Boat of missing teens back in South Florida

WEDNESDAY STEPHANIE: THE BOAT TWO TEQUESTA TEENAGERS WERE LAST SEEN ON IN SOUTH FLORIDA PAUL: WHITNEY BURBANK JOINS US LIVE AND WHITNEY THAT BOAT IS STILL ON A CARGO SHIP THIS MORNING? WHITNEY: THAT IS RIGHT 10 MONTHS AFTER DISEMBARKING FROM A JUPITER., THAT BOAT BACK IN SOUTH FLORIDA WATERS, BUT MURKY THEY TEENAGERS STILL MISSING MARCH THE FAMILY WILL DO WITH THE BOAT THAT IS STILL ABOARD THAT NORWEGIAN CARGO SHIP DOCKED IN THE EVERGLADES OFFICIALS TELL US THE BOAT IS EXPECTED TO BE UNLOADED FROM THE CARGO SHIP AT 7:00, TONIGHT STEPHANIE: BREAKING OVERNIGHT, THE COAST GUARD HAS SUSPENDED ITS SEARCH FOR A MISSING CRUISE SHIP PASSENGER IN THE GULF OF MEXICO VIDEO CAPTURED SAMANTHA BROBERG FALLING OVERBOARD FROM THE 10TH DECK OF THE CARNIVAL LIBERTY EARLY FRIDAY MORNING INVESTIGATORS SAY IT APPEARS SHE WAS SITTING ON A DECK RAILING WHEN SHE FELL BACKWARDS INTO THE WATER PLANES SPENT 20 HOURS SEARCHING FOR BROBERG IN A 4300 SQUARE MILE AREA SOUTHEAST OF GALVESTON, TEXAS ERIN: GOOD NEWS FOR COMMUTERS THIS MORNING, THE EASTBOUND LANES OF OKEECHOBEE BOULEVARD IN DOWNTOWN WEST PALM BEACH ARE OPEN THIS MORNING OPEN THEY WERE CLOSED FRIDAY FOR ALL ABOARD CONSTRUCTION AN AUTOPSY IS SCHEDULED TODAY FOR A MAN WHO WAS SHOT AND KILLED IN PORT ST. LUCIE POLICE SAY TWO MEN WERE ARGUING FRIDAY ALONG SOUTHWEST CHAPMAN AVENUE WHEN ONE OF THEM PULLED OUT A GUN AND SHOT THE OTHER RIGHT NOW POLICE ARE LOOKING INTO WHETHER THE SHOOTING WAS SELF-DEFENSE OR A HOMICIDE ACCORDING TO THE T.C. PALM, POLICE ARE EXPECTED TO RELEASE MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE SHOOTING LATER ON TODAY PAUL: HERE IS A LOCAL PICTURE GETTING NATIONAL ATTENTION, THAT ARM OF A SWIMMER THE TWO-FOOT NURSE SHARK ATTACHED TO HER FOREARM IT DIDN’T LET GO OF ITS GRIP EVEN AFTER IT DIED >> WE CAME ON THE BEACH AND WE SAW SO MANY PEOPLE SURROUNDING SOMEONE SO WE LIKE LOOKED AROUND , AND WE SAW THERE WAS A SHARK HANGING LOOK LIKE HANGING FROM HER ELBOW PAUL: NURSE SHARK’S ARE NOT KNOWN TO BITE HUMANS — NURSE SHARKS ARE NOT KNOWN TO BITE THE VICTIM WAS TAKEN TO THE HOSPITAL WITH MINOR INJURIES ACCORDING TO EXPERTS, NURSE SHARKS ARE SLOW-MOVING BOTTOM-DWELLERS AND MOSTLY HARMLESS TO HUMANS ERIN: A LOCAL MMA FIGHTER WHO WAS HIT AND KILLED IN DELRAY BEACH WILL NOW BE HONORED THROUGH A SCHOLARSHIP BELLATOR MMA ANNOUNCED IT WILL NOW HOLD A YEARLY SCHOLARSHIP IN JORDAN PARSONS NAME THE JORDAN PARSONS SCHOLARSHIP FUND WILL SEND A YOUNG WRESTLER THE J. ROBINSON INTENSIVE WRESTLING CAMP EACH YEAR DEPUTIES IN MARTIN COUNTY CAME TO THE RESCUE AFTER A MAN’S SHORE PAUL: A KAYAKER NEARBY WAS ABLE TO CALL FOR HELP AND GIVE A DESCRIPTION OF WHERE THEY WERE THE COAST GUARD IMMEDIATELY LAUNCHED A HELICOPTER WHILE MARTIN COUNTY DEPUTIES SEARCHED THE WATER DEPUTIES CREDIT THE KAYAKERS’ PREPAREDNESS AND LIFE VEST FOR A SUCCESSFUL RESCUE ERIN: IT’S HURRICANE PREPAREDNESS WEEK PAUL: WE’RE NOW JUST OVER 2 WEEKS AWAY FROM THE 2016 SEASON SO COMING UP, THE FIRST THING YOU NEED TO DO TO PREPARE FOR AN EVACUATION FIGHT DRUGS WHAT HIP-HOP ARTIST, MACKLEMORE HAD TO SAY ABOUT OPIOID ABUSE IN THE U.S. WHILE SITTING NEXT TO PRESIDENT OBAMA STEPHANIE: AND THE MASSIVE EFFORT UNDERWAY RIGHT NOW TO SAVE A PORPOISE SPECIES FROM IMMINENT EXTINCTION NOW MORNINGS >> YOU’RE WATCHING WPBF 25 NEWS MORNINGS PAUL: THE COUNTDOWN TO HURRICANE SEASON IS HERE WE ARE NOW 15 — WE ARE NOW 16 DAYS AWAY ERIN: ALL THIS WEEK IS NATIONAL HURRICANE PREPAREDNESS WEEK AND THIS MORNING WE’RE FOCUSING ON WHERE YOU LIVE PAUL: THE FIRST THING YOU NEED TO DO IS FIND OUT IF YOU LIVE IN A STORM SURGE HURRICANE EVACUATION ZONE OR IF YOU’RE IN A HOME THAT WOULD BE UNSAFE DURING A HURRICANE ERIN: IF YOU ARE, FIGURE OUT WHERE YOU WOULD GO AND HOW Y WOULD GET TO A SAFE SPOT IDENTIFY SOMEONE, PERHAPS A FRIEND OR RELATIVE WHO DOESN’T LIVE IN A ZONE OR UNSAFE HOME AND BE SURE TO ACCOUNT FOR YOUR PETS, AS MOST LOCAL SHELTERS DO NOT PERMIT THEM MAKE SURE YOU HAVE A PET PLAN SANDRA: SOUNDS LIKE A PLAN AND IT IS BETTER TO BE PREPARED

PARTS OF THE FOUR CORNERS AREA DEVELOP JUST TO THE SOUTH OF HOUSTON AND WE HAVE SHOWERS AND STORMS IN OKLAHOMA WILL HAVE A ENHANCED RISK FOR US, NO REAL ISSUES, MAY BE OFF TO THE WEST WE RAMP UP STRONGER CHANCES OF ACTIVITY BY WEDNESDAY ERIN: TIME FOR A FIRST ALERT ALL LANES HAVE BEEN OPENED A LONG OKEECHOBEE BOULEVARD REALLY SHAPING UP TO BE A GREAT MONDAY MORNING ALONG ROADWAYS I-95 AND THE TURNPIKE, SMOOTH SAILING ALL THE WAY DOWN TO SOUTH COUNTY AND BOCA RATON TIMES I ALSO HAVE UP-TO-THE-MINUTE PAGE PAUL STADIUM ERIN WHEN AUTHORITIES FOUND MANCHESTER UNITED GAME A MAN REUNITES WITH THE MARTIN COUNTY SHERIFF DEPUTY WHO SAVED HIS LIFE SEE THE IMAGES OF THEIR REUNION AND HEAR THE HEROIC ACTIONS THAT MAKE THIS STORY A TRUE MIRACLE ERIN: IN HONOR OF LAW ENFORCEMENT APPRECIATION MONTH, THE MARTIN COUNTY SHERIFF’S OFFICE SHARED AN INCREDIBLE STORY ON THEIR FACEBOOK PAGE PERFECT CRASH WAS REUNITED WITH REUNITED WITH THE DEPUTY WHO HELPED SAVE HIS LIFE KEVIN WALKER NEARLY DIED AFTER A RUNAWAY TRAILER HIT HIM WHILE HE WAS RIDING HIS BIKE ON DIXIE HIGHWAY IN NOVEMBER MARTIN COUNTY SHERIFF’S DEPUTY, JON FOLBRECHT CRAWLED UNDER THE TRAILER TO FIND WALKER’S LEG AND PELVIS BROKEN AND HE WAS HEAVILY BLEEDING FROM A SEVERED ARTERY THE DEPUTY APPLIED PRESSURE TO THE ARTERY AND WAITED FOR RESCUE CREWS TO ARRIVE WALKER LOST HIS LEG IN THE ACCIDENT, BUT SURVIVED AND IT’S ALL THANKS TO DEPUTY FOLBRECHT’S IMMEDIATE ACTION PAUL: TURNING NOW TO COMMITMENT 2016 PRESUMPTIVE GOP NOMINEE , DONALD TRUMP IS PUSHING BACK AGAINST A NEW YORK TIMES ARTICLE DETAILING THE WAY THE BILLIONAIRE ALLEGEDLY TREATS WOMEN THE REPORT DETAILS, QUOTE, UNWELCOMED ROMANTIC ADVANCES, UNSETTLING WORKPLACE CONDUCT AND UNENDING COMMENTARY ON THE FEMALE FORM AT THE SAME TIME, PRESIDENT OBAMA IS TAKING SWIPES AT TRUMP WHILE SPEAKING TO RUTGERS GRADUATING CLASS >> IT’S NOT COOL TO NOT KNOW WHAT YOU ARE TALKING ABOUT THAT’S NOT CHALLENGING POLITICAL CORRECTNESS, THAT’S JUST NOT KNOWING WHAT YOU’RE TALKING ABOUT PAUL: MEANWHILE, HILLARY CLINTON AND BERNIE SANDERS ARE PREPARING FOR TOMORROW’S PRIMARY CLINTON WILL BE IN KENTUCKY TODAY, WHILE SANDERS CAMPAIGNS IN PUERTO RICO NEW THIS MORNING, SOUTH KOREA, THE U.S. AND JAPAN WILL HOLD THEIR FIRST JOINT MILITARY TRAINING NEXT MONTH IT WILL FOCUS ON DETECTING SIGNS OF MISSILE LAUNCHES FROM NORTH KOREA AND TRACE MISSILE TRAJECTORIES THE DRILLS ARE SCHEDULED TO TAKE PLACE TOWARDS THE END OF NEXT MONTH ERIN: SECURITY TRAINING BEFORE A BIG SOCCER MATCH IN ENGLAND CAUSED QUITE THE BOMB SCARE POLICE IN MANCHESTER EVACUATED THE STADIUM AND POSTPONED THE MATCH WHEN A REALISTIC LOOKING DEVICE WAS FOUND IN A BATHROOM POLICE SAY IT WAS LEFT BEHIND BY A PRIVATE COMPANY THAT HAD BEEN RUNNING A TRAINING EXERCISE FOR BOMB-SNIFFING DOGS NEW DETAILS THIS MORNING IN A BUS CRASH THAT KILLED 8 PEOPLE AND INJURED 44 OTHERS IN TEXAS INVESTIGATORS SAY THE BUS COMPANY INVOLVED IN THE ROLLOVER CRASH HAD BEEN ORDERED TWICE TO TAKE ONE OF ITS BUSES OFF THE TO FIX BRAKE AND EMERGENCY EXIT PROBLEMS SAME CHARTER BUS THAT CRASHED ON SATURDAY PAUL: A U.S. NAVY SEAL INSTRUCTOR HAS BEEN TEMPORARILY REASSIGNED AFTER A SAILOR FROM FLORIDA DIED DURING A RIGOROUS TRAINING PROGRAM A PRELIMINARY AUTOPSY SHOWS SEAMAN JAMES LOVELACE DROWNED IN A SWIMMING POOL AFTER PARTICIPATING IN A PROGRAM KNOWN AS BASIC UNDERWATER DEMOLITION THE CIRCUMSTANCES AROUND HIS DEATH ARE BEING INVESTIGATED LOVELACE IS FROM CRESTVIEW, ON FLORIDA’S PANHANDLE THE MAN CHARGED WITH TRYING TO KILL A UNIVERSAL ORLANDO CARICATURE ARTIST IS EXPECTED TO APPEAR IN COURT TODAY A COMPETENCY HEARING WILL BE HELD FOR FREDRICK TORRES TO SEE IF HE IS FIT TO STAND TRIAL TORRES WAS ARRESTED IN JANUARY, AFTER ALLEGEDLY ATTACKING FELLOW ARTIST GLENN FERGUSON AT ISLAND’S OF ADVENTURE — ISLANDS OF ADVENTURE HE HAS PLEADED NOT GUILTY ERIN: THE LATEST ADDITION TO DISNEY SPRINGS IS NOW OPEN

GUESTS VENTURED INTO THE NEW TOWN CENTER FOR THE FIRST TIME YESTERDAY THIS IS JUST THE FIRST PHASE OF THE NEW CENTER THAT IS UNDER WORLD OFFICIALS SAY THE EXPANSION HAS CREATED 4,000 NEW JOBS THE REST OF THE TOWN CENTER IS EXPECTED TO OPEN IN PHASES THROUGHOUT THE SUMMER SANDRA: OVERLOOKING PALM BEACH TOWARD THE INTERSTATE, ABSOLUTELY BEAUTIFUL YOU CAN ALMOST FEEL THE MOISTURE IN THE ATMOSPHERE MORNING FOR SURE COUPLE OF QUICK MOVING SHOWERS DOUBLING UP FROM THE SOUTH — BUBBLING UP FROM THE SOUTH IT WILL BE HOT AND THAT IS THE BIG WEATHER STORY FOR MONDAY AND PORT ST. LUCIE 79 IN WEST PALM, 78 IN BOCA WIND THE WIND IS GOING TO INCREASE MOISTURE WE WILL SEE A SERIES OF MEANS WIDESPREAD SCATTERED SHOWERS AND STORMS POSSIBLY STARTING AS SOON AS TOMORROW AFTERNOON OVERALL, FEELING LIKE SUMMER THE COMBINATION OF THE HEAT AND HUMIDITY WILL MAKE IT FEEL AT LEAST 91 TO 95 DEPENDING ON YOUR LOCATION A MIX OF SUN AND CLOUDS THROUGHOUT, A MODERATE CHOP ABOUT 11:18 5:38 A VERY HIGH UV INDEX TAKE A LOOK AT THE INCREASE IN MOISTURE AS WE HEAD INTO TOMORROW NIGHT, THERE IS A INTENSE SORT OF SHOWERS AND STORMS THAT WILL BE MOVING THROUGH, THAT WILL INCREASE THE MOISTURE ACROSS THE PALM BEACH TREASURE COAST AND WE WILL SEE A MOISTURE RICH ENVIRONMENT WITH A SERIES OF WHAT WE CALL SHORT WAVES DIPPING THROUGH WEDNESDAY, THURSDAY AND FRIDAY AS WELL OF ORGANIZED ACTIVITY THROUGHOUT THE AREA ON WEDNESDAY WITH SHOWERS AND STORMS ON THURSDAY AND EVEN FRIDAY THROUGH THE WEEKEND PAUL: AWARD-WINNING HIP-HOP ARTIST MACKLEMORE JOINED PRESIDENT OBAMA IN HIS WEEKLY ADDRESS TO TALK ABOUT OPIOID ABUSE IN THE U.S ERIN: MACKLEMORE DESCRIBED THE PROBLEM AS PERSONAL AND TALKED ABOUT HIS BATTLE WITH ADDICTION >> HEY, EVERYBODY I’M HERE WITH PRESIDENT OBAMA PERSONALLY BATTLED ADDICTION IF I HADN’T GOTTEN THE HELP I NEEDED WHEN I NEEDED IT, I DEFINITELY MIGHT NOT BE HERE TODAY AND I WANT TO HELP OTHERS FACING THE SAME CHALLENGES I DID ERIN: THIS SUMMER, MTV PLANS TO AIR A ONE-HOUR DOCUMENTARY THAT INCLUDES A CONVERSATION BETWEE PRESIDENT OBAMA AND MACKLEMORE STEPHANIE: TIME FOR A LOOK AT WHAT IS TRENDING NOW AND THERE’S , A SOCIAL MEDIA PUSH TO SAVE A RARE AIRPORT THIS — RARE PORPOISE TH VAQUITA PORPOISE IS THE WORLD’S SMALLEST PORPOISE SPECIES AND IT FACES IMMINENT EXTINCTION THE MEXCIAN NAVY AND EVIRONMENTALISTS HAVE DEPLOYED NEW FAST BOATS, PLANES, HELICOPTERS AND EVEN DRONES TO HELP PROTECT THEM REPORTEDLY REMAIN IN THE WILD AND THEY’RE FOUND IN THE GULF OF CALIFORNIA SCIENTISTS ARE WARNING THE , DISNEY FILM FINDING DORY COULD TRIGGER A DECLINE OF CERTAIN FISH POPULATIONS THE MOVIE, WHICH TELLS THE STORY OF DORY, A BLUE TANG FISH, IS SET TO OPEN IN THEATERS BUT RELASE OF FINDING NEMO IN 2003 ACTUALLY LED TO A DECLINE IN WILD CLOWN FISH POPULATIONS KEEPING A CLOSE EYE ON BOTH THOSE FISH POPULATIONS ERIN: IT IS LIKE YOU SEE MORE CLOWN FISH IN AQUARIUMS TONIGHT AT 11:00 LOOK YEARS DOCTOR >> AND IT IS A DIFFERENCE WITHIN FOUR DAYS, I SKIN IS HYDRATED, I OBSESSED WITH IT PAUL: WE WILL TELL YOU ABOUT THE NEW PRODUCT JUST LAUNCHED IN THE

ANTI-AGING GAME THE NATURAL AND NO-NEEDLE METHOD DRAMATICALLY REDUCING WRINKLES AND REJUVENATING SKIN AT HOME THAT IS TONIGHT AT 11:00 ERIN: HEADING INTO DOWNTOWN WEST PALM BEACH PAUL: CONSTRUCTION IS WRAPPING UP, WE TELL YOU WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ERIN: BE SURE TO FOLLOW WPBF 25 NEWS TRAFFIC ON TWITTER FOG DEVELOPING ALONG I-95 PAUL: LAST NIGHT’S WINNING LOTTERY NUMBERS THANKS FOR WATCHING WPBF 25 NEWS YOUR OFFICIAL LOTTERY STATION SANDRA: BAHAMAS CROSSING FORECAST, 88 DEGREES, TWO FOOT TO THREE FOOT SEAS A COULD GET THEMSELVES ONLY AT ABOUT TWO FEET PAUL: QUEEN ELIZABETH AND MEMBERS OF THE ROYAL FAMILY ATTENDED QUITE THE PERFORMANCE OVER THE WEEKEND TO HONOR THE ERIN: THE ROYAL FAMILY INCLUDING PRINCE CHARLES, PRINCE WILLIAM, DUCHESS KATE, AND PRINCE HARRY GATHERED AT WINDSOR CASTLE ON SUNDAY THE TELEVISED EVENT FEATURED FAMOUS PERFORMERS AND SINGERS AND 900 HORSES 21ST HOWEVER HER OFFICIAL BIRTHDAY , CELEBRATION WILL BE HELD ON SATURDAY JUNE 11 EVERY HER MAJESTY AND KING CELEBRATED TWO DIFFERENT BIRTHDAYS [LAUGHTER] A COMPANY IS LOOKING TO HIRE NEARLY A THOUSAND WORKERS AS TO MARS PAUL: SIERRA NEVADA CORPORATION IS WORKING TO DEVELOP A DESCENT BRAKE SYSTEM FOR THE MISSION, SET FOR 2020 THE COMPANY HAS OFFICES IN NEVADA AND COLORADO ITS LEADERS ARE WORKING CLOSELY WITH NASA TO DEVELOP THE PARTS NEEDED FOR THE MISSION >> WE WILL BE HAULING CARGO BACK AND FORTH TO THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION AND PULLING SCIENTIFIC EXPERIMENTS BACK FR THE ISS TOO, THAT CAN LAND ON THE RUNWAY SO THEY DON’T SPLASH IN THE OCEAN AND GET RUINED THEY CAN GO STRAIGHT INTO THE LAB ERIN: RIGHT NOW, NASA IS WORKING ON ITS ORION SPACECRAFT AT THE KENNEDY SPACE CENTER IN HOPES OF SENDING IT TO THE RED PLANET APPLE IS TRYING TO FIGURE OUT WHY SOME USERS ARE NOTICING COMPUTERS WORKING ON A FIX AFTER SOME FROM THEIR ACCOUNTS WITHOUT THEIR PERMISSION THE COMPANY ADMITS THAT IT HAS NOT QUITE IDENTIFIED THE CAUSE WORKING ON AN UPDATE SOME NEW LINES OF PRIVATE LABEL BRANDS >> THEY WILL INCLUDE NUTS, BABY FOODS AND EVEN COFFEE IN DETERGENT AND OTHER HOUSEHOLD ITEMS IF YOU ARE A BIG SIMPSONS FAN, THEN YOU WILL LOVE THE NEW — SEARCH THROUGH 15 SEASONS OF THE TELEVISION SHOW FOR SPECIFIC QUOTES AND THEN YOU CAN TURN THE QUOTE INTO ANIMATED GIF >> THOSE ARE YOUR TECH BYTES >> GOOD NEWS FOR TOWARD WEST PALM BEACH, WE WILL REOPENED ONE DAY ONLY — ONE DAY

