America’s Future – The Power of the Latino Vote

correspondent with ABC News, and thank you so much for streaming with us This year, more than 32 million Latinos will be eligible to vote in the upcoming election — 32 million Now, here are a few facts Latinos live all over our beautiful country, from east to west, north to south, from barrios and the inner city to suburbs, small towns, and the heartland Most Latinos are primarily English-language dominant, but many of us also hablamos español [ Man singing in Spanish ] ♪♪ As is the case for so many other Americans, Latinos are defined by faith, family, and food but also shaped by their struggle and success In this unprecedented presidential election, with so much on the line Get out and vote We’ll always have your back, I promise you, so please, please vote the time Latinos will determine who the next president of the United States is to let your voices be heard is now Get ready, because we are about to take an in-depth look at Latinos in America — how they came here, their countless struggles, and their enormous contributions and how all of that could influence how they may vote at the ballot box I vote. Yo voto -I vote -Yo voto -I vote -Yo voto -I vote -Yo voto Yo voto You better vote! Yo…voto Si se puede con el voto Perez: “America’s Future: The Power of the Latino Vote.” And now please join my colleagues Tom Llamas, Cecilia Vega, and John Quiñones from ABC News World Headquarters in New York ♪♪ Thanks, Alex, and good evening We stand here tonight just days away from the most consequential American election in decades We’ve seen voters turning out in record numbers, tens of millions of ballots already cast, a multitude of issues driving voters to the polls, including America’s 32 million eligible Latino voters Yeah. Ours is a community that is all too often overlooked, even though we are one of the fastest-growing ethnic groups in this country, and in this election year tonight, we will hear from Latinos from coast to coast about the issues that matter the most right now — the coronavirus pandemic, jobs, the economy, healthcare, and immigration Such important issues, and we want to begin with the enormous contributions Latinos have made to our way of life here in America and how we got to this very critical point in time So it only seemed fitting to ask legendary Emmy, Grammy, Tony, and Oscar winner — yes, an EGOT winner — Rita Moreno to take us through it Moreno: A legacy that goes from the Olmeks to the Mayans, whose empires predate the birth of Christ, to the Aztecs and the Incas, whose empires existed and thrived for hundreds of years before the arrival and invasion of European settlers and their introduction of African slave trade to the Western Hemisphere The Latino identity has a rich and complex ancestry The Aztecs ruled over an estimated 15 million people The empire stretched from what today is known as the United States borderlands through southern Mexico At its peak, the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan had over 140,000 people Just south of the Aztecs were the Mayans, who were known for their advanced pyramid building, astronomy, and mathematics Their agricultural technology developed the basis of what is the majority of the world’s diet As you make your way down to what is now known as South America, we find the Incas At its peak, the Incan empire was made up of 12 million people Today one of the most sacred archeological centers of the Incas is a modern wonder of the world — Machu Picchu The Taínos and Carib peoples navigated from the coast of South America to the Caribbean islands, named after the Caribs themselves Once the most numerous indigenous people of the Caribbean, the Taíno population may have reached anywhere between 1 or 2 million at the time of the Spanish conquest in the late 15th century The Spaniards’ quest for land didn’t end there By 1513, they arrived to a land with many flowers that they named Florida Unknown to many, the first European language spoken in what is now the United States of America was actually Spanish and not English The conquistadors brought with them diseases such as smallpox, mumps, and measles They also brought with them one of the worst abuses of humankind — slavery About 15 times as many African slaves were taken to Spanish and Portuguese colonies than to the U.S The Spanish empire would dominate

throughout the Western Hemisphere for hundreds of years Finally, in the early 1800s, the majority of Latin American countries and their people would gain their independence, except Cuba and Puerto Rico For Mexico, the victory would be short-lived thanks to their neighbors the United States The U.S. wasn’t content with what it had, pushing westward to seize the land that many presidents believed was America’s destiny To reach that goal, President James Polk provoked war with Mexico After a long and bloody battle, there was an agreement called the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Mexico signed the treaty under the promise the U.S. would recognize all Mexicans as citizens of their new nation But the U.S. failed on its promise, granting only white Mexicans citizenship and leaving indigenous and black Mexicans entirely disenfranchized This would forever change the fate of generations of Mexican-Americans to come and, in turn, mold the identity of all Latinos in the United States Latinos and Hispanics are the future of American voting By November 3rd, more Latinos will be eligible to vote on Election Day than ever before You heard the number — 32 million With the help of Get out the Vote rallies, such as those in Florida and Arizona, more than 800,000 of us become eligible to vote every year By 2025, that number will swell to 1 million, each person with their own story, their own opinion, their own vote [ Cows mooing ] [ Man singing in Spanish on radio ] I’m an American of Mexican descent Proud of my race, proud of my heritage, my ethnicity, and I’m proud of what my family has done Quiñones: Renato Ramirez is living his American dream in Texas, running the ranch his parents bought in 1940, the year he was born And they were able