Made by Google '19

[MUSIC PLAYING] BARATUNDE THURSTON: You know where we’re going? RICK OSTERLOH: We have this idea that in the future, you can get help wherever you are, for whatever you need It’s almost like it’s in the air BARATUNDE THURSTON: Hey, what’s up, man? RICK OSTERLOH: How’s it going? BARATUNDE THURSTON: Have you seen any of this stuff? RICK OSTERLOH: Never been here Come on in BARATUNDE THURSTON: Thank you FRANCES KWEE: I’m not necessarily designing this for myself I’m designing it for people out there that really could use an assistant now ERIC MACINTOSH: There’s a lot of sensors, processors, and machine learning, things that are uniquely Google ISABELLE OLSSON: When you combine the ultimate piece of technology and something so human, that’s where magic happens SPEAKER: This vision to me is really compelling, because we can create the new generation of products that are truly helpful IVAN POUPYREV: It helps you from the background run in the foreground And your foreground is your life BARATUNDE THURSTON: Big picture What’s the end game? RICK OSTERLOH: It’s about making it easier every day BARATUNDE THURSTON: Making what easier? RICK OSTERLOH: Life BARATUNDE THURSTON: Making life easier RICK OSTERLOH: Yes [LAUGHTER] BARATUNDE THURSTON: Let’s take a look RICK OSTERLOH: Here we go [MUSIC PLAYING] Good morning Good morning Thanks so much for joining us here in New York City, and for those on the livestream, for joining us around the world Thanks so much We’re going to spend the next hour talking about the problems we’re working to solve for our users and the ways we’re delivering help for the way people need it when they need it We’ll also take you into our labs with writer and cultural commentator Baratunde Thurston to hear from the folks at Google who personally develop, design, and bring these products to life Now, if you look across all of Google’s products, from Search, to Maps, Gmail, to Photos, our mission is to bring a more helpful Google for you, creating tools that help you increase your knowledge, success, health, and happiness Now, when we apply that mission to hardware and services, it means creating products like these New Pixel phones, wearables, laptops, and Nest devices for the home Each one is thoughtfully and responsibly designed to help you in your everyday without intruding on your life Now, in the mobile era, smartphones changed the world It’s super useful to have a powerful computer everywhere you are But it’s even more useful when computing is anywhere you need it, always available to help Now, you heard me talk about this idea with Baratunde, that helpful computing can be all around you, ambient computing Your devices work together with services and AI, so help is anywhere you want it, and it’s fluid The technology just fades into the background when you don’t need it So the devices aren’t the center of the system, you are That’s our vision for ambient computing The Google Assistant plays a critical role here It pulls everything together and gives you a familiar, natural way to get the help you need Our users tell us they find the Google Assistant to be smart, user friendly, and reliable And that’s so important for ambient technology Interactions have to feel natural and intuitive Here’s an example If you want to listen to music, the experience should be the same, whether you’re in the kitchen, you’re driving in your car, or hanging out with friends No matter what you’re doing, you should just be able to say the name of a song, and the music just plays, without you having to pull out a phone and tap on screens or push buttons So think about how this vision plays out in the home, where ambient technology can make life so much easier When you wake up in the morning, your home knows what you need to start your day You can get your commute, find out when your first meeting starts, maybe play some music on whatever speaker or screen is nearby And when you leave your house, your lights, thermostat,

door locks, security cameras, they all just know what to do And your devices go silent and turn off notifications at night when you want to relax, without technology interrupting or distracting you So throughout your home, technology works as a single system instead of a bunch of devices doing their own thing Now, we can bring this ambient computing vision to gaming as well With Stadia, our new generation cloud gaming platform, we’re aiming to deliver the best games ever made to almost any screen in your life So I’m excited to share an update with you all [MUSIC PLAYING] Stadia will be available on November 19 So you’ll be able to play games wherever you want, on your TV, your laptop, even your Pixel, which will be the first phone to support Stadia when it launches We’re also creating a few areas to create more human interactions with technology, like Motion Sense and the new Google Assistant for Pixel 4 So instead of being glued to your phone, you can use quick gestures and voice commands and then get back to your day That push for quicker, more natural interactions is leading us in new hardware directions too, extending the phone’s capabilities in new ways Let’s take a look BARATUNDE THURSTON: This is clearly a time machine, and you’re pretending you’re using it to test earbuds That’s a great cover story Right, left, up, down Hello ISABELLE OLSSON: Hi BARATUNDE THURSTON: Isabelle I know you and your team led the design for the earbuds ISABELLE OLSSON: We really wanted it to just be a simple, tiny little dot floating in your ear What is a simpler form than a circle, and how insanely tiny can we make it? Because there’s two computers in there BARATUNDE THURSTON: Those are floating computers in your head ISABELLE OLSSON: Yes Yeah [LAUGHTER] BARATUNDE THURSTON: Do you remember how you felt when you first got the design brief for what these earbuds were supposed to do? KELVIN YIP: I think it’s crazy [LAUGHS] ERIC MACINTOSH: Certainly the assembly is a really challenging part of this All of these pieces have to go together with sub-millimeter precision I don’t think I would have imagined we’d be able to build things with this kind of processing power, this small There’s a lot of sensors and processors, a little bit like building a ship in the bottle What we’ve managed to do here is not just make great headphones, but really putting in all of the other things that are uniquely Google about this, the ability to process your voice and to make a call clear, even when you’re riding a bicycle down the sidewalk BARATUNDE THURSTON: Yeah, yeah, OK ERIC MACINTOSH: A