EARLY ERIN: THEY BOTH JUST FOR TEENAGERS WERE LAST SEEN ON BEFORE THEY DISAPPEARED IS BACK IN SOUTH FLORIDA PAUL: HERE IS SANDRA SHAW LAFAYETTE LOOK AT YOUR — SANDRA SHAW WITH A LOOK AT YOUR FORECAST WEST PALM BEACH BOCA RATON AT 77 YOU SEE THAT CHANCE OF A SHOWER DRIVEN BY THE HEAT OF THE DAY REAL FIELD CONDITIONS IN THE LOWER TO MID 90’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— WERE SCHEDULED TO REOPEN, TOMORROW ALL ABOARD TELLS US CREWS MANAGED TO GET ALL THE WORK DONE IN TIME TO OPEN THE ENTIRE ROAD THIS MORNING THE BOAT TWO TEQUESTA TEENS WERE LAST SEEN ON BEFORE THEY DISAPPEARED IS BACK IN SOUTH FLORIDA PAUL: AUSTIN STEPHANOS AND PERRY COHEN WERE LAST SEEN ON IN JULY — ON THAT BOAT IN JULY OFFICIALS SAY THE BOAT IS SCHEDULED TO BE UNLOADED AT 7:00 WHAT IS UNCLEAR IS WHERE THAT BOAT WILL GO FROM THERE ERIN: A SECOND HEARING BEGINS THIS MORNING AS TO WHAT HAPPENS — WHAT HAPPENED TO THE ALFARO SHIP FOCUS ON SHIP HAVE CONTACT WITH THOSE ON BOARD CAPITAL ON LOCKDOWN WERE ROAD POLICE BLOCKED THE PATH TO PROVINCIAL PALACE WITH SHIPPING CONTAINERS AND CLOSING THE KABUL TRAFFIC THE U.S. EMBASSY FROZE ITS CONSULAR SECTION, WARNING AMERICANS IN THE COUNTRY TO STAY CITY ERIN: A PILOT MANAGED TO WALK AWAY UNHARMED, AFTER MAKING A HARD LANDING AT THE PAHOKEE AIRPORT VERY LITTLE INFORMATION HAS BEEN RELEASED AS TO WHAT CAUSED THE PLANE TO GO OFF THE RUNWAY THIS WEEKEND WE DO KNOW THAT NO ONE WAS INJURED PAUL: JURY DELIBERATIONS WILL CONTINUE THIS WEEK IN THE MURDER TRIAL OF A TREASURE COAST WOMAN ACCUSED OF KILLING HER 5-YEAR-OLD SON JURORS HAVE TWICE ASKED TO READ HEAR TESTIMONY FROM THE TRIAL OF MICHELLE LODZINSKI ON FRIDAY PROSECUTORS SAY LODZINSKI KILLED HER SON 25 YEARS AGO IN NEW JERSEY HER ATTORNEY ARGUES NO FORENSIC EVIDENCE TIES HER TO THE CRIME ERIN: WEST PALM BEACH POLICE ARE TRYING TO FIGURE OUT HOW TWO JUVENILES ESCAPED FROM LOCK-UP OFFICERS WERE CALLED TO 44TH STREET AND IRWIN AVENUE SUNDAY MORNING AFTER REPORTS OF A SUSPICIOUS PERSON SHORTLY AFTER, THE JUVENILE DETENTION CENTER REPORTED TWO INMATES ESCAPED FROM THE CENTER TAKEN INTO CUSTODY FELONY ESCAPE AND RESISTING ARREST HUNDREDS PEOPLE CAME OUT TO SUPPORT THE ZOOKEEPER WHO LOST HER LIFE IN A TIGER ATTACK IN APRIL PAUL: THE ANNUAL SAVE THE TIGERS MANY SATURDAY MORNING LAST MONTH, ZOO OFFICIALS RENAMED THIS ANNUAL RACE AFTER HER >> I WANTED TO COME OUT AND SUPPORT THE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SOCIETY’S TIGER CONSERVATION PROJECT IN MALAYSIA FAMILY AND FRIENDS CELEBRATED THE LIFE OF GREG BRYANT, A FORMER LOCAL HIGH SCHOOL FOOTBALL STAR WHO ATTENDED BEACH ERIN: BRYANT AND HIS FRIEND WERE SHOT ON I-95 AFTER A NIGHT OUT WITH FRIENDS BRYANT DIED FROM HIS INJURIES THE ATHLETE PLAYED FOOTBALL AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA BIRMINGHAM AND WAS HOME ON

BREAK TOUCHED DIFFERENT PEOPLE IN DIFFERENT PERSON A TOUGH TIME FOR EVERYBODY IN THE CHURCH, THAT A LOT OF CELEBRATION, TOO — BUT A LOT OF CELEBRATION, TOO ERIN: BRYANT’S BODY WAS TAKEN TO DELRAY COMMUNITY CEMETERY TO BE LAID TO REST POLICE ARE ASKING ANYONE WITH INFORMATION IN HIS DEATH TO CONTACT THEM THE PORT ST. LUCIE CITY COUNCIL HAS APPROVED PLANS FOR A NEW ROUNDABOUT THE PUBLIC IS INVITED TO AN INFORMATIONAL MEETING TONIGHT ON ITS DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION THE INTERSECTION IS AT NORTH WEST BAYSHORE BOULEVARD AND NORTH WEST SELVITZ ROAD THE MEETING IS FROM 5:30 UNTIL 7 — 7:00 AT THE COMMUNITY CENTER, LOCATED AT 2195 SOUTH EAST AIROSO BOULEVARD PAUL: DOZENS OF LOCAL STUDENTS ARE GIVEN A NEW SET OF WHEELS AS A THANK YOU FOR BEING MODEL STUDENTS STUDENTS REPRESENTING 20 ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN WEST PALM BEACH WERE AT THE KRAVIS CENTER DURING A LUNCHEON THIS WEEKEND PRINCIPALS SELECTED THE STUDENTS BASED ON GOOD CLASSROOM BEHAVIOR SEVERAL PEOPLE INJURED IN A CRASH RIGHT NEAR ANIMAL KINGDOM ERIN: WE WILL TO YOU WHAT FAMILY WRECK PAUL: NEW FOSSILS DISCOVERED IN FLORIDA HAVE RESEARCHERS AT RIGHT — REWRITING HISTORY BREAKING NEWS OUT OF WEST PALM BEACH AS WE CONTINUE TO MONITOR THIS BREAKING STORY, WHITNEY BURBANK IS ON THE SCENE, TALKING TO FIREFIGHTERS WE ARE ALWAYS FIRST WHEN IT COMES TO LIVE, LOCAL LATE PAUL: WHITNEY BURBANK ARRIVING ON THE SCENE OF A HOUSE FIRE WHITNEY: I JUST SPOKE TO THE HOMEOWNER WHO SAID SHE WAS THE ONLY PERSON HOME WHEN THIS FIRE BROKE OUT SHE SAYS THEY FIRE HAPPENED ABOUT 10 MINUTES BEFORE 6:00 SHE SAYS THAT SHE IS VERY SHAKEN UP BUT IS NOT INJURED SHE TELLS ME SHE CAME HOME FROM JAMAICA, RECENTLY AND DOES NOT KNOW WHAT HAPPENED OR WHAT COULD HAVE CAUSED THE FIRE LOOKING AROUND THE SCENE, LOOKING AROUND THE BACK AT A WINDOW WHERE THERE IS SOME HEAVY SMOKE DAMAGE WE WILL GET A SHOT OF THAT FOR YOU, LATER SANDRA: YOU CAN SEE THAT THE SUN IS BASICALLY UP WE HAVE A GREAT SUNRISE OVER THE WEEKEND YOU CAN SEE THE PELICANS FLYING ATLANTIC THIS IS A LOOK AT THE SHORELINE SENT INTO ME OVER THE WEEKEND WE HAVE ANOTHER ONE SENT IN BY SEAN AND THIS IS OF A DRONE VIDEO IT SHOWS THE BEAUTIFUL WATERS OVER THE WEEKEND IN THE MEANTIME, WE ASK YOU TO SEND IN YOUR WEATHER PICTURES YOU CAN SEND THEM IN THROUGH FACEBOOK ERIN AS CAN SEE, IDENTIFIED TO TH TURNPIKE, PALM BEACH COUNTY ALL THE WAY DOWN INTO BROWARD COUNTY, GREAT NEWS FOR MONDAY CURRENT DRIVE TIMES ALSO JUST A HEADS UP TO ONGOING CONSTRUCTION GOING ALONG , BUT DURING THIS WEEK THROUGH MAY 18 ON WEDNESDAY, THEY WILL BE SHIFTING THE ROAD WORK TOWARD COMING IN SO SOME IMPROVEMENT COMING DURING ZONE INTO BUILD UP I HAVE ALL THIS INFORMATION FOR YOU ON TWITTER PAUL: PREVENTING DOGFIGHTS SERVICE WANTS YOU TO PROTECT TO PROTECT SOME OF THEIR EMPLOYEES ERIN ON MUSICIAN WHOSE THE ORCHESTRA WORLD IN MORNING ERIN BREAKING OVERNIGHT, A WORLD RECORD-BREAKING ORCHESTRA THEN LATER DIES SHE WAS 87 YEARS OLD

SHE JOINED THE ORCHESTRA AT 16 YEARS OLD, LAYING BASE THAT AFTER STUDYING BASE IN HIGH SCHOOL — WE KNOW AT LEAST NINE PEOPLE WERE HOSPITALIZED AFTER AN SUV TRAVELING IN THE WRONG LANE SLAMMED HEAD-ON INTO A BUS OVER THE WEEKEND NEW FOSSILS OF A MASTODON FOUND IN FLORIDA HAVE RESEARCHERS REWRITING THE HISTORY OF THE EARLIEST AMERICANS SCUBA DIVERS DISCOVERED STONE TOOLS AND A TUSK WITH CUT MARKS AT THE BOTTOM OF A RIVER BED, ABOUT 40 MILES SOUTHEAST OF TALLAHASSEE SCIENTISTS SAY IT POINTS HUMANS LIVING IN THE GULF COAST AREA MORE THAN 14,000 YEARS AG THAT’S 1500 YEARS EARLIER THAN PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT PAUL: RIG NOW HIALEAH POLICE , ARE SEARCHING FOR A GUNMAN INVOLVED IN A DEADLY SHOOTING SATURDAY NIGHT NEAR THE RAINBOW MOTEL POLICE SAY THE MAN WAS AIRLIFTED TO JACKSON MEMORIAL HOSPITAL THERE’S NO WORD ON A SUSPECT OR MOTIVE A MAN REMAINS IN A HOSPITAL AFTER BEING SHOT BY A JACKSONVILLE POLICE OFFICER POLICE SAY THEY WERE FORCED FIRE BECAUSE THE SUSPECT THREATENED TO CUT THEIR HEADS OFF THESE ARE THE BLADES INVESTIGATORS SAY CODY MARSH WAS THREATENING TO USE ON THEM, AFTER HE CALLED 911 >> HE BEGAN TAKING THOSE KNIVES AND SWINGING THEM WILDLY ABOUT HIS BODY HE THEN MADE THREATS TO THE OFFICERS, SAYING HE WAS GOING TO CUT THEIR HEADS OFF, THAT HE WAS GOING TO SLASH THEM AND THAT HE WAS GOING TO THROW THE KNIVES A THEM AS WELL PAUL: MARSH WAS SHOT TWICE, AND IS EXPECTED TO SURVIVE SANDRA LET’S TAKE A LOOK AT THE SKY CAMERAS NOTHING REALLY ON THE GROUND, WE SAW A COUPLE ISOLATED SHOWERS THIS MORNING, THE BULK OF THE ACTIVITY IS WELL OFFSHORE YOU WILL DEFINITELY NEED THE UMBRELLA OF THE MIDDLE PART OF THE WEEK — BY THE MIDDLE PART OF THE WEEK 79 AT PBIA WILLINGTON IN THE MID-70’S AND 78 IN THE — IN BOCA RATON WE ARE SIX DEGREES MILDER IN VERO BEACH LOWER TO MID 90’S A SLIGHT CHANCE OF A SEABREEZE DRIVEN SHOWER AND NOTABLE WIND WILL HELP THAT MOISTURE INFLUX OF THE WEEK VOTERS, MODERATE CHOP SO IT IS BUMPY BUT NOT TOO BAD WITH PLENTY OF TIME TO ENJOY THINGS LOW TIDE AROUND 11:18 THIS MORNING A VERY HIGH INDEX, SO MAKE SURE YOU HAVE THE HAT AND SUNSCREEN SHOWERS KIND OF FOCUSING MORE NORTH, BUT SOME OF THE MODELS HINT THAT WE COULD GET WIDESPREAD ACTIVITY TOMORROW AFTERNOON AND WE WILL SEE THAT THROUGHOUT THE DAY ON WEDNESDAY WITH 60% COVERAGE SHOWERS AND STORMS STILL QUITE PROMINENT AS WE HAD THROUGHOUT WEEK ABOUT VENEZUELA, BECAUSE THE COUNTRY COULD BE ON THE RINK OF COLLAPSE OF EMERGENCY AMID WORSENING CONDITIONS BASIC GOODS AND HORRIFIC STREET CRIME THE U.S. INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY IS ALSO WARNING THAT THERE COULD BE A COUP AN AWESOME SPORTS MORNING IT SHOWS A LACROSSE PLAYER SCORING AN 80 YARD GOA IN THE PLAY, FORCING THE GAME INTO OVERTIME THE BOSTON CANNONS WERE TRAILING THE ROCHESTER RATTLERS IN MAJOR LEAGUE LACROSSE WHEN THE TWO-POINT GOAL TIED IT UP LAUNCHED IT DOWN THE FIELD AND IT BOUNCED INTO THE GOAL PAUL: YOU NEVER KNOW WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN STEPHANI YOU PLAYED LACROSSE THAT IS IT WOULD BE LIKE THROWING A HAIL CLOSED

IS UNDERWAY ERIN: THE WEEK IS DEDICATED TO PROTECTING LETTER CARRIERS WHO — THINK OF THEM AS A THREAT CUSTOMERS WILL BE ASKED TO INDICATE IF THERE IS A DOG AT THEIR ADDRESS WHEN SCHEDULED TO PICK UP A PATCH IT — A PACKAGE WE ARE FOLLOWING A LOCAL — THAT LIVE, LOCAL LATEBREAKING NEWS PAUL: WHITNEY BURBANK IS TALKING WITH THE HOMEOWNER AT THE SCENE OF THIS HOUSE FIRE NEWS TO GO IS NEXT SANDRA WE ARE GETTING YOU READY TO GO, MOTIVATIONAL MONDAY I HOPE YOU ARE MOTIVATED BY THE HEAT, BECAUSE WE WILL SEE 88 OR SO ACROSS THE AREA, FEELING LIKE THE LOW 90’S AND SHOWERS LATE DAY, POSSIBILITY AT ABOUT 20% WE RAMP UP THE CHANCES TOMORROW THURSDAY PAUL LIVE NEWS TODAY SCENE OF A HOUSE FIRE WHITNEY: CERTAINLY A SCARY MORNING FOR THIS HOMEOWNER I JUST SPOKE TO HE SHE IS DOING OK, BUT HER ARM DID GET A MINOR BURN BEFORE 6:00 SHE ACTUALLY DRUG THAT MATTRESS OUT SHE SAID IT WAS A SLEEP NUMBER BED AND SHE DID NOT WANT TO LOSE IT, SO SHE PULLED IT OUT HERSELF BECAUSE OF THE FIRE IS STILL

Libertopia 2012 – Teresa Warmke – Obsolete the FDA and Make Your Own Healthcare Product Decisions

welcome to my talk I’m Theresa warm p I’m here to talk about how to make your own decisions about health care products you know i’m all for obsolete in the fda but you know it would probably take a while and one of the most important factors in that is to help people really think about health care products and not just trust that if it’s something their doctor recommends because it’s approved that means it’s good and so my talk is really to explain some of the ways that you can think critically about data you see and advertisements you see about care products i’m also with free aid just like stephanie and thanks for thanks for your kind words stephanie it is a pleasure to work with free aid we’re an organization that has you know that networks with a lot of medically skilled Liberty lovers and we’ve got about fifty members of our facebook group now and I’m delighted a chip is one of them here and and Stephanie and several others and we’re here providing first aid services as well for the festival so far we haven’t had anything too serious I know and and so that’s great and we are I am also going to be doing CPR workshops at one o’clock today and then one o’clock on tomorrow as well and it’s also very refreshing to see how many people were interested in mutual aid for Stephanies talk earlier and CPR is a good example of mutual aid people helping each other without having to you know being empowered to help each other without waiting for government providers so all right so some of the things to look for in a study to summarize is the study design appropriate for the question being asked is this study well conducted where subjects informed of risks beforehand it’s very important ethically ethically how strong are the results how generalizable are the study results beyond the study population and what percentage of patients benefit from the treatment so these are all important questions to ask and just a poll you know how many people here have either had a procedure or prescription drug or a loved one that has had a procedure or a prescription drug you know how many people here have have really looked into some data about their products good good excellent I always do I know too much I work in the I work in the medical device industry and I just know too much about what FDA doesn’t doesn’t ask and and how data can be interpreted differently in different circumstances so I’m here to help help provide information about how to ask good questions about the products that you or your loved ones receive so there’s two primary problems with health care product data one is confounding so what that means if if if choosing the treatment or exposure is related to other causes of the outcome you might see a spurious relationship so I’ll talk a little bit more about this in upcoming slides and bias is that if the assessment of the exposure and outcome are related in some way you might also see a spurious relationship so I’m going to talk about each of these ensure so confounding an example of a confounding error is you’re looking at the relationship between coffee consumption and cardiovascular disease if people who consume coffee are more likely to have unhealthy lifestyles maybe they smoke maybe they don’t exercise very much then you might end up not making the right conclusion unless you control for that those confounding variables and then another example is it can work the other way as well if you’re looking to see if taking a multivitamin supplement will help some kinds of cancers and people who take vitamins also have healthier lifestyles you might see a confounding relationship that isn’t causal you might make a conclusion erroneously that taking vitamin supplements helps prevent cancer but it might be related to all these other variables that are going on in that study the other type of problem is bias and that occurs when there is Miss measurement of some kind and when there is poor measurement in both the exposed and unexposed populations then that can dilute a true effect so that you wouldn’t wouldn’t see a effect that really was there in some cases and in other cases when there is different measurement of one outcome versus another tip to the exposed population in

the unexposed population then it can make it seem like there is an association when it’s not really there an example of different types of biases recall bias so this is kind of well understood people with the outcome may be more likely to over remember those with Althea outcome are more likely to forget so it’s a you know the example we’re giving here a cellphone use if someone develops a brain tumor and and is asked you know about cell phone use they might remember oh yeah I used cell phone but if they don’t develop a brain tumor or they’re not likely to remember that at all ascertain meant bias occurs when assessment of the outcome is different between the exposed and unexposed so for example hormonal contraception and embolism women who use 12 pills may be more likely to be screened for embolisms because a more frequent contact with doctors and concerns about the association and the more you strain for it the more you’re likely to find it so that’s an ascertain meant bias and then another type of bias that happens a lot in health care product studies is lost to follow-up so if you’re doing a study over a period of time the patients who you know usually there are predefined intervals at which they’re going to be measured for different outcomes and if what happens is that some of the patients drop out they don’t want to continue the study or something else happens and that’s not always random the way that happens you know so if the drug causes serious side effects more of those taking the drug may drop out than those who don’t take the drug and so then the results might look better than they are and yeah so that may look like there are lower risk of adverse events and group that dropped out so here are some ways to control for these problems one of the best ways is randomized control trials not all health care products go through randomized control trials but the it really helps eliminate some of those issues randomization from a treatment group and a control group really helps control the confounding variables if they’re really randomly assigned across the population you know to ensure that the comparison groups are similar on all characteristics other than the measurement other than the thing you’re measuring so that’s important with randomization and some randomization schemes are better than others so you know if you look at a study be sure to think about that and then the control group it makes you making sure there is a control group has to be adequate and for drug and device trials if there is no no an effective treatment new treatments are tested versus placebo but if there is if there are other treatments for the condition right now like for instance blood pressure or something like that there are currently effective treatments for that you have to treat it you have to test it versus the standard of care and it’s tricky because sometimes the standard of care can vary by location and in different countries and you name it a blind is another method to control for some of these issues I to prevent bias and if patients know they received an active drug they may be more likely to report improvement it’s kind of known as the placebo effect you know they’re more likely to report improvement and they’re also more likely to report in effects if they think they have the active treatment but if patients know they received a placebo they may drop out of the study and they may decide to take the drug on their own and it can cause issues and if a researcher or evaluator knows that the patient received the active drug they may be more inclined to see improvement and but one of the issues you can’t always blind subjects or researchers if you’re if it’s a really invasive procedure some kind of surgical procedure or something it’s really not ethical to do a sham and not really do it you know so it can be really difficult but but blinded studies are generally more free from bias than others some of the limitations of randomized control trials the study population is usually very specific so you’re trying to isolate the variable in question and so generally they they get you know from silikal companies and medical device companies can try when they do randomized control trials to be have a very specific population that might not always be applicable to the broad population you know this happened with vioxx for example they studied a narrow population and then it got used for a lot of different things that weren’t always well studied randomized controlled trial should only be

conducted when there is a state of equipoise there’s a legitimate question as to whether the treatment is beneficial or not if you know there has to be equipoise between the treatment group the control group to make it ethical even you can’t conduct a trial where drug with known effectiveness is withheld like when I was talking about blood pressure earlier it wouldn’t be ethical that’s it tell people you have to stop taking all your meds so that we can study this new one that’s not appropriate either if it really is standard of care although some blood pressure medicines are better than others let me put that caveat out there and you can’t conduct a trial that’s where exposure is likely to be harmful to a subject so you can’t assign someone to start smoking cigarettes to study the effect of it and another example of this is like the verb later that we have that free aid I worked at the compass that made it when we designed it we made the waveform extremely efficient so that it could be in a small device that like that one and it was so not according to the standard for different blade or wave forms and we were able to do a clinical trial at that time because back then when people were receiving implantable defibrillators it was standard of care to put them into ventricular fibrillation to test the implant the device but the implanted device is so good right now that that they no longer need to do that so no one ever gets put into VF anymore which is a good thing we got is not a good thing Ian even when you have a defibrillator right there that you know is going to bring them out of it but because of this it’s not possible to innovate new defibrillation waveforms anymore because in the case of an automated external defibrillator for cardiac arrest cardiac arrest doesn’t occur often enough to study it would be impractical to conduct a study of aeds and then there are also informed consent challenges the victim is not responsive and so in its moments count so it’s really difficult to do research into defibrillators and so so right now it’s very difficult to study this and it’s not a problem I have all the solutions to it’s something I’m very interested in talking about how do you how do you handle the situation when you need to get informed consent for experimental therapy when the patient is unconscious and their loved ones and whatever are not likely around or can really understand in the short time that you need to go ahead and try to innovate so it’s a real challenge that’s not going to be solved by getting rid of erm anout of the picture they they struggle with it too but I’m glad I’m glad we were able to study the way from that centaur defibrillator it would just be nice to be able to innovate further in the future so when when a randomized controlled trial for these various reasons aren’t possible observational studies are generally used and there what happens is that the treatment is not allocated to subjects by researcher but chosen by individuals so they they decide if they want to have the treatment or not and then so the limitations of these is bias and confounding because it’s you don’t have the randomization that sells for the confounding and you don’t have the control group it’s just just people you’re just looking people that are taking the product but one of the things I didn’t put on here but one of the things with observational studies that can be helpful is if you can see that they predefined what they expect to see in the population that took it so when you when our researcher pre defines the outcome they and the hypothesis that they expect to see then that really helps minimize some of these things but not completely there are different types of observational studies a cohort study is where researchers select a population or cohort and they assess their level of exposure and then follow them over a long period of time and and to see if they develop the outcome there are others where it’s a case-control where they select a group of people with an outcome and a group in a group without sometimes with a historical control and and then compared the levels of previous exposure in both groups if you’re using a historical control a good question to ask is what was the standard of care at the time that hit that historical control population was exposed to the product before and because it can change over time quite a lot practice of medicine and all kinds of things can change and or if it’s in another country then the you know the better that the better that you control the better that you match your controls the better off

