Grinnell College Commencement 2018 – Full Ceremony

Chaplain Shorb>> Please stand as you are able Gracious and abiding God, we begin with so many wonderful emotions about this day and this commencement ceremony We acknowledge this major accomplishment by these students as they reach a crossroads of exciting new beginnings. As a class, they have faced times of joy and sorrow, times of conflict and bias. Major changes in governments nationally and internationally. They come to this threshold facing this dawn of a new chapter with strength they have gained in this campus community May they use their skills and the perseverance they employed here as they address the next chapter of life. May the academic rigor they tackled and overcame to get to this day keep them in good stead as they approach new intellectual hills and face life’s challenges We begin the ceremony in community with family and friends, faculty and staff, who have guided these students and encourage them on their Grinnell journey. Together, we now praise each one of them and this achievement. Thank you for this most amazing day, amen Please be seated College Marshal>> Ladies and gentleman, it is my privilege to present our 2018 Commencement speaker, Celina Biniaz ’52; educator, speaker, and courageous voice for those who didn’t get to tell their stories. Her ability to share experiences and find the love instead of the hate, serves as an inspiration to our graduates Please welcome Celina Karp Binaiz Celina Biniaz>> Thank you Dr. Kington, trustees, faculty, parents, friends and definitely the class of 2018 It is a thrill to be here. As my family will tell you, I have always talked about my Grinnell time as some of the happiest of my life. My first encounter with Grinnell was in May, 1948. Which was only three years, almost to the day, after I was liberated by the Russian army from a Nazi concentration camp, specifically Oscar Schindler’s factory in Czechoslovakia At liberation, I was 13 years old and was the youngest female on the now famous Schindler’s List. When I visited Grinnell, it had only been one year since I immigrated to the United States with my parents and myself. And in terms of education, World War 2 had caused me to miss formal schooling from 3rd grade to 11th grade. In short, I was not your typical Grinnell student I was born in Krakow, Poland. Krakow was a sophisticated city, with lost of culture and a renowned university attended by Copernicus My parents were accountants. We were living a comfortable life Soon, after the Germans invaded Poland in 1939, we were moved to a get to where all Jews were forced to live in cramped, dangerous quarters. Two years later, the ghetto was liquidated and we were moved to a concentration camp outside of the city. When the Nazis closed that camp, my parents and I were fortunate enough to be placed on Schindler’s list, meaning that we were to be transferred to Schindler’s munitions factory in Czechoslovakia After a five-week diversion to Aushwitz, my mother and I arrived at the Schindler factory

Because I had small hands, I was given the job of cleaning the machinery, because they were hard to reach After the war, we spent two years in Germany as displaced persons. I learned English and other subjects from a 90-year-old cloistered German nun who had never been aware of Nazi hatred toward the Jews Eventually, thanks to the relative in Des Moines, we got permission to come to the United States When I arrived at North High School, because I had studied so much in Germany with the nun and other tutors, I was able to enter the 12th grade. Here is where I got lucky The girls’ advisor at the high school was a Grinnell graduate. And she made it her mission for me to continue my education at Grinnell She drove me here herself. I could not believe how beautiful the campus was. And the idea that I might actually be able to go to Grinnell was incredible The advisor convinced the college to take a chance on me. Including a full scholarship and a work program for room and board. It sounds ridiculous that tuition in 1948 was only $1200. There was no way my parents could afford that. I bet many of you feel similarly grateful to Grinnell that it was willing to take a chance on you Before arriving at Grinnell, I had seen the worst of humanity and been denied an education But when you are forbidden to learn, you really crave it. Grinnell was heaven So what was Grinnell back then? In some ways it was what you would expect in 1948, in the late 40s. For example, all women’s dorms were locked at 10 p.m. We got three late permissions — perms — per semester. One of my jobs was to sleep at the main door to unlock it for the latecomers Each dorm, male and female, had a middle-aged house mother. Her job was to sew on buttons, talk to students about their problems, and generally act as a substitute mother. Dinner was a formal occasion. Tables were set, we ate on real china, and each table had a waitress and busboy. I distinctly remember that food was served on the left and cleared from the right There were no washing machines on campus As far as those were concerned, they sent their laundry home to their mothers in flat, brown boxes. And it came back nicely washed and ironed. In other words, Grinnell was way ahead of its time Way back in 1949, the college started an exchange program with the Hampton Institute in Virginia, an outstanding African-American institution, known today as Hampton University. Two students came up. One male and one female for one semester and Grinnell sent two students there Andy Billingsly was the male student. He liked Grinnell so much that he came back and graduated from Grinnell. One future position was the president of Morgan State University. Lillian Robinson was the female student, and I was fortunate to become her roommate. We became lifelong friends, through marriages, children, and visits to each other’s homes Speaking of lifelong friends, that’s what you get in a place like Grinnell. Some of you might have been lucky enough to meet your partner for life. You will be coming back for reunions and renewals of friendship at your 30th, 40th and possibly 50th reunion

The color of your hair may have changed and in some cases, partially disappeared. There will be wrinkles, and body shapes will have changed. But as soon as you start speaking to an old friend, the mask falls off. You are back in 2018. It truly happens that way Let me say a few words about Oskar Schindler, Stephen Spielberg, and the power of an individual to change lives. Back in Poland during the World War, I would have never imagined I that I would survive and end up coming to America, going to college, teaching, and having children and grandchildren. Schindler, a German industrialist, made that possible. Risking execution if he were caught, Schindler single-handedly saved over 1000 people including me and my parents Another person who changed my life is Steven Spielberg. Back at Grinnell, I never could have imagined that someday I would think about my experiences, Holocaust experiences, in public. For almost 50 years, I didn’t speak about them to the people around me. Feeling that nobody would truly be able to relate or understand. Spielberg changed that One Sunday in 1982, opening the New York Times, I saw a front-page review of a newly publish book by Thomas Keneally called Schindler’s List. I literally jumped. For there was a partial story of my life. Oskar Schindler had been honored in Israel but he was not widely known anyplace else beyond that. About 10 years later, Steven Spielberg’s movie was released. While the reality was even worse than what was in the movie, it didn’t matter Audiences were able to get some sense of what it was like to experience the terror of persecution and concentration camps. All of the sudden, people had a frame of reference and I found myself able to start talking about the war Spielberg actually got thousands of us talking He decided to collect as many stories as possible before survivors disappeared. He established the Shoah Foundation which has collected, translated, and archived 56,000 oral survival testimonies. These videos can be viewed at the University of Southern California and other universities all over the world. Students are able to click on the testimony and hear directly about war experiences. One can read about these things in books. One can actually go to museums and see the artifacts. But nothing is more powerful than the human voice. There is nothing like seeing and listening to an individual human being to connect students with history and the importance of fighting bigotry. Many people reached out to me after watching my testimony. Many of them beyond People have different reactions. Some find it educational, because they didn’t know much about the Holocaust. Some find it inspiring, because if I was able to move on and create a meaningful life, shouldn’t they? In many cases they are motivated to do something to fight prejudice and hatred Ever since Spielberg gave me my voice, I have thought to share my experiences and to spread my conviction that hatred and revenge are corrosive and that all human beings deserve to be treated with respect In fact, my voice is now permanently part of Schindler’s List DVD. In 2003, on the 10th anniversary of the release of the movie, Steven Spielberg decided to reissue the film on a two-sided DVD. This was prompted by the efforts of the Holocaust deniers. Now one side has

