Toyota Hilux

The Toyota Hilux is a series of compact pickup trucks produced and marketed by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota. Most countries used the Hilux name for the entire life of the series but in North America, the Hilux name was retired in 1976 in favor of Truck, Pickup Truck, or Compact Truck. In North America the popular option package, the SR5, was colloquially used as a model name for the truck, even though the option package was also used on other Toyota models like the Corolla. In 1984, the Trekker, the camper version of the Hilux, was renamed as the 4Runner in Australia and North America, and as the Hilux Surf in Japan In 1995, Toyota introduced a new pickup model, the Tacoma in North America, discontinuing the Hilux/Pickup there. The 4Runner is now a full SUV, and the more recent models do not resemble the Tacoma As of 2014, the Toyota Hilux is available worldwide, except Japan, United States, Canada, North Korea, and South Korea First generation The Hilux started production in March 1968 as the RN10 in short-wheelbase form with a 1.5 L engine, producing 77 PS in Japanese market spec, and in Japan it was available at Toyota Japan dealership retail chains called Toyota Store and Toyopet Store. The modification to the engine was enough for a claimed 130 kilometres per hour top speed. This was upgraded to a 1.6 L inline-four engine in February 1971 In April 1969, a long-wheelbase version was added to the range. The short-wheelbase version also continued in production for many more years. The long-wheelbase version was not sold on the North American market until 1972 The Hilux was offered as an alternative to the Toyota Crown, Toyota Corona, and Toyota Corona Mark II based pickup trucks in Japan, as the Crown, Corona, and Corona Mark II were repositioned as passenger sedans In spite of the name “Hilux”, it was a luxury vehicle only when compared to the Stout. The Hilux was engineered and assembled by Hino Motors to replace the earlier vehicle that the Hilux was derived from, called the Briska in the niche beneath the larger and older Stout – it replaced the Stout fully in some markets. For the North American market, the only body style was a regular cab short bed and all were rear-wheel drive. It used a typical truck setup of A-arms and coil springs in front and a live axle with leaf springs in back. A four-speed manual transmission was standard Global markets: 1968–1971: 1.5 L 2R I4 1971–1972: 1.6 L 12R I4 North American markets: 1969: 1.9 L 3R I4, 63 kW 1970–1971: 1.9 L 8R SOHC I4, 72 kW 1972: 2.0 L 18R SOHC I4, 81 kW Second generation In May 1972, the 1973 model year Hilux was released as the RN20. A more comfortable interior was specified along with exterior updates A 2.25 m “long bed” was an option for the first time in North America, although such a version had been available worldwide since April 1969. This received the “RN25” chassis code. The 2.0 liter 18R engine became available in late 1973 in Japan as well, albeit only in conjunction with a three-speed automatic transmission The Hilux was radically redesigned in 1975 to be larger and with increased standard equipment In North America the new version also meant the introduction of the considerably larger 20R engine and the SR5 upscale trim package A five-speed manual transmission became optional In North America, the Hilux name was fully phased out in favor of “Truck” by that year, having been dropped from brochures and advertising starting in 1973 Global markets: 1972–1978: 1.6 L 12R I4, 83 PS 1973–1978: 2.0 L 18R I4, 105 PS North American markets: 1973–1974: 2.0 L 18R SOHC I4, 81 kW 1975–1978: 2.2 L 20R SOHC I4, 72 kW

Third generation The redesigned Hilux was introduced in August 1978, with a 4WD variant introduced in Jan 1979. The 4WD variant – not offered with any engines smaller than the two-litre “18R” – featured some common technology with the larger Toyota Land Cruiser. Production of the four-wheel drives stopped in July 1983, but some 2WD variations continued in parallel with the next generation. The L series diesel engine was offered on the 2WD variants from September 1979 and the 4WD variants in March 1983. In Japan, the Hilux was joined with the all new Toyota MasterAce, sharing load carrying duties, and sold at Toyota Store locations alongside the Hilux In North America the Hilux saw the use of four-wheel