lot of software, a lot of machine learning It’s the magic that powers the product It turns a great set of headphones into a Google set of headphones RICK OSTERLOH: All right That was a sneak peek at the all-new Google Pixel Buds So you can start to get an idea of what ambient computing feels like With Pixel Buds, help is there when you want it, and the experience just comes to you, even when your phone’s not in your hand For instance, you can get hands-free access to the Assistant So instead of turning to your phone for quick tasks, you can just say, hey, Google, and ask the Assistant for whatever you need Resume your podcast, send a quick text, get directions, or even understand another language with Google Translate Pixel Buds even have a long-range Bluetooth connection, which keeps you connected even when your phone isn’t by your side So you can wear them in the yard, when your phone might be charging inside, or leave your phone in a locker if you’re working out in a gym Indoors, Pixel Buds will stay connected up to three rooms away And outside, they’ll work across an entire football field Of course, Pixel Buds won’t be truly helpful unless they’re also great headphones They have to have excellent sound quality They’ve got to be comfortable to wear all the time And they need to last long enough to be useful That’s a lot to ask of a pair of headphones, especially because they also need to be unobtrusive too So we did some intricate origami with Pixel Buds to make sure everything fit Custom speakers, sensors, custom battery That’s usually what makes these wireless earbuds stick so far out of your ears But Pixel Buds gives you plenty of battery life

to get through your day You’ll have five hours of continuous listening time on a single charge and up to 24 hours when you’re using a wireless charging case Now, even with all those components and long battery life, you can see, Pixel Buds fits almost flush with the ear They’re so small and light, it’s easy to forget you’re wearing them At the same time, Pixel Buds deliver excellent sound quality Now, you typically have to choose between great sound and awareness of the world around you The Pixel Buds gives you both, with a unique hybrid design The earbuds gently seal the ear for rich bass and clear highs, and the spatial vent underneath reduces that plugged-ear feeling and lets through just the right amount of environmental sound On the software side, Pixel Buds respond to your surroundings with the new, adaptive sound The volume dynamically adjusts as you move from the quiet of your home to a subway or a noisy cafe, and you don’t have to constantly raise or lower the volume When you’re on a call, beamforming mics focus on your voice, while voice accelerometers detect speech through your jawbone So a loud restaurant or a windy day won’t get in the way of your conversation Pixel Buds will be available in the spring of next year And we’ll share more details in the coming months, including a few of the helpful experiences that make good use of the on-device machine learning chips So as you can see, this ambient computing era is going to bring all kinds of new interfaces, services, and devices, but it’s also introducing new challenges When computing is always available, designing for security and privacy becomes more important than ever You need to know that your data is safe Protecting your data and respecting your privacy are at the core of everything we do We’ve designed strong protections across our hardware family, like the Titan security chip in our phones and laptops Titan protects your most personal on-device information, your OS data, passwords, even information in third-party apps And we know that privacy is personal, which is why you have the controls, so that you can choose the settings you want that are right for you We make it easy to access simple on/off controls, including turning cameras and mics on your Nest devices off And you can now delete Assistant data just by asking Everything is designed with your privacy in mind, and you’ll see examples of that throughout today’s presentation Now, we’re also going to talk today about our work to create more sustainable products and processes Developing sustainable solutions to mass production and consumption is one of the biggest challenges we face today as an industry It impacts all of us, and it will for generations to come Now, we believe Google has both the ability and the responsibility to create systemic change As a company, we’ve been focused on sustainability for a long time Google’s operations have been carbon neutral since 2007 And for the past two years, we’ve matched all of Google’s energy consumption with 100% renewable energy And we’re continuing to expand access to clean energy to more people, including our suppliers and the communities where our products are made So today we’re announcing that Google’s committing to invest another $150 million in renewable energy projects in key manufacturing regions Our investment– our investment, alongside financial and manufacturing partners, aims to catalyze $1.5 billion of capital Now, this will generate approximately the same amount of renewable energy as the electricity used to manufacture Made by Google products So when you choose to buy hardware products from Google, you’re contributing to bringing renewable energy to communities around the world Sustainable, secure and private, and of course helpful That’s the Google way to make hardware and services Now, we’re excited to share with you how we build these principles into our products And here’s Ivy Ross, who leads our design team,