the film and the other side, voices from the list. It includes several testimonies that support the authenticity of the film. That here really was a Holocaust, and that we were part of it Just as it would be hard to believe that I would end up in America and part of my life story would end up in an incredible movie I would never have imagined speaking to the graduating class at Grinnell. It has been an honor to address this audience of eager young people, soon to become my fellow alumni Life is truly unpredictable. As you venture into the larger world, you will encounter certain trials and setbacks but also great successes I know this because you have already succeeded here You are leaving with a great gift of a Grinnell education. Being in the group before me, dressed in academic attire, you are a validation of your teachers’ efforts and their faith in your abilities What you have learned ,and the knowledge and skills you have acquired, are yours to keep Nobody can take those away from you Whatever path you take or goals you pursue, please, use your knowledge and skills well To fight for the things you care about, knowing that even one person can make a difference Congratulations and good luck [applause] College Marshal>> President Kington, it is my pleasure to present those persons of high accomplishment and distinction to whom the Faculty and Trustees of this College wish to accord honorary degrees I have the honor to present Celina Karp Biniaz for the honorary degree Doctor of Humane Letters Dean Latham>> Celina Karp was just 13 years old when she arrived in the Auschwitz barracks in the fall of 1944. One day, she was ordered to stand in a line while Dr. Josef Mengele, known as “The Angel of Death,” decided who would live that day. Mengele motioned her to a group that appeared to be headed to the gas chamber When her group was unexpectedly sent through the inspection again, she gathered her courage when she was in front of Mengele and said just three words: “Lassen sie mich.” Let me go He did. She went on to become one of the 1,200 Jews saved by Oskar Schindler, an experience chronicled in the Steven Spielberg-directed movie Schindler’s List Two years after the end of the war, an uncle sponsored Karp and her family’s relocation to Des Moines. After graduating from North High School, she was accepted at Grinnell, where she earned a bachelor’s degree with honors in philosophy and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa She later attended Columbia University, earning a master’s degree in education and eventually meeting Amir Biniaz. The pair married and moved to Long Island to raise their family Celina Biniaz began teaching elementary and learning disabled students in 1963 and spent three decades as an educator before retiring in 1992 In 1993, after Schindler’s List was released, Biniaz became a key supporter of Spielberg’s Shoah Foundation, an initiative that has collected more than 50,000 video testimonies and survivor stories from the Holocaust For Biniaz, who had spent decades in silence

about her experience, Spielberg’s movie proved transformational. “I always tell him that he is my second Schindler,” she says. “Schindler gave me life, but Spielberg gave me a voice.” As the youngest and one of the last surviving workers from Schindler’s factory, Biniaz continues to talk about her experience and the lessons she gleaned from it. “Hate is corrosive,” she says. “You have to be able to work through anger and hate in order to move forward.” For her persistence in the face of unimaginable obstacles and for her courage to tell her stories to help others, we are pleased to recognize Celina Karp Biniaz ’52 President Raynard S. Kington>> Celina Karp Biniaz, on recommendation of the faculty of this College and with approval of the Board of Trustees, I admit you to the degree Doctor of Humane Letters, honoris causa Biniaz>> Thank you. Thank you. Thank you, all of you College Marshal>> President Kington, I have the honor to present Professor James R. Holbrook the honorary degree Doctor of Laws Latham>> James Holbrook wanted to teach at a small college. He graduated from Grinnell with a degree in philosophy and earned a master’s from Indiana University In 1968, instead of going to Yale for a Ph.D in philosophy, he enlisted in the Army at the height of the Vietnam War. Stationed in the Mekong Delta region as an artillery fire direction specialist, Holbrook later became impassioned about conflict resolution, which transformed the direction of his life Holbrook went to law school and became a trial lawyer. He spent two years as a prosecutor in the U.S. Attorney’s office and another 26 years focusing on complex civil and federal white-collar criminal litigation. He has been a law professor for the past 16 years, realizing his initial desire to be a college teacher In 1982, he helped re-negotiate dozens of contracts to scale back a power plant under construction, a role in which he excelled Since then, in nearly a thousand cases involving a wide variety of disputes, he has worked to resolve problems through mediation and arbitration This work has aligned closely with Holbrook’s belief in the value of peaceful resolution of conflicts, a philosophy he developed in part because of his combat experience in Vietnam He teaches mediation and arbitration at the University of Utah, sharing his knowledge with hundreds of students. In 2000 and 2012, the University honored him with the College of Law’s Award for Excellence in Teaching In 2015, he received the inaugural Peacemaker Award from the Brigham Young University Kennedy Center for International Studies. He also has taught mediation in India and managed a multi-million dollar rule-of-law project in Iraq Holbrook has used his exceptional persuasion skills to support his alma mater as well As part of his 50th reunion responsibilities as a Class Fund Director, Holbrook was instrumental in helping his class raise $4 million for the College, shattering all previous records For transforming some of his most difficult life experiences into an engine for making the world a more peaceful place, we are pleased to recognize James R. Holbrook ’66

