The National for Monday, April 2, 2018 — China Tariffs, Winnie Mandela, Finding Cleo

(♪♪♪) >> Rosemary: ON THIS MONDAY NIGHT THERE’S THE TIT-FOR-TAT TARIFFS AND BOTH SIDES HAVE SIGNALLED IT WON’T END HERE >> Andrew: ALSO TONIGHT, DEAL OR NO DEAL ISRAEL SUSPENDS A PLAN THAT COULD SEE THEM TAKE MORE REFUGEES >> Rosemary: THREE FELL INTO A SEWER PIPE AND VANISHED THE TEEN WHO FELL 25 FEET UNDERGROUND AND SURVIVED “THE NATIONAL” STARTS NOW (♪♪♪) >>> ACROSS THE BOARD IT WAS BAD NEWS ON THE STOCK MARKET TODAY, TECH COMPANIES HIT HARD AND THE MAJOR STOCK INDEXES TUMBLED THE DOW JONES FELL 459 POINTS OR ALMOST 2% THE S&P 500 CLOSED AT THE LOWEST LEVEL SINCE FEBRUARY HERE AT HOME THE TORONTO STOCK EXCHANGE HAD SUFFERED TRIPLE DIGIT LOSSES SO WHAT SENT INVESTORS SELLING AND THE MARKET SLIDING? THERE’S A FEW REASONS CHIEF AMONGST THEM THOUGH, CHINA ANNOUNCED THEY WOULD IMPOSE STEEP TARIFFS ON A NUMBER OF AMERICAN GOODS OUR LYNDSAY DUNCOMBE ON THE BREWING TRADE BATTLE BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES >> Reporter: TRADE ACTION WITH A MESSAGE — WHY IS CHINA SLAPPING A 25% TARIFF ON PORK PRODUCTS? PORK IS PRODUCED IN RURAL AMERICA TRUMP COUNTRY THE CHINESE DESIGNED THESE TARIFFS TO HIT THE PRESIDENT WHERE IT HURTS — HIS VOTING BASE ACTION THAT’S TARGETED BUT NOT CATASTROPHIC THE 128 PRODUCTS REPRESENT $3

BILLION IN TRADE, A DROP IN THE BUCKET WHEN IT COMES TO THE COMPLICATED COMMERCE BETWEEN THE TWO LARGEST ECONOMIES IN THE WORLD >> [speaking foreign LANGUAGE] >> Reporter: CHINA DOES NOT WANT TO HAVE A TRADE WAR SAYS A FOREIGN MINISTRY SPOKESPERSON, ADDING, IF FORCED CHINA WILL SAFEGUARD ITS OWN INTERESTS TRADE EXPERTS SAY IT’S PART RETALIATION AND PART WARNING >> IN THIS I THINK THAT THEY’RE SHOWING THE U.S. WHAT THEY’RE WILLING TO DO AND WHAT COULD COME NEXT >> Reporter: THIS ACTION WAS TAKEN IN RESPONSE TO AMERICAN STEEL AND ALUMINUM TARIFFS AIMED AT CHINA >> President Donald Trump: THIS IS THE FIRST OF MANY >> Reporter: TRUMP HAS ANNOUNCED MORE TARIFFS AGAINST COUNTRY, AS MUCH AS $60 BILLION WORTH DETAILS SHOULD BE ANNOUNCED THIS WEEK, LIKELY PROMPTING MORE ACTION BY THE CHINESE SO FOR NOW CHINA IS HOLDING BACK ON THE BIG TARGETS LEFT UNTOUCHED — BOEING THE AEROSPACE GIANT HAS PLANS TO MAKE BILLIONS SELLING PLANES TO CHINA SOYBEAN FARMERS ARE ALSO SAFE, THOUGH MANY ARE ANXIOUS THAT THEIR INDUSTRY WILL BE NEXT >> IF THERE’S ANY TYPE OF TARIFFS ON OUR SOYBEANS GOING TO CHINA IT WOULD BE DISASTROUS WE REALLY RELY ON OUR EXPORT MARKETS, CHINA IN PARTICULAR, IT’S OUR BIGGEST MARKET >> Reporter: HURTING FARMERS ISN’T GOOD POLITICS FOR TRUMP, LEAVING ROOM PERHAPS FOR NEGOTIATION THIS ISN’T A TRADE WAR YET, BUT IT’S CLOSER LYNDSAY DUNCOMBE, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON >> Rosemary: MEANWHILE FINANCE MINISTER BILL MORNEAU IS IN CHINA THIS WEEK TRYING TO SELL THE STRENGTH OF CANADA’S ECONOMY BUT HE ALSO HAD TO WEIGH IN ON THAT DEEPENING TRADE SPAT BETWEEN CHINA AND THE U.S >> The Hon. Bill Morneau: WE RECOGNIZE THAT, YOU KNOW, THE U.S.