to buy this 4,000-acre ranch and make it a success and get us educated Ramirez is one of 32 million Latinos eligible to vote in the upcoming election, the largest nonwhite electorate Most of us have the same common goal We all want to educate our children We all want them to have a good economic life He’s not alone 80% of Hispanic voters say the economy is their top priority in the 2020 election, followed closely by healthcare There’s a lot of issues that are affecting us right now We’re living under a pandemic, so unemployment is one of them, Medicaid The economy and worker rights is a very important issue Healthcare, immigration Access to affordable healthcare Healthcare is really important to me because my dad actually was sick when he was undocumented and couldn’t get any sort of healthcare The old neighborhood I love this place Welcome back Quiñones: Back in my hometown of San Antonio, I sat down with the most visible Latino face on the campaign trail this year — Julián Castro And the issues that matter to the Hispanic community are the issues that matter to all Americans, right? Castro was the only Latino to run for president in 2020 His campaign ran on progressive policies like Medicare for all and raising the minimum wage Companies across the United States are making more and more profit but not passing that down to the people that make that profit for them Quiñones: His presidential bid failed, but those policies proved popular with many Latino voters iSe ve, se siente, Bernie presidente! Quiñones: Progressive Latino voters helped Bernie Sanders win Nevada, Colorado, and California, and they kept Sanders in the race in Texas, winning 40% of the Latino vote By the next presidential election, the number of Latinos in Texas is expected to surpass the white population Do you think Texas is a swing state now? Yeah, I think we are a swing state You know, the last 10 to 12 polls showed the presidential race here basically tied And if we can win here, then it’s game over for the Republicans And the Latino vote is going to play a huge role Nationwide, Biden is outpacing President Trump by more than 30 points among registered Latino voters Announcer: ABC Election Night, 2016 Vega: They were really hoping that the Latino vote would come out in both Arizona and Colorado Quiñones: But in 2016, less than half of registered Latino voters

showed up at the polls 2016 has taught us very painfully that elections matter Quiñones: This year, there is a focused effort to mobilize Latino voters, celebrities making a push to get out the vote, endorsing candidates I’m here representing women and moms and Latinos Quiñones: appearing at conventions, and hitting the campaign trail That makes Donald Trump our head coach And when you’re winning Super Bowls, you don’t fire the coach Quiñones: Turnout among Latino voters is expected to increase by 15% in the upcoming election Who will you be voting for in November? I already voted I voted for Mr. Trump Why Trump? The economy Bottom line Today, Renato Ramirez’s wealth extends into the millions, and for that reason, he says, a vote for Trump isn’t personal It’s just smart business But you’ve done so well for yourself You’ve been very successful What do you tell other Americans, other Latinos, who don’t have those investments? I just — I don’t know what I want to tell them I just don’t know Okay It’s develop commitment, develop a discipline, work hard And, you know, that’s basically how I did it, you know? What what what said about immigrants, Mexican immigrants? They’re bringing drugs They’re bringing crime They’re rapists And some, I assume, are good people The thing is, he’s not a politician Those are kind of stupid remarks that he has made Ramirez is among the nearly 30% of Latino voters who support President Trump A lot of Latino supporters are not understanding the impact that Trump has on the Latino population Quiñones: Sema Hernandez is a political activist and the mother of four She ran for Senate against Beto O’Rourke in 2018 Before I started running for office, I was coaching Little League Baseball and breastfeeding my baby in the dugout I don’t see any men that are doing things that women are doing, especially women of color She spent just $4,000 on her campaign but gained nearly 25% of the vote I outperformed in places where most Democrats don’t perform very well She credits her success to appealing to Latinos as Americans That proved a winning strategy for President George W. Bush in 2004 I’m proud to call Latinos Americans, and I’m proud to be your president God bless, and welcome to the White House He made Latinos feel like they had a seat at the table Quiñones: This year, it’s Latino voters in Florida, Arizona, and Texas that experts say could decide the election Latinos need to understand that our voices matter, that if we want respect, if we want to be part of this country, we must vote Still ahead on this ABC News Live special, Americans voting in the heart of the pandemic Yeah, the alarming projections — roughly 230,000 American lives lost by Election Day Tonight, why the virus has particularly devastated the Latino community And coming up, the devastating toll of COVID-19 and why that virus is driving so many Latino voters to the polls ♪♪ reality is our country can collapse from within please see the white power movement on the March please in the neo **** skinheads its meant to incite for the KKK to Oklahoma City to show the new meeting space we just need to start talking about race the war this is a real wake up call streaming now NBC news live welcome to Disney plus are you ready explore action venture Hey the original there’s no limit to what you’ll find these are you so come on the bridge the university law and whenever you want that the mall here on the plus hello this Montana highway patrol to do whatever a couple