drive. It had a solid front axle and leaf suspension. The body saw a redesign that included single round headlights and a less complex body. This new 4WD setup featured a gear driven RF1A transfer case. This transfer case is unique in that its low-range reduction portion can be replicated, using what some refer to as a dual or triple transfer case This results in a much lower overall gear ratio. It was the first Hilux available with an automatic transmission In 1981 a vehicle development agreement was established between Toyota, Winnebago Industries and two other aftermarket customizers. This was to allow Toyota to enter the SUV market in North America. The vehicles which resulted from this collaboration were the Trekker, Wolverine, and the Trailblazer. All three used the Hilux 4×4 RV cab and chassis, and an all-fiberglass rear section. There were at least 1,500 Trekkers, 400 Trailblazers and an unknown number of Wolverines sold in North America. Research and development work on the Trekker led to the development of the 4Runner/Hilux Surf, which was released in 1984 Toward the end of the SR5’s production run, Toyota introduced the luxury Mojave for the US market as a limited-production model with options not available on any other Toyota pickup. List priced at US$8,308, it featured bucket seats, two-speaker multiplex radio, chrome front and rear bumpers, and no Toyota logo on either the grille or tailgate. Cruise control, power steering, and air conditioning were optional. It was powered by the SR5’s standard 2.4 L inline four Engines: 1978-1983: 1.6 L 12R SOHC I4, 80 PS at 5200 rpm and 12.5 kg·m of torque at 3000 rpm 1981–1983: 1.8 L preflow, 4-speed manual 1978–1980: 2.2 L 20R SOHC I4, 67 kW at 4800 rpm and 165 N·m of torque at 2400 rpm 1981–1983: 2.4 L 22R SOHC I4, 98 PS; 97 hp at 4800 rpm and 175 N·m of torque at 2800 rpm 1981–1983: 2.2 L diesel I4, 46 kW at 4200 rpm and 126 N·m of torque, LN30/40 Fourth generation The August 1983 redesign introduced the Xtracab, two-row extended cab option. These “1984” models carried over the carbureted 22R engine while model year 1984 also saw the introduction of the fuel injected 22R-E. Two diesel engines were also offered, the 2L and the turbocharged 2L-T. The diesels were discontinued in the U.S. after the 1986 model year, this was due to higher performance expectations from customers and the wide availability of inexpensive gasoline The next year saw the introduction of a turbocharged option, the 22R-TE, perhaps due to increasing competition from Nissan who already offered a V6 truck at this time. The solid front axle was swapped out for an independent front suspension/torsion bar setup in the 4×4 model in 1986, and optional automatic differential disconnect for the front differential and an electronic transfer case was added as well. A V6 engine was introduced in 1988. The Hilux-based 4Runner which made its entry in Australia, North America and the United Kingdom was based on this generation Hilux; in some other markets, such as Japan,

it was called the Hilux Surf Toyota introduced a new generation of the Hilux in most markets in late 1988 but the fourth generation remained in production until 1997 in South Africa. Toyota says this was due to South African “content laws” which made it cheaper to continue to produce the fourth generation Hilux, rather than to retool the plant for the fifth generation Engines: Fifth generation The next redesign, in 1988, produced a longer-wheelbase option, 3,099 mm rather than 2,616 mm for the regular wheelbase. Its one-piece cargo-box walls eliminated the rust-prone seams that were found in earlier models. The V6 Xtracab SR5 earned Motor Trend magazine’s Truck of the Year award that year. The Xtracabs now featured more room behind the front seats than the last generation which allowed optional jump-seats for rear passengers, a feature more in line with competitors of the time In 1991, American production began at the NUMMI plant in Fremont, California, however some trucks sold in the United States during the 91–95 model years were still manufactured in Japan The Hilux received a minor facelift in 1991, which was a minor grill change and the new Toyota emblem that had been recently adopted It was during this generation that Toyota discontinued the Hilux in the United States, replacing it with the new Tacoma in 1995 Engines: 