-CHINA RELATIONSHIP IS GOING THROUGH SOME CHALLENGES OUR APPROACH IS TO CLEARLY DEMONSTRATE THROUGH OUR POLICIES AND THROUGH OUR ACTIONS THAT WE SEE THE BENEFITS OF A RULES-BASED TRADING RELATIONSHIP >> Rosemary: THE OTHER BIG REASON FOR THE LOSSES ON THE MARKET TODAY, INVESTORS FLEEING POPULAR TECHNOLOGY STOCKS IN A DIFFICULT DAY FOR ALSO MICROSOFT AND INTEL AND ESPECIALLY AMAZON AFTER IT WAS THE TARGET OF A NUMBER OF TWITTER ATTACKS BY PRESIDENT TRUMP A DIFFICULT DAY TOO FOR A CANADIAN COMPANY, ANDREW, AND ITS SHOPPERS? >> Andrew: IT’S A WAITING GAME STILL NO CLEAR ANSWER WHETHER SHOPPERS AT THREE SAX 5th AVENUE STORES HAD THEIR DATA COMPROMISED HUDSON’S BAY OWNS THE CHAIN AND THEY WON’T CONFIRM WHETHER CANADIAN CUSTOMERS ARE AFFECTED JACQUELINE HANSEN SPOKE TO CYBERSECURITY EXPERTS ABOUT WHERE THE WEAK LINK MIGHT HAVE BEEN >> Reporter: FOR SOME SAKS CUSTOMERS HOW THIS BREACH IS BEING HANDLED IS DISAPPOINTING >> THEY HAVEN’T HAD THE DECENCY TO CALL ME AND LET ME KNOW WHAT IS HAPPENING >> Reporter: H.B.C. SAYS THAT IT’S NO LONGER A RISK AND THAT CUT MORES WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR FRAUDULENT CHARGES AND AFFECTED CUSTOMERS WILL RECEIVE FREE IDENTITY PROTECTION SERVICES H.B.C. IS NOT SHARING MANY OTHER DETAILS THOUGH A FIRM CALLED GEMINI ADVISORY BELIEVES THAT IT’S UNCOVERED MUCH MORE IT FOUND A LISTING OF FIVE MILLION STOLEN CREDIT AND DEBIT CARDS FOR SALE ONLINE AND THE FIRM SAYS THEY’RE FROM THE SAKS HACKED, AND HAD BEEN IN TRANSITION TO THE CHIP AND PIN TECHNOLOGY SAYS THAT THREE SAKS LOCATIONS WERE COMPROMISED >> IT SEEMS THAT EVERY OTHER DAY OUR DATA DISAPPEARS ONE WAY OR ANOTHER INTO THE WRONG HANDS OUT THERE AND CONSUMERS ARE LITTER LITERALLY LOSING CONTROL OF WHERE OUR DATA IS >> Reporter: RETAILERS ARE A TARGET BECAUSE OF THEIR ACCESS TO SO MUCH CUSTOMER INFORMATION >> I THINK RETAILERS ARE TRYING TO MAKE THEIR ENVIRONMENTS SECURE AND, OF COURSE, THEY DON’T WANT THE BAD REPUTATION AND THE PUBLICITY AND SO ON UNFORTUNATELY, I DON’T FEEL THEY’RE DOING ENOUGH >> Reporter: ONE POSSIBLE BUT EXPENSIVE SOLUTION, ENCRYPT ALL CUSTOMERS’ DATA SOME SHOPPERS SAY THAT IT’S TIME TO FORCE COMPANIES TO DO MORE >> IN THIS SITUATION I WANT MORE GOVERNMENT AND REGULATION TO HELP TO PROTECT MY INFORMATION >> Reporter: FOR NOW ALL SAKS AND LORD & TAYLOR CUSTOMERS ARE TOLD TO BE THEIR OWN WATCHDOG AND MONITOR THEIR BANK STATEMENTS FOR ANY SUSPICIOUS CHARGES JACQUELINE HANSEN, CBC NEWS, TORONTO >> Andrew: NOW THE CYBERSECURITY FIRM THAT IDENTIFIED SAKS AND LORD & TAYLOR MENTIONED JOKER STASH AS THE ENTITY BEHIND IT, BUT WHAT IS IT AND WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THEM? JOCKERSTASH IS A DISTRIBUTOR OF