who’s going to talk about some of our recent work in responsible manufacturing and design [MUSIC PLAYING] IVY ROSS: Thanks, Rick I’m happy to be back in New York to discuss our design philosophy at Google and tell you about a few things that we’ve been working on I grew up not too far from here, in the Bronx And my dad was a designer, industrial designer, too And he worked for the legendary industrial designer, Raymond Loewy, on automobiles and a lot of other consumer goods When I was little, he even made me my own little roadster I can remember spending hours in his studio as a kid, tinkering with different tools and materials And something I learned early on is that at its core, design is about solving problems for people Whether you’re designing a building, an automobile, packaging, or even a phone, the goal is to create unique solutions to the world’s challenges And sustainability is one of the fundamental challenges of our generation When you look at how most things are made today, it just doesn’t make sense In all too many cases, devices are manufactured with dirty energy, from precious minerals and materials that are rapidly depleted, and with technology that becomes obsolete in a short time and then thrown away Right now, we’re truly looking at sustainability from every angle For years, we’ve been pushing what’s possible in design, manufacturing, and new materials We’ve been able to include recycled plastics in products like Chromecast and the new Stadia controller And today I’m happy to share that all of our Nest products launching in 2019 include recycled plastics Instead of these materials ending up in the ocean or in landfill, we’re giving them a new life We’ve designed and engineered the fabric on our Nest Mini Speaker so it’s made from 100% recycled plastic bottles A single half-liter bottle produces enough textiles to cover more than two Nest Minis And we didn’t compromise on aesthetics or function We created beautiful recycled fabrics and colors that blend into your home while hitting the same rigorous technical and acoustical requirements We continue to focus on products that empower people to reduce their own environmental impact as well Our Nest team has been at the forefront of these efforts since 2011 And as of this month, Nest thermostats have helped consumers save more than 41 billion kilowatt hours of energy, enough to power all of Denver’s electricity needs for six years Rick just filled you in on our new renewable energy investment And as of last month, Google is offsetting 100% of the carbon generated by our shipping partners for all customer orders We have so much more to do But by working with our suppliers, manufacturers on these initiatives, our goal is to clear the way for the entire industry and our planet to benefit Another sustainability goal is simply reducing the amount of hardware you need to buy in the first place What if you didn’t need to upgrade a bulky new game console every few years With Stadia, we’re actually consolidating devices, so the only hardware you need is a controller and a screen to play your games anywhere, anytime To give people a great gaming experience, we designed the first cloud-based controller You know, great design isn’t just about how something looks It’s also about how it feels And subtle design differences can have a profound effect And we wanted the controller to be comfortable in the hands of all gamers We found design inspiration in some unlikely places [MUSIC PLAYING] BARATUNDE THURSTON: Hey, how’s it going? JASON PI: Good, man BARATUNDE THURSTON: Nice to meet you JASON PI: Come on in BARATUNDE THURSTON: All right JASON PI: When I go to these really nice kitchens, they all have these simple knives Like, none of them look like the grocery store knives, with all the grips and details It’s really uncomfortable if you rotate your hand around

The reason why most professional kitchens have knives like this is you can use it in many ways So that was a starting point for the controller We literally took a knife handle, and we bent it It was like, oh, we’re on to something here So from there, that one ancestor basically had hundreds and hundreds of kids I kept building on it, patiently, until it became that And it’s made for small and large hands So it’s super usable for a large segment of gamers that aren’t always appreciated LAUREN CHANEN: Jason was very, very insistent that we have a non-visible screw design JASON PI: It’s super important to give it that nice, clean look instead of puncturing a bunch of holes onto the back LAUREN CHANEN: That was one of the biggest challenges for product design We think it’s really worth it It makes it very comfortable in the hand and seamless and Google-y BARATUNDE THURSTON: Oh, wow! That was impressive Good work IVY ROSS: We worked with thousands of people, playing hours and hours of games, to test our controller against all of its limits It needs to feel right for as many people as possible Putting people at the center of our design is integral to our process and our principles Whether it’s hardware or software, creating truly helpful products for people starts with empathy One of our earliest projects we tackled within the hardware team was designing a new kind of laptop that could deliver performance and versatility in a truly beautiful form We wanted to physically embody the speed and simplicity that people love about Chrome OS The result was the original Pixelbook The response was great People really loved the award-winning design, the keyboard, and the speed So over the past couple of years, we’ve been working really hard to bring that kind of experience to even more people at a more affordable price I actually believe that you can be more creative when designing within constraints So once again, we started with our users’ needs, especially portability and battery life We wanted to create a thin and light laptop that was really fast and also have it last all day And of course we wanted it to look and feel beautiful We landed on Pixelbook Go The design is so distinctive, with an incredibly light magnesium that lets us create a very smooth matte finish in great colors Pixelbook Go comes in Just Black and Not Pink, one of the iconic colors we introduced on Pixel 3 And we created a new rippled, wavy bottom that’s easy to grip Pixelbook Go is lighter than Pixelbook, but we still managed to add a battery that is 15% larger, making it easier to keep working all day We also spent a lot of time making sure the keyboard is comfortable and quiet We took all of our learnings from the original Pixelbook and really refined the design We ended up with keys that feel great to use and are even quieter than the original And with Chrome OS, Pixelbook Go is always fast, secure, and all your devices stay in sync with each other Everything about Pixelbook Go is designed to address real user needs for an affordable price You can preorder it now in Just Black, with Not Pink coming soon Next up, my colleague, Rishi Chandra, will tell you about the work we’ve been doing to make life at home a little easier Thank you [MUSIC PLAYING] RISHI CHANDRA: Hey, everyone I’m excited to give an update on Google Nest and our mission to create the helpful home So last month, we launched Nest Hub Max, which is a great example of the power of ambient computing See your photos come to life with a screen that automatically adjusts to your lighting conditions Pause your music and videos with a simple hand gesture And it automatically adjusts the information it controls based on your proximity to the device At Nest, we want to put people first and build technology around their needs It’s the difference between just being smart and being truly helpful So while the rest of the industry is focused on standalone devices, our focus is on building whole home solutions that bring together technology to provide

