Tour of the Port of Los Angeles with Narration and Subtitles (Turn on CC)

a row truck is on the roads, it takes cargo probably to a destination within 200 miles These trucks are no more than 5 years old They have to have the latest engines, low pollution burning diesel We have no old clunkers anymore driving around the port All the trucks are new and clean, on and off the port The way it works here is there’s no ship here in this part of the dock Cargo is coming in, most of the cargo that is coming in now that you see is for export Empty containers or containers for cargo export will go on the front of the dock, and as they unload the ship the cargo they’ve taken off of the ship will go to the back of the facility Where it is much easier to manipulate it and load it on trains or onto trucks Just a matter of interest the harbor commission has adopted a budget plan of about $1.1 million for the fiscal years 2013, 2014 EDITOR’S NOTE: [He meant $11.1 million] About $4 million dollars or 37% of that budget is going to be used to support about 8,500 jobs, which are linked to the major construction site projects in and around the port For example, this facility here, this is […] Evergreen What we are going to spend here is about $96 million dollars, behind Evergreen (which backs onto APL), and we are going to do what is called backland development behind, put in more surface areas, more […] areas for containers, more access roads I was talking earlier about the trucks that longshoremen drive, and if you look on the side now, you actually see these small universal trailer receivers (UTRs), that’s the white truck with the flashing red or white light on top of it EDITOR’S NOTE: He means Utility Tractor Rigs Basically what happened is the ship will come in, the cranes pull alongside, under each crane there is a designated roadway So for example, if this ship had 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 cranes on it, there would be seven designated roads underneath each crane The truck comes in, he will have lane 1, lane 2, lane 3, lane 4, and that’s the only lane he will move in The operator of the crane will swing the cargo back, into lane 6 or 7 and there will be a truck there waiting to pick up that cargo and take it somewhere else These gentlemen that work in these cranes are very well paid, and make up to a $250,000 a year And it is important that they have the best guys unload these containers because it costs the ship so much money to stay in the port At the moment the ship isn’t making any money because it is not going anywhere, it has already had its cargo paid for, so it wants itself unloaded, reloaded and leaving If you look you up in here you see a variety of colors of containers. The only ones of really any significance are the white ones The white containers are temperature controlled containers. They are like refrigeration trucks They have a small motor on the back that will be plugged into the ship and they can move goods that need to be […] climate controlled If you are bringing in, say, vegetables, salads, meat or fish, it needs to be in one of these containers and it will be in a contained area Once it is unloaded off the ship it is put onto a truck and it is able to be plugged into the back of the container and keeps the temperature at all times at the correct level This ship will probably have a crew of about eighteen people

You see this small vessel in the middle there, the orange vessel, that is their escape pod If you saw the Captain Phillips movie, that’s what they use The eighteen crew will work on three watches. It will be three deck officers, three helmsmen, three engineers and the rest The bridge we are about to pass underneath is the Vincent Thomas Bridge This is the third largest suspension bridge in the State of California The first [largest] one is the Golden Gate Bridge The second one is the Bay Bridge This is the third one The bridge is named after a councilman, Vincent Thomas, […] although locally it is called the Saint Vincent Thomas, he wasn’t a saint, he was a councilman He raised money for building the bridge and when the bridge was built, the local newspaper said “bridge to nowhere.” […] now it accesses major arteries here This next facility is NYK, a steamship company, the Grand Alliance They are with Hapag-Lloyd, a northern European company OOCL is out of Hong Kong, and NYK is out of Japan We are spending about $78 million in the construction of rail yards and rail facilities on this project bringing them up to date and making it easier for the loading of containers from the dock onto trains Overall the port is spending a large amount of money, somewhere about $90 million for what is now called the AMP program, Alternative Maritime Power What we are doing is we are digging trenches alongside the docks and putting electric cables in, so that when the ship come alongside the dock, it can lower a cable down and be plugged into electricity, switch off all its generators, all its engines and run on the electricity provided by the port This reduces the pollution coming from the vessels The vessel we are about to pass now, the Hapag Lloyd vessel, this actually came from Europe

This is one of the few container ships that can actually pass through the Panama Canal It is thirteen containers wide, the Panama Canal is 110’, this ship is probably 108’ wide, so there is a very little leeway when these vessels go through the canal When they’re opening up the new Panama Canal, it will allow even larger vessels to pass through the canal so the port is hoping to pick up much more of these larger ships coming from Europe or South America This ship probably carries [between] 3,500 and 4,000 containers EDITOR’S NOTE: Oakland Express container capacity at 14t (TEU): 3370 The vessel you see, the orange vessel […] this is what is called a ‘self loader’ This vessel is actually unloading its own cargo onto the dock, I believe it is unloading steel from South America Directly ahead of us will see these small privately owned vessels We have over 4,000 small privately owned vessels within a secure area of the port This is a headache for the police, but we manage it as best we can Talking about police as we make the turn here, we see the fire station down there […] This is our new police academy We are the only one on the West Coast of the United States of America that is specially geared up for training police officers that are involved in a marine environment, […] to learn about new weapons, […] methods of detection, and how to deal with smuggling goods coming in, goods going out […] it grinds cars into small pieces and it spits out, and then we export that to Brazil, Mexico or China where they are […] or use it in product Now we complete that turn, there are orange units standing on the dock