STOLEN CARD DATA, WITH A BRAND AROUND LAUGHING TO THE BANK NICO LEE WATCHES THEM FOR A LIVING >> JOKERSTASH HAS BEEN AROUND FOR A LONG TIME BUT IT’S ONLY IN LAST TWO YEARS THAT THEY HAVE HAD CONTROL FOR THE MARKET FOR STOLEN CREDIT CARDS >> Andrew: WITH THE REPUTED FIVE MILLION CARDS WENT UP ON JOKERSTASH HE WAS THE OPPOSITE OF SURPRISED THE >> WE FOCUSED ON IT BUT I DID NOT EXPECT IT TO BECOME THE NEWS STORY THAT IT IS CURRENTLY >> Andrew: THEY SELL THIS DATA CONSTANTLY IN THIS CASE ENOUGH TO CLONE THE MAGNETIC STRIP ON A CREDIT OR A DEBIT CARD >> YOU WILL TAKE A BLANK CARD AND YOU’LL RENDER THE CHIP INOPERABLE AND ENCODE IT AND THEN WALK INTO A STORE >> Andrew: AS LONG AS THE FRAUDSTER CAN SWIPE THEY CAN WALK OUT WITH A PURCHASE CHIP CARDS ARE FAR MORE SECURE, AND THE PROBLEM IS THAT INSERTING THOSE CARDS IS OPTIONAL SO CHIP CARDS HAVE SLOWED BUT NOT STOPPED THE EPIDEMIC OF CREDIT CARD FRAUD A GLOBAL INDUSTRY WORTH MORE THAN $20 BILLION NOW JOKERSTASH PROBABLY DIDN’T STEAL THIS DATA >> THEY’RE FUNCTIONING AS A WHOLESALER >> Andrew: THE REAL CULPRITS ARE PERSISTENT, SAVVY AND FAR LESS LIKELY TO ADVERTISE >>> NOW TO LONDON WHERE THE POISONING OF A FORMER RUSSIAN SPY AND HIS DAUGHTER ON BRITISH SOIL HAS PROMPTED MORE FINGER POINTING AND TODAY THE RUSSIAN EMBASSY IS GETTING IN ON THE BLAME GAME AS CHRIS BROWN REPORTS FROM MOSCOW, THE LATEST ACCUSATIONS ARE LIKELY TO ESCALATE THE GROWING FEUD >> Reporter: AS IF THE WAR OF WORDS BETWEEN RUSSIA AND THE WEST WASN’T BAD ENOUGH, TODAY RUSSIA’S DEFENCE MINISTRY RELEASED VIDEO OF ITS NEWEST ACTUAL WEAPON — AN ANTI-BALLISTIC MISSILE IT REALLY DOES FEEL LIKE THE COLD WAR, RUSSIA’S FOREIGN MINISTER SAID, ONLY WORSE >> [speaking foreign LANGUAGE] >> Reporter: SERGEY LAVROV REPEATED RUSSIA’S FAMILIAR REFRAME THAT BRITAIN AND THE COUNTRIES THAT FOLLOW THEM ARE BLATANTLY LYING ABOUT THE FACT THAT RUSSIA POISONED SERGEI AND YULIA SKRIPAL WITH NOVICHOK SINCE THE EXPULSIONS LAST WEEK THE KREMLIN HAS ESCALATED ITS RHETORIC EVERY THREE MINUTES TODAY THEY TWEETED OUT QUESTIONS, CHALLENGING THE BRITISH INVESTIGATION IT ALSO ACCUSED BRITISH SPIES OF CARRYING OUT THE ATTACK TO TRASH RUSSIA’S REPUTATION AND TO DISTRACT FROM BREXIT >> [speaking foreign LANGUAGE] >> Reporter: TV HOST DEMITRY KISLOV WENT ON AIR WITH AN AMUSING IF RIDICULOUS ALLEGORY JOHN MONTAGUE WHO WAS BRITISH INVENTED THE SANDWICH, SO DOES THAT MEAN IF SOMEONE CHOKES ON ONE THAT MEANS THEY’RE TO BLAME? WE REACHED A CHEMIST WHO WORKED WITH THE SECRET SOVIET ERA FACILITY WHERE NOVICHOK WAS DEVELOPED AND HE LATER FLED TO THE U.S., FEARING FOR HIS LIFE ONE OF THE QUESTIONS, THEY GAVE SKRIPAL AN ANTIDOTE AFTER SHE WAS POISONED, IF BRITAIN DIDN’T DO IT HOW DID THEY KNOW HOW TO TREAT HER? BUT HE SAYS THAT MANY FIRST RESPONDERS