Jarrett CH 8 Vocabulary Part 2

all right let us continue with our chapter 8 vocabulary chapter 8 Jared chapter eight American imperialism but before we get to our second half of this presentation I need to make a quick correction i’m sure i did already but i want to make sure that we all understand it when i showed you the first half of this presentation as we got to the Panama Canal I made mention that it was Nicaragua who had dominated and controlled Panama and it wasn’t Nicaragua it was Colombia don’t know why I said that I was wrong to all Nicaraguans out there listening and watching this I apologized to you Colombians back Colombia so I know I’ve already corrected it but I want to make sure that I corrected it now as well so Panama Nicaragua no Columbia yes sorry about that let’s move forward so let’s begin and as we wait for the slide there we go as we wait for the slide there it is let’s continue with the second half of our presentation we are looking at the vocabulary terms and so let us start with dollar diplomacy number 19 now President Roosevelt had what is referred to as the big stick policy comes from a phrase he used expression used quite a bit walk softly but carry a big stick many presidents have a phrase a term that is used to describe their presidency or their domestic agenda or their foreign policy in this case doesn’t policy refers to the foreign policy of william howard taft president chosen buying roosevelt to be his successor and what dollar diplomacy was pretty simply is Taft encouraged american bankers to invest in Latin America pretty simple to invest in Latin American infrastructure to invest in American companies were going to do business in Latin America it was hoped by taft that his dollar diplomacy would lead to economic growth in latin america therefore making them a more suitable trade partner with America number 20 watchful waiting now I do not know why this is in the book I think it’s a lousy term but it’s there so we’re going to use it President Woodrow Wilson who was first elected in 1912 and reelected in 1916 took this watchful waiting this weight in C approached regarding the violence and there was a lot of it the violence in Mexico now this takes us to our next number 21 Pancho via a Mexican rebel leader who ventured and I like that term of insured yeah no he didn’t venture he rated across the border into the United States now hangzhou via let’s take a few seconds to discuss him bunch of via is often thought of as one or two people either he was a romantic figure a hero fighting for mexican freedom mexican independence or he was just a bloody vicious murderous thug one of the other they’re really in today world there is no difference i mean there is no other option either he is a hero to be admired or a murderous thug so which one you choose to believe is your business however panchal via and his men did come across the border several occasions they robbed american banks they stole a lot of money and the american troops were sent to capture him led by General Black Jack Pershing and we’ll talk about Pershing a little bit more detail later on but an American general a Calvary general was sent to capture him they never did by the white he panchal via was able to evade us day after day month after month year after year but he was such a threat the American authorities believed that they sent in an entire army after him and they never able to capture him 22 Jose Marti me of course is a Cuban exile he left Cuba came to America he and some other Cuban exiles return to Cuba and attempted to lead a rebellion against

Spain for control of Cuba now as I mentioned to you previously Florida is only 90 miles from Cuba it was relatively easy that day to get out of Cuba to America and a group of those Cuban expatriates Cubans who had left Cuba and come to America banded together to take Cuba back from spank now of course they didn’t they were crushed by the Spanish military but it is or rephrase that his actions and the actions of these rebels prompted us to join the war on the Cuban site and of course that goes into yellow journalism and all the things we did it alone letter everything else we discussed up to this point the Rough Riders volunteer force of cavalry of course those are soldiers on horseback which was started by Teddy Roosevelt and became the best known group in the spanish-american war and of course teddy became the biggest best-known hero of the war Roosevelt resigned his commission as the assistant secretary of the Navy put together this unit and it was made up of volunteers some of them were Cowboys from out west some of them were former slaves some of them were Mexican natives I mean as a wide variety of individuals who join they got shipped to Cuba and participated in several battles the most famous one being the battle at San Juan Hill this is the most noted battle the most widely known battle of the spanish-american war and it was the efforts of Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough Riders who made that possible so you got the Roughriders started by Teddy Roosevelt fighting at San Juan Hill all right let us continue with the next slide number 25 the American anti-imperialist league now the most important phrase from this is anti-imperialist these were individuals who were opposed to the Americas or rephrase that America getting involved in the acquisition of territory so it was formed in 1898 its sole purpose it was created to oppose American acquisition of colonies now they lost the imperialist one but there were a number of significant voices in America that opposed imperialism like Mark Twain like Andrew Carnegie and so there was a voice opposing this now they lost in the end but again it is important to realize and to understand that there were many who were opposed to this because of reasons we’ve already discussed because of the fact that obtaining colonies obtaining possessions kind of flies in the face of kind of contradicts many of the values that are put forth in both the Declaration of the Constitution let’s continue number 26 guam samoa midway these are several of the pacific islands that were acquired by America as a result of the spanish-american war now it doesn’t mention the Philippines and we’ve discussed the Philippines previously but these are possessions these are islands that spain owned and at the end of the war during the peace treaty those possessions were transferred to American control 27 spear of influence now this deals with China China is a large country country with large amounts of raw materials what was going on is that England France Germany Spain and several other countries in Europe had divided China into what they call these spheres of influence regions each country just use England as an example England’s region was controlled by England and if other countries want to trade with that area that region of China they would have to ask England for the permission so essentially the European powers divided China up for themselves and those countries got special trade considerations we were opposed to this because it essentially shut us out if we did not get a chance to trade with China we felt that this was unfair and we opposed these spheres of influence number 28 Commodore Matthew Perry now Commodore Barry forced and I think this