1988–1995: 1.8 L 2Y-U I4, 58 kW at 5,000rpm 140 N·m at 3,200rpm 2Y I4, 61 kW at 4,800rpm 140 N·m at 2,800rpm 1989–1995: 2.4 L 22R-E SOHC EFI I4, 84 kW at 4,600 rpm and 192 N·m at 3,400 rpm 1989–1995: 3.0 L 3VZ-E V6, 112 kW at 4,800 rpm 1989–1997: 2.4 L 2L-II diesel I4, 66 kW at 4,200 rpm and 167 N·m at 2,400 rpm 2.8 L 3L diesel I4, 67 kW at 4,000 rpm and 188 N·m at 2,400 rpm Volkswagen built and marketed them under the Volkswagen Taro name from February 1989 to March 1997 South America For sales in Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela, the Hilux was produced in Colombia from 1994 to 1998 by the SOFASA company. For sales in Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay, the Hilux was produced in Argentina from 1997 through 2005. For sales in Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Peru, the Hilux was imported from factories in Japan from 1989 to 1997 South American markets: single cab chassis single cab long bed xtra cab crew cab(All South American countries; Diesel engine not available in Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela) Sixth generation Engines: 1998-2001 2.0 L1RZ-E 8 Valve SOHC I4 1995–2004 2.4 L 2RZ-FE 16-valve DOHC I4, 106 kW 1995–2004 2.7 L 3RZ-FE 16-valve DOHC I4, 112 kW 1995–2004 3.4 L 5VZ-FE 24-valve DOHC V6, 142 kW South America The Hilux was produced in Colombia for sales in Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador from 1998 to 2005 by the SOFASA company. In Venezuela and Ecuador, the single-cab 2WD chassis/long bed is called the Stout II). For sales in Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Peru, it was imported from Japan from 1998 through 2004. This model was not sold in Argentina or Brazil because the fifth generation Hilux had received a redesign and upgrade South American markets: single cab chassis single cab long bed Xtracab crew cab(all South American countries) Thailand

Toyota shifted production from the Hilux Mighty-X to the Hilux Tiger in the late 1990s and made it the global export hub. The Thailand-made Hilux Tiger went through the following versions: 1998–1999: Hilux Tiger with the 3.0l 5L engine 2000–2001: Hilux Tiger with the 3.0l 5L-E EFI engine 2001: Hilux Tiger with 1KZ engine Late 2001 – late 2004: Hilux Tiger SportCruiser with D4D engine In 2005, Toyota ceased production of the Hilux truck for the Japanese market. This was the last generation Hilux to be available in Japan Seventh generation Following the February 2004 introduction of the 2005 model year Tacoma, the 7th generation Hilux was unveiled on March 2, 2005 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Market launch later began in April 2005. The Tacoma was based on the 4Runner chassis, while the Hilux rides on an revamped version of the ladder frame found on previous versions. The Hilux increased in size and then became classified as a mid-size pick up. The Tacoma had a new 4.0 L V6 engine that produces 176 kW and 361 N·m of torque Its design was very similar to the 4Runner Hilux models sold in Australian, Middle Eastern, and Asian markets are built and assembled in Thailand, where the vehicle is called the Hilux Vigo, or simply Vigo. For the European and South African markets the Hilux is built in Durban, South Africa. As of December 2009, it is the best selling vehicle in South Africa Those sold in South America are made in Argentina, as with the previous generation Hilux. However, the engines are built in Japan instead of Argentina. In Asia, the Hilux Vigo platform was used as the basis for Toyota’s IMV program which spawned the Innova MPV and Fortuner SUV/PPV In Malaysia, the Hilux is only available in 2.5 L with the option of single cab or double cab. The double cab model has an automatic transmission variant. It uses the same engine as other Asian countries, however engines used in Malaysia differ in their maximum output of 75 kW at 3600 rpm and maximum torque of 260 N·m at 1600–2400 rpm In Singapore, the Hilux is available as a single cab with the 2.5 L engine or a double cab with the 3.0 L engine. Notable fleet customers include private taxi operators, for whom the double cab model offers additional load space versatility, and the Singapore Police Force and Pakistan Police, which employs it as a patrol vehicle The Hilux will be built in Guangqi Toyota Automobile in Guangzhou for the Chinese market The models for China