ARE TRAINED TO RECOGNIZE SIGNS OF POISONING >> I’M SURE THEY SAW THE SYMPTOMS LIKE CONVULSIONS AND EXPERIENCED PEOPLE SHOULD INJECT THE ANTIDOTE, IT’S USUAL >> Reporter: HE SAID GUESSING THAT BRITAIN HAS FOUND CHEMICAL AGENTS WITHIN THE NOVICHOK POISON THAT COULD BE TRACED BACK TO RUSSIA >> IT’S DIRECT EVIDENCE THAT IS IT’S RUSSIAN KNOWLEDGE >> Reporter: NOVICHOK WAS PUT ON THE DOOR HANDLE OR MAYBE IN THEIR CEREAL, IT COULD BE TRUE, HE SAYS, BUT NOTHING LEADS HIM TO CHANGE HIS ORIGINAL PEOPLE THAT THE PEOPLE AT THE HIGHEST LEVEL OF RUSSIA’S GOVERNMENT HAD TO HAVE BEEN INVOLVED CHRIS BROWN, CBC NEWS, MOSCOW >> Andrew: WEDNESDAY IS, IN FACT, EXACTLY ONE MONTH SINCE THE ATTACK AND BOTH VICTIMS REMAIN IN A SALISBURY HOSPITAL 66-YEAR-OLD SERGEI SKRIPAL IS IN CRITICAL CONDITION AND HIS DAUGHTER, 33-YEAR-OLD YULIA IS NOW CONSCIOUS AND TALKING AND RUSSIAN CONSULATE OFFICIALS WANT TO SPEAK TO HER DIRECTLY THE BRITAIN FOREIGN OFFICE IS REVIEWING THAT REQUEST >>> WELL, IT APPEARS THAT PRESIDENT TRUMP HAS INVITED VLADIMIR PUTIN TO THE WHITE HOUSE HE EXTENDED THE INVITATION DURING A TELEPHONE CALL BACK IN MARCH THE SAME CALL WHERE HE CONGRATULATED PUTIN ON HIS RE-ELECTION VICTORY DESPITE BEING WARNED BY STAFF NOT TO TRUMP MAY BE RETHINKING THE INVITE RUSSIA’S RELATIONS WITH THE WEST HAVE FRAYED SINCE THEN AND BOTH MOSCOW AND WASHINGTON SAY NO PREPARATIONS OR DATES HAVE BEEN DECIDED >> Rosemary: FOR A FEW HOURS TODAY, TENS OF THOUSANDS OF AFGHAN MIGRANTS IN ISRAEL WERE

OFFERED A GLIMMER OF HOPE ISRAEL’S PRIME MINISTER BENJAMIN NETANYAHU ANNOUNCED HIS GOVERNMENT WAS BACKING AWAY FROM A CONTROVERSIAL PLAN TO DEPORT THEM INSTEAD, HE SAID SOME OF THEM WOULD BE RESETTLED IN WESTERN COUNTRIES LIKE CANADA BUT THAT ALL CHANGED IN A SURPRISE LATE-NIGHT ABOUTFACE AS DEREK STOFFEL REPORTS, ONE THING IS CLEAR ABOUT THE MIGRANTS’ FUTURE TONIGHT, THAT IT’S AS UNCERTAIN AS IT HAS BEEN FOR THE PAST SEVERAL MONTHS >> Reporter: FOR MUCH OF THE DAY, HE WAS WALKING ON AIR AFTER HEARING THAT ISRAEL SIGNED A DEAL WITH THE UNITED NATIONS REFUGEE AGENCY, THAT COULD SEE THOUSANDS OF AFRICAN ASYLUM SEEKERS LIKE HIM SENT TO WESTERN NATIONS INSTEAD OF BEING DEPORTED BACK TO AFRICA >> I BELIEVE I DON’T BELIEVE THIS >> Reporter: WE MET MUSKINA EARLIER THIS YEAR AFTER HE RECEIVED A NOTICE OF DEPORTATION ISRAEL’S GOVERNMENT CONSIDERS MUSKINA AND THOUSANDS OF OTHER AFRICANS ILLEGAL INFILTRATORS HERE LOOKING FOR WORK UNDER PRESSURE FROM HOLOCAUST SURVIVORS AND DOCTORS AND ACADEMICS IT SEEMED THAT THE ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER BENJAMIN NETANYAHU HAD A SOLUTION — TO RESETTLE 16,000 OF THE ASYLUM SEEKERS TO WESTERN NATIONS >> IT’S A GOOD AGREEMENT I’M VERY GLAD THAT WE ACHIEVED IT >> Reporter: NETANYAHU SAYS THAT THE DEAL WILL SEND THE MIGRANTS TO COUNTRIES LIKE CANADA, GERMANY OR ITALY