is important to understand force the Japanese to trade with us essentially what happened he sailed a fleet of American warships to Japan and through the threat of force to intimidation force the Japanese to open trade with us this stays here he used American gun ships to open trade and this was in 1853 as the century unfolds as we go into the 1890s and early 1900s we see Japan rise as a result of this become more westernized in fact if you ever seen the movie The Last Samurai Tom Cruise’s movie the last time right which is a great movie you will see that the Japanese are somewhat torn many Japanese want to westernize our nation they’re bringing in experts from Europe English French sure many engineers were case may be American soldiers which is what Cruz portrayed in the movie and so many Japanese wanted to become more modern more westernized another group of Japanese 13 saying that’s what’s happened in this movie The Last Samurai there is a battle for japan between the modern and the old between the modern additional eyes america jump in japan and the japan of the samurai anyway getting back to this topic perry force the japanese to trade with this by the force of threat number 29 Treaty of Portsmouth the Japanese in the early nineteen hearts because of the trade with us because of the expansion of their industrial strength because of westernization had also embraced imperialism the Japanese attacked Russia and war broke out now Teddy Roosevelt TR Teddy Roosevelt helped negotiate the treaty of Portsmouth which was a peace settlement between these two countries okay so Teddy Roosevelt helps negotiate a peace settlement between those two countries which by the way wins for him the Nobel Peace Prize sorry Nobel Peace Prize in 1905 so Teddy’s president of course he became president in 1901 again he was the VP under William McKinley when mckinley was assassinated murdered in early nineteen oh one shortly after he was inaugurated Teddy becomes president the war breaks out a few years later and to the efforts of America and Teddy Roosevelt the war settled the war between Japanese and the Russians is settled and Teddy wins the nobel peace prize all right let’s move on to the next slide number 30 protectant this is a word that we use to indicate areas like Hawaii Cuba the Philippines that are placed under placed under us protection so when we acquire territories as we did at the end of the special American war we used all kinds of different names protectorates being one territory being another the idea was that these areas these islands mostly islands that we acquired we’re now under us protection in the word Protectorate indicates that those areas and again it could be Guam it could be Midway could be any of them are now under US military and economic protection number 31 dr Walter Reed one of the prestigious most prestigious hospitals in the country is named after dr. Reed and what he did and we’re talking early in the 1900s what he did is helped discover cure for yellow fever we talked a little bit about that previously yellow fever is a disease that is carried by mosquitoes which dr William Gorgas discovers okay mosquitoes like to breed in standing pools of water which is why after hurricanes and heavy rains it is advised often through the media that we you know knock over buckets that have standing water or whatever the case may be and so mosquitoes breed in this standing water in mosquitoes carried yellow fever which is a highly deadly disease the mortality rate was probably upwards of ninety percent in many cases so gorgeous discovers he’s an army doctor discovers that the yellow fever disease is carried by mosquitoes and we know the mosquitoes like to breed in swamps so we ordered all the swamps to be drained which

within their four and a huge chunk of the threat of yellow fever what we did was help discover a cure these are made possible these are mainly necessary because of our building of the Panama Canal number 33 the Monroe Doctrine now this is an old doctrine going back to 1823 president Monroe issues this in 1823 basically saying that we the United States will not allow European countries or others primarily your though there was a little bit of concern about brush at the time we would not allow European countries to form new nations in the Americas now we didn’t really have the ability to stop them fortunately England agreed with us and sort of back this up on that but we didn’t have the power to stop them but what we were trying to do was to protect the the South American Central American Mexico areas from European control now this benefits us as much as it does them if European countries begin to get a larger foothold in the Americas it would eventually challenge us and that’s something we did not want so the Monroe Doctrine which is issued in 1823 stated we’re not going to allow Europeans to start new colonies in the new world now they already have a colony they can keep it now what does this have to do what we’re doing well the Roosevelt Corollary okay this was added to the Monroe Doctrine okay so Roosevelt issues a corollary and addition to the Monroe Doctrine and now and we’re talking in the early 1900s the Roosevelt Corollary is now being used to justify look like let me clean this up just a little bit right there there we go to justify intervening in the Caribbean ok so the no doctrine 1823 Roosevelt coral a corollary early 1900s Roosevelt is saying we thanks to Monroe have the right to intervene in the Caribbean to protect them to protect them to protect them from whom well that’s an awfully good question in many cases to predict them from the cells this is all part of what is also known as the big stick policy and again as I mentioned earlier Roosevelt like to say walk softly but carry a big stick basically what he’s saying is you don’t the yelling screen to get what you want done but if people don’t do what you want you get that big stick to pop them over there and so the big stick policy the Roosevelt Corollary allow the United States and again allowed is somewhat of a subjective words it depends on how you view it or from what country you’re viewing it from in allow United States has sent troops into the West Indies which are a series of islands in the Caribbean and into Central America for example Panama number 35 we only have a few more left General John blackjack Pershing he is the man who led the American forces into Mexico looking to capture Pancho via he never was successful we never captured him but that is what he did not we will hear from General Pershing later on he will lead the American Expeditionary Force into World War one that’s the figures on the road but again we will hear from him again as we often do in history an individual like Roosevelt like Pershing tends to show up on several different occasions alright we have a couple more I believe left you have two or three more left reasons for expansion and these are things that we’ve covered already but let’s look at them in greater depth number one raw materials weird industrial power and we need raw materials now again America is a huge vastly wealthy nation in terms of raw materials but sometimes they run out sometimes other areas have more of a certain raw mature we want to use and so by acquiring new possessions the Philippines Hawaii Cuba on and on lon that would then give us access to more raw materials or different raw materials in addition and I will I’m going to mark this as number two we want to create markets to sell our finished goods we produce so much in America in this time we’re talking to early nineteen hundreds because of industrialization we produce so much we can’t sell it all to ourselves we can’t sell it all here in America we need to have new markets now does not say that we didn’t trade that we did which