Kington>> On the recommendation of the faculty of this College and with approval of the Board of Trustees, I hereby admit Professor James R. Holbrook to the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa James Holbrook>> Good morning. What an amazing day. One that you’ll never forget Congratulations to you and to your families for four years of hard work and sacrifice I am deeply touched to be chosen by Grinnell, my alma mater, to receive an honorary doctorate of law Having served in combat in Vietnam 50 years ago and having more recently lived in war-torn Iraq, I understand that, like the air we breathe, the rule of law is essential for life. Especially for the life of individual and political and economic freedom I want to thank my 1966 class agent, Ruth Bergerson, and our classmate, Anne Campbell Spence, who nominated me for this honor. And I want to thank the faculty for accepting me for this honor. I especially want to recognize my wife, Megan, who is here today. Without her love and support, I would not be here Thankyou, Meg. I love you Let me share some good news and some bad news First, the bad news. We live in interesting times, which is a purported Chinese curse We Americans are divided into two tribes, not really speaking to one another anymore, and living in different cultures Families are divided by ideology Identity politics rule on the right and the left Our democracy was deliberately attacked by an unpunished foreign enemy Iconic institutions are discredited every day People of goodwill feel despondent and heartsick Every day parents send their post-Columbine children off to school wondering if they are going to return home safely in the afternoon The American dream is a memory No longer a pathway to all Our leaders create greater and more willful economic disparity The beckoning promise of the Statue of Liberty has been broken The shining city on the hill has gone dark We’ve relinquished the world order created at great cost by the greatest generation The post 9/11 Middle East is more dangerous than ever Whether there will be lasting peace on the Korean continent is yet to be seen And my generation is responsible for this mess. Which you will inherit along with a record and growing national deficit Now for the good news. You are the good news You are the last, best hope. [applause] You are the last best hope for the future of the country I love. The country I fought for. Like Bob Mueller has served for 50 years You are superbly well educated, grounded in the liberal arts You write and speak eloquently You know and respect diversity You may not appreciate this now, but your Grinnell preparation has enabled you to have a half-dozen different successful careers over the course of your lifetime You know that all lives matter You know how fragile and interdependent are the living conditions are on our Spaceship

Earth, that pale blue dot You know our country is run by those who show up and vote As a nation we need your leadership sooner rather than later Now more than ever We need your service, whether in the public arena or in private and charitable organizations that do the hard work that must be done We need your aspirations and your creativity We need you to breathe new life into the American dream by providing good public education and equal opportunity We need you to protect strong family values, and the fundamental values of life, liberty, and happiness for all You are the future of the new world of Lin-Manuel Miranda and his evergreen Hamiltonian hope and vision of cultural and political revolution We need you to fight to make America America again In closing I give you this blessing. May you follow your passion until you find your calling And in the meantime, in the spirit of Alexander Hamilton, don’t give up your vote College Marshal>> President Kington, I have the honor to present Tracey Menten for the honorary degree Doctor of Humane Letters Latham>> For Tracey Menten, an English and writing teacher at Omaha Central High School, teaching is not about lecturing her students and giving arbitrary exams. It is about facilitating real conversations that drive curiosity and empathy about the world and people around them Menten’s courses often tackle knotty philosophical issues, such as identity, perception, and the nature of reality. She is always seeking new ways to help students connect these abstract concepts with real issues that they face in their lives Her former students say that they most appreciate the time she takes to guide them through stressful situations. “Whether it was helping me work through a thesis statement or calming me down from my 27th college application panic, she always knew how to encourage me without giving me all the answers,” says one. Says another, “As a mentor, she worked tirelessly, pushing me to think about the world differently.” For Menten, some of her greatest joys come not when her students complete her assignments to the letter, but when they find entirely new ways to show their mastery of the material She delights in the moments in her classroom when conversations lift off, and students have collective “aha!” moments In 2014, her efforts were recognized by Omaha Public Schools, who honored her with the prestigious Alice Buffett Outstanding Teacher Award. She has also participated in a competitive national Library of Congress teaching program and has been selected for a fellowship with Street Law for their program New Perspectives: Deep Understanding through Deliberation In addition to her work in the classroom, Menten helped support the high school’s International Baccalaureate program, served as the school’s varsity tennis coach, and is a sponsor of the philosophy and epistemology club. She has published pieces in both Creative Composition: Inspiration and Techniques for Writing Instruction and English Journal during her tenure at Omaha Central High School For her work to support all of her students and instill in them a lifelong appreciation for growth and learning, we are proud to honor Tracey Menten Kington>> Tracey Menten, on the recommendation of the faculty of this College and with approval of the Board of Trustees, I admit you to the degree Doctor of Humane Letters, honoris causa

Tracey Menten>> This is far bigger than any classroom I have ever stood in front of, despite what you’ve heard about the size of public schools, you know, class sizes. Before I get more awkward and forget all my social skills I want to thank President Kington and the Board of trustees, faculty at Grinnell, the honorary degree selection committee. Bleh, Sorry. I am very nervous High school has small classes Thank you to Rachel and the countless other people who made this celebration possible Obviously I would not be standing here today if it wasn’t for the time and energy of my students who took the time to nominate me. So to James DeMott and Emma Roskowski I direct a lifetime’s worth of appreciation I would be remiss if I did not thank all my colleagues at ?? in Tucson, Arizona. #RedforEd That is where I first became a public school teacher. And in Omaha Central where I continued to learn it means to be a public school teacher Most importantly, to all the students have been in the classes I have facilitated over the years that have taught me more than I could have ever hoped to have taught them, understand that this honor is bestowed on us today. Together. For without you, I would wander the world without purpose. The fine folks at Grinnell, they couldn’t fit all our names on the degree. So just know that you’re here with me today For weeks I have been struggling with what to say. Nervous, obviously. Stressed out So I went to a place that grounds me, the Dagobah system In my mind this made sense because —yes, that is a Star Wars reference — I have been compared to Yoda several times over the course of my teaching career. Who wouldn’t want to be compared to a 900-year-old green Muppet? Last year I was compared to the ancient one from Doctor Strange. I’m starting to see a pattern; I’m starting to feel old. Right? Really old Then, this year I got compared to Chidi from The Good Place, you know, that young ethics professor. Then I realized all those characters are dead. So luckily, I am wise enough to understand that those are still complements So let’s go back to Dagobah. Luke and Yoda , they’re in the swamp and the X-wing fighter has just sunk. And Luke he’s determined there’s nothing he can do, and Yoda says — and I promised I wouldn’t do the voice, I’m sorry — Hmmrh — Always what cannot be done. Now most teachers have been in this exact place. Ok, maybe not the exact place With students who are determined that what they are being asked to do can’t be done And Yoda looks at Luke and says “you must unlearn what you have learned.” And for me as a teacher, that’s it. This is the biggest challenge I face in my classroom It’s helping students unlearn what they have learned about what it means to learn I consider myself a lifelong unlearner. So my job as a teacher is to teach students that By the way, I knew I was on the right thematic path when I asked James to send me some notes about what he had gotten from his time here at Grinnell And literaly his first note, and I quote “The realization that sometimes one of the most important forms of learning is actually unlearning.” My little Yoda heart beat. It’s just my little inner teacher People say I have a great passion for teaching, but really that’s not quite accurate. I have a great passion for learning and unlearning When I ask my students or any other human that I might meet on the street, I say Why? Why do you think that? Why did you learn that? How did you learn how to do that? Why do you do it that way? I don’t ask because I am challenging them or criticizing them. I ask them because I spend almost every waking momentof my day taking apart ideas, both my own and those of others I’m like that kid who takes apart the toaster, or the computer, and I try to figure out how it works. I’ve been told … I just do it with concepts and ideas. I am told though that, it is just as annoying you know, as it is to wake up to a non-functioning toaster, I’m told that it’s annoying to always take apart ideas As I said earlier, I am in unlearner Why do you care? Well, to start with, you all sit here, products of an educational institution And in recent years, my students and I, we’ve spent a lot of time talking about how educational