missing teenagers that’s right last seen in a red focused state federal the funny so a predicament ♪♪ Welcome back The coronavirus pandemic is soaring at an alarming rate across the United States, hospitalizations on the rise in state after state But listen to this A sobering report shows Latinos are three times as likely to test positive for COVID-19, five times as likely to be hospitalized, and twice as likely to die from it One of America’s top medical experts delivering an alarming warning to Congress, calling this pandemic the historic decimation of Latinos in this country ABC’s Victor Oquendo has more [ Man singing in Spanish, mariachi music playing ] Oquendo: The sounds of the mariachi are unmistakable [ Music continues ] from the gold trumpets to the strumming guitarrón [ Music continues ] But today the music that so often marks life’s joyful moments at weddings and quinceañeras is playing at this funeral mass Paulino: We are here to say farewell to the loved ones who lost the battles against COVID-19 We asked and decided to do it now, in October, because it’s from the Día de Muertos Oquendo: The people here, a tight-knit community of Mexican immigrants from Chinantla, Puebla, honoring loved ones that never received a proper goodbye [ Mariachi music playing ] Paulino: When they hear our notes and our songs, our lyrics, you know, we want them to feel that they’re in Mexico, and they’re there with their families, you know, connect them in some kind of way Felipe: Erik Perez Canto Justo Calixto Andon Oquendo: their photos a reminder of lives cut short from a disease that has ravaged communities like this one According to the CDC, Latinos are dying at a disproportionately high rate from COVID-19 A recent analysis of more than 114,000 COVID-related deaths between May and August found 24% were Hispanic or Latino, despite being only 18% of the U.S. population Paola Felipe Ramos Oquendo: Lucero Martinez Felipe has waited six months for this day Her mother, Paola, died on April 16th, just three weeks after getting sick with COVID-19 I miss her, and I needed to find certain peace in myself, and I think today I was able to actually feel peace for the first time since the day of her passing Oquendo: At the time, cases of the coronavirus growing exponentially in New York City, quickly becoming the epicenter of the global pandemic Health officials fearing another deadly wave on the way Here at NYU, COVID testing tents have been set up for students Illinois breaking its own record of new cases Oquendo: Fast-forward to a week before the 2020 presidential election A profound transformation to our way of life Hospitals once again stretched to the limits to care for a new wave of COVID patients in places like Utah and Wisconsin, the U.S. surpassing a staggering 8 million cases, one of them, President Donald Trump Don’t let it dominate you Don’t be afraid of it Oquendo: That message after the president left Walter Reed Medical Center was a gut punch for Lucero Felipe: He’s privileged Did every single person that lost their lives receive the same treatment that he did? They didn’t He had all these resources that none of us did Oquendo: At least 220,000 lives have been lost The number’s growing every day, the COVID-19 outbreak becoming a top issue for Latino voters Felipe: I think I always knew who I would not vote for It definitely won’t be for the one that just stood there and watched it happen and didn’t do much to help us Oquendo: Dr. Peter Hotez, one of the world’s leading experts on vaccines, is growing more alarmed by the data What we’re seeing, really, is historic decimation among the Hispanic community by this virus Oquendo: From the Rio Grande Valley to the big cities, a troubling pattern emerging throughout the nation it cs in their 40s, 50s, and 60s, what that really means is it’s robbing families for this whole generation of their mothers and fathers and brothers and sisters Oquendo: For brothers Isaiah and Nathan Garcia,

it is their painful reality, losing both parents to the virus in Houston this summer just two weeks apart I didn’t get to say goodbye to my mom or my dad, no, and that’s what hurts me the most Dr. Hotez: It’s been really devastating and not only in terms of the number of people who are dying but also affecting a much younger age group Oquendo: Elisabeth Romero saw COVID-19 sweep through her Long Beach community I was like, “We’re strong, we’re young, we’re healthy We can get through this.” I never knew [Sniffles] [Voice breaking] it was going to take my husband away Oquendo: Elisabeth was on the phone with her husband, Jose, who was in the hospital bed when he suddenly went into cardiac arrest [ Crying ] And the machine’s just going off like crazy 45 minutes I was on the phone They tried 45 minutes him back And I’m like, “No, now my husband be gone.” Oquendo: Her life and the lives of so many others shattered by COVID-19 Why are Latino communities getting hit so hard by this pandemic? We are essential workers, much more likely to be essential workers We have to be out there in the pandemic Some of them had to take public transportation There was no choice Also, many of us live in more crowded housing, places of higher social density All those things have been a major issue why Latinos are at higher risk Dr. Olveen Carrasquillo, a Puerto Rican native and chief of internal medicine at the University of Miami Health System, is determined to help his community He’s leading one of the clinical trials for the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine and is calling for more diverse participants We need more minorities, both Latino, African-American, to participate in these studies We need to make sure these vaccines work on our people He says health disparities among Latinos are compounded by one’s immigration status and lack of healthcare coverage They would say [Speaking Spanish] which means And you see these young persons with immigration issues that really didn’t want to come They worked down in the fields in Homestead They came in really sick with extremely low oxygenation status And you could tell — you saw the fear in their eyes Homestead, Florida, just 40 miles south of Miami’s famous beaches and nightlife, where these farm workers toil in extreme heat harvesting food Huerta: This is the invisible workforce that kind of uplifts the country, and yet the country is not uplifting them And we have to kind of start changing