England France which a number of countries but any new markets we can open up means more money we can earn that’s like putting a business on the Internet makes sense because you’re now opening the door to new potential customers if you have a brick-and-mortar store your customers are limited to the number of people who walk or drive by your business every day it’s on the internet then essentially there are several billion potential customers new markets that is what okay sorry I kind of got kicked off their own for a moment let me finish that last play again just in case I was cut off we needed markets new markets to sell our goods to number three strategic reasons as a growing sea power we needed basis throughout the world to protect American interests to protect American ships to protect American trait so bases and Cuba at Guantanamo Bay bases at Midway bases on / Midway of Pearl Harbor they provide that protection in addition they also act as a early warning system many of you have a fence around your house a door I’ll lock on the door and alarm system or perhaps of parents have a weapon a gun those are all ways to protect yourself the first one is that fence or that door well our first line of defense in the Caribbean is Guantanamo Bay our first line of defense in the Pacific would be at Midway and at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii number four nationalism many people believe this is a way to distribute distribute that demonstrates our but that demonstrate America’s greatness by expanding acquiring new possessions we are now also expanding the number of people who are allowed to see allow to participate in American democracy American capitalism American Christianity hey so we are somewhat nationalistic and again I think we deserve to be a little bit we believe that we are a great nation and we are and have been we want to expand that we want to share that we want to export American democracy American capitalism American Christianity that’s number four number five kind of goes into the concepts we’ve talked about previously the white man’s burden which is from a Kipling poem social Darwinism which basically states that there are certain races certain ethnic groups that are inferior there for certain groups are superior and many Americans believe that it was the anglo-saxons again we’re talking english / French a little bit mostly English which of course are our fathers and mothers that the anglo-saxon was superior ok so we and this is a little bit racist I’m not going to deny that there’s a little bit of racism there Americans minium erkek believe that the anglo-saxon lifestyle that civilization was superior and we wanted to help the less fortunate okay dokay nothing wrong with that but unfortunately a lot of times our help meant forcing them to do certain things so by expansion we are able to now have more people in Cuba the Philippines Hawaii so forth and so on and we can now help by converting them to Christianity or exposing them to American democracy American capitalism and finally the reasons for us interest in the Caribbean okay number one hemispheric security had mentioned a little bit earlier the Caribbean make my wanna oh that’s horrible that’s a terrible one let’s try that again number one hemispheric security Guantanamo Bay acted as a first line of defense if anyone wanted to get to the states in the Gulf Coast area anyone wanted to get into the Gulf Coast into the Gulf of Mexico they would have to go past Cuba and therefore past one time obey you add to that Puerto Rico and other airlines that we eventually acquire we’re creating several front lines of the fence therefore given us an early warning in case on the attack or a location from which we can launch an attack from against an invasion number

two economic interest because of the agricultural nature of many islands Cuba is renowned for its sugar and its tobacco because of that there was a huge interest economically in these areas bit because we could then exploit it invest money build up infrastructure and make money and again we are capitalistic we’re going to do things so we can make money and finally number three the need for canal the spanish-american war proved that we need a quicker way to go from the Atlantic to the Pacific selling all the way around the southern tip of South America which I believe one of the previous slides mentioned there well it was about a sixteen thousand mile journey from I think New York to San Francisco I think it was that but it’s a long trip and by building a canal across Central America in Panama we would be able to save thousands upon thousands of miles which could be months of travel time and again and business time is money the quicker I get my goods to market the more likely i am to make money so those are the reasons for us interest in the caribbean and as i said that is the end of the presentation that in concludes our look at the vocab early terms for this chapter thank you bye