real help for real homes And the most important place to get this right is privacy It’s your home, the most personal, private space in your life So in May, we published a clear set of privacy commitments which helps you understand how our technology works Today we want to share how these commitments extend beyond Google to our third-party ecosystem of partners So we’re announcing an update to our Works with Google Assistant Program We’re working with partners to migrate their existing works of Nest integrations that people know and love, but doing it built on a foundation of privacy and security For example, we’re requiring partners to pass a security review before they can even request access to your Nest devices You should have confidence in how Google and its partners are protecting your home data And then you can focus instead on the great benefits of the helpful home For example, let’s talk about home audio It used to cost thousands of dollars and a professional installation if you wanted seamless audio throughout your home Well, Google changed all that with the whole home audio solution that is simple, affordable, and sounds great It started several years ago with the launch of Chromecast, making it easy to use your phone or your voice to play content on your favorite devices And with Google Home Mini, home audio got even more affordable, with a great sounding speaker with multi-room support And with Nest Hub Max, you now have a home media control center right on your smart display And it all works seamlessly together with stream transfer, where you can naturally move content around your home So for example, I can start a playlist or watch a show on my Nest Hub Max in the kitchen And when I’m done cooking, just say, hey, Google, move this to the living room TV And it’ll pick up right where I left off It’s really easy Now, for a lot of people, Google Home Mini was a perfect starter kit for your audio system And today we’re introducing the next generation, Nest Mini It’s even more capable, with the same affordable price point, and the same iconic design So let’s start with the design Colors really help Mini blend naturally into your home And you now have a new color option called Sky And as Ivy mentioned, all of our fabric is made from 100% recycled plastic bottles Now, we also heard from you, you want a little bit more flexibility of where to place Mini, so we added a simple wall mount It really looks great anywhere in your home Now, the original Mini was designed to pack in great sound in a really small form And with Nest Mini, you get even better quality sound, 2x stronger bass and even more clear and natural sound And for those times when your home gets loud, just like it does at mine, we added a third mic, to hear you better in noisy environments Nest Mini also got a really cool new superpower There’s a dedicated machine learning chip with up to one TeraOPS of compute So for the first time, core experiences of the Google Assistant can come from the data center and be moved instead to run locally on your device Simply put, things are going to get a lot faster as it learns your family’s most frequent commands Finally, Nest Mini also powers an amazing home communication system A home intercom, so you can talk room to room, a home alert system, telling you who’s at the front door, a home phone, allowing you to call anyone in the world for free using Google Duo I can even use my phone to call my Nest devices It works great for those times I’m leaving work, and I want to ask the family what they want for dinner So that’s the new Nest Mini, our next step in bringing seamless audio and communication to more homes around the world OK Now let’s talk about home awareness One of our core products is Nest Aware, which combined with our Nest cams, provides intelligent alerts and camera history Now, lots of our users have multiple cameras, and we’ve heard from you that our Nest Aware pricing can get a little expensive and complicated So today we’re announcing a new whole home pricing model For one monthly rate, you get Nest Aware support across all your Nest devices in your home So whether you have two cameras or you have 10 cameras, you pay the same monthly rate And you can choose between two different pricing plans, depending on your needs We even added more video history The new Nest Aware will be rolling out early next year, and it’ll be easy to switch over your existing plan Now, as part of the new Nest Aware subscription,

we’re also unlocking the power of speakers and displays to be part of your home awareness system So devices like Nest Mini or Nest Hub can be your ears when you’re on the road or on vacation We use on-device AI, sound detection AI, to pick up critical sounds, like barking dogs or smoke and carbon monoxide alarms, and we send an alert to your phone So now in one go, even those basic smoke alarms become smart smoke alarms And when you get an alert, you have the option to hear the alert or listen live to confirm the alarm Now, if it is an emergency, the Home Map can directly connect you to the 911 call center closest to you, regardless of where in the world you are So in those critical moments, the last thing you want to do is scramble to find a local emergency dispatcher Now, these notifications will be part of the new home app, which actually includes a new feature called a Home Feed It brings together all the notifications and snippets from your devices, organizes them, and highlights the important stuff So you can quickly see priority items, or you get a general recap of the day So that’s the new Nest Aware More affordable, with more features and support for more devices OK Finally, let’s talk about home connectivity You can have the best home setup in the world, but it’s nothing without great Wi-Fi coverage That’s why we launched Google Wi-Fi three years ago And since launch, it has been the number one selling mesh Wi-Fi system on the market And in 2019, it is a top selling router of any kind And it’s a router that actually gets better over time, with automatic updates to add parental controls, improve performance, and enable Google’s latest security features Well, today, we’re also updating the hardware