will be 4.0 L with the option of single cab or double cab. It uses the same engine as Australia, however engines used in China has been tuned up to the maximum output of 246 kW at 6500 rpm and maximum torque of 405 N·m at 4000 rpm, and is mated to a 5-speed automatic transmission. China is the only Asian country to get the V6 engine A Hilux entered in the 2012 Dakar Rally by the Imperial Toyota team of South Africa managed to capture third place despite having little modifications from the production model and being up against factory supported teams Engines: 2005 2.0 L gasoline VVT-i DOHC I4 2005 2.5 L diesel D-4D DOHC I4, 76 kW – 107 kW 2005 2.7 L gasoline VVT-i DOHC I4, 119 kW 2005 3.0 L diesel D-4D DOHC I4, Turbodiesel, commonrail 16-valve direct injection, 121 kW This version is made at Toyota’s facility in Zárate, Argentina 2005 4.0 L gasoline VVT-i DOHC V6, 170 kW – 176 kW 2008 4.0 L Supercharged DOHC V6 225 kW 2008 facelift A facelifted version of the Hilux was unveiled by Toyota’s Malaysian distributors, UMW Toyota Motor, in August 2008. Toyota has released

a left hand drive facelifted Hilux Vigo in August 2008 while a right hand drive facelifted model is expected to be released in September 2008. These facelifted models were introduced to the Philippines in October 2008 Toyota also introduced a rear access system called “Smart Cab” to replace all Xtra Cab models in E and G grade. The Smart Cab models are only for the Thailand domestic market 2011 facelift On 13 July 2011, Toyota announced that the Hilux would receive an upgrade, including a redesigned front end and other external styling changes, changes to the interior and a new turbocharged diesel engine capable of 106 kW and 343 N·m of torque, as well as lower fuel consumption compared to the previous model. This update was initially launched in Thailand. The Thailand version of 2012 Toyota Hilux Vigo “Champ” is a significant “minor” change with a new front look and a revamped interior to reinforce perceived luxuriousness The front is redesigned from the A pillar forwards. With the exception of doors, roofs and tailgates, everything else is new: new guards, new headlights, new bumper, new bonnet, new three-bar grille, new taillights, a new rear bumper, new models badge and other. There are also new mirrors and new alloy wheel designs The interior features a new upper dashboard design with a new horizontal centre instrument cluster. Perceived quality has been improved through the adoption of uniformly darker finishes with a greater colour consistency throughout the interior. The high-end Double Cab version now comes with DVD player, rear camera and Bluetooth functionality., Cristiano Ronaldo are presenter for Hilux Vigo Champ in Thailand, they are announced new “Diamond Tech” technology for commonrail in 2.5 L and 3.0 L diesel version, with upgraded 32-bit ECU and injector, but they are not confirmed that passed Euro IV compilation that used in Thailand from January 1, 2012. Neymar are presenter for Hilux Vigo Champ in Thailand, they are promotion in 2014 FIFA World Cup In the UK it is available in 3 body styles: 2-door, 2-seat single cab; 2-door, 4-seat extra cab and 4-door, 4-seat double cab 2013 model update In August 2012, Toyota updated Toyota Hilux Vigo “Champ” in Thailand to 2013 model. This minor update upgraded emission standard to Euro-4, updated 4-speed automatic transmission to 5-speed transmission, upgraded performance of 3000 cc Vigo from 163HP to 171HP and upped torque from 343Nm to 360Nm; and Prerunner 4×2 was introduced in Auto. Other changes included more efficient fuel injection system and addition of center headrest on rear double cab seat Reputation The Hilux has gained a reputation for exceptional sturdiness and reliability during sustained heavy use or even abuse, and is often referred to as “The Indestructible Truck”. This was further reinforced on the BBC motoring show Top Gear, when a 1988 diesel Hilux with 305,775 km on the odometer was subjected to extraordinary abuse. This consisted of driving it down a flight of steps, scraping buildings, crashing headlong into a tree, being washed out to sea, and being submerged in sea water for four hours, driving it through a garden shed, dropping a caravan onto it, hitting it with a wrecking ball, setting its cabin and bed area on fire, and, finally, placing it on top of a 73 m