institutions at all levels have become overly focused on the end. The grades. The scores on standardized tests. The diploma. A degree A job. A good salary Think of these not as the end but as mere byproducts of the true end, the learning Somehow the learning, and I use that term loosely. has become the means. The love of learning for learning’s sake Treating learning as the end has not only become less valuable but can be ,and at times is has been for me personally, a liability Out in the wider world, people who are lifelong unlearners, which I hope you will all aspire to be, recognize that learning for learning’s sake is the true end. And to that end, they continue to ask their questions Unfortunately these questions are often perceived as invasive, as criticisms, as personal attacks At first my students and people in general are sometimes put off by my constant barrage of questions. But as Yoda taught me, “patience you must have, my young padewan.” And so — alright, I did the voice — So I’ve come to understand that people must unlearn the habits that they have learned from years of sitting in desks, reading assigned texts, on assigned subjects, becoming standardized Students quickly come to learn that I do not want one right answer. I want 10 plausible answers with reasons why they might be the right one to choose in a specific context These are the kind of thinkers the world needs We are at a critical time in our history As a nation, we need everyone to consume information critically and re-engage with the idea that academic discourse should be happening regularly outside of formal educational institutions We need to embrace the concept of unlearning so that we can engage with, learn from, and enjoy the company of people who do not look like we look, do not speak like we speak, and do not think like we think So here’s what I recommend for a lifetime of unlearning First, read. I recommend you read a lot. And you read a lot of nonfiction on subjects that you’ve never formally studied. I have never taken a physics course, but I have recently been reading a lot of Carlo Rovelli, and I managed to unlearn what I thought I knew about the nature of reality in time So that’s been fun Second, listen. Listen to not just what people say but how they say it and when they say it. As an English teacher, I have been asked 100 times, “why do we have to read this?” But on the 101st time I heard a different question in the same words. And it changed everything about how I taught reading and literature going forward Third question. Question everything. Ask questions not to prove someone else wrong or yourself right. Ask questions to unlearn what you know Ask questions to form alliances, to collaborate, to build empathy and understanding Read, listen, question. These are the traits of a lifelong learner So go forth and unlearn, no matter what you end up doing. Congratulations to you all Remember “Try not. Do. Or do not. There is no try.” Thank you.” College Marshal>> President Kington, I have the honor to present Chase Strangio for the honorary degree Doctor of Laws Latham>> As transgender people across the country—and around the world—fight for visibility, civil rights, respect, and survival, Chase Strangio has been a fierce and effective advocate. Through his work as a lawyer and experience as a trans person, he brings unique expertise and empathy to transgender issues His efforts have led to real changes and greater acceptance for trans people Strangio’s career has been dedicated to the LGBTQIA+ community. After earning a degree in history from Grinnell, Strangio served as a paralegal at GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders He attended law school at Northeastern University, and after graduating, received an Equal Justice Works fellowship hosted by the Sylvia Rivera Law Project where he represented transgender and non-binary individuals in prison and in jail in New York. In 2012, with trans activist Lorena Borjas, Strangio co-founded the Lorena

Borjas Community Fund, which pays cash bail and bond for LGBTQIA+ people A year later, Strangio joined the American Civil Liberties Union’s legal team, focusing on LGBTQIA+ and HIV issues. He served as lead counsel for whistleblower Chelsea Manning in her civil case against the Department of Defense. He was part of the ACLU’s presentation of Virginia high school student Gavin Grimm in his fight to use the boys’ restroom at school. Strangio has been active in fighting the ban on transgender people serving in the military and efforts to restrict health care for transgender people Strangio has helped illuminate the many challenges that trans people face through his appearances on a national stage, including television shows such as Democracy Now! and The Rachel Maddow Show. In a profile of him in Mother Jones magazine last summer, he explained why it is essential to defeat anti-trans restroom bills: “If you can’t go to the bathroom, you can’t go to school or have a job.” His Twitter feed encourages many trans readers in a time of crisis and highlights the importance of advocacy: “For those behind bars, under attack, at the crossroads of so much peril, those of us with access will keep fighting to hold back the attacks.” Strangio’s work has been widely honored In 2014, he was named to the annual Trans 100 list, and in 2017, NBC Out named him to its inaugural #Pride30 list For his tireless efforts on behalf of justice and gender self-determination, we are pleased to recognize Chase Strangio ’04 Kington>> Chase Strangio, on recommendation of the faculty of this College and with approval of the Board of Trustees, I admit you to the degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa [ Chase Strangio>> Thank you all so much for this honor. I am still quite jarred by how much my entire life has become associated with bathrooms. But I think I will just go with it. Thank you for that really lovely introduction I am so happy to be here to share this amazing day with all of you. Coming to Grinnell , it still very much feels like coming home. It was here that I learned how to love; where I learned how to live authentically, and how to think critically I learned to question what I had previously internalized as self-evident truth. To expose historical and political narratives as deeply contingent ideological sites for the production and maintenance of structures of power Structures in this country in particular organized to maintain white supremacy and anti-blackness And especially consolidated through the building of the criminal legal system And these are the structures that I would commit my life to disrupting. Perhaps a little too much One story for you. A few years ago, I was talking to my kid after preschool one day and I asked her, “how was your day?” She said it wasn’t good “Why not?” I asked “Well,” she said “They made us line up as boys and girls. And I told them that I couldn’t because I am both a boy and a girl But they told me I was a girl and I had to get in line with the girls.” You can imagine that I had some talks with the schools “So what did you do then, when they said that?” I asked her “I threw myself on the ground screaming,” she answered Though not always my preferred reaction, I was pretty proud of her that day. Definitely my kid, I thought Because I also want to throw myself on the ground screaming when confronted with systems, like the gender binary, that make no sense That serve to oppress us and that limit the beauty we can build in the world