NETANYAHU’S OFFICE LATER CLARIFIED THAT THE PRIME MINISTER USED THOSE NATIONS ONLY AS POSSIBLE PLACES FOR RESETTLEMENT IT’S NOT SURPRISING THOUGH THAT NETANYAHU MENTIONED CANADA IT’S BECOME A LEADING DESTINATION FOR ERITREAN ASYLUM SEEKERS LIVING HERE IN ISRAEL ABRAHIM IS NOT SURE IF HE’LL BE RESETTLED BUT IF HE HAS HIS WAY — >> WHERE WOULD I LIKE TO GO? TO CANADA >> Reporter: HE ALREADY HAS FRIENDS THERE >> IF I CAN GO TO CANADA FOR INSTANCE, I CAN START LIVING I BELIEVE THAT I CAN START LIVING AS A HUMAN BEING NOT LIKE WHAT I WAS HERE >> Reporter: BUT TONIGHT HIS FUTURE IS ONCE AGAIN UNCERTAIN IN A SURPRISE MOVE PRIME MINISTER NETANYAHU SUDDENLY PUT THE AGREEMENT WITH THE U.N. ON HOLD IT APPEARS WORD OF THE DEAL CAUGHT SOME IN HIS RIGHT-WING COALITION GOVERNMENT, INCLUDING HIS PARTY OFFGUARD HE NOW SAYS HE’LL HOLD CONSULTATIONS TOMORROW, LEAVING THE FATE OF THOUSANDS OF ASYLUM SEEKERS IN LIMBO DEREK STOFFEL, CBC NEWS, TEL AVIV >> Rosemary: AS DEREK MENTIONED THERE, ERITREAN ASYLUM SEEKERS IN ISRAEL ARE BROUGHT TO CANADA BUT MOSTLY BY PRIVATE SPONSORS LIKE FAITH-BASED OR HUMANITARIAN ORGINISATIONS THERE’S MORE THAN 1800 SPONSORSHIP APPLICATIONS BEING PROCESSED BY THE GOVERNMENT WE SPOKE WITH ONE MAN NOW LIVING IN TORONTO ABOUT WHY HE WAS SO DESPERATE TO LEAVE ISRAEL FOR CANADA >> BASICALLY ERITREA IS THE NORTH KOREA OF AFRICA >> Rosemary: IN 2009 HE FLED ERITREA, ONE OF THE MOST OPPRESSIVE REGIMES IN THE WORLD HE MADE A TRIP THROUGH THE SINAI DESERT AFTER PAYING NEARLY $10,000 TO SMUGGLERS >> I BASICALLY START LIFE FROM SCRATCH I HAD NO — ANY SUPPORTS FROM THE GOVERNMENT SO, YEAH, THIS IS HOW I START LIFE AND I LIVE IN THAT KIND OF LIFE FOR 6 1/2 YEARS >> Rosemary: OVER THAT TIME HE LIVED IN LIMBO ON A TEMPORARY PERMIT THAT HE HAD TO RENEW EVERY 2 1/2 MONTHS THE COUNTRY MARGINALIZED AND MALIGNED AND NEGLECTED THE AFRICAN ASYLUM SEEKERS >> I REALISED THAT I WOULDN’T HAVE ANY HOPE OR FUTURE IN ISRAEL >> Rosemary: HE CHOSE CANADA, ARRIVING IN 2016 AS A PRIVATELY SPONSORED REFUGEE >> I REALISED IN THE SUBWAY HOW MULTICULTURAL CANADA WAS, AND EVERYONE WAS HAPPY TO BE THEMSELVES AND TO TALK THEIR LANGUAGE WITHOUT, YOU KNOW, ANY FEELING OF EMBARRASSMENT BECAUSE THAT WAS THE FEELING THAT I HAD — I WAS EMBARRASSED TO BE ERITREAN IN ISRAEL BECAUSE BEING ERITREAN WAS EMBARRASSING >> Rosemary: HE NOW WORKS WITH OTHER ASYLUM SEEKERS LOOKING TO FOLLOW HIS PATH OUT OF ISRAEL AND HOPING THAT THE UNITED NATIONS DEAL GOES THROUGH TO PROVIDE SOME MIGRANTS JUST LIKE HIM A NEW LIFE >> Andrew: HERE’S WHAT ELSE WE’RE WORKING ON TONIGHT ON “THE NATIONAL”… THE LEGACY OF WINNIE MANDELA, A GIANT IN THE ANTI-APARTHEID MOVEMENT HAS DIED AT 81 >> Rosemary: AFTER 178 SEASONS ON VANCOUVER’S ICE THE SEDIN TWINS SAY THAT THEY’RE LACING UP FOR THE LAST TIME >> Andrew: PLUS ON TONIGHT’S “NATIONAL” DOCUMENTARY, CONNIE WALKER’S YEAR-LONG INVESTIGATION