our mentality and thinking, “You know, the farm workers that feed us — maybe they need to come first.” They have to be the first in line to get the resources and the help that they need Oquendo: The fear of bringing the virus home all too common for Latino essential workers, many of whom live in multigenerational households [ Speaking Spanish ] Oquendo: And with the temperatures cooling, more families are expected to hunker down together indoors The nation’s top infectious disease specialist, Dr. Anthony Fauci, warning that the number of deaths could grow to 400,000 if precautions aren’t taken this fall and winter One of the biggest holidays for Latinos, Christmas Eve, Nochebuena — you’re saying it should look different this year Look, my brother bought a house We were all planning this big lechón and all this stuff, and now we don’t know How do you have Nochebuena without a lot of people? If you ask me right now, that’s what I would recommend — small event, especially if you have older people in my family, which we all do You know, there’s no way I would want my mom to be in a social setting with 30 people That’s just not what I would want, as hard as it is for us That right there, the stark, heartbreaking reminder as America’s death toll rises Every number has a face, a name, and a story Abuelos, padres, madres, hermanos, hermanas, hijos y hijas — those are just a fraction of those we have lost to COVID We’ll be right back when his election in the history of our country I will draw on the best of us stop the war I will be an American president who president I am of president of law and order the flames Alexion this is a will win and we’ll do it together action line and on apple news hello this Montana highway patrol to do whatever a couple missing teenagers that’s right last seen in a red focused state federal the funny so a predicament eligible to vote in this election the potential power of

the Latino vote in America see what happens right away and in fact and now with the most consequential election of a lifetime thanks they’re in exercise your right from NBC news our focus donation story America’s future the power of the Latino vote only one of that special breaks tonight on NBC news live another week in America a country facing the new test now the one airport almost no one here hello slight out of right this is the nursing home just outside Seattle people ground zero it is shut down just time is of the essence you could see that should behind the first time seven twenty four seven ABC news for you ♪♪ Welcome back They were the searing images igniting outrage across the country — migrant children separated from their parents at the southern border Now an explosive new report on the Trump administration’s zero-tolerance policy, making this an election issue Lawyers say they can’t find the parents of 545 migrant children still living with sponsor families in the U.S Tonight, what’s become of those families separated and reunited As President Trump makes his closing argument on why he deserves four more years, one of the darkest chapters of his presidency, child separation, is coming back to haunt him, even on the debate stage Welker: So, how will these families ever be reunited? Children are brought here by coyotes and lots of bad people Llamas: …Vice President Joe Biden firing back with a counterpoint Coyotes didn’t bring them over Their parents were with them They got separated from their parents And according to the ACLU, the battle over child separation is far from over We now believe that there were close to 5,500 families separated What this administration did, taking little babies, toddlers, but even teenagers away from their parents in a strange country, not telling the parent where they were taking the child Llamas: The enforcement is part of the Trump administration’s zero-tolerance policy And the Department of Homeland Security is now referring 100% of the illegal southwest border crossings to the Department of Justice for prosecution Llamas: The plan touted by then Attorney General Jeff Sessions, a deterrent the administration hoped would make people think twice about crossing the border illegally If you don’t want your child to be separated, then don’t bring them across the border illegally Llamas: One of those kids, a Brazilian asylum-seeker named James, who was just 14 years old at the time when he was separated from his mother You remember the moment they took you away from your mom? Yes. I remember Like, I was — I was more, like — I was really, like, shocked I didn’t have no reaction, like no feeling about anything I was just, like, paralyzed As the policy became more widespread, immigration-rights groups started sounding the alarm, White House officials like former Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen forced to answer questions If that parent has a 4-year-old child, what do you plan on doing with that child? The child, under law, goes to HHS for care and custody They will be separated from their parents? That’s what we do in the United States every day Llamas: Amid the growing backlash, the president, at one point, blaming Democrats The Democrats gave us that law It’s a horrible thing we have to break up families Llamas: Lawmakers and immigration-rights activists said that just wasn’t true, parents and kids left stunned and confused So they take you away, and at that moment, do you know what’s happening? Do you even understand? No, I didn’t — I didn’t know anything because they just — they just took me away And we couldn’t understand anything ’cause I didn’t know the language Even the president’s own wife denounced child separation when I sat down with her in Kenya You know, it was under your husband’s policy, the zero-tolerance policy, that these families were separated, that enforcement Is this somewhere where you disagreed with him? Uh, yes, and I let him know I didn’t know that that policy will come out I was blindsided by it I told him at home, and I said to him that I feel that’s unacceptable, and he he felt the same But last month, in leaked audiotapes to CNN by the first lady’s former adviser, Melania Trump is heard discussing her visit to the border at the height of the scandal On the White House website, the First Lady reacted