And Grinnell taught me to throw myself on the ground screaming. Not literally, in most cases, but it was here that I learned the power of disruption. Where I learned to leverage my privilege and access to powerful institutions and dismantle them in any way that I could When I left Grinnell, I was certain that I never wanted to become a lawyer, or move to New York, or work for vague mainstream institutions like the ACLU But I soon did all of those things And for each unexpected next step in my life, Grinnell had already given me the tools that I needed The patience to hold the messiness of my humanity The creativity to imagine a world more just than the one that we know. And the humility to make mistakes and to grow We are living in dark times. But for so many, the times have always been dark I have found that the people who have navigated the most darkness generally know how to find and lead us toward the light Remember to listen and learn from people whose voices you were taught to ignore, including yourself Wherever you go next, I hope you find your moments to throw yourself on the ground screaming; to fight back against injustice where your power and priviledge protect you, and to call on others to enter the arena when your pain and trauma necessitate that you turn inward Congratulations and good luck. Thank you for being you, and I’ll see you out there Kington>> It is now my privilege as President to recognize members of the faculty who, after long and devoted tenure at the College, are entering upon emeritus status I now ask Jack Mutti, Sidney Meyer Professor of International Economics, to rise Early in his career, Jack Mutti worked stints in the U.S. Treasury and the Council of Economic Advisers. But it was at Grinnell that he found his home. He is fascinated by big-picture issues including economic policy formation, international trade, and international taxation Mutti especially values the insights of students, who bring into class their varied international experiences under diverse economic policies and circumstances For his commitment to deeply understand and share how economic policies shape the world, we are pleased to recognize Jack Mutti I now ask Catherine Rod, Special Collections Librarian and College Archivist, to rise Catherine Rod has spent much of her career working to share Grinnell’s most valuable historical documents and artifacts with the campus community—and the world. She has helped faculty integrate Special Collections materials into numerous courses. She has played a key role in DigitalGrinnell, which allows anyone in the world to access unique archival materials. And she has been an active in numerous library-linked professional library organizations For her efforts to bring libraries’ vast resources to as many people as possible, we are proud to honor Catherine Rod I now recognize Professor of Art History Susan Strauber, who cannot be here with us today In her roles both as an art historian and as a professor at Grinnell, Susan Strauber sought to make a measurable impact. Strauber’s ambitious projects included revising and translating a compendium of the prints of French artist Eugène Delacroix, a vital resource for art historians. She also helped determine the authenticity of works attributed to the artist At Grinnell, she helped triple the number of tenure-track professors in the department over the course of her career For her efforts to strengthen Grinnell’s art history program, and her work to do research that benefits the field itself, we are pleased to recognize Susan Strauber I now ask Chuck Sullivan, Professor of Biology, to rise For Chuck Sullivan, the value of research was not what it could do for his career—but what it could do for his students’ lives He worked with more than 100 students on research projects, many of whom pursued careers in science. More recently, his roles with the National Science Foundation and George Washington University’s School of Medicine have allowed

him to develop programs designed to improve undergraduate and graduate biology education nationwide For his work to give students opportunities to understand science through research and the real world, we are pleased to recognize Chuck Sullivan I now ask Professors David Arseneault and George Barlow to please stand It is my honor to recognize those faculty members moving to Senior Faculty Status or taking early retirement. Senior Faculty Status recognizes those members of the faculty who wish to be released from their regular full-time teaching obligations to pursue scholarly and professional activities associated with the College You may be seated College Marshal>> President Kington and ladies and gentlemen: The Dean of the College will now present the candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Arts Latham>> Would the candidates for the Bachelor of Arts degree please rise? [short pause] President Kington, on recommendation of the faculty of Grinnell College, I present to you these candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Having fulfilled all of the academic requirements, they are deemed worthy of and entitled to this degree President Kington>> As President of Grinnell College, I now recommend to the Board of Trustees, through you as one of its members, that each of these students be graduated to the degree of Bachelor of Arts Improvise Sylvia Kwan>> President Kington, the charter of this institution states that the College’s object shall be “to promote the general interests of education and to qualify young people for the different professions and for the honorable discharge of the various duties of life.” It is a pleasure for me to acknowledge that these students have not only completed a course of formal study at this institution, but have also come to know the demands and the rewards of a shared experience in learning As such, they have indeed furthered “the general interests of education” and qualified themselves for “the honorable discharge of the various duties of life.” The Board of Trustees is therefore pleased to accept your recommendation and authorizes you, as President, to grant this degree Kington>> By the authority vested in me by the Trustees of Grinnell College, I now officially declare that, having met all the requirements, you are today granted the degree of Bachelor of Arts and are admitted to all of the rights, privileges, and responsibilities that it confers Congratulations! You may now be seated College Marshal>> President Kington, Associate Professor Tim Arner will call the graduates in The Division of Humanities Tim Arner>> Will the graduates to the Bachelor of Arts degree from the Division of Humanities please come to the platform as instructed by the Marshal? [pause] Erhaan Ahmad

Mama Yaa Biamah Ampofo-Tenkorang Patrick Konrad Armstrong Tristan John Wildes Aschittino Carson Fiorillo Backhus Stewart William Bass Amaris Mariah Bates Vincent Michael Benlloch Mallory Taryn Bergthold Savanna Christine Biedermann Henry Ryan Bolster Ayo John Bowman Madeleine Claire Brand-Labarge Christina G. J. Brewer Ronan M. Brooks Liana Katcher Butchard Can Cai DevonSimonne Tiffany Carlton James Daniel Caruso Jin Chang Christian Diondre Clark Julia Marie Cory Jessica Nicole Daly Duc Minh Dang Alexandra Ray Degraff, in absentia Kahlil Harris Epps Emma Carol Friedlander