These are vacuums, they are vacuum […] pumps Basically what happens is when a cement ship comes into the dock here, alongside, cement is in powder form and the nozzles from these units are lowered into the hold and they suck out all the cement and transfer it to the building next door where it is put into bags or bales and then moved onto the construction areas in Southern California This next facility is what is called a combi facility, which means it carries and handles a variety of products besides containers At the moment, the ship is unloading steel If you look on the docks you see slabs of steel Probably inside this warehouse [are] rolls of steel, probably pallets of plywood These are all things that are too heavy to put inside a container The steel here once it is unloaded goes out to a specially reinforced carriage which is then taken to Fontana where, at the Kaiser steel mills, they reheat the steel, reroll it and make it into American products We are one of the few ports in the world that allows ships, while unloading cargo in a port to actually take on petroleum products for their return journey Here is an example of it. This is the barge, it is just like a floating gas station, what it is doing is it is giving the ship fuel to return to its port of origin If you’ve ever driven from here to Palm Springs and you’ve see a lot of those large windmills up on the hills, they all came through this facility […] […] the actual blades are about 100′ long […] They bring them on the decks of these vessels as deck cargo, unload them, put them on the trucks and then taken up there to reassemble them Here again you see the steel is stacked up on the dock here We have some longshoreman humor here. You can see the sign here [about a beach] Directly behind that you will see those large white silos This is the second piece of property not owned by the port, This is owned by Rio Tinto Mines This is a product brought down from the high Sierra Mountains, this is borax It comes down from the town of Boron And it is exported in a white powder format It’s used for the glaze on contact lenses, glaze on China plates, silicon chips It’s used as a fire retardant, washing product for your clothes Boronic acid is made from it It is also used in makeup (Ponds foundation cream and lipsticks also use it) This next facility with all these domed units inside is a tank farm As I said we have a variety of these scattered around the port Underground they are connected by pipes to the various refineries We have a tremendous underground connection of pipes throughout Southern California Fuel can be pumped throughout, from one refinery to another, many many miles away

They only store it in here when they receive it from the incoming vessels or store it when they have refined it and waiting for export When we come to the end of the channel, this is called the Mormon Island Light This is named after the Mormons who came in here the middle of the 1850s, 1860s Prior to the American Civil War, they were [migrating] from the East Coast to the West Coast by ship. They built a small encampment here During the American Civil War, the federal government had them help build wagons, wagon wheels, boxes, carts and things After the Civil War when Phineas Banning came here, he decided he wanted to put a small pier or dock down here At this moment we are about two miles from the ocean This was all river, meandering river and flats So he had them build a small dock He got a federal grant to dredge the water to ten feet so the sailing boats could come up here to unload From here, they were taking mainly lumber coming down from Oregon for the building of Los Angeles One of the most famous people that actually worked [here …] they call them teamsters today […] was a chap called Wyatt Earp, at the age of 16, Wyatt, with his brother Frank, they worked down here on the docks, taking lumber from the port to Los Angeles After they made enough money they decided they were going to have a more adventurous career, and they took off to New Mexico, Arizona and became gun slingers, gun fighters Eventually when Wyatt decided to retire he came back to Los Angeles And in his dying years, in his older years, he actually got into the movies with a chap called Tom Mix The top tower that you see here is one of three, there is one here, one in San Francisco and one in Hawaii The Hawaii one is called the Hawaii Aloha Tower It was built by [a] steam ship company [They were] basically bringing fruit, green bananas, pineapples from Hawaii to the market here in Los Angeles and then going back empty So by building these units, they thought they could take people back to Hawaii and start their tourist industry So up until the late 60s, early 70s, the only way you could get to Hawaii or, in fact, anywhere oversees was by ship Now this facility is too small for our cruise ships, we use it for a storage facility and in the downstairs area for the Los Angeles Sunday Times, we keep their blank script inside there, their blank rolls of white paper Directly ahead of us is China Shipping. This was our first customer that we actually went into a partnership [with] to create the AMP program We persuaded them that we would give them special [dispensation] if they would try out our new program We actually put a transformer on a barge, brought it up behind one of their older ships, plugged the power into the dock, then plugged it into the transformer and gave them the end They ran it. They liked the idea and so starting when the new ships were built they all had transformers built into the ships. Now, all ships have transformers The rest of the world liked our idea. There’s a national meeting in Europe about the AMP program. It was decided that all ports would have a standardized plug This way it would be easier for the ships to just lower one plug over the side and not have a variety of different ones Unfortunately, the plug they chose wasn’t the plug that we came up with. So we had to change all our plugs to comply with the EU At the end of this facility here, where you see all these trucks now, we just spent about $36 million dollars extending this pier here by 300 feet so that we can now allow two of these large China Shipping vessels to come alongside and unload simultaneously The cranes you see they were also built by CNPC in China. They are now too small for the large container ships. So we are actually in a process of making these cranes taller If you look down the slip once we have gone underneath the bridge, you should see some yellow equipment They are going to cut these cranes legs, and gently raise them up thirty feet, then put an extension piece inside them The small boats you see here are a part of the Catalina Express Corporation, they take passengers from here to the island of Catalina

If you’ve never been, it is well worth the trip You can go into Avalon and stay in a boutique hotel for the weekend, or if you are more adventurous you can go camping on the isthmus They have a small bar there and you can go hiking and go take pictures of the buffalo