you can be ecological observational studies are where researchers select populations not individuals and my my colleague Mariko Geiger helped me put these studies together and she’s an epidemiologist and I had never heard of this before but she knows all kinds of interesting things and so an example of this is the effect of bicycle helmet laws on the rate of head injury and these studies can be pretty severely flawed because they’re looking at groups of people and there’s a lot of confounding stuff that goes on with it and you know people want to see that bike helmets help and so it has all kinds of biases to some now moving on to interpretation so when you’re looking at an advertisement or you’re looking at study or you know and I feel like me and you see an advertisement after a doctor recommend something and you look it up on google and you look for scientific papers you’ll see different things reported in those papers and statistical testing you know I took a class in statistics in college and I just kind of it was really difficult to understand how to apply it but after working in the business for so long I’ve gotten I’ve gotten to know a few things working with my statisticians that I work with so testing statistically is based on the possibility that sometimes associations are simply due to chance and so if a statistically significant relationship is found it’s unlikely that the relationship is by chance but it is still possible there’s always a chance that that you saw a good result that was just based on the fact that there weren’t quite enough people to be sure that that was right when a study is looking at many different comparisons the possibility of chance error is multiplied so so when you see that reports decrease in deaths decrease in myocardial infarctions decrease in lots of different things that they’ve looked at in the same population the chances that they’re all good is multiple you know the chance if they report all good results the chances that there’s an error and at least one of them is multiplied when a study is looking let’s see here oh sorry replication is really critical to scientific inquiry the more times the result has been replicated in separate studies by separate researchers the more you can trust it in an example one of the one of the examples I research before this talk was medical marijuana and I was very surprised to see how few studies there are on it um yeah IIIi don’t know I just sort of expected to see more just based on all the policy talks that go on and all the other stuff but any problems Christy yeah she’s asking can they study can they study medical marijuana what I heard was that when I heard one hour when I saw when I researched this is that there is one I guess a lab I don’t know 11 site in the US where you can requisition marijuana for studies and and the studies I thought I only saw two studies and they were in very narrow populations and very limited numbers of subjects a single site I think where they tested marijuana cigarettes versus non marijuana cigarettes and they called it blinded and I find this impossible to believe so I am very suspicious of those studies but I would love to see more and so you know I wanted to see more ok so maybe ribs yeah there’s plenty of information of that ok so maybe that’s what they did but I looked for that in the paper and I didn’t see it so I was suspicious but it would have been better for them to explain you could still you know that it really was blinded but anyway replication is really important I would love to see more not want to study is replicated and maybe not you know just in the US that’s really locked down but I’ve heard other countries like the Netherlands oh yeah there you go yeah do you more do more studies um that’s that’s really helpful and sometimes when you look at medical product studies you see something called a p-value and if it’s less than five percent which is reported as p less than 0.05 the chance error it’s considered acceptable statistically significant this is somewhat arbitrary you know so I want people to know they’re saying they’re saying there’s a five percent chance this might this result might be wrong and so just keep that in mind when you see things like that or sometimes you see p equals 0 point 0 0 or 1 you know quite a few zeros before the one you can have a lot of result is probably right but if it’s

like point 0 for 9 you know you’re kind of you know they usually would say less than 5 in that case but you know that’s that’s sort of a ballpark and it’s not like there’s it’s written into our regulation but FDA never approves something as far as I’ve seen that’s more than point 05 sure yeah Johnny those my feet reported that way but that doesn’t make up for a bad designs Valley design aesthetic very good point Jody gently saying that even if you have a P equals less than point 05 that doesn’t necessarily mean the results of something you can count on because and that also has to do with statistical significance doesn’t always translate to clinical significance that’s my other point on here that just because mathematically the result would turn out that way because maybe the way they designed it or whatever to do that yeah confounding and bias yes that happens a lot actually and so that’s a really good point to think about what that outcome does that outcome really matter to you if you’re able to show is to two significant result in terms of mathematically in terms of reducing blood pressure from you know blood pressure from like 150 to 149 you know so what you know it’s you know that’s not very much it doesn’t really matter and another example is so an example of sometimes the way you see this patients who receive product a had a significant reduction in cardiac death and myocardial infarction compared to patients who receive product B and then you’ll see it in parentheses p equals 0.003 I took this off of study I looked at but you know a question on that one I would ask is are there would they adjust for multiplicity because they’re reporting both death and myocardial infarction so I would ask questions like that a lot of the time they don’t I would even say most of the time they don’t so be aware that even with a significant result like that if they report multiple things it might be less than that really and then my other prerogative question is would you believe a conclusion that was p equals 0.05 one this wouldn’t get approved by the FDA but it’s probably okay you know and so I just want to get people thinking that way oh yeah that’s a really good point yeah it’s depending on depending on what the condition is you can really you can have a different level that you’ll accept a level of scientific rigor and like what I was talking about with defibrillators you know thank goodness we have them but I but it’s really hard to study them and thank you and I well I will I will I will use it as if you do so you could have that yeah there are there are some people would do not resuscitate bands I’ve even heard of tattoos you know all kinds of stuff and I absolutely respect that but the odds difficult yeah Sharon there are two more caveat about studies a recent issue of scientific american mind has an article about professional subjects and the pit the researchers are so here to get subjects they’re not as fussy as they should be yeah who gets to be a subject that’s a really good point too yeah Sharon saying that some researchers are so eager to get study subjects because they get not only money for each patient that they include in a study from the manufacturer of whatever product is under investigation but they also in probably an even more important motivator to think about is that they research they get to be published and and that really helps them advance in their careers and just be careful when you’re working with investigators there that can be a bias in selecting the patience for the group and and sometimes you know sometimes papers put it in the fine print you know that you know some of the subjects didn’t have all of the inclusion criteria but we and we presented it and sometimes they’ll present the results without those patients and sometimes I’ll present them with the patients and just be careful when you’re looking at that it’s it’s it’s definitely an issue so yes questions by the actual Oh absolutely and that’s a really good

segue into my next book here is is the comment here that it’s really important to follow the money it’s always important to follow money if you’re seeing a really something that seems to be true or something that doesn’t make sense to you or the numbers just aren’t adding up to you that or even if they are you know just be cognizant of where people acting the funding you know the funding for virtually all medical product testing comes from the companies that make the products and that’s the only way you can get the research done but you know just be aware of you know they and they pay for they pay for health care also for the subject so like routine follow ups and stuff and so sometimes people can get free health care if they sign up for a study and that’s to sharon’s point earlier that you can get professional subjects that way also so there’s incentives for them that way and you know that’s good oh yeah question is that place between the need for all these drugs and the production of food and it’s like what was was being passed off the spoon and like it spins micronized why we need these drugs cure the diseases there could cause for things were eating uh yeah I’m not I’m not the question is about foods and and comments on all these drugs that are being used to address issues that are caused by foods and and things like that i’m actually not super familiar with a lot of the food food issues i know i know a little bit about you know wheat allergies and things like that i do see that because you know medicine has really changed over the last century even and to where doctors are spending less and less time with patients and if there is a drug that is purported to be treating something that’s what they go to first with that because it’s hard to get a patient to change their lifestyle it’s hard to get someone to quit smoking it’s hard to all these things are hard and they take time and time that you know physicians don’t have and and the other is it’s not all their fault sometimes they can get sued if they don’t prescribe and because it’s because that because standard of care because it’s so easy to write a prescription and and it’s so hard to do these other things that then it becomes standard of care and then they can get sued if they don’t follow standard of care so it’s it’s a it’s an issue for sure but it’s something that the more people that are aware of that being an issue the better empowered we can be to help make good decisions and and work on things and help each other work on things rather than always relying on the prescription pad of the doctor and you know some of them are great but I had a doctor that was fantastic and always took time to do the harder things and he got out of it to be in practice anymore thought about that that and he was an ob/gyn and you know the insurance for those guys is crazy so he couldn’t make money with the time he wanted to spend with patients so it was sad anyway I’m going to go on just have a little bit of one more topic to cover here one of the things that FDA never makes people report in the labeling or anywhere else is responder rate and this is really important and it’s it’s also important to those of us who care about being individuals versus collectivists you know and especially when it comes to cancer medication chemotherapy so there is a there is a organization called the ASCO that looks at different chemotherapy drugs and it’s it’s really all over the place there is no one chemotherapy there are different combinations of drugs for different cancers and have been studied in various different cancers and this is an example of something that the ASCO came up with as a tool for doctors to talk to patients with that I really like to see but I never see it and drug product labeling or anything like that this is what you’re looking at here is sorry it’s kind of hard to see with the blue background I didn’t didn’t think about that but what you see here are the pants that would would die anyway with or without the drug the red is the patients that survive anyway with or without the drug with no effect in this 13 over here is the patients that benefited from the drug and and the CEO was recommending and this one is is worse it has only ten percent benefiting from the drug these are chemotherapy drugs these are nasty drugs and if you knew that only 10 people benefit tempers I’m sorry ten percent of people benefit from it would you really want to do it I think that’s up to each person to decide you know I think some people would say yes I’m willing to go for it they live two months longer you know this ten percent of people live two months longer with us

taking this nasty drug I’m going to go for it and try to try to do it and try to make it but like and especially when it’s chemotherapy if it’s only two months and only ten percent my goodness i think i would probably decide not to do it but this and that’s exactly what was going on in this study and this is something i never see i never seen labeling i’m glad the ASCO is recommending it for tools for communication with patients but I just I just don’t see it or happen and so so one of the things I said um this was actually this quote and I read it to you this quote came from a recommendation saying Oh chemotherapy drugs work after all but it’s really telling that even in this article that was recommended in saying how it’s proven effective they what the issues are with it that I have with it well it’s true that chemotherapy decreases a woman’s risk of dying from her breast cancer the vast majority of women do not individually benefit from chemotherapy in in order to save that one third and this in this case it was one-third not a tenth in order to save that one third we have to treat most women who segregate into three groups those who would have done well without chemotherapy who are treated unnecessarily those who would do poorly regardless of chemotherapy who are also treated unnecessarily and those for whom chemotherapy is the difference between life and death and so these standards of care and public policies I’ll recommend that everyone get it but you know I don’t think everyone would want it if they really knew all the facts and can send the other thing to consider is this conflict of interest follow the money because chemotherapy has to be given over a long period of time a lot of cancer you know oncologists set up businesses that would administer the drug so instead of just writing a prescription which doesn’t have as much conflict of interest they would buy the drugs in bulk from the drug companies and and some of them were allowed to have more profit than others by the government so um and just think about the bias in that into the conflict of interest that can crop up from that you know these these doctors that are recommending a certain drug to a patient nasty drug to a patient and and there were studies that showed that there were differences in I can’t remember the results and i didn’t write it down on here but there are some that there were more prescribed that had the better profit allowances than the others and that’s just you know unfortunate and i think i would like to believe that most doctors wouldn’t knowingly do this but definitely follow the money always it’s it’s really important to know and think about who benefits from things and do some research online before you have to do something interventional like that yeah Stephanie oh for sure yeah I have seen a big changes in the industry since I’ve been where I’ve been working in it for 20 years and you know they’re there have been a lot of voluntary agreements among industry associations to get rid of a lot of the free giveaways that’s definitely saying can cause physicians to have biases but of course as soon as the industry it’s not to do it anymore then the government makes it a requirement that’s kind of the way it works and then they claim that that it was all their idea you know and that that’s generally what happened so but and so there are biases created from the giveaways and things like that but I don’t want it you know i want to emphasize again that probably the publication bias is even greater if if these investigators and physicians know that they’re going to be able to be a principal investigator and be named on the paper that results from the study that is very motivated to a lot of them and so be cognizant of that too some of them are just really interested in advancing their careers getting more patients expanding their business that’s how they make profit to you know a lot of them and and that’s comes a lot from publishing and that’s what they know they the most of the studies that are going on are funded by health care product companies and so they they would obviously have a bias toward those ones that pick them as the investigator most often so to conclude I just want to reprice what I said at the beginning you’re evaluating a health care product for yourself or a loved one ask is the study design appropriate you know if the

observational study did it have to be why didn’t they were randomized control trial a lot of a lot of observational studies are in populations that could well have been a randomized controlled study some of the Mart though so think about that you know are they studying the right outcomes is another part of design you know what we’ve talked about earlier is it well conducted you know did they did they were they meticulous in their collection or did they were they missing a whole bunch of people like the one your time point and just report on the ones they had you know like that did they if it’s something like if it’s something like a coronary stent were they really looking for the right things down the road really making the right measurements that you can see what’s going on we’re subjects informed of risks ahead of time that’s just something that’s you know rock-bottom critical informed consent you know some there was a big flap about a decade ago with some cancer studies that did not adequately inform patients of risks before they did this interventions and that’s just unacceptable how strong are the results you know assuming the result that you care about you know do the report statistical significance and to what extent how generalizable are the results is is the you really can’t believe that is something in patients with a certain type of severe severe treatment resistant high blood pressure for example would that be applicable of someone with blood pressure of 140 / 81 or something like that you know how how do you how much do you believe that the study population is applicable and then what percentage of patients benefit from it like those chemotherapy drugs you know what I really think critically about that because that should factor into any decision and whether you take what recommend it to someone you care about so yeah I think that’s it yep yeah Chrissy oh I generally try to go the healthy route first now find the natural or whatever don’t like drugs yeah me too but in the case that i do i’m probably not going to go to all of this have you thought of like creating a third party rating system absolutely because i would told you know that would be a place together i would love to do that with aid and i know so much about what’s available you know with fda publishes a lot of stuff and a lot of it is good information but some of it is missing and some of it is biased because once they r approved something they want to defend it no matter what because they don’t want to ever mistake exactly and so um so there are issues like and free aid never accepts government money we never will all of our funding has been very grassroots and we really appreciate the generous support of our donors but I it’s a project that i’ve listed that i would like to do with free aid in the future I’m busy with actually happy she’s she’s saying you know you definitely contact us via free a calm we have a contact us form on there and I don’t maybe we do have our phone number we do have a phone number that forwards to us as well it mostly goes to voicemail but that’s another way to contact us if you have a specific question and want my advice I’d be happy to help and mariko Geiger my colleague who works at Harvard and the epidemiologist who helped me with this talk couldn’t be here but she you know she and i would be happy to help with questions that come in for us yeah Sharon will hear another creepy caveat what are used to work for one of the companies that oversees drug testing and he quit he said you know I didn’t want to take prescription drug again after he saw Jackie panky that went on oh for sure and I don’t know how we learn about that that’s a tough one but just be aware that not all of these study results are on the up and up yes I totally agree Sharon saying that her partner stopped taking risk you know even prescription drugs just after seeing all the stuff that goes on after working with it and an i do too i I avoid drugs as much as possible and even some foods drugs you know again you know like I avoid drugs as much as possible whether the legal or illegal i don’t care if they’re legal or illegal i don’t i don’t make that distinction like some people do and it’s something i think critically about no matter what it is and yeah I’ve seen too much to it and drugs have systemic effects on the whole

body that you can’t always predict and aren’t always measured so it I’m a little bit more inclined to get a device if you need one then a drug just because I can wrap my head around what happens with the device a little bit better depending on the nature that if I some some device for the nervous system are kind of similar to drugs in the way you don’t really know what happens that’s right yes yeah it could be the question is because the the threshold for prescribing medications based on blood pressure has gone down so now it’s 140 over 80 is considered the point at which it gets treated although it can be lower like 135 over something I can’t remember i think it’s 135 for patients with diabetes also with high blood pressure but and she’s asking if if that could be the result of pushing from drug companies absolutely absolutely it can but look into those results look into not only but this is a good example of a surrogate measure blood pressure if necessarily in and of itself bad you know what it does is that there’s there’s been an association between high blood pressure and cardiovascular events and Sprint’s stroke and you know pretty severe cardiovascular events so the question really to ask there is have there been any studies really done that show that you know 140 a blood pressure of 140 really causes a lot of cardio down the road and there were very few actually as far as I know there aren’t as many as there were in the higher blood pressures and people just get used to it is a very good coral it you know having high blood pressure but I just can’t wait to push a lot of good ones bite but when they when there are vested interests writing a prescription including publication as well as money then that’s before and potentially get a second thing someone that’s less conflicted so yeah yeah yeah Jody’s asking about how readable are the articles some of them are much better than others uh I I guess after just having a lot of experience reading a lot of them I’ve gotten reasonably good at it but some of them are written by people with English’s and their first language and some of them are very heavy in the technical details and jargon and they can be very difficult I agree it’s it’s better when companies can translate the results accurately but you always have to be careful when they do that they’re there are I would like to give some examples in future talks of advertisements versus the studies and and really show people how they can get warped in trying to make it readable and then the other companies do much better yes yeah TV advertisements yeah it can be but yeah those TV ads are so weird you know they yeah they have all those side effects at the end and yeah those are it’s hard to believe they’d be effective for anyone they don’t work for me but but yeah I guess they would be yeah maybe maybe yeah yeah I think yeah exactly I would say not necessarily that’s like for instance you know medical marijuana is natural as they come but there are very few studies like I said so you know follow the data look at the data yes some of these naturals and as much as sure yeah we can get some you know pesticide from China right right so they’re not always as pure and the other thing about them is that aren’t usually as much incentive for companies to trick to test them like there isn’t really because it’s for instance marijuana is easy to grow and so it’s not patentable so who has the interest and studying it for effectiveness and you know thinking it through it isn’t that surprising that there aren’t that many studies you know

there are there really incentives for people or organizations with deep pockets study natural things that can’t be patented so this is another way am I in that intellectual property kind of hurts innovation and science so anyway yeah you had a question but I’m thinking that there’s also a lot of people oh I completely agree yeah his comment is some some people don’t go to doctors enough and others go to them too much there it’s well known that certain categories of people I’ll say you know avoid doctors more than others and are really underserved not only poor people but for instance black people tend to it’s been studied go to doctors less and a lot of it is just mistrust after some of the stuff that happened with Tuskegee experiments without consent and things like that I there are people that are very suspicious of medicine and but on the other hand you’re right there are other people that you know either one attention or feel like they want to have someone care about them that maybe go more often than they need to so yeah good but it also seems to me that you can also saw dark side excessive about ya want everything to be so perfect watch yourself exactly and that’s when the prescription pad comes out and it’s it’s it’s the pressure on doctors to give patients what they want yeah I think we need to wrap up or do I have or what’s the scoop okay maybe one question yes yeah yeah and sometimes sometimes they’re important to follow through on and sometimes they’re not you know so but there are a lot of pressures like we’ve been to get the prescription pad out follow you know follow through on testing or whatever and but there are sometimes pressures for them not to do it cost containment pressures that you also have to be careful about so what are they not pushing on you and sometimes referring to other physicians that you might need they have an incentive not to do it sometimes too so be careful both ways yeah well you just I just want people to know that you can be empowered there’s so much information available now and we’re here to help to you like like Jodi suggested with specific questions until we get our you know third-party database of of information out there you know please you know follow through and know that you can ask those questions we think in cases research and I’m up on this I can yeah oh yeah good idea sure yeah that’s a good idea Jody yes suggesting that we put case studies up there what about that would enable me because I have a day job as well as doing various types of activism so you know maybe we’ll do it a little at a time baby steps yeah that’s a good idea all right well thanks everyone don’t forget CPR workshop at one I sorry daddy drinks so thanks huge a great you