Isabel Gerber Brydolf Jacob Burks Getzoff Margaret Louise Giles Kirsten Leigh Gillis Isabella Christiansen Gonzalez Drew G. Greenwood Samanike Nellina Hengst Matthew Karl Henzy Keith Andrew Hoagland Ryan Vinh Hung Luc Heinrich Anthony Janssen Luke Olaf Jarzyna Jaehwan Kim Min Ji Kim, in absentia Helen Grace Charlson Lant Michael Lee Justin Leuba, in absentia Hannah Louise Lundberg Xiaodi “Claire” Ma Andrew Ryan Mack Thanh Thuong Mai Caryn Elisabeth McKechnie Christian Allen McKenzie Morris Clare Alice Nash Eleanor Cardenas Nicolson Evelyn Nkooyooyo Ifetayo Akanke Olutosin Courtney Lynn Petersen Victor Mal Phimphachanh Maxwell Tate Pilcher Sydney Nii Kwatei Quartey Reed William Roffis Julia Bell Schafer [pause]

Peter Herbert Sills Lian Elizabeth Simmer Josephine Elinor Sloyan Cecily Lindsay Smith Jackson James Smith Sooji Son Sonja Francesca Spain Marie Ellen Spychala Emma Louise Traband Clara Mary Trippe Martha Edith Villanueva Niya Jacqueline Weedon Xiaohang Zhang President Kington, these are the graduates from the Division of Humanities College Marshal>> President Kington, Professor Karen Shuman will call the graduates in The Division of Science Professor Karen Shuman>> Will the graduates to the Bachelor of Arts degree from the Division of Science please come to the platform as instructed by the Marshal? Katherine Joyce Ackerman Alexis Emilia Acosta Ritika Agarwal Helena Frances Alacha Kevin Andrew Anderson Melissa Joan Anderson Amanda Paige Arute Jong Hoon Bae Allison Emma Bartz Scott Aaron Beecher Christopher Alan Bell Clara Rose Bertaut

Ryan Kenly Betters Minu-Tshyeto Klisto Bidzimou Sylvia Roth Bindas Lindsey McKenna Byrne Stephan E. Cernek Siddharth Meghraj Chaman Alexander Chang David Hanearl Chang Lucille Anna Chechik Jianting Chen Jaekook Jason Cho Aileen Chen-Hsing Chu Rita Janet Clark Sandino Samuel David Collins Shane Michael Comiskey Kevin Forrest Connors Andrej Ćorković Joshua Ryan Cottle Evan Charles Cunningham Yuxi Deng Devin Austin Dooley Jonathan S. Dowell Hannah Sue Drake Carson John Dunn [Kington: Don’t do that again.] Jacob Kennedy Ekstrand Shannon Rae Ellery Julia Beth Fay Henry Walter Fisher Nina Elizabeth Galanter

Anna Rose Galloway Alexander Gerald Pavlovich Glebov-McCloud Logan Wyatt Goldberg Madeleine Rose Goldman Jay Erwin Goldsher Medha Gopalaswamy Reilly Noonan Grant Colin Paris Greenman Connor Lee Gregorich-Trevor Matthew Julius Guthrie Lillian McGinn Haight Russ McGinn Haight Muhammad Hamza Chad James Harper Nikolai Thomas Harroun Bingyue He Jinlin He Dana Elizabeth Heilbronner Annika Adrienne Helverson Beatriz M. Herce-Hagiwara Khoa Dang Ho An Thien Hoang Harrison Clay Hoegh, in absentia Hannah Hong Sarah Denise Hou Aleksandar Pavlov Hrusanov Lauren Patrice Hurley Daewoong Daniel Hwang Hannah Jean Hwang Lica Ishida Marija Ivica Da Hyeong Jang, in absentia

Jason Thomas Jennings Avantika Johri Sarah Jane Worsley Jordan Theo Kalfas Michael Anthony Kamp Phillip Todd Kane Alexandra Karagiaridi Nana Karayama Sofya Kats Joel Joseph Katticaran William Max Kaufman Helena Sydney Kleiner David J. Kreis Rae Kuhlman Taalia Leilani Larson Daniel Shin-woo Lee Jeung Rac Lee Ji-Hyun Lee Joon Young Lee, in absentia Jun Taek Lee Andrea Noel Leff Allyson Li Hanshi Li Shengyu Li Yanzhuo Li Haoyang Liu Julie Changhua Liu Yangyi Liu Alice Helena Loewenson Samuel Francisco Lopez Monica Loza Emma Katherine Luhmann

Joseph MacDonald Andrew George Mack Emily Robin McClure Mackenzie Grace McFate [pause, quietly: oh dear, yes I did. So we’re on Claire.] Clare Celia Youngdahl Magalaner Juan Felipe Marin Robert Benjamin Marko- Franks Sara Marku Malena Joy Maxwell Robert Glenn McCarty John Patrick McNamara Elizabeth Anne McQuaid Butler Eric Nicholas Moca Madaline Marie Mocchi Alexander Cole Monovich Kayla Jean Morrissey Emily Reu Moss Eli Andrew Most Krishna Mudwari Bazil Tendai Mupisiri Matthew Theodore Tedesco Murphy Michael Bruce Nattinger Otabek Nodirbek ogli Nazarov, in absentia Kyra De May Neylan Thu Anh Nguyen Jae Eun Oh, in absentia Haley Julia O’Neill

Ruixin Ouyang Grace Haeun Park Katherine Anne Parrish Lillian Miles Payne Alexandra Iulia Petrusan Linh Thao Pham Solomon Ikaikaokekai Phillip Nripesh Pradhan Prabir Man Singh Pradhan Sandeep Mathews Prakadan Arthur Blakely Rish Nicholas Alexander Roberson Heather Lynn Roesch Erin Molenaar Rosenfeld Emma Katherine Roszkowski Sarah Danielle Ruiz Seth Emmanuel Ruiz Francisco Gabriel Sanchez- Conde Eva Elena Sarai Zoe Katherine Scott-Nevros The Andrew W. Archibald Prize for highest scholarship is awarded at each commencement to that student or students who have attained the best record of academic achievement over the four year period of collegiate work Established in 1927, the award is named for its donor, the Reverend Andrew W. Archibald who served as a distinguished member of the College’s Board of Trustees. It is my pleasure to present one of the Archibald Prize Medalists for 2018, Zachary Hong Hui Segall Julia Shangguan Christopher Andrew Lyons Sharpe Alitza Haruko Shutt Sierra M. Silverwood