to the leaked audiotapes in a statement, saying her words were taken out of context The president eventually surrendered on child separation, signing an executive order ending it But now, more than two years later, the ACLU says they have been unable to reach the parents of more than 500 migrant children taken from their families at the border before June of 2018 We are still looking for hundreds and hundreds of families where the parent was deported without the child Llamas: Both the Department of Homeland Security and the White House refuting the accusations It’s very sad The administration wants the families to be reunited, but, for various reasons, the families just have not accepted the children back in many of these cases Llamas: The ACLU challenges that explanation, saying We’re going to stop the inhumane practice of separating children from their parents and work to reunite families Look at all the families that are not reunited Llamas: Former Vice President Joe Biden is making sure voters don’t forget about child separation, especially Latino voters We’re going to restore sensible enforcement priorities and stop terrorizing Latino communities Llamas: One group following both candidates but unable to vote — the families who are still here and caught in the middle of the child separation legal battle We were there in 2018 when James was reunited with his mother, Joselaine, after nine months The mother and son had to flee their native Brazil because Joselaine says she was being abused by her husband She says when they were crossing the border illegally, her son was taken away by immigration officials He would end up more than 1,000 miles away in a facility in Chicago Interpreter: It was horrible, so painful for me as a mother because I didn’t know what was going to happen Llamas: Joselaine would take refuge in a shelter near El Paso, Texas, as she waited to hear about her asylum claim We spoke to her at the border as she’d just started her legal battle to get her son back I asked her then if knowing what happened to her son, would she still have crossed the border? Interpreter: It’s horrible there and horrible here Llamas: For so many parents like Joselaine, they feel they have no choice We recently caught up with them to see how their life has been going Interpreter: I think that, despite everything that happened, it was an experience for us But I still think things can be fixed I don’t think only bad things are to come How is your life right now in the U.S.? It’s going great Like, I’m doing, like, really great It’s been, like, really good since, like, we started doing school and starting, like, socializing with people and learning a different culture Llamas: Now mother and son are living in Massachusetts Joselaine tells me she doesn’t focus on the past and has hope they can both stay here together Interpreter: I think a person can’t live happily thinking in the past, and what happened, because it was so painful — it was horrible But now we’re together and we’re good, thank God And I hope we stay that way ♪♪ When we come back, the race for president with the future of DACA and the Dreamers at stake Yes, so many of them frontline workers right in the middle of this pandemic, not just facing the coronavirus on a daily basis but also living in fear of being deported at any moment ♪♪ the most powe f our time line admit it these days when you need to know seems to change every day I feel smarter better happier welcome to GMA three to now good morning America lunchtime on ABC hello this Montana highway patrol to do whatever a couple

missing teenagers that’s right last seen in a red focused state federal the funny so a predicament ♪♪ We’re now going to turn to the heated battle over immigration in America More than 600,000 Dreamers living and working in the United States, many healthcare workers on the front lines of this very pandemic, and they also live in constant fear of being deported They are not only caught in the middle of a stalemate in Washington, their futures may depend on the outcome of this presidential election, which will determine if they are allowed to stay in this country, their home ♪♪ As a paramedic outside of Houston, Jesus Contreras’ job is stressful enough But these days, work isn’t the only thing keeping him up at night My head’s obviously in my immigration status, the likelihood of me being deported or losing status Jesus was born in Mexico, but he’s lived in the United States ever since he and his family immigrated illegally when he was just 6 years old Now 27, this is home He graduated from high school, attended junior college, became an EMT, helping to rescue his community from the floods of Hurricane Harvey But Jesus and the 640,000 other young people just like him who have temporary legal status now live in limbo They have no idea whether they will be allowed to stay in this country legally or face deportation I think I’ve established my life here in the United States, and I’ve been here for the majority of my life And for me to potentially be sent back home to Mexico — quote, unquote, home — would be devastating not only to me but to my community, my employer, my family, my friends Vega: It was the Obama administration back in 2012 that extended legal protections for these young people known as Dreamers, brought to the country illegally as children They are Americans in their heart, in their minds, in every single way but one — on paper Vega: The program known as DACA, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, allowed Dreamers to come out of the shadows, to go to school and work, all without fear of deportation And today they make up the fabric of America 90% have jobs, including 27,000 in healthcare, working on the front lines in the fight against COVID Nearly half are enrolled in school Some barely even speak the language of the countries where they were born English is how they communicate Americans in both parties overwhelmingly support protecting Dreamers, yet these young people are once again