicked, and trampled on helpless; I have strangled the innocent as they slept and grasped to death his throat who never injured me or any other living thing specimen of all that is worthy of love and admiration among men, to misery; I have pursued him even to that irremediable ruin equal that with which I regard myself deed; I think on the heart in which the imagination of it was conceived and long for the moment when these hands will meet my eyes, when that imagination will haunt my thoughts no more needed to consummate the series of my being and accomplish that which must be done, but it requires my own raft which brought me thither and shall seek the most northern extremity of the globe; I shall collect my funeral pile and consume to ashes this miserable frame, that its remains may afford no light to any curious and unhallowed wretch who would create such another as I have been which now consume me or be the prey of feelings unsatisfied, yet unquenched and when I shall be no more, the very remembrance of us both will speedily vanish or feel the winds play on my cheeks away; and in this condition must I find my happiness this world affords first opened upon me, when I felt the cheering warmth of summer and heard the rustling of the leaves and the warbling of the birds, and these were all to me, I should have wept to die; now it is my only consolation bitterest remorse, where can I find rest but in death? humankind whom these eyes will ever behold cherished a desire of revenge against me, it would be better satiated in my life than in my destruction extinction, that I might not cause greater wretchedness; and if yet, in some mode unknown to me, thou hadst not ceased to think and feel, thou wouldst not desire against me a vengeance greater than that which I feel still superior to thine, for the bitter sting of remorse will not cease to rankle in my wounds until death shall close them for ever solemn enthusiasm, “I shall die, and what I now feel be no longer felt triumphantly and exult in the agony of the torturing flames My spirit will sleep in peace, or if it thinks, it will not surely think thus ”

said this, upon the ice raft which lay close to the vessel lost in darkness and distance >> On behalf of the library of congress, I would like to thank all of our wonderful readers today. You did a fantastic job Thank you to the Franken reads organization for bringing the project to us. Thank you to the national endowment for the humanities, and thank you to everyone around the world who viewed us today. Good night >> I would like to thank Neil, president of the Keith Shelley association of America. Thank you so much for your help Appreciate it