Michael Patrick Slattery Katherine Lynn Smith Elijah Christopher Smythurst Christine Danielle Solomon Evan Sorenson Zachary R. Spahr Katherine Joyce Su Haonan Sun Jimin Tan Sally A. Timko Nathan A. Tometich Victor Valle-Cruz Francesca Linda Varias Maria Eleonora Venneri Sydney Rose Vrecenar Austin Jacob Wadle Peter Cannon Walker Yian Wan Di Wang Jingxuan Wang Jue Wang Yuan Wang Rachel Mahala Ward Bradley Austin Weaver LilyRose Butterscotch Brand Weiss Adam Joseph Wesely, in absentia Adobea Tara Williams Archibald James Williams Meta Wiencek Williams Alyssa Yao

Kathryn Ruth Yetter Yue Yu Elizabeth Clare Zak Shaina Zarkin-Scott Nathaniel James Zaroban Yi Zhou Jonah Louis Zimmermann Chiara M. Zizza President Kington, these are the graduates from the Division of Science College Marshal>> President Kington, Associate Professor Ed Cohn will call the graduates in the Division of Social Studies Professor Ed Cohn>> Will the graduates to the Bachelor of Arts degree from the Division of Social Studies please come to the platform as instructed by the Marshal? Zoe Camille Aber Deqa Abdirahman Aden Dylan Joseph Ambrosoli Karnika Arora Sara Rose Ashbaugh Mekdes Haileselassie Assefa The President’s Medal is awarded annually at each commencement [applause] to the senior who exemplifies an ideal Grinnell student Superior scholarship, demonstrated leadership that credits both the student and the College, compassionate and sensitive behavior, and individual responsibilities are among the qualities that must be demonstrated It is my pleasure to present the President’s Medalist for 2018, Yesenia Guadalupe Ayala Nathan David Balcom Lucy Elizabeth Bales Joshua Merritt Ball Sydney Lavai Banach Tyrell Markese Battle Christian Peter Baumann Joel Anand Baumann J. Anthony Bergida, in absentia Sydney Hanna Bergman Jessica A. Black

Zaw Bo Rachel Eve Buckner Evan Johnston Bunis Taylor Jade Burton Polly Ancona Carr, in absentia Dianne Yaejin Cho Bryanna R. Clarke Alexander Timothy Claycomb Stephen W. Crouch Sean Phillips Cullinane Michael Robert Cummings Artis Jule Rothholz Curiskis Madeline Rose Danks James Christian Anderson De Mott Ayon Dey Antonio Dominic DiMarco Rosalind Cordelia Duncan, in absentia Duy Nhat Duong Roberta Dutra da Silva e Silva Helen Taylor Eckhard Haley Anne El Mahassni Jeremy Bensussen Epstein Kayla Drew Estes Donna Chana Fintzi Tess Richards Fisher Anthony James Fitzpatrick Rachel E. Fore Samuel Atticus Galanek Keanan Joseph Gleason Rodas Asnakew Hailu Elinor Heafey Hanley Vedika Haralalka

Haseeb Haroon Shannon Marie Hautzinger Noah Henry Herbin Alice R. Herman Taylor Katherine Hurney Ashley Terese Rose Jackson SoYeong Jeong Anushka Joshi Kaitlin Jean Kaczmarek, in absentia Thomas Augustus King Misha Miles Laurence Bianca Teran Leichnitz Jeffrey Tian Li Abdiel Josue Lopez Rhett Austin Lundy, in absentia Sophie Kathleen Macklem-Johnson Ian Raymond Malone Jose Alfonso Mendez Katherine Trish Menner Alexandra Birgit Middeldorp Isaac James Mielke Annette Kemuma Mokua Anastasiia Alexandrovna Morozova Emily Alyse Porter Christine Marie Rains Andrew Francis Redhead Margaret Mary Remus Joseph Rhee, in absentia Emily A. Ricker Sebastian Rivera Victoria Lee Robinson

Charles Michael Rosenblum Emmet William Sandberg Anushka Saraf Johnathan Nelson Schicke Anna Schierenbeck Olivia G. Schouboe Elzinga Callum Edwin Scott Natalie Anne Seger Kavya Tejal Shah, in absentia Natnael Wondimagegnehu Shibru Nomalanga Shields, in absentia Sydney Nicole Steinle Emily Reid Stevens Liam Patrick Stowe Jherron Von Sutton Deanna Rachelle Taylor, in absentia Whitney Loudon Teagle Zachary David Thal Zala Tomašič Lucia Jane Doty Tonachel Chen Wang Yufei Wang Summer Jade White Benjamin Jiun-Yin Wong Thomas George Wong Lauren Soojin Yi Meng Yuan Yun Zhao Emma Margaret Zimmerman President Kington, these are the graduates from the Division of Social Studies

College Marshal>> President Kington, Dean Michael Latham to will call the graduates to the Bachelor of Arts degree with Independent and Interdivisional Majors Dean Latham>> Will the graduates to the Bachelor of Arts degree with Independent and Interdivisional Majors please come to the platform as instructed by the Marshal? Leah Rachel Barr Hannah Catherine Boggess Michaela Gelnarová Vera Kahn Aminata Buganzi Kinana Hana Mavis Kikuko Lord Elliott Dolores Maya Ernesto Nanetti-Palacios, in absentia Zachary Falk Steckel Frederic Eli Wallace Tennenbaum Ella O’Connor Williams President Kington, these are the graduates with Independent and Interdivisional Majors President Kington, I wish at this time to recognize the members of the Class of 2018 who have been accepted into the Ninth Semester Program leading to Iowa Teaching Certification Would these students please stand as I call their names and remain standing until I have completed the list? Caryn Elisabeth McKechnie Eden Gregory Elinor Heafey Hanley Julia Beth Fay Mallory Taryn Bergthold Michael Patrick Slattery Peter Herbert Sills Congratulations, students. Please be seated College Marshal>> Will the graduates to the degree of Bachelor of Arts please rise? President Kington>> Today, many of you here are awash in memories: Parents, you may remembering your child’s first day of kindergarten, or first talent show, or maybe those nights in middle school when you wondered how your child would ever make it through high school, let alone college Our faculty members might be remembering their own graduations, when they wondered if their own ambitions and aspirations were too lofty or out of reach And students, I imagine that, even as you sit here on the precipice of a new adventure, you’re awash in newfound nostalgia for your time at Grinnell — the friendships you’ve made, the ideas you’ve encountered, the mentorship you’ve received, and the adventures you’ve had all over the world It is my sincere hope that you have an abundance of many fond memories you’ll treasure forever, as this is the kind of thing that College Presidents are supposed to remind you of on commencement day But today, I also want to celebrate and embrace the less fond memories you may have of your time in college. Today, I want to celebrate not only your successes and joys, but also