stuck in the middle of a political fight over how to reform the country’s immigration laws Even as an immigration hardliner, President Trump early on said under his watch, Dreamers had nothing to fear We love the Dreamers We love everybody Thank you very much Vega: But he used protecting them from deportation as a bargaining chip, hoping to get Congress to fund his border wall in exchange, once tweeting, “If there is no wall, there is no DACA.” [ People chanting in Spanish ] The administration repeatedly punting, blaming Congress for not doing more to protect Dreamers Could this White House envision a scenario in which these Dreamers are deported? Would that be something the president is okay with? At this point, the president is willing to sign something to find a permanent solution for DACA, and he has placed the responsibility which the Constitution has placed, and he has reminded the Congress that it is their job to actually get that legislation passed and send it to him Again, he’s going to play a big role in the process, but it’s on Congress to get that legislation through the two bodies and hit the president’s desk Vega: But Congress has tried and failed more than a dozen times to pass protections for these Dreamers, coming up empty every single time And in this election year, given the state of the economy and the surging coronavirus, there is once again little incentive for action Democratic challenger Joe Biden promises executive action to protect Dreamers on Day One if he’s elected I’m going to once again legalize all the DACA students These DACA students are more Americans than most Americans are Vega: He also says he’ll send a bill to Congress to outline a path to citizenship for DACA recipients

But unless his party controls both chambers on Capitol Hill, that promise is easier said than done The former director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services under President Obama says the Dreamers are being used as pawns in a dangerous political game The Dreamers are logically part of the overall picture of immigration and border security And so as a result of that, the president has tried to leverage half of some kind of relief for the Dreamers in exchange for concessions that he wants for things, above all, the border wall The tragedy of that is that the issue of the Dreamers should have been resolved a long time ago Vega: This summer, many Dreamers breathed a sigh of relief when the Supreme Court delivered a stunning blow, rejecting the White House’s attempt to end DACA This decision means that I will be able to apply to residency programs and hopefully achieve my dream of becoming a surgeon You know, I’m not going to stop until we have a pathway toward citizenship Vega: But the high court made it clear the president does have the right to end the program as long as he does it properly So far, the White House has not filed a new case Yet even as President Trump has repeatedly threatened to go back to court, just recently, at an election town hall in Miami, he was back to claiming he wants to help Dreamers We are going to take care of DACA We’re going to take care of Dreamers We want people to come into our country They have to come in legally But we are working very hard on the DACA program, And you will be, I think, very happy over the course of the next year For people like Jesus, it’s just more of the same head-spinning uncertainty At the end of the day, I think whether it’s President Trump or President Biden, there is going to be change We’re at a point in time where the young folks that are growing up and are able to vote and speak up are seeing that DACA recipients are truly hardworking people Vega: He can’t vote in this election, but he’s hoping those that do make sure their vote means real, lasting change in the only country he’s ever really known Still ahead on this ABC News Live special, Latino businesses struggling to survive in the U.S. economy after surging for more than a decade Families with their livelihoods on the line Why Hispanic business owners were less likely to receive a PPP loan from the federal government ♪♪ e vote in this of the Latino vote in America see what happens right away and in fact and now with the most consequential election of a lifetime thanks they’re in exercise your right from NBC news our focus donation story America’s future the power of the Latino vote only one of that special breaks tonight on NBC news live sophisticated sadistic killer who murdered more people than the seventy at Keller would turn him on was terror hundred one woman’s obsession Michelle McNamara was a true crime blogger and mom during the day writing about true crime at night helped bring down to his right in their face I moved and off kilter sometimes he would call that the serial killer we just here go to start twenty twenty event Friday at nine eight central on it was a spectacle I Becky on a walk that’s why these wealthy parents tried to ring the college game but in the end they would be the ones getting school operation varsity blues seventy five thousand to get any test scores you would like to go sounds like a deal to me so I think you know everything about this crazy story don’t be so sure their mouths dropped open I will go back this is the calm Bakula Wednesday night on ABC tomorrow morning GMA’s out to help American moms back to work with the experts the insider tips the jobs what you need to know to relaunch your life to be happy on Good Morning America at ♪♪ Back now with the economy playing such a pivotal role in the presidential election With $1.5 trillion in purchasing power and an estimated $500 billion in annual revenue coming from Latino-owned businesses alone, there’s no denying Latinos are essential to the success of our country, many generating wealth through small businesses, so how will business owners vote? Here’s ABC’s Stephanie Ramos Ramos: When Luciana Gómez came to the U.S from Argentina 19 years ago, she didn’t know that owning a business would be in her future I’m not going to tell you that, coming here, it was my plan to have my own business, ’cause I never thought I would