with Nest Wi-Fi Now, the Nest Wi-Fi system is actually two devices The router plugs into your modem and creates a powerful home network The Point expands your coverage Now, working together, they create a single strong Wi-Fi connection throughout your entire home And our updated hardware and software delivers up to 2x the speed and up to 25% better coverage So now the Nest Wi-Fi system only needs one router and one point to cover around 85% of homes in the US Now, we’re also solving a common problem you find with routers today Most of them get hidden in a closet or cabinet, because truthfully, they’re pretty ugly, which reduces their signal intention by 50% Nest Wi-Fi is designed to be out in the open, where it performs at its best, with a range of colors that will naturally blend into your home And of course it’s really simple to use With the Google Home app, you can set up your Nest Wi-Fi network in minutes And once you’re set up, it’s easy to share your Wi-Fi password, manage your network, set a schedule for the kids, or create a guest network Nest Wi-Fi also provides a foundation for your smart home connectivity We’re working with a growing list of partners to enable seamless setup in the home app And with support for BLE and Thread, we can talk to smart home devices locally, so you don’t have to buy a separate hub Stay tuned for even more partner announcements over the next few months Lastly, we added a Google Assistant smart speaker to the Nest Wi-Fi point So it does everything the Nest Mini does It plays your music with great sound, provides answers to your questions, and lets you control smart devices with just your voice So now you can broadcast a message to your kids that it’s time for dinner And if that doesn’t work, try saying, hey Google, pause Wi-Fi for kids’ devices Pretty sure that’ll work So that’s the new Nest Wi-Fi Better coverage, smart home support, and that Google Assistant It’ll be available starting on November 4 With new, affordable home solutions for audio awareness and connectivity, everyone now can start building their own helpful home Thank you [VIDEO PLAYBACK] – Right now in Mountain View, it’s 68 and sunny Today, it’ll be sunny, with a forecasted high of 72 and a low of– – Hey, Google Volume 10 Hey John, can you come here for a sec? – So you use this room to test – Right So we use this type of setting to really stress the microphones – OK – Right now I’m talking to it this way, but sometimes our devices are higher, and sometimes they’re lower – Because I might be down here – Yeah, exactly

You know, because it’s going to be in so many rooms, it’s sort of a privilege to– you know, like we’ve got to – this right You know? I come from a family of immigrants, and they all have accents And it’s important for me to design products that my parents can use and that it works for everyone At Google, everyone has their slogan of what their passion is In our mind, it’s actually be heard It obviously goes into the stuff that I work on, but also speaking up when things don’t feel right What this represents is an entire Google team’s voice of we got here because we worked together – You know what’s kind of cool about that is when multiple voices come together to express sound in a coherent and beautiful way, we call that harmony – There you go, harmony [LAUGHS] With Wi-Fi [LAUGHTER] [END PLAYBACK] SABRINA ELLIS: Hi I’m Sabrina from the Pixel team Now let’s talk about how Google’s ambient computing vision comes to life when you’re on the go Pixel 4 introduces entirely new helpful experiences with more natural interactions It’s completely redesigned, with a new look, a new color, and a beautiful new finish And Pixel 4 includes camera features and sensors that you’re not going to find on any other phone Let’s start there Five years ago, our Advanced Technologies Team began its projects solely to investigate radar capabilities Radar has been around for a long time, and it’s still one of the best ways to sense motion It’s precise, low power, and it’s fast There were lots of exciting possibilities, but here’s what our first sensor looked like when we started working on Soli Radar sensors have always been way too big to fit in a phone, so we shrunk it down into a tiny chip, but that still wasn’t small enough So we had to shrink it down even more Pixel 4 is the first smartphone with a radar sensor It powers the new motion sense capabilities for more human interactions with your phone For instance, Pixel 4 has the fastest secure face unlock on a smartphone Because the process starts before you’ve even picked up your phone Motion Sense prepares the camera when you reach for your Pixel 4, so you don’t need to tap the screen It’s so much faster and smoother Motion Sense can power down your phone when you walk away and turn it back on when you approach your phone It also lets you control your Pixel with simple gestures Swipe to skip a song, silence a call, wave hello to Pikachu And the Soli team is working on a wide range of helpful new features, from gaming to personal wellness Here’s a quick look [VIDEO PLAYBACK] – It is a very famous saying that any advanced technology becomes indistinguishable from magic That’s one of the things we talked about with Soli, it’s a magical sensor – I did it! I touched it without touching – Radar has a lot of very interesting properties that would be very useful for human-computer interaction You can shrink it down – All of this is now in there – That’s right Yes It can sense through materials It’s extremely sensitive for motion – And so we build this new interaction paradigm based on the understanding of body language, distances, and gestures – How can we make the language of interaction with technology closer to what we do naturally in the real world? – Then, of course, we really need to test to distinguish between intentional and unintentional gestures Just because I wave on top of the device doesn’t mean that I want to skip a song If I pick up coffee cup, this gesture is very similar to a swipe And this is really important And I can do this, and it actually works With Soli, we can try to understand more about the implicit behavior that happens around the device – The phone knows earlier what your intention is – Exactly Let’s say the alarm goes off Really annoying As you reach, we can lower the phone The phone is more polite And then you can just do a gesture to shut it off [LAUGHS] This moment of understanding each other happens all the time between us, but it never happened with technology What we can do with radar is to actually capture the aspect of non-verbal communication And as a first step, it picks up forward motion senses to get as close as possible to the intuitiveness of verbal interaction – Silence [END PLAYBACK] SABRINA ELLIS: Since the Soli sensor can detect the environment around Pixel 4, privacy had to be built in from the start