the moments of discomfort and struggle you felt over the past four years, for these uncomfortable moments also were an important part of your life experience While visiting campus several years ago, the novelist Charles Baxter quoted from his essay, “Letter to A Fiction Writer,” saying the following: “The hardest part of being a writer is not the long hours of learning the craft, but learning how to survive the dark nights of the soul. Part of the deal of having a soul at all includes the requirement that you go through several dark nights. No soul? No dark nights.” Let’s replace the word “writer” with the phrase “critical thinker,” which all of you are after four years at Grinnell. And as wonderful as that sounds, there is a burden that comes with that. The long hours of academic work — the craft of thinking — is something you have mastered at this point, and the fact that you chose Grinnell College and made it through four rigorous and challenging years here proves that you do have a soul And so, in the infrequent yet inevitable dark nights that lay ahead, I hope that the fondest memories you have of Grinnell College will sustain you. But I also hopeful that your less fond memories will also bring you comfort: Remember the time a project you’d devoted yourself to for many weeks failed to yield the results you dreamed of? Well, you moved on to the next project. You didn’t quit Remember the friendship that didn’t last the way felt it would at first? Well, you made new friendships after that, maybe better ones. Remember the unexpected griefs that blindsided you? Well, your community sustained you and showed you its collective strength Remember that moment in your seminar where someone said something that really upset you, or the text your professor chose made you feel uncomfortable, or class discussion that went into a place you didn’t want to go? Remember when you disagreed with the administration — I know, it’s hard to believe — and you fought to make yourself heard? Well, remember that you endured those challenges, remember that you wrestled with the ambiguities of those certain situations, and you came through them wiser, more experienced, and, yes, tougher than you initially thought yourself to be Our triumphs are only a small part of our record of success. And so today I want to remind you that while I hope the fond memories will always be at the forefront of your mind, I expect that the less pleasant memories will be there too, reminding you of who you are, of what you’re capable of withstanding in terms of discomfort, and of how strong you’ve become Grinnell College is one of those places, rare in our culture, where people walk around talking about the books and the ideas that saved their lives. And so it is a place where I can say that the writer James Baldwin saved my life, and many other people will know what I mean As a middle class, black, gay kid growing up in Baltimore, it meant everything to me to read the work of this clearly gay, brilliant, and wordly African American man, whom my parents, and especially my father, deeply respected both for his brilliance and for his insistence on speaking out. He opened a small window in my mind about what was possible. About speaking the truth. About the worlds that are out there ready to be discovered. About doing what you know to be right, no matter what My favorite James Baldwin quote, quite relevant in these troubled times, comes from the last page of Notes of a Native Son: “Hatred, which could destroy so much, never failed to destroy the man who hated and this was an immutable law It began to seem that one would have to hold in the mind forever two ideas which seemed to be in opposition. The first idea was acceptance, the acceptance, totally without rancor, of life as it is, and men as they are: in the light of this idea, it goes without saying that injustice is a commonplace But this did not mean that one could be complacent, for the second idea was of equal power: that one must never, in one’s own life, accept these injustices as commonplace but must fight them with all one’s strength This fight begins, however, in the heart and it now had been laid to my charge to keep my own heart free of hatred and despair.” That last sentence is worth repeating “This fight begins, however, in the heart and it now had been laid to my charge to keep my own heart free of hatred and despair.” It is no secret that knowledge can be devastating, and the more we learn about the world’s history and contemporary workings, the more tempting it would be to give into hatred and

despair. But Baldwin’s admonition to avoid those very things is a wise one. Baldwin understood that his survival, his thriving, depended on his ability to grow comfortable with imperfection, without accepting it as an end. We know that we all fail sometimes, but we must remember that we also succeed. People will disappoint us sometimes, but they will also amaze us And our leaders will sometimes be far, far from ideal, or even fail to met the basic standards of decency, or of our college motto “Veritas et Humanitas,” truth and kindness or benevolence or humaneness. But those moments of reconizing our leaders’ failures become the opportunities for the next generation of leaders to step forward as a chorus of outspoken, courageous voices If you spend any time on campus during one of our alumni reunion weekends, you’ll overhear Grinnell graduates waxing poetic about their time here. Though if you talk to them for a while, you’ll also learn that even our most loyal alumni have more than just happy memories of their time here — they, too, had struggles and challenges and moments of intense discomfort. And without those moments, they likely would not have had had the successful lives they had; they would not have had a liberal arts education in the fullest sense if the sole goal of Grinnell College had been simply to insure comfort and pleasure for all of our students You are Grinnelleans and you are called to action. Whatever those actions might be, you’ll soon discover, and I hope you can remember the advice of James Baldwin, and look unflinchingly, without hatred and despair, at the world’s injustices while simultaneously acting to correct them. And when you act, when it is your time to speak, to create, to lead, to innovate, and to inspire, you’ll draw on a well of memories — the joyful and uncomfortable ones both — to do something wonderful you can’t yet even begin to imagine And if those dark nights of the soul linger a little too long, come back and visit us We are your community, and we will always be here In closing, I leave you with my warmest wishes and my greatest hopes May you continue flourish, bringing with you on your journey your visions of excellence, action, and the possibility for a better tomorrow Good luck I now request that everyone stand if able to receive the Benediction Chaplain Shorb>> As this ceremony ends, we congratulate these graduates. As they go forth from Grinnell, grant them safety and strength as they grow and change in the years to come May they have the support and resources they need to make important contributions to their communities throughout our world. May they always remember these years, draw on this community when necessary, mentor future students when possible, and return often to visit their college home. May the relationships they have developed on and off campus continue as friendships that help to feed their spirit in the peaks and valleys of life. As bright, young leaders, help them to have the resources and courage to engage in their work where their knowledge and energy is most needed. May they find enjoyment in that work, happiness in their days, and keep love in their hearts. But above all, may they live in hope. With it, so much more is possible We look to the future with great expectations from each of you. Peace be upon us all this day, and always [pause] [cheering and tossing of hats]