If anything, this country helped me discover that passion that I had When the pandemic hit, like many small-business owners, Gómez applied for the Paycheck Protection Program loan I thought the process will be easier, and it wasn’t, to the point where I was kind of in tears because I would watch on TV that the money was almost gone Research from Stanford University shows that Latino business owners were approved for the PPP loan at half the rate of white business owners Gómez dipped into her savings to stay afloat Nobody really seemed to care And I was to the point of desperation because I felt like I didn’t have the money to keep going A neighbor suggested she go through a community bank, where she received a $15,000 loan a week later The pandemic is one of many hurdles Gómez has faced as an entrepreneur In the beginning, what were some of the challenges that you, as a Latina woman, faced? I think the system is not easy to navigate, from — from a financial perspective to taxes to hiring and things of that nature I think people don’t necessarily take you seriously when you have an accent Gómez has already cast her ballot for Vice President Joe Biden and tells us that she votes not just for herself but her community I like his policies I just feel like I would be better represented But, again, it’s not just about me or my business My decision this year has to do with bigger picture of the country and where this country is going, so you cannot think about a good economy without taking Latinos into account According to a recent study, the total economic output of Latinos in the U.S was more than $2.6 trillion in 2018 Latinos want to support policies that impact them and their businesses Ramos: Despite Latinos’ massive impact on the U.S. economy, many business owners struggle to see growth Non-Latino business owners earn nearly $1.5 trillion more than LatinX businesses What’s driving that gap is access to external capital Ramos: There are a projected 5 million Latino-owned businesses in the U.S., but research from Stanford University shows that only 3% of those businesses earn over $1 million in annual revenue Ryan Bethencourt is a Cuban-American entrepreneur and one of the few Latinos running a business he says is worth millions Our last valuation was over $35 million I’m a biotech entrepreneur and C.E.O Ramos: He ventured into the shark tank in 2019, looking for capital to bolster his burgeoning business It’s time to get serious with how we feed our pets $550,000, 10% of the company, and then we have a deal His company’s success is a big step up from his family’s humble beginnings Bethencourt: My family originally came to the U.S. as Cuban refugees and became entrepreneurs once they settled in Miami My mother and my father actually started a small plumbing business Ramos: His family is like so many others — diverse yet divided Bethencourt: I think that my own family encompasses a lot of what we see across America, from my aunts, who, you know, support Donald Trump, through to my mother, who actually supports Biden We all love each other We all care deeply about each other But sometimes some of the divisions are pretty strong Ramos: Bethencourt is voting for Vice President Joe Biden in November and says his personal values translate to his politics What’s really driving my decision are the things that I care deeply about, which is about science, climate change and sustainability, and, you know, caring about people and our pets Ramos: While Bethencourt is casting his vote for Biden, in Arizona, a key swing state, restaurant owner Jorge Rivas is a proud supporter of the president, Rivas’ support for President Trump making headlines after facing criticism but leading some to support his business Woman: We saw on the news last night that they had some backlash supporting Trump, and so we thought we would come and support them One of the reasons that I want to vote for President Trump — he believes in law and order And for someone like myself, who came from El Salvador, a very violent country, law and order is very important for me Ramos: Rivas is not alone According to Pew Research, almost 20% of Hispanics are Republican, and an additional 10% lean Republican Some of the main draws to the Republican Party — business and religion, especially issues related to abortion and traditional marriage In 2008, Rivas tells us he voted for Barack Obama, but slowly, the party, he says, moved in a direction he couldn’t follow The only choice that we have is to vote Republican

because they align more towards or with our moral values and the person that we are Ramos: But for all that divides Americans, Rivas is proud of the life that he has built here Having my wife and I having come to this country very early age, speaking very little English, this country gives you the opportunity to educate yourself, give you the opportunity to work hard and get rewarded for it Ramos: The pursuit of that American promise, the fuel for so many dreams and the bedrock of an entire economy I think that the immigrant mentality is “Go and build something.” It takes a lot of work for us to be here, and when we’re here, we want to leave our mark on a lot of times that happens through small business When we come back, Latinos taking center stage from the Super Bowl halftime show to Bad Bunny From music to movies to TV, the Latino influence now a global phenomenon ♪♪ ake up call since there are so many times that makes that could be just around the corner viruses literally travel through the implications we could do is go to those places where the virus begins its chest muscle mass on oh wow oh my god this is the exact way in which a new virus could start by presenters special event Sunday at nine on National Geographic ♪♪ Finally tonight, Latinos are leaving something of a cultural revolution in the U.S and around the world All you need to do is look and listen Here’s ABC’s Gio Benitez ♪ Que no para la fiesta ♪ ♪ Don’t stop the party ♪ Benitez: Big names like Pitbull and Romeo Santos prove it’s more than a movement and hotter than a trend, taking over the entertainment industry We bring so much to this country There is