block of apartments that was next destroyed by a building implosion. Although it was now suffering from severe structural damage, the truck was still running after being repaired without spare parts, and with only typical tools that would be found in a truck’s toolbox, such as screwdrivers, motor oil, and an adjustable wrench. The Hilux currently rests as one of the background decorations in the Top Gear studio In the TV series of 2006,, a Hilux was chosen by Jeremy Clarkson as his platform for creating an amphibious vehicle. With assistance, Clarkson rigged the truck with a massive outboard motor, and steering mechanism in the pickup bed The truck, redubbed the “Toybota”, was driven by Clarkson over several miles by road and 3.2 km across open water, before capsizing during a quick turn. Once recovered, the vehicle was moved back to the Top Gear Studio, where a confident Clarkson stated that he would be the only one capable of driving his truck

home, since it was the indestructible Hilux Clarkson had finally destroyed the “indestructible” after he could not get the Hilux started When Clarkson turned the engine over, it produced a puffing and hissing sound as though the injectors or the heater plugs had been removed In 2007, Top Gear ran a special program in which Clarkson and James May raced a customized 2005 model Hilux to the 1996 magnetic north pole from Northern Canada against Richard Hammond using a dog sled, and won. This episode, known as the Top Gear Polar Special, made the truck the first motor vehicle to make it to the magnetic north pole. The Hilux used was slightly modified: larger wheels and thicker tyres were installed, a thick sump guard was installed, the front suspension was moved forward, a gun mount was installed, some powerful front lights were installed and a toilet seat was mounted on the rear bumper In 2010, the Top Gear host James May drove a modified Hilux, one which had served as the camera crew’s vehicle during the 2007 polar special, to approach the summit of an erupting Icelandic volcano and retrieved a fragment of volcanic lava. The Hilux was modified for this task by the installation of a simple metal “umbrella” and alcohol cooling drips for its tyres Outside of TV programs, these vehicles have been known to exceed 482,803 km with regular maintenance. It is also notorious for being used as an improvised fighting vehicle – a “technical” – by militias and irregular military forces, especially in Third World conflicts. The 1980s Toyota War between Libya and Chad was so named because of the heavy use of Hilux trucks as light cavalry vehicles In October 2007, the Swedish auto magazine Teknikens Värld performed an evasive manoeuvre that revealed that the manoeuvrability of Hilux pickup truck was deficient for turning sharply at moderate speeds. The truck failed the test and only the driver’s skill prevented it from overturning. After the test Toyota stopped the sales of Hilux equipped with 16″ wheels in Europe A world record was achieved by the support crew for the participants in the 2008/2009 Amundsen Omega 3 South Pole Race. The crew travelled in specially adapted Toyota Hilux’s modified by Arctic Trucks, completing a trip of over 5,000 km from Novo, a Russian Scientific Station in Antarctica to the Geographic South Pole and back again, making them the first 4×4s to reach the South Pole. The return journey of 2,500 km from the South Pole to Novo Station was completed in a record 8 days and 17 hours A team of professional drivers use Toyota Hiluxes for a precision driving show throughout Australia. The Toyota Hilux Heroes began in 2007 and have been entertaining millions of spectators at various agricultural shows and motor sport events. The Hilux’s are 2007 petrol V6, 4×2 models and have custom shock absorbers, a custom exhaust, sports seat, racing harnesses, a roll cage and 16 inch alloy wheels fitted Performance highlights include high speed drifting, close formation driving, cross overs(where the cars race towards one another at speed), a 12 metre ramp jump and balancing a Hilux on two wheels all choreographed into a 15 minute show A fourth generation Hilux is also the vehicle mode for the Transformers Autobots Trailbreaker and Hoist Notes and references External links Official websites for Australia, South Africa, UK English Translations of Japanese-manufactured Hilux recalls at