You can turn motion sense on or off at any time And when it’s on, all of the sensor’s data is processed right on your Pixel It’s never saved or shared with other Google services And motion sense isn’t the only way we’re making your phone interactions faster and more natural The Google Assistant is now deeply integrated into Pixel 4’s OS and across your apps You can quickly open apps, search across your phone, share what’s on your screen, and a lot more The assistant can simplify multitasking too, with a clean, new interface Check this out Just give Pixel 4 a quick squeeze Show me Maggie Rogers on Twitter What are her concert dates? Share this with Vivian Reply, let’s go see her Open Search for Maggie Rogers events A key way we’re making the Assistant this fast is with an on-device version of our language models that run on our data center So they can run locally, right on your Pixel 4 This means the new Assistant uses a hybrid model It can respond to many day-to-day requests on device, like starting a timer, while connecting for requests like is my flight on time You also have new ways to manage your data Choose a time limit for how long you want your activity data to be saved in your Google account, or just tell the Assistant to delete everything you said to it today or this week, and it will You’re in control And you can get more details by asking, hey, Google, how do you keep my data safe? We’re taking the same care to protect your on-device data too With tighten Titan M and other security features, last year’s Pixel 3 scored the highest for built-in security for a smartphone, according to Gartner We built Titan M into Pixel 4 as well to protect your most sensitive on-device data, like your passwords, your OS data, and now your face unlock model Your phone has some of your most personal private information, and we have a responsibility to keep it safe and secure Now, how many of you have tried a voice recorder app? I know I’ve tried a few, thinking, I’ll be able to get organized by recording notes to myself, interesting lectures, important events But then I end up with a bunch of untitled audio clips that I really don’t know what to do with So we created a new kind of audio recorder that taps into our speech recognition and AI Let’s see it in action We’ve had a Pixel 4 recording the show for the past few minutes As you can see, with one tap, I can get Recorder transcribing my words in real time, as I’m saying them Now, to show this is live, it is now 10:44 And it’s pretty accurate This means you can transcribe meetings, lectures, interviews, or anything you want to save Eric, backstage, is going to save this recording And now I can go into the Search Bar and find whatever I’m looking for I can search for sounds, words, phrases Let’s see all the times I’ve mentioned pixel across my entire library of recordings The places where the word pixel are said are highlighted in yellow in the Playback Bar, so you can dive into the exact part of the recording you’re looking for It’s pretty cool And you’ll notice this phone is actually in airplane mode All this recorder functionality happened on-device Now, I want to take a minute to talk about Pixel 4’s OLED display DisplayMate has awarded Pixel 4 XL their highest score, an A+ rating, together with a Best Smartphone Display Award In five key areas, like color accuracy and image contrast, DisplayMate classified Pixel 4 XL’s display as visually indistinguishable from perfect Pixel 4 is also our first smartphone with a 90 Hertz refresh rate And we’ve added some smarts The refresh rate adjusts on its own, depending on what you are doing, so you

get a great visual experience while still preserving battery life Pixel 4 brings together so many helpful new technologies and capabilities And you’ll get the best Android experience with Android 10, and you’re the first in line to get the latest OS updates and features We also want to make sure you get the best experience out of the box So Pixel 4 comes with three months of Google One for new eligible members You’ll get lots of premium features, including Pro Sessions, for one-on-one virtual help So if you have a question about your settings or want a few tips for the camera, we’re there for you The new Pixel comes in three colors, Just Black, Clearly White, and a limited edition called Oh So Orange It also comes in two sizes, both with the same features and both available for preorder starting today Shipping starts on October 24 And we’re excited that people will be able to find Pixel in even more places We’re expanding our carrier partnerships So Pixel 4 is now available through every major US carrier Now, we didn’t forget about the camera For the past three years, Pixel set the standard for smartphone cameras with incredible capabilities like HDR+, Super Res Zoom, Top Shot, and of course, Night Sight With Pixel 4, we’re raising that bar yet again, and it all starts with this little square, basically a miniaturized camera rig right on the back of your phone You can see the rear, wide, and telephoto cameras, a hyperspectral sensor, a mic for your videos and Instagram stories, and a flash that we hope you’ll use mostly as a flashlight, but it’s there just in case But the hardware isn’t what makes our camera so much better The special sauce that makes our pixel camera unique is our computational photography And who better to talk about it than Professor Marc Levoy from Google Research [MUSIC PLAYING] MARC LEVOY: Thanks, Sabrina It’s great to be here There’s a saying among photographers that what’s important to taking a great picture is, in order, subject, lighting, lens, and the camera body It’s their way of saying that it doesn’t matter which SLR body you use unless you get the first three elements right Well, here’s a slightly different take on this list, subject, lighting, lens, software So by software, I mean computational photography So what does that mean? It means doing less with hardwired circuitry and more with code I like to call it a software-defined camera It typically means capturing and combining multiple pictures to make a single better picture One version of this is HDR+, the technology we’ve used for taking photos on every Pixel phone When you tap the shutter button, we