Vincent van Gogh & Paul Gauguin: Artistic Friendship | Full Documentary | Biography

their stories will shock surprise and inspire you the biography channel introduces you to the people and the issues that shape our world beginning now on biography extra vincent van gogh long dreamed of finding intimacy with a wife and a brotherhood with fellow artists yet from the start vincent was an outsider introspective volatile difficult he only hoped to find those who would accept him for who he was but vincent knew in his heart that this hope would remain unfulfilled i shall have to suffer much especially from the peculiarities which i cannot change my appearance and my way of speaking and my clothes i shall always move in a different sphere vincent in his darkest moments vincent found solace in memories memories of the countryside of his youth vincent willem van gogh was born march 30th 1853 in the village of zundert in the netherlands his father theodorus was a protestant minister in a roman catholic parish he preached to a handful of townspeople in a one-room church vincent’s mother anna cornelia was known for her piety and goodwill it was a highly conventional rather stiff environment his father had to adhere very closely to convention and gradually you have this awareness that they have a difficult son they have a misfit on their hands from the time he was a boy vincent was quiet often alone he enjoyed long walks in the country stopping along the path to make a sketch of nearly anything that caught his eye vincent had strong feelings for everything from bugs to animals he really is a nature lover and a nature inhabiter one sees this i think in the early drawings that he does at the age of 11 vincent’s parents sent him away to boarding school they wanted to provide him with a better education vincent felt his parents were abandoning him he was not happy in fact years later he’ll recall being going with his parents to the boarding school and being left and seeing their carriage retreat and this for him was a cataclysmic event vincent was a poor student and had trouble making friends a sense of aloneness crept over him he does quite clearly seem to be subject to depression and he does quite clearly seem to feel senses of isolation when vincent was 15 he was abruptly pulled from boarding school and sent home the family was short on money and vincent was told to find a job through a family connection vincent landed an apprenticeship in the hague with goop heels the international art gallery vincent was a natural he quickly learned about the world of fine art but his new knowledge new passion didn’t help him actually sell art van gogh seems to have been a very intense person very emotionally intense but also very much choosing a cause and getting dedicated to it he sort of throws himself into certain types of study he becomes an art dealer and is an art dealer with all of his life when he worked in the art trade he went too far he wouldn’t sell works of art he wanted to talk about them he wanted to interest people the more vincent immersed himself in the art world the more he enjoyed it it is a splendid firm vincent wrote his younger brother theo the longer you’re in it the more ambition it gives you as always vincent carried his sketchbook and would draw the everyday scenes he saw around him for the moment he was happy in may of 1873 after four years in the hague 20 year old vincent despite being

a rather poor salesman got a promotion and a transfer to gupil’s london gallery on the outskirts of london vincent found a room in a boarding house there he fell in love with the proprietor’s daughter eugenie and soon found himself dreaming of asking for her hand in marriage yet vincent knew little about eugenie he didn’t know that she was secretly engaged to another man he has this habit of meeting people whom he likes and imagining a relationship in a way that those imaginings get the better of him he was an enormously vulnerable man because he opened himself up to that world so totally and most of us live by our defenses and he had very few defenses it took vincent six months to gather his courage and propose but eugenie rejected him vincent could not bear the rejection he fell into a depression ate little lost interest in his work he would later think of his 21st year as one in which his boat capsized and then sank vincent wrote a somber note to his younger brother theo and quoted a french scholar whose words he’d taken to heart to act well in this world one must sacrifice all personal desires man is not on this earth merely to be happy he is there to realize great things for humanity vincent began searching for something more meaningful he took to studying the bible with great fervor at times he would copy pages out of it over and over again until passages were burned into his memory vincent began to feel that religion was his one true calling he wanted to preach in a church and he was determined to do it his own way biography extra will continue in a moment biography extra continues now here on the biography channel in 1874 at the time vincent van gogh was prepared to dedicate his life to god paul gauguin was settled down in paris gauguin was 26 5 years older than vincent and had a professional job as an accountant with a stockbroker he was married to a young danish woman named mehta god by the time they got married paul gauguin and meant to god knew each other almost not at all within a year of of their meeting they were married and of that year they’d only spent about four months together so you know they really had no idea what they were getting in for gogan’s new wife thought she was marrying an upstanding bourgeois gentleman but she was wrong paul gauguin would always fail to live up to the expectations of those who loved him eugene paul gauguin was born in paris on june 7 1848 before he turned two the young gauguin had lost his father to a heart attack by the time he turned 11 his mother had run out of money she left her son at boarding school and went on to look for work as a seamstress i think in the context of 19th century culture it was not that unusual for families to be separated during times of financial trial or times of change and transition and yet that has an emotional cost gogan learned to rely only on himself he cared little for school his dream was to become a sailor he later called his urge for adventure his terrible itching for the unknown when he turned 16 gogan left boarding school planning to take to the sea his mother wanted him to continue his schooling and attend the naval academy to become an officer to become a naval officer he would have been set financially for life if he had just done that but no he wanted to be his own person no one could tell him what to do and i think you can see that

resistance to doing the right thing throughout his life gauguin refused to enter the naval academy and instead he took to the sea as a member of the merchant marine paul gogan left on his first tour of duty on december 6th 1865 he sailed from la have bound for rio de janeiro while the voyage itself was not memorable gauguin would never forget his sexual adventures he was a hormonal teenager released into ports where there were lots of prostitutes he turned as early as sex exiped that he himself talked about into something that’s sort of slightly dirty and exotic sexuality is not the romantic kind for him it is more about power and about respect what’s very clear is that he understands what’s legitimate and what’s illegitimate and he’s drawn to the illegitimate on shore leave in india gauguin learned that his mother had died after a brief illness she was just 42 years old when the 23 year old gauguin returned to paris in 1871 he found some notes that his mother had written shortly before her death gauguin learned that she was concerned he’d not made a professional career for himself and she was troubled by his difficult personality he has made himself so unliked she wrote that he will one day find himself all alone he turned friends into enemies and that was true throughout his life he was a very charming very smart very talented guy and he knew how to make friends he knew how to get people on his side but at the same time he could do or say something that was so incredibly offensive to them that i can’t even count up the number of times he was on the verge of fighting duels almost as if he were responding to the concerns of his deceased mother he quickly set out to make a new career for himself he landed a job working for a stockbroker and was soon making a good income enough to support his rapidly growing family he and his wife metta would have five children in their first nine years of marriage he did however never relinquish the restlessness that was sparked by the time in the merchant marine and for some people that’s a phase they put behind and go on to another phase of adulthood for gokan it made him excited about seeing the rest of the world and putting on the suit having the wife and having all those children so quickly was a lot of pressure for a young man gauguin found one particular outlet for the pressure he faced collecting art his interest in art would turn to obsession an obsession that would quickly grow beyond the simple desire to purchase art galgan would soon become driven to make art himself at the time gauguin was throwing himself into collecting art vincent van gogh was devoting himself to his newfound passion for religion 23 year old vincent left his job as an art dealer with gupil’s gallery in london in the spring of 1876 he decided that he would become a preacher like his father and grandfather before him after months of searching vincent found a position as a lay preacher when i was standing in the pulpit i felt like somebody who emerging from a dark cave underground comes back to the friendly daylight vincent vincent taught religious school wrote sermons and preached in london’s poorest neighborhoods he pushed himself hard and cared little that he barely earned enough to get by he’s someone who has to give meaning to his life he’s someone who has to have faith he was enormously demanding of himself and others there is this degree of fanaticism with vincent with whatever he does he thinks he has to reform the world every time sort of which of course immediately leads to failure because it’s so unrealistic

in 1877 vincent traveled to amsterdam and began preparing for the entrance examinations at the theological school he studied greek latin algebra and geometry vincent worked hard slept little but he had difficulty concentrating on his lessons at times he became so frustrated with himself that he beat his own back with a stick until he was covered with bruises and his further self-punishment he made himself sleep outside even on the coldest nights after nearly a year in amsterdam it was finally time for the exam despite all his efforts vincent felt he wasn’t ready and simply decided not to take it i don’t think his intellectual approach was in any way conventional and i think conforming to any kind of a set curriculum would have been very difficult for him van gogh was a highly intelligent man he could speak several languages he was familiar with a broad range of literature from the bible through shakespeare to modern french and english literature he could quote verbatim from many texts still vincent yearned to serve god any way he could and he began to live his life as he believed jesus christ had lived his by the time paul gauguin was in his late 20s he’d made a small fortune playing the booming stock market he began spending much of his new wealth buying art the art that interested him most was the challenging new works of the impressionists but gauguin was not satisfied with simply collecting art he wanted to make it himself and in 1875 he began putting sundays aside for painting gauguin befriended camille pisarro one of the leading impressionist painters and took every opportunity to paint with him pissarro became gogan’s mentor gauguin was an obsessive person and extremely competitive so he if he got interested in something then he would do everything imaginable to succeed he organized his life so he could paint as much as possible he worked less and his income fell drastically his wife and children soon learned that they could no longer depend on him gauguin began dreaming of making a living off his painting but he had yet to sell a single work of art biography extra will continue in a moment biography extra continues now here on the biography channel by the spring of 1880 paul gauguin had made real progress with his painting and his mentor camille passaro took notice pissarro invited gauguin to exhibit with the impressionists who by then had made quite a name for themselves to exhibit with the impressionists was a real door opener because of course he had no standing by that time they did have a reputation and it was a huge huge huge opening for him to be able to associate his name with monet with duga with the other members of the group and so he was sort of riding their coattails gogan exhibited again with the impressionists in 1881 his portrait of a nude sowing caught the critic’s attention gogan got his first review and it was a good one among contemporary painters of nudes one critic wrote none has achieved such a forceful note of reality now gauguin still a part-time painter had the sense that he could make it as a professional when the stock market crashed the next year gauguin lost his job now instead of looking for another one he felt free to pursue his art

full-time in december of 1878 vincent van gogh convinced a belgian evangelical school to grant him 50 francs a month to serve as a lay evangelist he traveled to southern belgium and began preaching the gospel to minors the 25 year old vincent did more than simply preach he felt that to minister to the miners he had to live like the poorest of them he gave away all his clothes except for a pair of pants and a jacket his home was a shack with only a straw mat for a bed he did not eat regularly he was unkempt his hair wild he even refused soap as a wicked luxury a book he read very often at that time was imitation of christ he wants to imitate christ too now what christ did was sharing everything giving everything and he acted exactly the same way in july of 1879 the evangelical school cut off vincent’s stipend while commending his sacrifices and his care for the miners they thought him too extreme too unconventional vincent was so upset he lost all his faith in organized religion yet he would never lose his religion his faith in god for me that god of the clergyman is as dead as a doornail but am i an atheist for all that there is something which i cannot define that is very much alive and very real and i see that as god or just as good as god vincent still his failure plunged him into depression in his despair vincent returned to his drawing the one activity that gave him joy vincent takes time out there’s not much communication with his family there’s a period of intense self-reflection and that’s when he comes back and announces to them i’m transferring basically the ambitions that i had into art july 1880 my dear brother theo i am a man of passions capable of foolish things but the problem is to try every means to put those self-same passions to good use for instance i had a violent passion for works of art reaching the highest pitch of enthusiasm i am often homesick for the land of pictures ever yours vincent although he was 27 years old and had never painted a picture in his life vincent van gogh decided that he would become an artist at the age of 35 paul gauguin began his life as a full-time artist he was supremely self-confident he figured that he would succeed as quickly in painting as he had in the stock market but by october 1884 after two and a half years without an income galgan’s savings were gone his wife meta had had enough of struggling just to get by so she took the children and moved to her mother’s house in copenhagen gauguin stayed behind to continue painting he had decided to put a type of self-love above all else he’s made the decision that it’s art before all else and once he’s made that decision it’s a decision that he remains true to for the rest of his life and very much characterizes his relations with other people he is someone who is looking to what it is that he wants to do and people get hurt in the process where people get hurt in the process dear meta i have gradually hardened this sensitive heart of mine in order to keep up my psychological fortitude you must remember that there are two temperaments within me the savage and the sensitive man the sensitive man has disappeared which allows the savage to proceed straight ahead without wavering paul gauguin would never again provide for his own family and while he professed great love for his children and would correspond with his wife for many years to come he would visit them once in denmark and would never see them again

biography extra will continue in a moment biography extra continues now here on the biography channel once vincent van gogh made the decision to become an artist he threw himself into learning his new craft with his usual absolute intensity he studied handbooks on drawing copied from prints that theo had sent him and worked with other art students with money donated by theo vincent set up his first studio in the hague in 1882 he hired models who were poorer even than himself and had them pose as if they were downtrodden workers he really wanted to convey something of the the difficult lot of the peasant’s life it was a very hard living he wanted to depict that in his art none of the the predication none of the the dressing up which you often see in art of that time there’s almost this kind of tactile identification between the the mud and the earth that the peasants work and the paint that the artist manipulates on the canvas vincent lived quite frugally but when he could afford it he’d spend a night out at the brothel he fell in love with a 32 year old pregnant alcoholic prostitute named cene before long she moved in with vincent theo to me there is such a wonderful charm in that slight fadedness it is not the first time i was unable to resist that feeling of affection and love for those women who are so damned and condemned and despised by the clergymen from the pulpit when he sees scene he sees her in terms of the fallen woman from the bible then he says something enormously revealing books and reality and art are all the same to me and essentially he says if i didn’t see her through the lens of books and art i would probably find her very boring and through these filters she becomes the fallen woman whom he wants to raise up but cene was not interested in being raised up vincent suspected that she periodically fell back into her old ways selling her body and drinking too much and she had a violent temper seen raged at vincent and he responded in kind after living with scene for 19 turbulent months vincent concluded that he was better off alone in september of 1883 he left her in the hague and moved to the countryside there he painted peat bogs canals peasants and he began to call himself a peasant painter it’s always been thought that when he was making those dark paintings of peasants and rural areas in holland that he was making things that were not vanguard because they were dark however what he knew about vanguard art had to do with realism had to do with the sense of of finding in your own world figures and forms that had an extraordinary resonance he believed that this was the modern way and he sent his pictures to paris saying these are modern masterworks and he couldn’t understand why there was no enthusiasm and hooray coming out of paris as a reaction to this what everyone was trying there very politely to think about ways of telling him that this looked very old-fashioned but he didn’t have a clue he believed he was a modern painter early in 1886 vincent even attended formal art school in antwerp he lasted just one month and then he dropped out stale academic training did not interest vincent at all he wanted to go where the art was alive vibrant modern so he decided to go to the capital of art paris vincent moved in with his younger brother theo despite theo’s protestations that his apartment was just too small for the both of them theo was a moderately successful art dealer with gupil’s paris gallery he was not wealthy yet he supported vincent with a monthly allowance the relationship between vincent and teo was

in some senses a business relationship vincent made the art and tail was supposed to sell it without tail there would have been no vincent it’s as simple as that not long after vincent arrived in paris in the spring of 1886 he saw the eighth and final impressionist exhibition on display were works by the impressionists including paul gauguin and there were paintings by a new generation of artists led by sarah these artists called neo-impressionists or pointillists believed that they could achieve a brighter effect by painting small dots of pure unmixed color that exhibition opened up a whole new world to vincent he saw color as he had never imagined it and he set a new challenge for himself vincent was determined to become nothing less than the best colorist amongst the new generation of vanguard artists in the 1886 impressionist exhibition gogan showed 19 canvases he was broke and desperately needed to sell but his paintings were virtually ignored no one pays attention to him because there’s new great talent on the scene george sura and he transforms the paris vanguard and so gauguin has to say am i going to follow this new man and where does that leave me approaching 40 and trying to make my way as a professional artist gauguin left paris determined to experiment and to somehow find his own distinctive style he traveled to a remote corner of brittany there he was intrigued by the rugged landscapes he was fascinated by the age-old traditions of the breton people i love brittany there is something wild and primitive about it when my wooden clogs strike this granite ground i hear the dull muffled powerful tone i seek in my painting go get gogan will later refer to brittany is just like the middle ages where time stood still where it’s a culture of superstition people wear different costumes different type of clothing and you can get in touch with the past by being there for gauguin the ancient way of life that he found in brittany gave him new inspiration he began to see the primitive as the subject matter that would set his canvases apart and the pursuit of the primitive would drive both gauguin’s art and life for the rest of his days biography extra will continue in a moment biography extra continues now here on the biography channel while paul gauguin was in brittany developing a style that he hoped would capture attention vincent van gogh was making his own changes in paris he abandoned the dark solemn colors he’d been using for years and he began to experiment with the bright palette of the impressionists vincent’s brother theo reported back to their mother vincent is mainly painting flowers with the object to put a more lively color into his next set of pictures he is also more cheerful than in the past and people like him here he is progressing tremendously in his work i think his difficult times are over and he will be able to make it by himself it’s not so much that anybody said to him oh you must paint with brighter colors it’s that he realized that art was in another place than the art of his own life and experience and that he needed to you know get with the program and he did i don’t think there’s any artist in the history of modern art who’s had a

shorter and more intense and better informed crash course in their modernism than did van gogh after spending the summer of 1886 in the breton village of pontavan gauguin began to dream of living and painting in even more primitive surroundings i know of a little island that is almost uninhabited i shall take my paints and brushes and reinvigorate myself far from the company of men i shall live like a savage go gan when gogan used the word savage i think he used it in the exact same sense as primitive which meant rejecting the bourgeois values of paris and the society he had rejected when he left paris but also it was an admiration of the people of the quote savage or primitive cultures he had gotten to know in his past and his experiences in the merchant marine and in brittany in the spring of 1887 gauguin set sail for the west indies island of martinique during the long journey gogan became seriously ill with malaria this moment my body is a skeleton after being so low that i expected to die every night i have at length taken a turn for the better but i have suffered agonies in the stomach as sick as he was gogan still managed to paint in martinique for five months and he even brought his art to another level what changes in martinique is the color he’s really beginning to focus on this idea of exaggerating his colors in order to express something about the exoticism and the beauty of the place he was seeing i had a decisive experience on martinique gauguin wrote it was only there that i felt like my real self gauguin returned to paris in november of 1887 hoping that there he could find a doctor to cure his malaria gogan though was not only sick he was broke he immediately set out to sell his martinique works visiting every possible avant-garde collector and dealer he met with theo van gogh who was one of the few dealers looking to buy impressionist art and with theo was vincent the van gogh brothers were enthralled with gauguin’s new works there’s great poetry in his pictures of negros’s everything he does has something gentle heart-rending astonishing vincent the martinique paintings are really important because that’s what actually connects gogan to the van gogh brothers when they see these incredible martinique pictures both of them are just bowled over they think this is the great artist of our day theo immediately bought three of his canvases and vincent would later exchange two of his own studies of sunflowers for one of gogan’s negros’s this trade marked the beginning of an exchange between vincent van gogh and paul gauguin that would include not only their works of art but their ideas about how best to create art i think both van gogh and gauguin were rebels they were both passionate about color they were both passionate about art they were also both slightly eccentric and i think i think that’s what attracted them to each other vincent saw gauguin as a partner with whom he could develop nothing less than a new modern art gogan saw vincent as the brother of theo the art dealer who gogan hoped would jump start his career neither saw the other for who they were gauguin was haughty and self-centered vincent vulnerable and intense together they created a volatile partnership so volatile that it could not last yet so momentous that it would never be forgotten biography extra will continue in a moment biography extra continues now here on the biography channel

as 1887 wore on vincent van gogh felt increasingly overwhelmed by his life in the big city he was exhausted and in poor health his teeth were crumbling his stomach bothered him he drank too much and to make matters worse he found himself arguing with nearly everyone he spent time with including his brother theo you see van gogh building relationships but then at the same time undermining them and destroying them he refused to compromise that’s partly a dutch trait but he carries it through to great extremes he’s somebody who’s always on the edge and i think working with van gogh or being with van gogh would mean like you know walking on eggs the the entire time the 34 year old vincent felt he had to get away from the tumult of paris he began making plans for a retreat to the country and he dreamed of gathering like-minded artists to form a group studio he wants to partner with gogan he wants them to form a community of artists and to realize this missionary ambition that he has and that is to create an art for the modern time a consoling art that basically is a modern form of modern gospel gauguin declined vincent’s offer instead he left paris and returned to pontavan where there was already an artist’s community in place there he enjoyed near celebrity status as one who had exhibited with the impressionists i take psychological satisfaction in ruling the roost here in ponte van all the artists fear me and like me not a single one resists my convictions gogan meanwhile vincent had himself left paris traveling nearly 450 miles to the town of aurel in southern france there he settled into a four-room yellow house he focused his sights on the countryside around aryl and soon he found what he was looking for peace and inspiration vincent began to paint with intensity he made paintings that were brilliantly and vulgarly colored in terms of french popular taste and which were rough and goopy and they looked wet even when they were dry because the paint was so thick and you could see all of his brush strokes going on he had now an idea that he wanted to develop this new art based on color based on personal expression but also following the natural world the months of the summer of 1888 it’s in many ways a high point in his art never was he so confident never had he such a clear idea of the direction which he wanted to follow i must warn you that everyone will think that i work too fast but is it not emotion the sincerity of one’s feeling for nature that draws us and if these emotions are sometimes so strong that one works without knowing one does so when sometimes the brush strokes come with a sequence and a coherence like words in a speech then one must remember that it has not always been so and that in time to come there will again be dreary days devoid of inspiration so one must strike while the iron is hot in brittany gauguin always the one to dispense volumes of advice had fallen under the influence of a much younger artist the 20 year old emile bernard bernard was caught up in the arcane theories of a new avant-garde movement known as symbolism symbolists believed that it was best for artists to remove themselves from

the logical everyday world and to explore the artificial world of dreams and hallucinations here’s gauguin who’s 40 he’s very full of himself thinking that he’s the most important artistic thinker who’s ever landed on the planet and all of a sudden in in his letters gauguin is saying things that that sound very much like bernard he’s using religious illusions he’s talking about abstraction which is another term that bernard had used and all of a sudden his paintings are becoming like that too in the fall of 1888 gauguin finished painting the vision after the sermon he was so pleased with his latest canvas that he decided to donate it to the local church the priest though rejected it he thought it was some kind of joke gauguin’s symbolist works were met with equal skepticism when he sent them to paris even the most avant-garde collectors had no interest in buying them gogan bemoaned his ever-increasing debt an artist’s life he said is one long martyrdom biography extra will continue in a moment biography extra continues now here on the biography channel in aurel vincent van gogh devised a plan that would allow him to launch the group studio he’d been dreaming of the studio of the south to start it he would need the cooperation of gauguin and his brother theo may 1888 my dear theo you can’t send gauguin what will keep him going in brittany and what keeps me going in provence but you may think it a good idea for us to share say 250 a month if every month you get a gogan in addition to my work besides you know that i have always thought it idiotic the way painters live alone you always lose by being isolated vincent theo liked the idea and sent the offer to gauguin who immediately agreed but gauguin was in no hurry to leave pontevan he liked the artist colony idea of brittany arle was nowhere i mean nobody went to oral if he spent time in oral who was going to be you know worshiping him and who was going to be carrying back all these tales to paris nobody but vincent assumed gauguin would come any day vincent tells his brother he says i know gogan’s coming i want gauguin to come i want gogen to influence me but i also want to assert my own individuality and to show him when he arrives what i’m capable of vincent wanted to finish as much as he could before gagan’s arrival so he pushed himself ever harder completing at least one painting every other day what we know about the sunflowers is that he made them for gogan’s bedroom the french word for sunflower is tornasol which means turning towards the sun that that are like the eye following the sun and the artist following the sun and the studio of the south and van gogh following the sun vincent started using color to emphasize a feeling a mood he worked as he said to exaggerate the essential to leave the obvious vague months had passed since gauguin had agreed to go to oro still he’d made no plans to leave ponte ven where the pencion glonac gave him room and board on credit he really didn’t want to go even though he kept promising that he would and finally theo said okay

okay exhibition in paris 300 francs a month this is the deal paul says okay okay i’ll go to oral gogan set out for auro late in october 1888 five months after he had first agreed to come when gauguin arrived in oro he was dismayed to find that vincent’s yellow house was a mess i found everywhere a disorder that shocked me his box of colors was scarcely large enough to contain all the squeezed tubes which were never closed yet in spite of all this disorder there was something brilliant in his canvases gogan gulga had come with this attitude of well of course i’m the master and i teach little van gogh how to do things and he comes there and when go has done some of the most amazing pictures by that time and what happened was not only was ven go intensely difficult and quite different in his lifestyle than gauguin was but there was a full-fledged artist who had his own opinions who had done brilliant work and who had to be reckoned with nonetheless gauguin immediately began to act as vincent’s mentor he wanted vincent to work as a symbolist less from reality and more from imagination don’t copy nature too literally art is an abstraction derive it from nature as you dream in nature’s presence and think more about the active creation than the outcome gogan but vincent didn’t think much of gauguin’s teachings i devour nature ceaselessly i exaggerate sometimes i make changes in the subject but still i don’t invent the whole picture on the contrary i find it already there vincent vincent and gauguin often worked side by side interpreting the same subject through their own vastly different temperaments gauguin seemed unable to get brittany off his mind when he painted an oral vineyard he used women in their traditional ponte ven dress accuracy doesn’t matter he reported to bernard it’s the best oil i’ve done this year when the daylight faded vincent and gauguin went to the cafe they drank heavily and they argued incessantly their only entertainment was their weekly outing to the brothel and as the inclement winter weather set in the two painted in a single cramped room in the yellow house the mood inside their confined quarters became so taut and dark vincent grew worried that gauguin would tire of him and leave all he reported to theo that all vital warmth between them was extinguished as the tensions increased he said i could only think about his leaving and the uncertainty of gogan’s commitment to the studio of the south and exactly how long he was committed to stay in the south became the overriding concern and it seems to have basically sunk everything else on several occasions gauguin would awake with a start to find vincent standing over his bed staring at him wide-eyed vincent it seemed was checking to see if gauguin was still there gauguin usually combative became withdrawn and silent vincent would explode into a rage at any perceived slight one day late in november while vincent painted a still life of sunflowers gauguin painted a portrait of vincent when vincent saw it he said it is certainly me but me gone mad my dear theo gauguin is a little disenchanted with the good town of arl the little yellow house where we are working and