no fear right now in the LatinX culture Benitez: and now even politics [ Man singing in Spanish ] We see Latinos commanding big stages, like the Super Bowl Latinos! Benitez: …and flexing power in the music industry, Jennifer Lopez and Maluma gracing Billboard’s 2020 Latin Power Players issue Just last year, Spotify’s Viva Latino playlist growing five times faster than any other playlist ♪ Working a lot harder ♪ Benitez: A cultural moment crystallized by creators like Lin-Manuel Miranda, who received award after award not just for “Hamilton” but also for the musical “In the Heights,” which explored Latino culture in New York City and got him his first Tony This is for Abuelo Guisin and Puerto Rico [ Cheers and applause ] Thank you Benitez: And the numbers don’t lie Cuban-American pop artist Camila Cabello and Puerto Rican reggaeton sensation Bad Bunny both hitting top 5 in Spotify’s “most streamed” category last year At first, they didn’t get it It was very difficult to program a bachata tune in Anglo radio stations That’s not the case now Stars like Becky G defying the odds ♪ …of July ♪ Benitez: finding international success We are so hardworking, and I think that we’re tired of being disrespected Benitez: Latino cultural contributions running deep in America, spanning generations In just a few years, Latinos across the world have expanded their reach And while the community has a long presence in the U.S., recognition for their cultural contribution has been stagnant I think that anyone that right now doesn’t tap the Latin potential is going to lose That’s what I’m talkin’ about Businesses now noticing that Latinos represent a lucrative audience, the Latino Donor Collaborative reporting that, as of 2018, the U.S. Latino GDP is the fastest-growing market in the U.S., $2.6 trillion strong Of course Benitez: Latino spending power most evident in music as Latino artists continue to generate millions of streams and dollars in the U.S Vázquez: When we blend and we mix with other cultures, this is great because it kind of helps Latin artists

get out of that box where sometimes we get placed [ Singing in Spanish ] Benitez: Even with some success stories, actress Justina Machado says cultural recognition is still far from complete Machado: There weren’t a lot of people when I was growing up on television or in films that I could grasp on to and say, “Oh, wow, that’s like me.” Benitez: Machado, a veteran Latina actress with 20 years in the business, says Hollywood can do more I’d like to see more of our stories I’d like to see more of us on network television right now ♪♪ ♪ Say hello, America ♪ Benitez: And while Latinos have graced the small screen for decades, like in “I Love Lucy” I’m going to be a star and star in modern-day comedies like “Ugly Betty” What was your first impression of me? Uh…”Aaaaaah!” Latinos are still left out when it comes to recognition, this year’s Emmys marking the sixth time Latinos went without nominations in any major category Here we go snubs like for “One Day at a Time” triggering outrage in the community The problem right now is that we have this huge pot of talent and there’s just not that many roles You know, the few Latinos that we do have out there, they’re still not getting nominations Benitez: While limited, Latinos have won some recent visibility Since 2013, three Latino directors have won Best Director at the Oscars, and Pixar’s “Coco” smashed records, becoming one of the highest-grossing animated films of all time This isn’t a dream, then! And some shows featuring Latino families have found a home on prime time ♪ America ♪ ♪ America ♪ How have you seen the industry change over all these years that you’ve been working in Hollywood? A lot of the stories that are being told are now being told with us We’re seeing the LatinX people in front of the camera, behind the camera, in the writers’ room, and having a say in their story The young kids who are breaking into this business right now — do you think they’re doing anything differently? These young LatinX artists — and I’m just blown away by them ’cause they have no fear They know who they are They’re grounded So to be able to see a new generation just living their best lives and receiving everything that they’re getting gives me hope A thriving community hungry for a piece of the pie in Hollywood now looking to grab a slice of D.C ♪♪ Little Joaquin or Jimena or little Sky or little Sage — they deserve those inspirations, to see somebody who looks like them achieve their dreams Benitez: U.S. Representative Tony Cárdenas says he’s hard at work to ensure the Latino experience is reflected in American history Well, in 2004, it was the first time the United States Congress actually moved an initiative forward, and it got through I made a speech on the floor of the House of Representatives when we finally got that bill to the floor after 10 years of trying And it was a very emotional moment for me And I got to talk about the history of people that I’ve looked up to — Dolores Huerta, the astronaut, Jose Hernandez These are the kinds of stories that need to be told Benitez: Now Cárdenas is spearheading the effort to make the next Smithsonian Museum on the National Mall one that honors the Latino community The point is to inspire, to give people something to look at and say, “Hey, that person looks like my tío or my tía or my grandpa or my grandma” and then all of a sudden say, “Hey, they can do it I can do it, too.” Benitez: Today Cárdenas says the bill is in the Senate’s hands and believes Americans must vote if we want to make the museum a reality Having representation everywhere is really important Everybody in the room, you should be able to look around and see America Benitez: So the message is clear With Latinos being the largest minority group eligible to vote, your vote matters Vote for those who can’t Yo voto Yo voto Ve y voto Benitez: La historia americana es nuestra historia Thank you so much for joining us for this ABC News Live special Remember, Election Day is November 3rd Early voting is already under way in all 50 states For Cecilia and Tom, I’m John Quiñones Good night ♪♪