capture a burst of up to nine pictures These pictures are deliberately underexposed to avoid blowing out highlights We align them using software and average them, which reduces noise in the shadows This lets us brighten the shadows, giving you detail in both the highlights and the shadows In fact, there is a simple formula Noise goes down as the square root of the number of images you averaged together So if you use nine images, you get one third as much noise This isn’t mad science, it’s just simple physics By the way, on the left is our RAW output, if you enable that in the app There’s something else about this list It says the lens is important Without quibbling about the order on the list, some subjects are farther away than you’d like So it does help telephoto shots to have a telephoto lens So Pixel 4 has a roughly 2x telephoto lens plus our Super Res Zoom technology In other words, a hybrid of optical and digital zoom, which we use on both the main and telephoto lenses, so you get sharp imagery throughout the zoom range Here’s an example You probably think this is a 1X photo It’s not It’s a zoom, taken from way back here

By the way, Super Res Zoom is real, multi-frame, super resolution, meaning that pinch zooming before you take the shot gives you a sharper photo than cropping afterwards So don’t crop like this Compose the shot you want by pinch zooming Also, by the way, most popular SLR lenses do magnify scenes, not shrink them So while wide angle can be fun, we think telephoto is more important So what new computational photography features are we launching with Pixel 4? Four of them First, live HDR+ Everyone here is familiar with HDR+’s signature look and its ability to capture extreme brights and darks in a way that looks crisp and natural But even phones with good HDR solutions can’t compute them in real time So the viewfinder often looks different from the final image In this example, the window is blown out on the viewfinder, which might tempt you into fiddling with the exposure This year, we’re using machine learning to approximate HDR+ in the viewfinder, so you get our signature look while you compose your shot We call this feature Live HDR+ So the industry’s most successful HDR solution is now real time and WYSIWYG, What You See Is What You Get Now, if we have an intrinsically HDR camera, we should have HDR controls for it So Pixel 4 has dual exposure controls Here’s an example This is a nice HDR+ shot, but maybe you would like to try it as a silhouette So you tap on the screen and lower the Brightness slider a bit That mainly changes the capture exposure Then you lower the Shadows slider a lot That mainly changes the tone mapping And voila, you get a different artistic vision Try doing that with any other cell phone So separate sliders for brightness and shadows while you compose your shot It’s a different way of thinking about controlling exposure in a camera Second, white balancing and photography is a hard problem Mathematicians call it an ill-posed problem Is this snow blue, the way this SLR originally captured it, or is it white snow illuminated by a blue sky? We know that snow is white With enough training, so can the camera We’ve been using learning-based white balancing in Night Sight since Pixel 3 In Pixel 4, we’re using it in all photo modes So you get truer colors, especially in tricky lighting Here’s a tough case, an ice cave It’s blue light, but not a blue person And here’s what it looks like with Pixel 4’s white balancing Third, we’ve continued to improve Portrait Mode With our dual pixel or split pixel technology, we’ve always been good at portraits and at macro shots This year, we’re computing depth, again using machine learning, from both dual pixels and dual cameras, which gives us accurate depth farther from the camera This extends Portrait Mode to large objects and stand further back portraits We also have a luscious new SLR-like bokeh– that’s the shape of the blur– look at the lights on either side of her head We’re doing better on hair and dog fur, which are hard And of course we still do great selfie portraits Fourth and last, we have continued to improve Night Sight in many ways and extended it to a use case that has always been sort of a holy grail for me You could have taken this dusk shot using Pixel 3 last year Using pixel 4, you can take this nighttime picture from the same viewpoint In the year since we launched it, Night Sight has been called everything from fake to sorcery Well, it’s neither

Think back to the mathematics that I explained at the beginning Astrophotography is about taking longer exposures and more of them, up to 16 seconds times 15 exposures That’s four minutes But it’s a single shutter press, and it’s fully automatic By the way, you can’t do this with a single long exposure In four minutes, the stars do move, and trees wave in the wind So you need robust alignment and merging of multiple pictures And for a four-minute exposure, we do recommend a tripod, or you can prop your phone on a rock Is there machine learning? Yes We use it for white balancing, as I mentioned We also use semantic segmentation in all our photo modes and have for years to brighten faces in HDR+, a feature we call Synthetic Fill Flash, to separate foregrounds from backgrounds in portrait shots and to darken and de-noise skies in Night Sight Is there computational photography? There’s lots of that, too Digital sensors are prone to hot pixels that are stuck at red, green, or blue The longer the exposure, the more hot pixels Our exposures are pretty long, so we need some clever algorithms to remove those hot pixels By the way, that’s our astrophotography field testing team And yes, they sat still for a long time for this shot So where does this game stop? What can’t we capture using Pixel 4? Well, we can capture the moon, which by the way, required some fiddling with those dual exposure controls I told you about And we can capture a moonlit landscape This is not daytime It’s the middle of the night, and the landscape is illuminated only by the moon See the stars? But what we can’t do, including on Pixel 4 today, is capture both at once in the same picture The problem here is that the moon is blown out, and the Marin Headlands at the bottom are just a silhouette The dynamic range, the difference in brightness between a full moon and a moonlit landscape is 19 F-stops That’s 19 doublings, about half a million times brighter Way beyond the range of any consumer camera, even an SLR So is this scene forever impossible with a cell phone? Remember what