above all with me in short i think that he’ll simply either leave or he’ll simply stay i await his decision with absolute serenity vincent yet vincent was anything but serene he could barely contain his distress at the thought of gauguin’s departure biography extra will continue in a moment biography extra continues now here on the biography channel on the night of december 23rd 1888 paul gauguin went out alone for a walk soon after he’d left the yellow house vincent van gogh came running up behind him he blurted out you are silent but i will also be silent and then he asked gauguin if he was actually going to leave aryl when gauguin told him he was vincent handed him a torn piece of newspaper and left as abruptly as he’d arrived vincent rips out something a piece of a newspaper and it says the murderer fled and the suggestion of that would be that vincent is telling gogan that he’s the murderer and he is fleeing because go against saying he’s leaving and what did he murder he murdered the dream of the studio of the south gauguin was disturbed enough by vincent’s behavior that he decided to stay the night in a hotel the next morning gauguin returned to the yellow house he found the walls and floors splattered with blood upstairs vincent lay unconscious in his bed barely alive he had hacked through his left ear with his razor gogan had vincent rushed to the hospital soon gauguin learned what had happened to vincent after they had parted the night before vincent had gone back after i left had taken a razor and had cut off his ear he had then covered his head with a large beret and had gone to a brothel to give his ear to one of the inmates telling her verily i say unto you you will remember me it seems that van gogh had a form of epilepsy that was aggravated by very bad nourishment by heavy drinking by heavy smoking what van gogh himself wrote about were things like not knowing what happened to him having lost track of time not knowing what he had done um immediately before such an attack occurred either with goga as well as later on that he had hallucinations that he was hearing things that he felt extremely disoriented vincent remained in the hospital for two weeks meanwhile gauguin left for paris without bothering to pay him a visit gauguin left because he just wanted to get out of there i think he he was really allergic to responsibility and here is vincent who’s totally crumbling and who needs care and needs attention and needs a nurse and there’s just no way that gauguin is going to do that he is just not that kind of a person when vincent finally felt well enough to return home and paint he didn’t shy away from what he had done to himself in fact he painted two self-portraits prominently showing his bandaged ear he made masterful paintings which show a damaged artist someone who has suffered but who is clearly very much in control of his artistic abilities those are among the greatest works that bengal did his neighbors though feared he was dangerous and pressured the police to act on february 25th 1889 the police arrived unannounced and took vincent from his house and locked him up in a hospital room i reproached myself from my cowardice i should have defended my studio better others in my place would have used a gun and certainly if as an artist i had killed a few blockheads i would

have been acquitted i would have come off better that way yet i was a coward and a drunkard vincent unable to return home thirty-six-year-old vincent van gogh voluntarily interned himself in the asylum in nearby sarimi du provence despite the turmoil vincent continued to paint with his usual intense focus so often bengal’s work is being interpreted as part of the illness he is the mad genius who and all his work is looked at from that point of view and i don’t think you can do that i think it’s very very important to see that an artist who is worried insecure and has serious times of illness at the same time is completely in control of the work he’s doing paul gauguin returned to brittany soon after he had fled from arl it was mid-winter he was broke and he spent most of his time cooped up inside the marie henri inn to pass the time gogan and his friends painted murals on the ceiling and walls of the dining room and he began painting a series of canvases with christ as the central figure he even made two of the christs after his own image i think there’s no question that he’s making allusion to the fact that he was a martyr in the same sense that jesus was and that he was just as misunderstood as jesus was he was not a modest man i mean most of us feel a little bit like martyrs at one time or another but but to to portray ourselves as christ i mean that’s extraordinary that takes that takes a lot of ego i owe something to vincent that is the consolidation of my previous pictorial ideas and then in my difficult moments a recollection that there are even unhappier people than myself go beyond the studio of the south had an odd impact in that rather than affirming the possibility of collaboration for goget i think it helped him realize he worked better alone both of these men looked to each other for inspiration but both of them essentially use the other to define who they were already or who they were already becoming vincent had bristled at the idea of painting from memory when gauguin was with him in aurel but in june 1889 vincent decided he would try his hand at it while in his room at the asylum he painted a view overlooking the town of san remy he would never consider the canvas finished calling it only a study of night today it is known as the starry night dear theo at last i have a new study of a starry sky though i have not seen goga’s last canvases i am pretty well convinced that this is parallel and feeling this will perhaps give you some idea better than words of the things that gauguin and i used to talk about vincent but in the end the starry night was just an experiment vincent’s interest remained in working with what he saw before him vincent’s illness began to follow a pattern a few months of sanity followed by weeks or even months of mental illness hallucinations terror paranoia and each attack brought attempts at suicide vincent swallowed turpentine handfuls of dirt even toxic paints the doctors at the asylum managed to keep vincent from killing himself yet after less than a year vincent felt desperate to leave his protected quarters my surroundings here begin to weigh on me more than i can say i need air i feel overwhelmed with boredom and grief i am at the end of my patience i can’t stand it anymore i must make a change even a desperate one

vincent as plans went forward for vincent to leave the asylum he got some exciting news his paintings were reviewed for the first time 1890 this robust and true artist with the brutal hands of a giant with the nurse of a hysterical woman with the soul of a mystic he is so original and so alone in the midst of the pitiful art of our time albert mercure de france shortly after the review was published vincent’s the red vineyard was sold the only painting of his that would sell during his lifetime i think it’s important to remember that vincent’s entire artistic career spanned just 10 years and even when he was producing the works which we now think of as the most famous masterpieces he himself felt that he was just an apprentice vincent didn’t know it but he was at the height of his career flooded with ideas vincent never had enough time to paint all that he wanted and time for vincent was running short biography extra will continue in a moment biography extra continues now here on the biography channel on may 16 1890 after more than a year at the asylum vincent van gogh left his confined but protected life behind him he settled in a quiet village not far from paris over sir was each morning he was up at dawn and he would paint until the evening light faded away over his 70 days in over vincent would complete 70 canvases in july vincent paid theo a visit in paris during vincent’s day in the asylum theo had married and his wife johanna had given birth to a baby boy when he arrived vincent found theo deeply worried over his ability to support his wife and child as well as vincent vincent in turn worried that he was now too great a burden on his brother it is not a trifle when all of us feel our daily bread in danger it is not a trifle when for other reasons also we feel that our existence is fragile back here i too have felt very sad and have continued to feel the weight of the storm which threatens you vincent this is a real anxiety about whether or not the support is going to continue and it’s not just financial support it’s also emotional support because theo’s allegiances are now split they’re not only directed at him but directed at his wife and child vincent had gone nearly five months without an attack the longest reprieve yet but he became preoccupied with the nagging thought that his next attack was not far off my dear brother there are many things i should like to write you about but i feel it is useless i have risked my life in my work and it has cost me half my reason he suddenly stopped writing and instead went out to paint as usual vincent took his traveling easel paint box and his canvas and walked out into the fields but this time he brought along something else a revolver vincent turned the gun toward himself and pulled the trigger the bullet entered his chest below his heart

vincent got up fell began walking back to his room fell again somehow he made it back to the inn climbed the stairs to his room and lay down in his bed hours later the innkeeper found him in a pool of blood vincent turned and said i tried to kill myself but i missed a doctor was summoned but he could not remove the bullet when theo arrived the next day he found vincent lying quietly in his bed smoking his pipe as theo began sobbing vincent looked at him and said simply do not cry i did it for the good of everybody theo replied that they would do whatever they could to save him but vincent did not want to be saved the sadness he said will last forever vincent willem van gogh died in his brother’s arms at one in the morning on tuesday july 29 1890. he was 37 years old the next day theo emil bernard and a handful of others accompanied vincent’s coffin to the ovaire cemetery piled high on the coffin were masses of flowers including vincent’s favorite sunflowers to me he was a sincere friend gauguin wrote theo i shall see him in my eyes and my heart in his paintings his illness was not a temporary thing and the increasing difficulty in working in getting on with the art when it was disturbed by material difficulties and by the the problems of his physical mental illness and that i think must have created a situation of of utter utter despair which ultimately led to the to the suicide vincent van gogh had painted for just over nine years yet he had completed close to 900 paintings over the next three decades vincent’s paintings would gain worldwide admiration an admiration that remains unmatched even today there’s something that is very immediate very insistent very urgent they sort of jump out of the canvas they come to you they grab you and they pull you in that immediacy that visceral quality about vince’s pictures very much appeals to people biography extra will continue in a moment biography extra continues now here on the biography channel after vincent van gogh’s death his brother theo wanted to mount a retrospective exhibition for vincent but theo would not get the chance within six months of his brother’s suicide theo van gogh died from what doctors believed to be kidney failure with theo’s death paul gauguin suddenly found himself without his dealer and greatest supporter when theo van gogh died i was lost gauguin wrote he alone knew how to build up a clientele and sell pictures without theo gauguin felt he needed to spark new interest himself so in april 1891 three months after theo’s death gogan set out for the south pacific he hoped that paintings from an exotic land would attract the attention he needed back in paris after 69 days at sea gogan landed in tahiti

he settled in a remote village lived in a hut and shed his european clothes he soon began to see a whole new range of colors in the bright sunlight of the south pacific everything in the landscape blinded me dazzled me coming from europe i was constantly uncertain of some color and yet it was so simple to put naturally onto my canvas a red and a blue forms of gold enchanted me gauguin he was exaggerating the colors but fascinated by the people the color of their skin fascinated by their houses and the richness the lushness of the landscape i am beginning to grasp the oceanian character and i can guarantee that what i am doing here has not yet been done by anyone else and that it is not known in france i hope this newness will tip the balance in my favor gauguin was not only enchanted by the landscapes but by the tahitian women whom he found as he said to have an indescribable something which is infinitely penetrating and mysterious he used the young native women as models he envisioned them as madonna noblewoman distraught mother gogan also used the young native women for more personal services taking advantage of the relaxed sexual mores of the region he purchased a series of concubines over the next decade some were as young as 13 years old it was you know he had died and gone to heaven i mean here was a situation where the the very objects of his desire were available to him if i were a parent of a 13 year old girl i would condemn him for this unseemly interest the tahitian parents did not gogan had been suffering from the effects of syphilis for years fatigue severe eczema with oozing sores and chest pains but the sexually transmitted disease did not keep gauguin from his young women all a painter’s love goes into his work women are nothing but meat i have a 15 year old wife who cooks my simple everyday fair and gets down on her back for me whenever i want all for the modest reward of a frock with 10 francs a month paul gauguin gauguin would father four illegitimate children he supported none of them for much of 1897 he was so ill from syphilis that he could not gather the strength to paint let alone get out of bed so gauguin spent his time writing journals biographical essays as well as musings on religion all with the view toward defining his own public image paul gauguin spent the rest of his life trying to hold up his end of the compared reputations of the two of them he was constantly in his own letters and his own memoirs talking about how important he was and how much he he taught vincent in 1898 gauguin learned that a paris gallery owner named ambrose vollard had purchased some of the works gogan had shipped back to france months earlier vollard liked them so much he wanted to buy more he was sending back these these absolutely magnificent works from tahiti i think they were the best works he did while he was there he’d really reached his peak and that showed bullard offered gogan a monthly allowance of 300 francs in return for his paintings in tahiti this was enough to make gauguin a comfortably wealthy man for fullard was no fool and he realized that there was a rising star here he didn’t know how famous gauguin would become he recognized the value and the the genius in gogas works and then took a gamble

late in 1901 galgan’s art took a turn his new works were simpler stripped of primitivist allegory and elements of native folklore go against painting for paris he’s painting pictures to go back to vollard i think he was aware that a certain kind of landscape would go down easily something beautiful something arcadian but that that hermetic or esoteric symbolism might be a harder sell in april 1902 gauguin shipped 20 paintings to vollard and then he stopped painting for good his body was ravaged by syphilis he could not even stand up long enough to paint he began to consider returning to france where he could be seen by a doctor his role as an avant-garde artist had developed in such a way that he had in a sense painted himself into a corner and that if he were to leave that corner and go back to paris he would lose lose the power of the mystery he generated for himself and he cared desperately enough about posterity about his reputation about how he would be seen in the future that he didn’t want to lose that i am a savage in spite of myself i feel i have been right about art and if my works do not endure there will remain the memory of an artist who set painting free paul gauguin died on may 8 1903 at the age of 54 he was buried in a small catholic cemetery not far from his home he probably died of a of an overdose of morphine which is a rather common way of committing suicide and a painless way of committing suicide and largely because he was so miserable by the time that by 1903 he could hardly walk he couldn’t get around he couldn’t have sex anymore life was a disaster and physically and tertiary syphilis is not an attractive way to die when gauguin was but a young man his mother had worried that her son was so disagreeable that he would find himself all alone her worry had come to pass gauguin had died alone in a foreign land his artwork unknown outside a small circle of young artists and critics he had abandoned vincent van gogh the one friend who had needed him most but two years before gauguin died he painted an homage to vincent he painted a series of paintings that are absolutely about vincent and they’re about his memories of vincent and they’re about vincent’s failures in his view and they’re a profound homage to a kind of failed friendship a friendship that was too powerful for either them to have endured they spent only a brief tumultuous moment together yet they are linked forever they are linked by their passion for color by the drama of the yellow house and by their struggle to create a new modern art and the art they created over a century ago continues to draw us in we are drawn in by vincent’s sheer emotion feverish brush strokes and brilliant color by gauguin’s layers of meaning silken texture and daring unreality and we are drawn in by the beauty you

Blender – "Micky" Ch.1 – Pt. 7 – Modeling inside the mouth, adding seams

hello and welcome to part 7 of the realistic Mickey head tutorial um when last I left you had done the teeth on the inside of the mouth turn off that mirror so you can see where those are so now we will get in and see this little tab here that’s actually the beginnings of the inside of the mouth well go ahead and expand that out oh my Mouse’s got that there we go computer’s bogging down something anyways that’s sexual start the mouth so we’ll go and expand that out and get the the rest of the inside of the mouth done so that shouldn’t take too long so that being said go and leave the mirror turned off for now tap into edit mode and let’s select the inside of the mouth let’s go ahead and hide the teeth for now so what to select some of those vertices ctrl L exercise need to actually select tell you what let’s do let’s select one of the vertices on the head itself and hit shift h and that will hide what’s not selected in this case it’s the teeth so let’s grab these and make sure that this is oriented the way it was which should be remember in when I did Johnny blender part two I got the inside of the mouth inside out and had to fix that and it was just a pain so mm-hmm looks like everything’s copasetic this time so we’ll just continue with the inside of the mouth there so we got those three rows coming in there and that’s looks like the five buttons were an actual perspective view yes I think that’s the rest I was gonna see if I still need to select this or not but I don’t think I do so we’ll just go with these three faces here control three soar in the courage side doing it five back to orthographic let’s scale that up let’s go and turn off proportional editing scale that up this will be the inside of the lips so we’ll make sure we actually if we’ll scale that curve it back a little bit this will be the part of the lips that are actually closest half of control 3 actually closest to the teeth so let’s go and move that forward you can see this here is the shape of the so we’ll need to go and add a loop in here once we get it all situated but for now it should be fine let’s going to extrude back and since we have our mirror turned off even though it’s still on as far as the render settings go we have it turned off in the viewport so it’s adding that divider so it’s like we did when we were working on the nostrils we’ll have to come back in and delete that though it will extrude back again and this will be the back of the mouth it’s going to bend that down a little bit grab this loop here scale it on the z-axis a little bit make it a little taller this may be the roof of the mouth and things so let’s grab these vertices here let’s flatten those out sz0 just to flatten it out and what kind of rotate it on the y-axis kind of round it back out don’t want it B to be perfectly flat so now we’ll come in here and start shaping the inside of the mouth now it needs to we’re pretending like well let’s go ahead and just get rid of them I guess these guys faces okay so this is you can see if we had this turn back on that’s the cavity of the mouth a lot easier to work with it turned off there so let’s make it a little bigger and then obviously once we get it kind of and blocked out in the shape we want we will turn the teeth back on and kind of model around the teeth so we can actually fit them in the mouth nicely without the without having the intersections of the mesh okay so now we’ll add a couple of loops in here like I said I need to add one right in here control three so it’s rounded off a little bit more for the teeth alt s maybe this loop here scale it up a tad bit and slope here scale that up son and the sloop scale that up some you know scale up so much just kind of move it and then this grab these vertices here those down okay so let’s go ahead and put the tongue in we’ll select these guys back here and go ahead and I keep kind of the wrong side extrude that out just back the opposite way let’s kill it down and we’ll extrude one more time let’s go and drag it all the way up to the front and rotate that and let’s go and delete these side faces that are added and then we can start rounding the tip of the

tongue off these edges here move those back face forward and then move these back a little as well okay so now we can add a couple of loops in here so the tongue will have more space to be flexible without skewing the mesh too much and let’s make the tip of it a little smaller like so and then maybe they have a little crease in the middle of it that down you’re only working with half so you got to kind of envision what this half is gonna look like you could turn it on but you won’t be able to see it so we’ll just kind of envision it so I’ll just move these guys a little closer and taller so we have a nice indentation here in the center of the tongue and that’s probably okay tell you what I’m gonna do right now is in order to map this nicely texture map it I’m going to separate the tongue from the inside of the mouth so we’ll select that loop there and I’m gonna hit control E and it’s gonna bring out the edge menu and we say mark the seam so it’s now this tongue is cut off but we need to split it down the middle along the bottom so it’ll unfold nicely and we can actually put a nice texture map on a little easier that way so we’ll go control e mark the seam there and another benefit to adding seams aside from texture mapping is it enables you to separate the mesh and into separate parts a little easier so now we have the tongue kind of by itself we can select the face select and to select any other part of the model besides the tongue just inside of the cheek there or even the outside mesh control l and it’ll select everything except for the tongue it’ll it’ll select up into the edge of the seam in this case it’s there around the back of the tongue now it only works in edge select mode I mean face select mode so if you’re in vertex select it’ll still select everything and I believe edge select will also select everything yeah so it only works and faces select so you got to make sure if you want him to do this you do that so one thing that’s sandy for is you can go and hide that and go ahead and turn mirror back on you can see now we really have some problems with the tongue so we need to select it and let’s tell you what let’s turn that back off for now alt H and let’s go to our front view and you can see that we started coming outside the center area when we were extruding in the inside of mouth so let’s just select all those make sure we have this turned on a little bit so we don’t get too skinny we’ll just start moving those and deselect that part we only want this Center row selected we’ll scale that on the on the x-axis so we can flatten it out and there we go okay so now I’m gonna add another seam around the inside of the lips probably not this row but the next one down that one there control actually you know what that first or I’ll select is probably the best one so we’ll control e mark the seam there and then do the same thing we were doing we’ll select the face control L and hide that and I’d also like to go ahead and hide the teeth and gums again so I’m gonna go to vertex select select part of the inside of the mouth there shift H hide what’s not selected so now mmm we can see the inside of the mouth quite a bit easier and then we can modify it let’s go and turn this off modify that because we don’t want these vertices that close together just remember the closer they are together the more of a scene that wakes so we just want a gradual scene here across the tongue not a real sharp one and then also the tip of the tongue needs to be a little more rounded and probably looking okay this looks like it’s a little too high there raise this up and that’s probably about right before we go any further let’s go ahead and add just a tiny bit more detail to the inside of the mouth will just add slight bit like it’s gonna go down the back of his throat I’m not gonna do the whole throat but if he opens his mouth real wide we don’t want it to look you know just balled in there so we’ll just start going down the back and of course get rid of that divider there and of course if we go to front view we need to

select this whole loop here edge like or vertex like sx0 so it flattens it out completely and that’s probably good to go if you want to go and create a uvula just select this edges going out of loop right in here I’ll select this guy here I’m just going to move that down in that one so this will be the little hanging ball the amiracle medical term payable and it’s actually called a uvula little thing in the back your mouth back your throat let’s have that come down and like so then get rid of the center parts their center faces and round it off a bit so you just select these sides okay so if we turn that back on the five button so we can actually go through mesh and we see it’s a little too far to the side so we’ll just turn that back off and let’s scale everything let’s put our 3d cursor in the center of the scene cursor to Center and now if we sx0 should have flattened it out a little better turn it back on looks like everything is not quite centered up so we’ll just select that and just move everything actually let’s unhide everything just luck the whole center and make sure we sx is 0 and that drag it to the center until it glues itself together so there we go so now if I turn that off actually hmm turn it back on and then to have an edit mode and select the face hide that we can look in here and say ok looks like it’s all set so now what we need to do is modify the inside the mouth so it fits around the teeth so let’s just select all of it all of it there control else get vertex select mode and then I don’t want to select the row here because that’s the row that’s actually attached to the head master I’m going to hit the control – and a little bit deselect that and now mm if I scale it up we can start seeing it come around the teeth Stilton z-axis first and then on the x-axis there we go and we’re gonna have to move the teeth back a little bit because you can see they’re coming through the the mesh where the lips are gonna be so what’s going on hi everything and it’s not that big of an issue but I would like to go into hide that actually don’t want to hide it I just want to select the inverse so control I just move that back a little bit okay now we have the inside of the mouth the tongue and everything all set okay so now we’re pretty well done with the modeling part there’s one other thing I want to do and that’s for when we go to add hair to this guy it’s easiest if he actually has a different piece of mesh for just the hair and it’s gonna be the scalp so I’m gonna select tell you what let’s do let’s turn on the background images and try to select just the virtus just the faces that actually has hair under them so about like so don’t worry it doesn’t have to be perfectly lined up we can smooth it out as we need to later oops got that party gear there okay and then sideburns like so and then here and let’s just say so this will be the scalp so what we’re gonna do is go shift D duplicate just that piece of mesh so it’ll be just like that and now we can W let’s just select the edge of it actually let’s select part of it and hide everything else okay and then we can select just the edge there and W smooth and it’s a little bit too much because we have our repeat still set to five over here so let’s