I said at the beginning about software-defined camera? Pixel is committed to making its cameras better with software updates So stay tuned on this one To sum up, four new computational photography features, Live HDR+ with dual exposure controls, learning-based white balancing, wider-range portrait mode with an SLR bokeh, and Night Sight with astrophotography Oh, and remember, you can use Night Sight for many things besides stars, many things So go out there and be creative with Pixel 4 Now it’s my honor to introduce one of my favorite artists, who has spent her career creating some of the most memorable photographs of the last 50 years 12 months ago, we gave her a Pixel, and she’s taken it all over the country to build a new collection of portraits She also gives us suggestions and candid feedback, which we’ve taken to heart in the tuning of the Pixel 4 camera So please welcome my friend, Annie Leibovitz, along with our own Lily Lin [MUSIC PLAYING] LILY LIN: Thank you, Marc Hi, Annie ANNIE LEIBOVITZ: Thank you, Marc Thank you, Marc Thank you, Marc It was a– this is an extraordinary opportunity that Google gave me And I’ve always been interested in the camera phone and what it could do and what its potential was And Google came to me and said, we’d like to support you in some sort of artistic endeavor, and we thought of this project And I mean, it’s obvious what’s interesting about a camera phone I mean it is you can carry it in your pocket, for example

But go ahead I’m sorry LILY LIN: Oh, no It’s great I know that you’ve been using the camera for over a year now to shoot a collection of photographs, some of which we’re seeing the behind-the-scenes here Can you tell us more about the project? ANNIE LEIBOVITZ: Well, we started, really, with the Pixel 3 And I was very suspicious and very careful with it And it really became an exercise in light and composition and content And then when the Pixel 4 came along, I was very impressed about how I relaxed with it and just glided with it and used it and really just enjoyed taking pictures I’m really towards the end of– I mean, we’re going to be doing more work, but towards the end of the work that we were doing I felt like I was just beginning to get it And I just let the camera do the work, quite honestly, and really enjoyed myself But the project, the people, I mean– LILY LIN: Some of which we have here today, Lenore and Chase and Idris ANNIE LEIBOVITZ: Lenore and Chase, Idris Oh, it’s incredible I mean, the people made me– made the project And we made– we really turned to people who care and people who matter and people who are doing things that give us hope and across the board And every single person that we photographed is doing something that they care about what they’re doing, and they represent great parts of us who are getting on with it LILY LIN: Change makers, I think, is what I’ve heard you call them, true change makers around the country So you’ve been traveling, seeing [INAUDIBLE] you’re traveling across the country, shooting these amazing subjects ANNIE LEIBOVITZ: When Google first came to me, they totally seduced me by saying, would you like to drive across the country And that turned into, of course, going back to people So I don’t know if you can– if you see what I did was I decided to take two photographs to create a portrait And it’s because it’s hard to say what you want to say about a person, especially these extraordinary people, in one picture And so I made it a diptych and took two photographs For example, with Sarah Zorn from The Citadel, there’s a photograph of her almost like graduation day, in her uniform But next to her is a photograph of the boots she wore for four years, you know, every single day So LILY LIN: Well, so I have to ask I’m so curious, because you have access to the world’s best camera equipment So how is it different with this project, just having what you have in your pocket, now? What was that experience like? ANNIE LEIBOVITZ: Well, I’ve been using, like everyone else, camera phones for a while And the whole idea was can you use it to go out and do work as a photographer And I was dying for this opportunity– to be given this opportunity by Google to develop the camera phone for a photographer and how to use it And as I said before, it was a little bit of a rough start, and then I just relaxed And I really totally enjoyed myself One of the last shoots, with Meg, the soccer player, it really felt like we were just floating I mean, she was really a beautiful– anyway, she was just a beautiful muse, and I took these photographs that I wasn’t really thinking about the camera or thinking, just really composing And the light was beautiful, and she had that red shock of hair And it was just– it was great LILY LIN: That’s great Well, before we go, since I have you, I have to ask What pro tips do you have for all of us here who want to take beautiful images like this with the phone in your pocket? ANNIE LEIBOVITZ: Oh, it’s all inside you I mean, you just go out, and you do it It’s all there I think what’s great about the camera phone, I mean, my children use this camera And I mean, we all are using this camera And it’s a brand new language And if you want to do something more specific, then you maybe fall into another category, and you’re a photographer But it’s just really great that this is available for everyone to use LILY LIN: Yes The democratization of photography is what I’ve heard you call it ANNIE LEIBOVITZ: I think it’s great LILY LIN: So thank you so much And thank you

I wish we had more time, but I know you, as well as Nora, Chase, Idris, are going to be sticking around So thank you for that Thanks for joining us on stage And guys, Annie Leibovitz ANNIE LEIBOVITZ: OK Thank you RICK OSTERLOH: Thank you so much, Annie Amazing project We’re all huge fans That was awesome Well, as you’ve seen today, our vision for ambient computing is to create a single consistent experience across your home, your work, and on the go It’s available anywhere you want it, whenever you need it With the introduction of our new Pixel phone, Pixel Buds, Pixelbook Go, Nest Mini, Nest Wi-Fi, we’re taking a big step towards this vision, with much more to come Now, we couldn’t get to all the product experiences today, so if you’re here with us in New York, there’ll be a lot more product details to see upstairs, in person And for those on the livestream, please go to the Google Store online, see a lot more Thanks so much for joining us today, and we’ll see you again soon Thank you [MUSIC PLAYING] [POP MUSIC PLAYING]