dumb that down a bit and now we can just select this and kind of just turn on our proportional editing connected kind of just set this along where his hair line is go to wireframe view would be a little easier okay and I think when I hit smooth on here it okay no I was worried it to separate it from the center but I guess it kept that to the mirror on there so let’s go to our rear view and give them just a little bit sharpness there okay so we kind of want it to be inside the rest of the head mesh so let’s select it all scale it down ever so slightly and so you can’t really see it okay so that’s good to go one thing I want to do while I still have it selected is we’ll come into the object data or just the data tab and create a vertex group and we’re gonna call it let’s double click on there call this one scalp okay and assign those vertices to that so now those are part of that okay so now we have the inside of the mesh done pretty much all of the modeling on the head and like I said earlier the head is going to be a separate piece from the rest of it so that’s basically if you’re only going to follow this bust type of tutorial set this is this pretty much all the modeling we’re gonna have to do so now we need to start working on the textures so what I want to do go ahead unhide everything and actually I want to hide the scalp now because we don’t really need the texture map it so we’ll just hide it get it out of the way and if we look at image after go back to here and actually it was a 3ds k load a lot of people use this type of layout for the for ahead texture it’ll go to it but that’s that’s all one piece and I don’t really like it myself I think it kind of stretches out the detail I mean Who am I to question this professional web site but I use a different technique a little bit so what I’m gonna do is I’m basically going to cut the front and the back of the head into two separate pieces right along the ear line so we’ll just select these guys here maybe we’ll come around to there and select this loop there so that’s going to be ctrl e mark the seam there and I’m gonna come down the middle of the head a little bit on the back of it as well ctrl e work that there and then the ear itself is going to be completely separated select the right pieces of it there there oops ctrl e or not mark sharp mark seam there we go okay so if I go over here to the scene you some of these are cutting off when you zoom in on things like that you can turn off excuse me the subdivision surface and it’ll give you a better view of what its gonna look like so right now the ear is actually cut into two pieces which I would rather have it one piece so let’s select around the back of the ear there ctrl e mark that and then mmm let’s unmarked this part along the top so unmarked that virtually clear seam okay so now the rest of it is pretty well good to go we’ve already marked inside the lips area for the separate the face from the inside of the mouth so what I’m gonna do now let’s go ahead and select the front of the face button hide that there’s one more actually two more things I need to do well three I guess technically on the gums I want to add tell you what let’s go ahead and hide the rest of the outside of the head as well okay on the gums I want to go ahead and add a seam just along the backside there go ahead mark that so those lay a little flatter so they’ll look a little nicer so let’s select the inside the mouth looks like we can actually modify this a bit the cheeks don’t need to go

out that far so we’ll just select cheeks bring those in and then I select the right piece there and there these cheeks need to come out a little bit further there we go okay so no ctrl L + Shift H to hide everything else now if I these were to be unwrapped they would lay very odd because it’s like a tube shape so we need to separate this and actually got some almost some overlapping geometry right there we don’t need that so let’s move that turnoff clipping so we can actually move it and turn off a portion editing move that out so it’s not overlapping it’s not overlapping all my uvula so let’s just deselect everywhere that it is or select everything that it is don’t allow deselect where it’s not there we go it’s not broke we don’t need to fix it let’s move those out there we go and okay so now it what it would unwrap this very oddly so I’m gonna add just like on the tongue add a seam along the bottom of it control e work the scene so that way it’ll unwrap it and be flatter and B look look it’ll look a lot nicer so I’m gonna alt H unhide everything and like I said our modeling is pretty well done we’ll have to do some adjustments to the eyeballs themselves and then obviously we’ll do some shape keys once we get the texture mapping all set but the model the main modeling is all done and we got the UV coordinates on there so that’s gonna be it for part seven go ahead and save this boom and a part eight will actually start the actual texture mapping itself so thanks for watching and I’ll catch you in part eight

PIFuHD – Photo to 3D mesh in Blender (with texture)

Hallo, mein Name ist Frieden heute. Ich werde Ihnen zeigen, wie Sie ein Bild in ein Vertragsnetz konvertieren und es teilweise als obj an den Mixer senden können. Zuerst müssen Sie nur auf diese Website gehen. Okay, dies ist der Link, den ich bereits auf diesen Link gesetzt habe Am Ende dieses Videos in der Videobeschreibung müssen Sie nur beweisen, dass es in Ordnung ist. Dann klicken Sie auf Farbe Jetzt habe ich bereits ein Bild vorbereitet, das hier ist. Ich habe es umbenannt, damit es später einfach das Wort 0 2 dot PNG eingeben kann Das Bild als Demo Ich habe dieses Bild aus dem Google-Bildbeispiel heruntergeladen. Sobald Sie dieses Bild bereits geöffnet haben, wird eine Kopie in Ihre Cloud angezeigt. Klicken Sie auf dieses Cloud-Laufwerk. Es wird automatisch in einem neuen Tab geöffnet Zuerst müssen Sie hier klicken. Klicken Sie hier, um die zweite Schaltfläche zu bearbeiten. Klicken Sie auf das Notizbuch Stellen Sie sicher, dass Sie hier bereits die GPU ausgewählt haben, und klicken Sie hier auf Speichern. Hier sehen Sie, dass die Verbindung hergestellt werden muss. Klicken Sie hier auf den Abwärtspfeil Wählen Sie die erste aus. Warten Sie dann eine Weile, bis die Verbindung angezeigt wird. Jetzt sollten Sie die Verbindung herstellen in der Lage, Ihren RAM zu sehen und haben Dies auf diese Weise. Sobald dies bereits erledigt ist, müssen Sie nur noch nach unten und unten scrollen Klicken Sie auf Ja. Das ist der erste Schritt danach. Klicken Sie hier und der nächste hier Klicken Sie hier und dann hier. Jetzt sehen Sie dieses Schuh-Spa. OK, wählen Sie die Datei bereits vorbereitet, wenn ich hier Mädchen 0 bis D und G, wenn Sie nicht in der Lage sind unsere Erweiterung zu sehen, dann können Sie Ihr Explorer gehen zu klicken Ansicht Option Ansicht stellen Sie sicher, das 10 vom Vater Fenster nehmen kann, so dass Sie bereit select Wenn Sie unsere Erweiterung nicht sehen können, wissen Sie nicht, um welchen Balken es sich bei einem PNG oder JPG oder einem anderen Format handelt, das wir nicht kennen. Wenn Sie dies deaktivieren und dann anwenden, sollten Sie in der Lage sein, die fromme Spannung zwischen 0 und Punkt zu sehen PNG, also wählen Sie jetzt tatsächlich die Leiste, die sich auf meinem Desktop befindet. Ich klicke auf den Desktop und doppelklicke auf Ihren automatischen Upload. Sie sehen 46 Prozent. 100 Prozent. Als nächstes müssen Sie nur auf diesen Ordner klicken. Klicken Sie. Sie sollten dies sehen können. Dann klicken Sie hier Bild sehen ein Wachstum 0 2 Punkt PNG unsere Idee hier jetzt ich maximiere e es müssen Sie hier entsprechend diesem Namen Mädchen 0 2 Punkt PNG ändern, so

dass ich Ihre 0 2 Punkt P und G geändert habe Nachdem ich seinen Namen geändert habe, klicke ich hier und wähle Strg + F10 Automatischer Vorgang. In diesem Stadium müssen Sie eine Weile warten. Es werden zwei Minuten und mehr als zwei Minuten angezeigt Wir beenden die Verarbeitung. Warten Sie also eine Weile und haben Sie etwas Geduld Eine Minute, bis Sie sehen, dass es sich um einen anderen Vorgang handelt Dieses müssen Sie auch jetzt warten, es verarbeitet Ihr Objekt. Es generiert Ihr Orbeez. Dies ist ein 3D-Netz. Wenn Sie die Objektdatei bereits hier erstellt haben, können Sie sie hier einfach ignorieren. Klicken Sie auf Jetzt aktualisieren. Jetzt sollten Sie in der Lage sein, Ergebnisse zu sehen klicken Sie hier und klicken Sie hier und hier klicken, um jetzt Sie Ihre oBJ – Datei sehen, ist hier jetzt werden wir die oBJ – Datei laden Sie sich einfach die dreifache Punkt klicken Sie auf Download , den Sie, bis die orange Farbe Finish warten müssen, dann der automatische Download jetzt ist es in Ihrem Computer bereit muss ich nur hier klicken s wie in Ordnern das ist meine OBJ – Datei ich einen Rechtsklick und Schnitt als Demo mich auf meinem Desktop Tempo setzen, so das das Originalbild ist, dann ist diese 3D oder beschäftigt Farm ist jetzt öffne ich meinen Mixer so als Demo ich es tat alles, was hier

der Die obj-Datei befindet sich auf meinem Desktop. Bisher importiert sie die obz-Wellenfront. obj Klicken Sie auf den Desktop. Die Datei ist hier. Ich doppelklicke darauf. Jetzt ist die Datei voll. Jetzt kann ich alles hier schließen, da sie für das Video verarbeitet wird. Deshalb kann ich sie schließen und lebe jetzt, es ist nur in meinem Computer in einem Mixer Ich möchte diesem Mädchen eine Textur hinzufügen Dies ist das Bild, das ich als Textur verwenden möchte Was soll ich jetzt tun? Ich bin bereit, dies beim nächsten Klick auszuwählen, den Sie bearbeiten werden Jetzt wählt dieser bereits aus, dass orange Farbe bedeutet ausgewählt ist. Ich muss auf die grüne Farbe klicken, die dieser Ball ausgetrickst hat. Es wird automatisch angeordnet, dass nur einer angezeigt wird. Wenn ich also mehr getan habe, ist dies im Bearbeitungsmodus. Hier werden Sie I bearbeiten Klicken Sie auf UV-Projekt aus der Ansicht, dass sie hier geschützt waren. Sie glauben, ich klicke auf Desktop öffnen. g Ruderer 0 2-Punkt-PNG und dann wähle ich diese Klick-Fähigkeit aus. Jetzt skaliere ich diese, um sie an die Form anzupassen Jetzt bewege ich sie Ändere die Größe der Skala erneut Okay, jetzt sollte es in Ordnung sein. Beim nächsten Mal drehe ich mit meinem mittleren Klick hier und dann Grundfarbe wir passen Textur auswählen hier klicken hier klicken danach ist jetzt in UV-Bearbeitung jetzt kann ich auf Layout klicken und auf dieses klicken, um eine Ansicht zu haben ok, also jetzt die Steuer-Wohltätigkeitsorganisation, aber bhai wird wiederholt, also was können Sie tun, klicken Sie erneut auf udx du wirst bearbeiten,

wenn ich hoch gedreht habe Ich erstelle diesen Klick hier Ich halte die Umschalttaste Ich halte die Umschalt- und Messschaltfläche Klick dann schraube ich wieder halte das Schiff benutze mich die Taste um zu ziehen dann trete ich jetzt ein wenig Bit, also das ist hinter dieser Marke. Dies ist hinter diesem Teil. Wir möchten es ändern. Drücken Sie jetzt die Strg-Taste und halten Sie die Strg-Taste. Ziehen Sie diesen Teil, bis Sie hier sind Klicken Sie hier, um das Verzeichnis zu klicken. Halten Sie dann die Umschalttaste gedrückt ist ausgewählt, also wollen wir dies jetzt verschieben, aber das erste, was ich verzerre Wenn es groß wird, wird es klein, und dann versende ich es, um zu hören, dass sie es wieder klein machen Sie sind sich jetzt einig, dass dieser Teil in diesem Teil besser sein sollte Und wer sonst jetzt alles in Ordnung aussieht. Ich klicke erneut auf das Layout, das ich so drehe Teil hatte Probleme mit diesen Teilen, also werden Sie wieder bearbeiten. Ich habe mich diesem Teil zugewandt, wie die Verschiebung in Ordnung ist. Jetzt wähle ich diese Teile aus, bis ich sie hier zurück in die Mitte und dann in diese Teile in die Mitte und auch in diesen Teil verschiebe Bewegen Sie sich in die Mitte und diesen kleinen Teil. Ich bewege mich in die Mitte dieses Punktwolfs Kehren Sie nun zum Layout zurück und überprüfen Sie erneut, ob alles besser aussieht als jetzt. Dieses 3D-Modell dieses 3D-Netzes ist bereits fertig Jetzt kann ich diese Datei exportieren. Exporte können untersucht werden Als FBX oder obz liegt es an dir, ob ich FBX auf meinem Desktop-Girl 0 sehe, um FBX zu exportieren. Dies ist also die FBX-Datei. Denken Sie immer an dieses Bild. Dieses Bild selbst ist die Textur der FBX-Datei. Jetzt versuche ich, es in eine andere zu importieren Software

Die FBX, die ich gerade generiert habe, kann jede andere 3D- Software sein tware die FBX ist eine gängige Datei für viele 3D-Software, die ich jetzt importiere und später nur hier nachschaue Ich kann versuchen, eine andere obj-Datei zu exportieren. obz auf meinem Desktop und ich habe sie als Null-Klammer mit Textur-Export oder bezeichnet beschäftigt jetzt habe ich eine andere beschäftigt sie sollten zu dieser Textur passen, also jetzt siehst du, dass dies der echte Lucien 3d II Klon 3d Austausch ist. Es ist ganz okay Jetzt teste ich auch damit auf einer sehr berühmten 3d Animationssoftware und versuche so fps zu importieren Jetzt ist dies das Symbol in der 3D-Animationssoftware. Ich kann es als Requisite speichern. Ich erstelle eine benutzerdefinierte Requisite. Ich klicke jetzt auf diese benutzerdefinierte Requisite. Ich kann sie als Problem ansehen, bei dem ich sie jetzt jederzeit verwenden kann. Wie wäre es, wenn wir sie hinzufügen möchten? einige Animation lassen Sie uns hier Sie klicken, so können Sie generieren, wenn Sie diese Art von Bild verwenden auch als t-Post erzeugen und dann können Sie es rig durch die Mazama verwenden also, wenn Sie Ihre eigene eigene Fotografie nehmen möchten , dass Sie besser Ihre eigenen nehmen Fotografieren Sie mit Ihren eigenen T-Pfosten und konvertieren Sie dann Ihr Netz in 3D. Dann können Sie es aufrüsten. b Wenn Sie MS Mo verwenden, bedeutet dies, dass amo eine Website ist, die für das automatische Klingeln verwendet wird, sobald Sie es hochladen. Es kann automatisch ein Skelett für Sie hinzufügen. Dann können Sie eine Menge Animationen erstellen. Vielen Dank , dass Sie sich das Video angesehen haben. Wenn Sie mein Video lieben, können Sie ganz nach unten gehen und klicken Sie auf “Abonnieren” und schalten Sie die Mini-Glocke ein, damit Sie beim nächsten Veröffentlichen eines neuen Tutorials die Benachrichtigung erhalten. Sie sehen Sie sofort in meinem nächsten Video Gehen Sie zum Ende des Videos und klicken Sie auf “Abonnieren”. Klicken Sie auf die Glocke, um die gesamte

Benachrichtigung zu erhalten Jedes Mal, wenn ich ein neues Video und Tutorial veröffentliche, wenn Sie es lieben, fanden Sie es hilfreich. Ich werde immer mehr Tutorials für Sie veröffentlichen

Blender 3D – Create lowpoly character -02- Texture Paint -SUB 로우폴리 캐릭터 만들기 02 – 택스쳐페인팅 -유튜브 자막

Enable Youtube subtitles Merge applied incorrectly Press the ‘A’ key in Edit mode to select all mesh Ctrl+V – Merge vertices By distance Adjust the value of Merge Distance properly to Merge the separated vertex Even if Mirror Modify is off If you check X Mirror in Property option, mirror can be applied to X axis Let’s make a T-shirt Shift+Alt+Left Click Select edge loop Ctrl + E Let’s choose Mark Seam from the Edge menu Pressing the L key in edit mode select all connected meshes You can specify a selection in the Select Linked option Duplicate the selection mesh ‘Sift + D’ Right-clicking returns the cloned mesh to its original position (cloned) Press P key to select Separate Separated into separate objects Alt+M – Merge Collepse Apply the thickness to the mesh with the Solidify modifier

Mark erases Seam, Ctrl + E – Clear Seam Now specify Seam for UV Unwrap Ctrl+E – Mark Seam Click and drag the bottom left corner of the window to duplicate the window Select UV Editor menu In Edit mode, press A to select all mesh U key to select UVedit – Unwrap

You can modify Seam until you get the appropriate UVunrwap Modify the placement of UVs to make the most of space

S key scale adjustment There must be some space between unwrapped areas Select Shader Editor to create the TEXTURE In the NODE window, add Shift + A image texture Create new image in UV Editor TEXTURE Selects the Paint mode

TEXTURE In Paint mode, select a color and fill the color Pressing the S key activates the eyedropper and extracts the color at the mouse pointer position Apply ‘Symmetry’ to paint the left and right the same Unchecking Occlude allows painting to pass through the mesh lighten the center of the head a little to give a three-dimensional effect

In the Outliner, you can delete the Texture by selecting the BlenderFile menu

-caution- . Painted textures must be saved by selecting Save from the UV Edit – image menu Unlike Blender’s save, you have to save the image separately Reimport the saved image from the image texture node in the Shader Editor Do not forget to save images from time to time How to Mask Create a new image in the Texture Slot and assign the color to white In the mask options, select the white image you just created Now masking areas do not apply even if they fill colors Select mask tool and press Ctrl + Click to remove mask Now, when you paint, it will be painted in a non-masked area

Masking function allows you to paint at the desired position Makes masking area with masking tool

I want to overlap the images of two image like layer add another UVmap. You can create multiple UVmaps Select the face where the eyes and mouth will be drawn and ‘U’ Unwrap

Add a new image and set the value of color and alpha to 0 It’s like creating an empty layer in Photoshop In the Node window, select Shift + A – Color – MixRGB Shift + D Duplicate Link color and alpha of the image separately In Texture Paint mode, paint on the newly created layer We will add a new layer image – create a value of 0 for the color alpha

I will draw eyes and mouths with different expressions on the newly created layer You can change the expression by adjusting the Mix value in the Node window T-shirts are colored the same way

The size of the brush is F key

Let’s put ‘Blender 3D’ logo on T-shirt

In the Texture section, click New Import Texture from the Texture menu Texture section, select Stencil in Mapping Right click – Move, Shift + Right click resize The logo is put The next video is rigging and animation

Dr. Ben Lerner CEO of Maximized Living

hey what’s going on circle of Doc’s doctor both peers here home of the ambitious chiropractor today I am stoked to have dr. Ben Lerner from maximized living with us what’s going on doc that’s a great day sad it’s Florida so it’s beautiful all year round sir everything is awesome yeah you better not be saying that too much because we got friends in the mid you know Mid America they’re in six feet of snow right now right that is a choice yeah absolutely right hey I kind of wanted to bring you on today because I know and I think everybody knows that you are the man when it comes to the maximized living program and I wanted to kind of shed some light on that I wanted to talk about it with you let you kind of reach out to our big member base and say here is maximized living here’s what we have to offer here’s our philosophies our missions here’s what we’re doing and if it interests you because we have thousands of students on our site give us a call hook us up let’s have a chat and kind of figure out way from there so so give me a little background a little bit about actually first off just with yourself how did you kind of come up with this I read her bio and stuff but give us the rundown initially I was I was in private practice wasn’t dreaming of I you know doing the things we do today and I built a office we’re adjusting 20 100 people a week whoa and then I opened up I quickly opened up four other clinics and we’re doing 12,000 adjustments a month and so we’re really tearing it up and then everybody wanted to know how we were doing it and then I started speaking and doing some coaching and that sort of thing but ultimately you know my passion is to see the world become a better place and to see health care become radically changed and so high-volume clinics and and coaching and seminars wasn’t doing that there’s plenty of that out there but the world was getting worse and that was you know that was sort of that the birth of maximized living okay so what is the like the official mission statement or the philosophy of what maximize living is so the official mission statement is after that we want to relieve the world of unnecessary suffering and so right now you know when you look at depression disease early death these are largely unnecessary you know that it’s all self induced by lifestyle and obviously has a whole heck of a lot to do with subluxation and then of its being addressed so our our vision is to become an advocate for people and to put the power to be healthy back on their hands and to do this by changing healthcare policy which is gonna require chiropractors and not become you know unfragmented and to bring a large enough group of us together that are delivering what is our maximized living delivery system we actually have created our own healthcare system livering through our doctors wow that’s that’s a different paradigm shift I think in a lot of people’s minds right yes I you know mostly it’s like hey let’s listen if we can get enough clinics I’m seeing enough volume speaking the principle then the world would change but here we are 116 years later in the world is worse the profession has lost a lot of the principle at least in the colleges we’ve lost momentum we haven’t gained it we’re still seeing the same 1.3 percent of the u.s. it’s almost the exact number we’re seeing and we’re not really even seeing that 1.3 percent because they’re mostly replay since we call them that that 1.3 percent we see now will be almost entirely a different 1.3 percent in five years and so what we’re not making progress so and that’s a lot again dude up just a fraction Aidid profession but we’ve got you know we’ve been bringing some people together when you started to hold maximized living idea where did you really kind of get your foot going on I know you have these four clinics but what made you think you know what instead of just doing this I want to spread this to everyone and how did you kind of get going with that and so we’re big into programs so I would do a program every month my office it could be weight-loss or cancer prevention or heart disease prevention you know we’re doing all these kinds of things fitness and I was and I was getting amazing results I mean so again you know the volume of these clinics was huge but you know more importantly people were transforming and were just you know we had this again this sort of mini healthcare system that and we were just emptying out hospitals but it was just in my town and even at 2000 a week let’s call that 1,500 individual patients well I was living in a town of 120,000 so it’s still making a nominal impact on society and that’s really what still I literally looked up one day said okay I’m upset we’re up to 12,000 adjustments a month in the five clinics but but in Central Florida there’s two million people so we’re just not making the impact what else do I need to do besides opening up another clinic or trying to go from 2,000 to 3,000 a week I knew that wasn’t gonna do the trick yeah I know I know what’s such a big vision that you have I’m sure there’s lots of opposition there James what are kind of the the big push backs that you see from the chiropractic profession mr Starr’s like I think you know

essentially cuz we have clubs on eight different chiropractic college campuses and I always say they actually minor and chiropractic and they major in hating hmm so I know when I went to school and I went I went to life and my first assembly they gave us a list of all the people and all the associations we were supposed to hate it was okay we hate the ACA we hate mixtures we hate people that you know use anything outside of carb rabbit I mean they just went through a whole lesson and I literally said they’re like okay got it I know who I hate and I did and so for probably about eight or ten years I hated those people like so I remember walking into a doctor’s office I’d become very good friends with but I’d never seen his clinic and I walked in at therapies I’m like wow I didn’t realize this but I actually hate you I never spoke to him again so you know but after ten years of that you realize okay well where’s the profession it’s not going the right direction where’s the world that’s it’s going backwards so we can’t build this thing based on hating each other we got to build this thing based on loving each other and working together and that’s really been you know that is my main heart is that until until there and it’s not going to be 60 thousand firefighters working together but until there’s ten thousand chiropractors working together we’re not gonna see the world change of the profession make progress right you know this is a question from one of our audience you know originally maximized house what was called body by God is that is that the origins of where it was and then when did it switch to maximized living yes so body by God I would have actually the original name we it’s worse than that really the original name was teach the world about chiropractic hmm that’s when we were purely wanted to do coaching okay my partner dr. Loman and I we both had these really high volume clinics and we had helped a lot of other people become big clinics and so we were just gonna do that would teach the world and then I wrote a book called body by God that became a New York Times bestseller okay we so then we did that so we said well it’s just to focus on that concept but it was uh it was really became more for just a Christian concept so we actually that’s that that organization still exists but it’s it’s our we focus that on the faith-based community so we work we work with four or five thousand churches over the last ten years and our doctors are doing a lot of work in that area and then maximized living is um is the delivery system so that is the five essentials of maximized living it’s our healthcare delivery system that we provide us what we call a complete system for living and so now it became about how do we how do we trade offices so we started building franchise we have open 72 franchises we began creating people who are partners we have another 200 partners who can deliver these five essentials then we still have our clients our coaching clients that they’re on our student coaching clients but that’s where it evolved into this delivery system versus um just a program like body by God you know I want to delve into this more like spiritual connection actually because a lot of emails when I was talking about hey I’m gonna have an interview with the event people wanted to know like hey there’s almost a stigma or a cloud saying you know it’s maximized living as semi cultish it’s really rooted in spirituality could an atheist come in and be a part of the maximized living model what would your response to you to something like that yeah it’s funny because you’re your common I’m like what the opposition is sure the minute you start anything you get an chiropractor you get massive opposition so it’s interesting with the name because of those three name changes so you know those are just the reasons we did it but of course we were like we’re running from the IRS yeah I’m running from the FBI like there’s all these crazy the reasons which they don’t change in your name doesn’t doesn’t help hurts people yeah that’s true but I’m but the and then of course the whole cultist thing I mean I would almost sit like I know chiropractic in general has been called a cult mm-hm when I was when I went to life we were certainly called the cults you know being life people the em you know and cult is really short for culture and the culture is what does have to shift in our countries so there’s a culture of medicine you know there’s a culture of poor lifestyle there’s a culture of Starbucks and junk food I mean sedentary lives that we need to shift so I don’t know if I hate the word cult necessarily but the reality is we have we have lots of different religions that are our clients and that and who work on our franchises it’s not um our spiritual roots really are no more than the fact that I am a Christian mm-hmm my partner dr. Romans a Christian and so you know a lot of our teachings you know we think of the body and and it being healthy we think of it as a body by God that God created the body there is a power that he put in the body that keeps us healthy and this power gets interfere with by subluxation and the wrong lifestyle but it’s I’m you know I’m not a religious person so to speak I’m not the kind of guy that is baptizing people in my exam room or um or as you know you know asking you you know do you know Jesus it’s just it’s just who we are but it really doesn’t bleed into what we do in the offices per se or um or into the seminars where somebody feels incredibly uncomfortable because uh you know they’re not you know a Southern Baptist

or something so it’s more of a culture of what maximized living is versus something that you’re trying to impress and to push on people absolutely okay okay that was a thought as a question Mike shape about 30 of those people’s questions and that’s what they want to do so it’s I know I realized that’s a typical perceptions yeah and you know and I think this is good that we’re coming out airing it this way because people don’t know and they only hear what Joe Schmoe and their cousin at a seminar said you know so that’s why that’s why we’re trying to do this let’s talk a little bit about what a prototypical maximized living office or clinic would look like if a student saying hey this is kind of interesting tell me more yes so the um so we practically I work with the clear Institute which is I’m at a st. Cloud Minnesota so they’re that leading scoliosis Center out there but they also they’re an offshoot of petabyte we also work with burl Pettibon quite a bit and so we’re corrective care clinics so if you walk in you’re gonna see a rehab area where people are doing their wobble chair their spinal traction they’re doing their head of waiting so these are the things that we’re doing correction of the spine we actually originally started off with CBP we love CBP as well we’ve found it’s been it’s a little easier to get compliance out of patients when they just have to slap the head weight on and and some hip weights or something versus some of the other thing exercises that through a CDP but they’re both great techniques really anything correct we love upper cervical so our focus is corrective care and so on so if somebody comes in they’re gonna see people doing rehabilitative things for corrective care and then we have like a generally a t-bar type system where it’s doctors going back and forth and adjusting people you know that’s the basic look and the real focus is on programming so you come in you go through a corrective care program and then move to lifetime maintenance and then you and then every month we have events and webinars designed to change your lifestyle so I you know when I was just in my originally out of school out of life we did just people but they may never make a change they still live the same aid the same took the same drugs everything stayed the same so they got healthier maybe they got off some of their drugs but they’re thinking and their life never changed so now we have a program every month we do our maximizing the makeovers where we go through the five essentials then we do a follow up like a lose ten pounds fast and get them committed to exercise and nutrition we have up we have a weekly fitness class we do our max T three workshops every single week people go through a fitness class we do recipe nights and you know we do a lot of things this is more than just just lay down an adjust type of thing you’re truly looking at the person whole culture just like we’re saying earlier yeah that’s awesome I know a lot of people would say maximize living is just a high-volume clinic and to that obviously you have some you’re doing different programming and thing but you’re also saying you’re seeing 2100 a week how can the care be given you entering the maximized model how can the the proper care be given to 2100 patients a week through your door yes it’s almost like Shasta saying how can coke do 20 billion in sales when we’re only doing you know million it’s um you come up with a system to do it so so what I said we’re doing twenty one hundred a week my job is very focused so I was doing CBP at the time I’m so you know we were checking posture people are getting in their in their adjustment position they’re getting blocked somebody’s with all that so I would literally walk in and I just had to apply my thrust based and people already knew what they need to do with their blocking we had a staff person helping them get on and off the table and get in the right position somebody else is handling all the rehab I had two people in a rehab room doing all the rehab of somebody else doing exams reexamine doing the consultations so it’s it’s a machine that you create and you have a role certainly if I was doing everything and the machine wasn’t in place and I’ve been in office settings like that and I’ve been where we’re 90 a week feels like two thousand a week he’s on the system that’s their bar typical clinics is 500 a week as our average okay and so it’s um so you know I’m not a sounds a little bit unique and I’m a little bit crazy our typical doctor sees 500 a week and again there’s that there’s somebody handling the rehab portion they’re just doing the adjusting and because we have a clear way of measuring what needs to be done for an adjustment the doctor can get right into it it’s not some five or ten minute process what do you say to the doctors that’s you know you’re talking about corrective care for a certain period of time you know relief corrective and then maintenance care what do you say to the doctor that’s saying you know do we really need five months of upfront care or seven months or a full year of care what is maximized livings philosophy about that and translating that into practice in actually it’s not really a philosophy at all we can very comprehensively in scientifically correct a spine within about thirty to sixty days so we can restore the curves we can relieve you know modest scoliosis we have like my Center here in celebration dr. Nala who’s on staff with clear Institute we get people from all over the world who come in for scoliosis correction and we get 70 90 degrees

scoliosis the average doctor isn’t dealing with that so between mild scoliosis restoring curves you can correct those things and again a 30 to 60 day period and then move into maintenance so so we actually do our care plan recommendations if you look at them now are between about between 30 days and 90 days and then after that they move to maintenance okay great good here’s a question for you this isn’t off the cuff a doctor comes to you and says hey Ben I am struggling I’m struggling we keep the doors open in my practice give us everything give us three things that you would tell the doctor to say hey you know what let’s really get you going let’s motivate you and let’s put let’s get you’re going to even a third of the level you know 50 patients a day would blow the doors off a lot of these people’s practices well do you tell that person person yes you know again we’re reaching 1.3 percent of the community in many communities we’ve done the numbers it’s more like a point oh-o-oh seven percent so there’s plenty of people out there they need to help the promise if you know those people that are struggling generally spend a lot of time in their clinic we would have them doing things in the communities so we give like are we open up twenty to twenty five franchises a year from scratch and they before they’re even allowed to be open they have twenty five relationships that have been built into partnerships that we will Commission on do our events and so that community work is really step one if that if those 25 partnerships aren’t in place and you’re not commissioning on events then then you’re again you’re hoping you hung a shingle and somebody comes in with sciatica you’re gonna be struggling alright so so that’s the first thing I tell you is I’m gonna walk you through how to how to develop a relationship how to turn it into a partnership then step two what are the programs so we train people on delivering the programs and we certify them in spinal correction and in nutrition so that they have a mastery of these things so they are the community expert that would be the second thing is solid programming so that you have something to bring people into that’s relevant and exciting and the third thing is you know is we’re gonna get into a mindset because you know I the reason we we grew such big clinics is is a passion for people and knowing they’re perishing without the power of chiropractic mm-hmm and so unless you have that some level of compassion which literally translated means an urgency and urgent rush to help the people that are struggling out there then you know that then the why isn’t necessarily going to overcome the how you know we need a big why we’re doing it or the house seems difficult I’d like to dive a little bit more to that first one if you’re talking about the twenty five partnerships in the community to Co mission could you just expand a little bit more on that for the doctors that are out there what types of things are you doing and what type of community leaders are you going and partnering with yes so we encourage people to be strategic how can you reach the most people what’s the biggest bang for your buck he’s 25 so example everyone goes to school you know the kids go to either public or private school so you’re trying to reach families like we are then you’re thinking okay you know I can do I could speak in classrooms I can create a relationship with school leaders like principals or or athletic directors I can work with the sports teams you know I know these are the things that we’re trying to create relationships you know we’re trying to make contacts with I can work with the PTA help them learn to raise funds do education for them so there’s a number of ways to connect with the school but it all comes down to the relationship I build a relationship with those key people before I’m able to really get released into actually doing the things I want to do for them because I think a lot of doctors are more worried about getting that doors open versus making the get building relationships that’s the key to that’s the key to uh not just a busy practice but a life you know my life is built through the relationships I have in the community and certainly that feeds my practice on a continual basis but it also becomes my friends and it’s how I do make an impact in the community so I’m not only reaching 1.3 percent my message is actually getting out there good good I would like to do kind of a first full circle here when we first started talking we were talking about students and basically the piece of paper that was handed to them about who you like me hate if you were a student if you started day one at Chiropractic College over again what would you have done differently and what would you spend more time learning about yeah one of the jobs you have as a young person is you form really deep opinions with no experience yeah and if experience is called a prejudice and it really doesn’t get you anywhere in life I’d say my greatest talent is coach ability I’m always gonna assume if I haven’t had the experience and I don’t have the trophy on the shelf I’m gonna assume I don’t know what I’m talking about or what I’m doing and that assumption is generally correct mm-hmm so I want I wanna I’m gonna do it stupid I’m gonna get connected with models with people coaches who have done it and just do what they say without such a deep opinion and that that and so for some odd reason doesn’t exist on a college campus people are absolutely the most certain they are because we deal with

thousands of doctors they’re not those doctors are nearly as certain as they were when they were students there were students they knew everything now they’re starting to realize maybe they didn’t so you gotta open up your mind and find the right people to model and so thankfully I that describes me I was an athlete in college and trying to make an Olympic team myself so I really followed them around coaches and and just did what they did and listened to what they said and and and went wherever they told me to go and that really was the big secret for me that’s why I started off so successfully when I got out of school awesome alright let’s talk about that little period in between when you graduate and when you’re becoming an associate or you’re opening your doors we already talked about the partnerships and community anything else yeah well first I always highly recommend you do not open up right out of school again I know everybody thinks they can do it but it just isn’t wise I work for three different people and got different things from those three people the first guy was a technique guru I really learned a lot about technique so I was I became a great adjuster while working for him the second person I worked for was a marketing machine and so she really taught me how to get in the community get the message out and I just followed her principles and was able to really pump new patients in and the other person had a great family practice and I really learned how to do more of a cash like practice um you know we do insurance and pie and those things too but you know if you’re gonna see the families a lot of that is cash and so I really saw it look like to build a big family cath practice so three job sounds like a lot and certainly was three years before I got open but then my first year open we built a thousand a week practice that was very healthy they you know towards the end as a little crazy at the beginning but by the end of the year with a healthy thousand week practice thanks to those experiences so there’s no rush to getting open really really points please if you could give a doc kind of one takeaway from this what would you tell them this is kind of what what it’s the ones that you want to leave this profession wish well I’ll tell ya you know that that the profession would feel they’re fighting for a strong cause the reality is that that there there’s really an injustice when it comes to health care out there people getting bad information from the medical community the majority the chiropractic community is beginning to slide scourge the medical we’re going to be going to the Olympics without we take care of four of the Olympic teams and one of the challenges is that the other chiropractor is involved with some of the other teams really are operating predominately as their athletic trainer or their massage therapist or the physical therapist and we’re really the we’re one of the rare groups that actually focuses on adjusting and so you know we want it we want to stick to what makes us unique create a system for living that people can can stick to and not get stuck in this model that’s out there but it’s a cause worth fighting for it’s really if you look at any how do you get people’s attention and the information age where people are over informed that you’ve got to have a mission you’ve got to get it have a great cause that people can join and we certainly have what in my mind is one of the best causes in the world in chiropractic hey if you want to learn more about maximized living how do they contact you where do they go all that stuff so they go to maximized living calm and and check us out we’ve got all the information on all of our programs and everything with you they’re awesome hey then thank you so much for your time I’m sure we’re gonna have a bunch of comments and questions when everything I just wanna say thanks for opening your doors up to us and saying hey we’re here to communicate too we’re gonna grow chiropractic that’s what it’s all about amen they started both appreciating hey no problem

Vinnie Lauria (GGV) at Startup Grind Singapore

so many how did you end up in Singapore as we see and y cinco y deja its million-dollar question I get asked a lot so I couldn’t open Singapore under backpacking gear across Asia with my life 16 us back in 2010 so being a geek you know really technical systems like mad we were both in San Francisco and she startups there while I was driving around I would look up events so i could meetup com check out my blog basically when it doesn’t matter countries all of just pure entertainment interests of what’s going on here I meet interesting people singapore really stood out the first night I arrived attraction and then hackerspace at their left resource read their old location and it was his phenomenal take turns some people I met that day it’s amazing what I’ve been around a few years later and that wasn’t one of that if there’s up being I ended up throwing my one big house here so basically over a year just care about packing because she go back to San Francisco I met probably over 100 startups across China and Southeast Asia India and decided that a lot of opportunity of the ground in Southeast Asia yep really really wrong early days and not a lot of investors I wasn’t I had done she company though you know I thought I’m an angel investing doing investment company feature but didn’t really have a goal setting up a fund it was purely it like problem solution like I met a lot of startups everyone said how do I raise money and I like open off like maybe I can kind of people some money from the valley but with partners so not just Mabley we can hold somebody in the valley and secure necklines the so yeah the best thing is burning it’s basically going out any you know preconceived notion is taken everyone jumping I though it ended up let’s talk about Watergate ventures and the company as you’ve invested in can you give us some companies that did not work out of wine ok so we kinda mean companies it’s like all these I am less thing for that it will happen good investing for three years will probably happen this year or next year how long the class so I without naming companies that can say some companies that are we can tell that they’re not going to be able to raise an eyebrow and so I’ll start with kind of bad decide what we do things going to do is give them a soft landing between an acquisition nothing too high if it’s the valley assault money for a company could be like attending physician Bayern really awesome beers and a 10 million dollars first person near to you so after year different so generally looking at corporates looking at large partners and so that’s to me I strive for in a worst-case scenario a company not they have a hip on something with it gets the next okay we got to work with them before that but when that happens thanks it strategy focus and it becomes a wonderful story of you from something negative everybody sees I did and maybe thank Mary got another price I want to that myself an intensive founders and what are some observations our founders in this region how it different to found itself swear so I got that question a lot every day this one because that question kameez um I think comes with a perspective that you know there’s founders in Silicon Valley losing people or special and magical and there’s less than that morality is 51 percent of all founders in the valley we’re born outside of us so they’re not from the valley with the valley is is a magnet that attracts the best the most health people from around the world and cliffs them into a cauldron and makes it work really hard each other instead of somehow so that’s a really amazing quality that happens to reality you look at anything New York City singapore Detroit piratas that the

number of the amazing calendars as a tendency of like 10,000 people you know I’d be like too it just happens in Silicon Valley that it’s two thousand ten thousand because everybody the best of the best put themselves there so when i look at singapore i don’t see a difference in founders here than anywhere else when they found are looking for that you know one in 10,000 we give a lot of samson all the be able to bc we need invest in less than one percent of eels that we see so I’m saying no 990 year two companies and it’s not a bad thing just you know me feel right now you mean so yes I was any difference in boundaries where they thought that rarity of founders at universal it just happens in the haight been estate people and that’s one great thing that’s maybe another refinement Singapore this is a place of people transplant myself there’s not going to place in the world such a diverse crowd and look around the room to me that’s an innovation that’s where magic at 50 more different that is come together and it’s a team thing and see something I’ve ever background so few places in the world that have international flavor and Singapore is one of them if not all wide fulfill this instead I’m going to be here but in hindsight after club should be two years so I pretty click i can see that is really pretty much every innovation definitely as a melting pot and intensive sourcing deals how so being everywhere once the team of six or seven and basically we travel around constantly this year alone pathways of the year it’s probably a week enjoy Thailand God or my so that’s that’s how we’re fighting wheels basically putting ourselves in different places this is where its use very different the Valley Nevada leaders one group handle throat that’s where all new seeds are neither there’s some routine pcs all directors some in San Francisco to school the VCT san jose those poppy seeds NSA that’s not a good sign but Suzanne low road is this one road everybody comes to and all the partners are all the associates everybody in the partnership that’s lunch there they never leave the office there’s no coffee outside that’s rarely happens at all at their office on temple that’s where we see this world it’s incredibly different we’re not making fun of traveling around like that on this jungle all these guys are in multiple countries that’s what we need to do in order to find good deals and then we work in the countries near a variety of things try to get involved as events speaking I judging on technique mentoring accelerators love fantastic accelerator that’s really really valuable for me to send time 15,000 lesson dyson years now vibes spread so thin but to get to know boundaries in a knot on the other side of the table when you’re pinching me is probably anybody’s first I think that’s also you know it’s not your friends of the BCS that are going to the best of you but the GCC romika see challenger yourself as heat you taking feedback even something and customer feedback and you know applying creative solution soon that’s to be very helpful thing and if you can change how you manage to do employers would have any cost or what would you change with it logistics out of it as it then will face to face element for Basin ace is so important like I use skype all the time and some said any video conferencing session around the region here clucking somebody Vietnam Indonesia and slow so he’s the face so so available I love to travel I don’t think I’m not asking that to change but that’s why I’ve come so much what would I change you know the thing that I feel bad if anybody’s finish us and you know hasn’t hurt like you try to be with her like we have in jersey we compound interest if we met with you you know more than twice we try to give like feedback look while but when if the quiz I don’t have anybody to start for London I get like this the links are from London crowd sourcing for coming to eat that’s no because we’re only us in Southeast Asia it’s quick enough but if we have that it’s been at least commuting to try to give detailed

feedback of what we thought that doesn’t mean it’s right something you have to do this but that’s kind of why we need to pass but the reality is I don’t always get it was back to have to run in the time your honor and that’s what of it changer shows Abbas would appreciate that and intensive on south asian stocks one this region to a global how would they compete with the US market it has sophisticated customer base really good i wouldn’t I would I wouldn’t compete with the US market something if you are a go to the US so that that’s the best compete with the US market you have to be there okay with the startups in the glass from here yes there are exceptions to the rule and our sort of sort of doing this we have to be there pretty much the founders have to be their communities in the u.s. you know trailer you guys have customers everything us but the reality if you saying I want to compete head-on anyway that is doing this family you’re going to need to be there otherwise I’ll just enter disadvantage so they tell us are out here in Southeast Asia is basically make decision early are you looking for the US are you building something for Southeast Asia we’ve invested in both no means we call company flutes us like actress very early on dude international team American Korean sounds like a joke can’t walk people are they here in Singapore it’s already company together ended up saying the US our audience we want move there they still have half their community near Singapore sits on that they just completely let me expand and hire people but I’m very early on encounters investors so that’s some funny streets get there early or the other is focused on Southeast Asian there’s huge amount of spell you hear mention carousel oh right mars to meet honking so why did I moved here is for the opportunity that’s here so I really break it down to either the u.s move that from day one or just focus here and then at some point you can be a big enough company night you can go to our region us maybe your neck region being a judge and Koreans Annette Australia Europe but are other places you expand generally have to get your core market like eight US companies by kindly come out of the u.s. they’re really really pretty mature they’re not getting that numbers here from their second year so you don’t have to wrap you can and you can spread yourself back then as a young company when you’re and what do you think it’s a position that’s 35 years ago this isn’t the exit you have to be like this so recently like this non-stop Guillen hundred million names and brush let’s hola Lexi she just be required by a week of time I don’t know the dimensions these things so whatever yes they’ll be bigger exhibit looks more exciting to me it’s me it’s not the exits it’s companies that are raising a ton of money so grab a taxi tokopedia these sort of companies I think are being cold to what’s going to be happening in the region less of that necklace so I really amazingly call to the ecosystem because it’s so young if you have an exit now it’s actually going to be lovely ecosystems only than thriving for less than four years so how would you have a giant exit in less than three years like what’s out with a million dollars every that was eight or ten years it was around for like people kind of think that came out of the corner yes that doesn’t happen again there are exceptions so cool but most big exit took a lot of value are around for more than five years because it’s too young to have this me like this so I’m really Larry’s hundred filling are born as we see that so actually would be publishing some data later that’s me basically our numbers from the past 15 years across Asia to basically better deal flow from the DC side from start outside number of startups creating series a honey of at least 1 million dollars per 10 to 15 years we found out its Southeast Asia it looks like 2005 so basically I don’t say in southie city was going to be China but keep an idea where we aren’t some go system scale it’s like china in two thousand thought it’s like india in 2009 so if anybody has had any torrent either of those markets that can kind of negative where sanitation is now and for

me that’s amazing I’d like getting on the ground floor and so in this audience should also feel really excited because your girls new building well maybe I kind of mission go this like when the Giants but it would’ve been maybe like a year older around there so this is really early days but all yep and what is the major barriers to innovation in Southeast Asia is it the culture the risk of us from culture was it fun dating black off so i won’t i don’t see very to the side all important innovation to me innovation is actually the word means it sound like it’s this big aha moment a bunch of researchers seeing in a lot of it like talking stuff out for eats in that white board and all is on back there innovation janida actually really small iterative stats and you don’t even notice it’s only nothing the site that something looks at Google wasn’t the first surgeon Facebook wasn’t the first social network but when you look back historically just kind of getting to work everything else is happening all the small steps that they took together when they are so to mean innovation it’s just small steps and there are a lot of very fast ball instead of tackling this region and more systemic for the only due to jew named anybody had a seat barriers please throw that out yeah what is text responsibility for wider societal relevance are companies like uber Airbnb actually creating sustainable employment of course because you’re saying because it’s on short-term jobs or never so if there’s two two sides that i’ll record there the question was disabled I’m coming so i guess people have different opinions on I would have the opinion that from a okay when my parents or before I would warn like coming idea never fire people so that was sustainable employment you were for them to do everything for life I work at IBM readout of college they basically acts like 6,000 jobs and then hired 6000k college I think a third of the price so to be even the big companies don’t give so I think this is a new world and I think it was the anomaly as I get it work this giant corporation or there I think the regular weight of the world’s work for thousands of years people have been pretty independent doing their own things well it’s a blacksmith the farmer whatever it is I think the natural order order is kind of going backwards and everything’s gonna be like that but it so this is more independent three nights inside it but it’s a double-edged sword on one side we have freedom to you want to do what you want to do work wait one on the other side yeah you don’t have the benefits in the pension but we’re also seeing that a lot of those kind of fits in those pension plans oversold or also like negatively affecting societies that economy you know five or six years ago under the fan so I think it’s a good thing I have to imagine it people with very opposite opinions but I think what the dating is creating lots of jobs it might be short term but there’s so people working their jobs there’s a lot of people whether it’s I don’t know he’s the best example maybe like a elance odesk network people just creating their own lifestyle doing what they want to do to me that’s that’s a different and so I’ve been the question something the audience is anyone students for or informative what other recoverable staying composed for for many people it has a bad day is a lot is it important enough to be one man job it is what important of a chance of landing or very funny yes yeah i think that general is not a lot but it generally an interim CEO is the one man the fact is fundraising sucks I’ve done it twice for start-up in some ways for fun it sucks matter what side you’re on it’s much more to start outside and the dream everybody here so it’s a full-time job and that’s kind of why you want to be in one that job because it it’s not it’s old if you throw working on it it’s horrible comedy silly going so with the reality of entities like company broke us when you’re fundraising especially early in those early stages so I think limiting

it to one person in terms of the guy reaching out to people like your your co-founder should be at all or whoever ends up being one kobayashi definitely involved with their contacts coming assembly meets a lot of this official meetings cold emails and you have to hold an email for anything cold emails level of emails that should really come down to one versus way to its hold on for like two to three months okay I mean a lot of pretty girls for not up on me tecnica business presence of women’s of the start without having to structure and there’s no perfect team start there yeah there’s no big deal structuring for me I like to see more than one person like to see two or more founders probably two or three founders getting 24 then a little higher side but you’re so strong I don’t look for that I would just what anything means it is it was like I sounders I’m gonna be a little skeptical of like why is a great founder I just one founder their credit you successful 100 companies but the reality is I also located starting a company of your first time entrepreneur sorry company is so stressful and go to 2,000 pounds one it’s really nice people like you know shoot the with your other coconuts over here closer too if you can’t convince somebody else on your idea that the arguments me is the best I want to see that by two people giving all up because I have belief coordinate my visa just as an example will be increasingly less than an ounce khurana new fashion brand Australia and other pop up short Orchard Road really great quality fabrics one of the reason why I’m less than it was the co-founder story so basically it says Australian we started k APPA hong kong’s I mean by himself you start fishing too many professors when it’s really the concept stage gets connected to a young investment painter like made to late twenties who’s been doing some angel investing they mustn’t make or hears it it’s like wow I love this one of them that I was I’m gonna start helping out nights weekends ends up taking a two-week vacation and it wasn’t poly or something it was to work full-time at Rana tipped off the ground it was just him and so then the two co-founders and at the end of June like that it was big a mess of things like I could be working this I love that I heard that story so again the 214 founders is not a requirement but I like yeah but there’s no nothing there’s no rules the same zero rules you’re going to do things that you don’t know what you’re doing that’s fine I’ve done I love this case it’s it’s where young people can you know change things I didn’t feel like I’m getting out of it they come anyone here use snapchat okay so everybody are like 23 like I even feel too old to really understand sound chat but like i am using one I don’t have any from there hey friends my age use it so that’s one reason why my foods out but it’s a so my point being is that this industry a lot of it is social and behavioral I was changing and evolving communication how we track all these things even I make you really really experienced as somebody through the young and experienced web has been growing up on my face Loran on these platforms you have different perspectives you have the ability to build something new that none of us who have the exact been doing it for longer kind of you let’s see I love that to me that so it’s running that’s why there’s no rules thing the rules are constantly to your company being pushed just you be holding secret sauce yep you just by infection like a CEO shouldn’t agencies sorry I’m saying one person so sweet CEO chief author and that would be the other good thing verdicts 14 OCT 0 like you should I was either here signals EG upgraded or a te onct hello Mattie I think the ability to hire great engineers probably feel sort of felt about so not worried about that so that’s something people death again so many great engineers about but there’s so many great companies are competing so when I firm my last company you know how I’ve hired engineers it wasn’t the

valley we would so people in the US News craigslist for job postings we would go and look at these small little cities Midwest East Coast like not even major cities and look for people that were boosting that resonates like really good developers most of them one had never been thought about when we hospitality and two because they’re in these like smaller cities and not really grinding their teeth on intensive you know other developers they even think that they had the ability to get two sexes Cassidian apply but for that for us it was a great source becomes really great game that way so my point being incredibly hard to find engineering analysis so pathetic you’re competing with all the startups google facebook all as you glad just paid the enormous amounts of money that’s the probably the most difficult place in laurel hire engineers which is counter to that means that it finding good engineers is a problem around the world so i just got a relative scale I don’t think Singapore is at any worse than somewhere else but I’m good engineers it is universally difficult um what’s the craziest even in the start has ever done well so one startup more of just when I was in Japan they have all really start up and I mean very fond of them and then investor trabuco see sumo wrestling practice so like that was interesting cool one thing I will only do that I’m Peters quit shared with me during tech Indonesia to start speaking this is something I was very creative because it started set down the founders and they had like 100 sheets who is white neighborhood like my big black X on it and it had taken go to sat down and I start thinking a holes a few cars it was a question answers and had Peter reading things out loud and basically he got pitched just by like reading to himself and answering some questions and that was a whole thing I can say a word I thought that was time period but that’s the only that once yeah I think of different things the reality goes I’m not in different vestige of things I’m not sweet there’s known again I should’ve sorted out chronic like knowing the founders and how they got together really sewing my opinion it wasn’t that they would mean did something anything that’s going to work against because we’re all human beings I think about what your game if you’re somebody something on too strong your defenses automatically go so I generally avoid that because it’s going to make a fighter well I’ll be in Geneva thanks yes we invest anything to me any of our branches you in your head we actually invested by these vibrators up your phone our phone well so we’ve got as long as it touches the internet’ll look at it there needs to be something about at Southeast Asia for him he’s from Indonesia he went through accelerating China got a co-founder the u.s. so he and again havin that foot from Hasbro than us and hitting on a global market so that’s one time for us we’ll look at something that’s global order us but there needs to be a strong power outlet type this talk to you heading Vietnam everything so you’ve got a few investment stealing one is going to now so far it’s a baton which is the mobile platform we’re looking at a lot of web mobile marketplace is content plays we have to do starts from Vietnam pipeline right now one that were feeding and one that we such as I Sameer thanks boss he has just a question about your job as one thing won’t have I wish to choose the entrepreneur that you they see come up to you with without Jacobs killing each other just what they face everything so 1 i’m always going to draw out what are your problems for me I have a background in the league thing so times early on I’m talking to starts about growth or retention and again it’s a 28 conversations I like your retention sucks that it’s not like your attention sucks but you’re onto something if you

spent a little time on that you see occur and that was haras el sol an error attention was Carl but spent time with them at work on dimension so problems are across the board I submit another startup whose CEOs company Anita whose only error I Stuart hi Marvin last Friday night we had you know like a really informal you know intimate you know just chat about the company his goals strategy where you want to go who you talking to you for his next round of funny things it’ll kind of literally like strategy for the next two to three years for the company in terms of I was even discussing like some party lines to be discontinued so it can get that II at the combination of you know what I guess I know Laura can speak to comfortably and then a combination of how much the entrepreneur CEO honestly you’re aggressive you’re building a company is pushing it forward you’re coming across like you know under ten percent as you should and so there’s openings the line of for some CEOs you can quickly see it’s really difficult full of that trust relationship is kind of blow you off I know everything is I don’t know everything but we’ve invested in 25 company company so we every I love this job every day I learn I’m consulate learning it kind of seems like he seems know all this stuff no we are learning from our shields from our portfolio so we can apply x 2 different company so that is with this whole problem this phone facing around Iran engages what is its relation feel like it committed do they show respect for others we’re being for answered I could be wrong but are these we having a good conversation so penny I think we have a number of Albert so moving that day job and one questions how the big comp is actually play bargain this will start of the game how could they know al Bobby touch the sea and welcoming you back to the start up space so i think this question ok call for a state park really high up at a corporate summer um I saw my eyes um you don’t like the word equations oh yeah you know I generally it’s like Jews of Wonders many myself but the reality is the businesses will give me a to operate so differently that so how do i would say the one investing for the reality is a lot of corporates invest with a certain strategy mine which tends not to look like ec investing so could gamble a really good corporate investor brockington ventures saving so i don’t care what he’s definitely really well-respected he has the background you work at google before this that meets up on market n suds a corporation that started their own bc fun and i would say they’ve been doing a really good job so one way is to start an investment arm and try to be like the pc which means like turns at a very market-friendly you know moving very quickly so that that’s one way to help there’s a lot of corporate accelerators popping off that when there’s a lot of them that i like that makes it you know it’s something the ecosystem can handle like tongue of them so that becomes difficult but where I think corporation really help event is our existing accelerators rather than starting a new one basically a burning accelerator is the probably the most part laronette like harbor giving faimly really don’t make any money operation it’s such a cash loss to actually run the operations of it that where they really need is sponsorship background so again as corporate being supportive any direct investment company or you could you know investing accelerator through just like a sponsorship but like help them you know put the air coffee on the table and run their operations and then this is where Rovers are really doing helpful donating people mentors in their time ed build up those relationships so it’s a putting money into the ecosystem is probably a good thing mentoring prime so jfgi founders institute that’s a good thing and then this is really difficult like opening all partnerships but the realities were big corporation to a partner that started is really really difficult part of the reason why I up again going back to work innovation and a lot of corporations saying we want innovation one hour bastardos beside

innovation keep things small steps that I think that innovation is risk it Norma’s amounts of risk and you’re 22 years old you need an enormous amounts of risk when you’re hiding them around for 100 years at shareholders you can take very little risk that’s where things don’t match oh so that’s where I see a really really huge disconnect candy innovative if you’re not Chris corporation can take big risks with their brand I’ve seen corporation two interesting things telenor big Calcutta norm I don’t like half of elders in this region they spun out some kind of a workplace app it’s like real-time communication something but they didn’t I really creative they basically you know their innovation team that was six people at a recognized but they didn’t bring the telomere they just made it without the app store if it was their own and they both denied attraction off that that’s a really great because if it would have went to help with like Eleanor is named then tell them artist communication board without a late look at the copy as Miami would testing QA all sort of things though it is filled it or maybe at less what is so I think if you have the ability to corporation to somehow create a side vehicle that doesn’t use your corporation pain that would allow you to take risk that’s the best way of getting a good memory I gmail people so they clip on like an angel this fine Te’o’s there needs to be some tube bender it’s a two-way relationship so they should be getting some times and I’ve been in terms of learning from EULA also whatever you’re working on so accelerators are really great way to get that the hub if you remember love you get the mentor network here so there’s tons of formal programs but if you didn’t want to do that how do you say to start cold emailing people loading up skill sets on and did Angeles I and so the only things i decided to try one now is our portfolio and a few mentoring relationships that I you know big part of her file but forget it you see Afghans are for blood yeah how good question how’s it a VC environment different here than like the value so it’s absolutely the leasing environment the values been going on for decades DC is actually the young lady what do you think this is maybe 16 years old like it was something that was invented that pc didn’t actually exist so it’s an evolving that things like convertible notes which you know everybody’s another with like that didn’t exist in the eighties and that kind of came out with a whole like connect startup because of seven angel investors coming in like the early nineties so keeping that in mind that helped gain perspective ec is constantly evolving and changing and because of that the valley is really but that the forefront of that and everything else would naturally be traveling because we’re not there vacation differences so like things that make DC harder here is up I didn’t do be seen about some friends that are beefing about it so I’m even you know it’ll have apples apples it there but like vendor networks like for me to find a good employer here that understand well they stock option limitation preferences all these an accounting firm like all of these things that you have it’s been around for decades that’s attracting these third-party vendors it can be helpful moving forward that’s just getting off the ground care so that makes it slower so there’s an example we use its flat love it’s like chocolate it’s so good things like kneading co-founder so they try to raise money you kinda all bc there said no so that’s about somebody said yes so I was just talking to some government policy people and banks we have to change bc so they the reality is that again european seeing pounds that you’re going to be less risk taking and if you seen the knowledge is like I mean how parent Singapore as much risk as I limitative would be less risky keep somebody Valley and that’s something you just can’t change it’s not that I like Chris but a not here there’s up different conditions and different everything in cultures and countries in the echo across multiple occasions those presented complexities so then we kind of a little bit more conserve how we look at deals so I think the biggest difference is going to be risk and then

the other is one it is kind of setting and pushing into voters and everything else is travel the one interesting thing of what is happening outside the valley regular value or the tryna figure out is where back to the vision innovation doesn’t only happen about it and that’s taking a dramatic change over the past five maybe ten here where you could just be no teasing the valley and everybody came screwed over so that’s the looking at you now there’s many partners that been doing this for years much higher than nita want to do calls around so I’ll just like learn what’s going on here and it’s because they’re outside the world and some feces been very proactive sequoia china india having people here in singapore so that’s a devil of making DC saying we’re going out in the world at work that’s the new bottle outer basic come to us not everybody valid to their cell opportunity 85 to 90 BC so have to catch up tuna so while there’s a lot of learning from the valley I’ll be stolen from the valley there’s a lot of you see she was happening in other parts of the world I don’t understand that just lots of looking we’re all go to the list SG and then put a calendar that we all attack that’s not happening there’s a woman icon meet up I think happening this week so I go to all the heartbeats are grounded I would assume she’s here but there’s definitely go to the programming language meetups may not understand what’s being said but just being interesting so again I made you know you can’t you’re not going to meet some anything this is my great idea you want to work on it you need to become friends with them first most likely so you have to start going to events without the idea of you know I’m looking for a wife this is more of in the gaming scene kind of scene what’s going on be like like with you at once quality qualities that do you get along each other it hopefully their technical do you long that’s why there’s no there’s no program ketchup it’s not like we invested preying on and off th me the reality is like some her images are really great and routing others are terrible that stuff like that but we there’s a sort of looking at tata that’s good cop net and the reality is added intimate connotation of the CEO CTO SEO work together a long time that’s what the CTO Oh who’s losing it is not wear this we need higher for and that’s a good enough reason for me so I’m not going to say you need to change your platform image I think it’s and then we did on this competition if we best routes anything’s changed but the reality is he’s going to need to Jane to someone more like a pro and scale a few things but I’d really appreciate something says this is what I know I can build something I have respect in this field I have a network where I hire people and then let’s see where we take this for money outside of light your this chocolate sorry outside like the additional co-founders terms like hiring you know like in this show I’ll tigerboy East you have any kind of like tubes and oats maybe like if you should go offer yet eck me company are more bacon awesome um great question I’m very much from the mentality of like yeah everybody that’s gnarly employees should be off we need a much better question is see what they asked for because you don’t even want people that come to the table ask them frankly understand what that means so I think the idea of getting out equity to most plays are coming on it really long that’s common but you really should be that’s almost a filter like hardly ask them for any enough if they’re not so this also ties into like fire fast like there’s the old adage of like higher slowly fire fast it’s a bad person in the company just closely take a whole thing like if they’re unhappy they’re not fitting in so it could be this technically they’re not up to speed with everybody else and maybe come on happy and if you like to impression start bitching so you want to get if there’s not a good fit you want to get out really really early so it’s like it’s one good rolls out but the idea really I think that’s a really good thing to do and you want to be looking for people that could you champion says

someone’s I’m protecting off season 2 i’m looking forward sings well i’m going ok looking for growth to contraction we don’t invest in you know and idea the back with a cube I think people have this a concept that people in the valley do and they don’t again there’s exceptions to the rule but eighty percent of warfare I’m just pulling out of my ass with it think it’s true have a part of the bill and have traction before getting funding in the valley the cases where they don’t they probably built something successful before that at work did it investors so both these anything for me too I said I like it this way investors we’re just really we have our home doesn’t work really bad to say that is the great idea that is going to be another you don’t know that welcome kenzie is wow you’re growing for the average user use that 20 minutes for a session they come back four times today and so that’s why anything in the internet and I just want to see those stats and are you showing growth or are you showing if there’s no grow with reviewing some other metric that shows I engagement and maybe there’s something missing for growth and you can talk about that’s kind down in terms of what I would shy away from so call me vs bears like things that are really competitive if you know how I sing a little competition if you do you’re the only if I say who’s your competition you say nobody i’m not i see your Gucci really to the market if nobody else is realized potential or too early to market so I want to see a little competition but when there’s a lot of commendation big player that’s something that quick pass on I would say with a lot of competition we still have a chance of like many things in China it’s not the way things were it’s super competitive are a lot of people their districts like I didn’t even in India they compete different flavors but here on this region have to fight so hard for the Iranian Singapore for such a small audience a lot of competition then you have to this place is really difficult so basically I want to see some competition but it is just over mountain and you don’t have something that really fishing it’s like yep you’re right you’re looking for differently nobody else is totally see the value there if you don’t have that but that’s a quick pass to molesting it singapore government so they open up a check 1 billion dollars in the past five years can’t really think of a better thing to be doing then what that’s a very simple or any questions absolutely not get out of the way which they are also doing like I’m really impressed I come from a place in the world where it’s like government entrepreneurship addition if you know if you pointed me to like certain rules and regulations of government programs i can say that saw so that’s me microbots small my new level i can definitely feel like that’s what i would change that size range but at a macro level I’m super impressed keep it going forward press them yeah final question yeah I’m wondering however I’ll have proposals or investigate anything related to education good question so that is a certain areas that all have a higher bar and that would be one be caused in the US it’s up until just recently that’s in a really difficult space to like a to date big strides and so I canceled to the u.s. or China or India say here is like lots of examples of people like I got not getting required but raise lots of money ABC’s if I can’t point to that so you know you can just call me simple but if I don’t have that as a base wing that that’s hard for me to say I’m gonna take numbers here so it’s the one thing that so education has gonna invest in that it’s only really starting tribes or any sort of technology in n-space the u.s recently load is a regulation and culture and so many other things and so maybe the video business maybe it does really takes tremendous a look like medical records outside the US but that is something that I’m going to have a much higher bar of really wanted to c plus being changed again if you have growth whether that’s we’ve got these schools on board war or bottom up and all these students are using it I’m

definitely take a look at basing my decision off the growth but in certain areas where there’s a lot of good examples cool thank you for you intensity if you plan sponsors google and the hub but someone from the hub like to come up to sweep out the whole all right but so let’s say you like come on next up again and the house is actually going to use space and you can have my creation important right it’s going to be a bigger place so it can hold hold more people and i think i would like to write on it will just as every words thank you very much now that was the way inside were talk and I just take a sec we aren’t questions that actually got austere and what are the big corporates doing I can speak for all the portraits but one slight accent in this bring it up there is equal to Google’s saga the search for life in finer brightness talks with that so couple of things that Google does is like Google free and open yours is our proof that actually takes care of intrapreneurship google itself coming out from a very garage startup culture the founders of a sheet cake okay now right so you see that everything that we do on a daily basis inside our organization and we make sure that we are fostering a strong ecosystem and you know doing lots of things for startups in the region as well as globally so we have the Google friend of yours that hosts and partners with programs like startup grind startup weekend and they have lots of partnerships they also have things like campuses where you know we have co-working spaces we have mentorship programs we just recently opened one and soul of months back and we have been talking to some of the dc’s here to actually have some forms partnerships where startups can get exposure to that culture as well you also take care of diversity of gluing as part of that we have an initiative like the campus for moms where you know moms can bring in the little kids and while they’re going to programs trainings or just meet ups they have babysitters can take care of that so there is a lot of stuff that purpose of doing we also do things like Google Ventures does investments Ruby capital does investments on late-stage each of them is you know working out of different regions that you don’t have any other actor here but you have these programs and at some point will find their way into the region as well something more actionable for for startups is the program that we have here call launch pad which is a collection of lot of benefits that starter find very useful to their benefits that all startups can get essentially get you quickly started off the ground with your cloud expenses map expenses whole bunch of things or you can get into something which is the scale stage so we have a couple of partners here golden gate mean one of them’s if you’re coming to them you can come to the scale stage directly and get a lot of benefits not just you know benefits on cloud credits but things like a UX expert Google your order to the developer expert spending one-on-one time to do and looking at your application and giving feedback getting access to a support email so those things are very valuable as we’re taking your company off the ground so I hope you know at least from a Google perspective I free we are doing a lot of stuff for the intrapreneurs and you know be two events we tubs developer summons at Google for entrepreneurs eat that should start happening in the next water so stay tuned you know and I wish so much for coming when they become the biggest event so far have a health I cannot do this without my awesome tip first of all cadena do this water is a PCT ranger in one of our members with our sponsor us come to him today I have a spare so easy my wife you