INTO THE DECADES OLD TRAGEDY OF ONE SASKATCHEWAN FAMILY SEPARATED BY THE 60s SCOOP WHAT HAPPENED TO CLEO? >> I DIDN’T KNOW HER AGE OR HER BIRTHDAY OR WHEN SHE DIED WE HAD TRIED SO MANY THINGS OVER THE YEARS AND ALWAYS, ALWAYS, ♪ ♪ Residents of the Alberni area are spending the Easter weekend getting started with a huge mop up operation So far there is no special assessment of the damage done by four tidal waves that surged into the Alberni Valley some four hours after the Alaskan earthquake The waves rammed their way up the Alberni Canal from the open Pacific and smashed into the twin communities of Alberni and Port Alberni Buildings, cars, boats and log booms were tossed about Pulp mills and sawmills, the backbone of the area’s economy, were knocked out of commission and are likely to be closed for a few days affecting thousands of workers A disaster committee was set up and went into action today with the promise of both provincial and federal help One of the officials who spent many hours touring the damaged areas was Mayor Fred Bishop of Alberni Reporter: Mayor Bishop, do you have any official estimate of damage yet? No, there’s no official estimate but I’m quite sure that it’s going to run up in the millions of dollars Among the many other things you’ve been doing you’ve been out surveying the damage What have you seen yourself? Mayor: Well I think the most spectacular things are the homes, many homes that have been carried as far as four or five blocks away from where they were located And they’re absolutely beyond repair, some of them, and there’s cars scattered around a swamp, there must be half a dozen cars a long way from where they started out Reporter: How long would say, a matter of hundreds of yards or what? Mayor: I would say about four or five city blocks, the equivalent of that Reporter: Would you say this is the largest disaster that’s ever occurred in the Alberni? Mayor: No question about it In spite of all the damage that we’ve had, we’re very, very thankful there’s been no loss of life and I don’t think even any serious injury and we have much to be grateful for in that respect Reporter: Mayor Bishop, is there any health hazard? Well we’ve had a very thorough survey by the health authorities and they have assured me that there is no present danger (♪♪♪) (♪♪♪) >> Andrew: ON “THE NATIONAL” TONIGHT, BACK TO SCHOOL IN PARKLAND, FLORIDA STUDENTS AT MARJORIE STONEMAN DOUGLAS HIGH SCHOOL RETURNED FROM SPRING BREAK BUT WHAT THEY’RE CARRYING LOOKED DIFFERENT RIGHT NOW STANDARD ISSUE MANDATORY I.D. BADGES AND THESE — CLEAR BACKPACKS THE GOAL IS TO PREVENT ANOTHER SCHOOL SHOOTING LIKE THE ONE A MONTH AND A HALF AGO THAT KILLED 17 PEOPLE THE IDEA BEING THAT IT’S HARDER TO HIDE A GUN IN YOUR BAG IF YOU CAN SEE RIGHT INTO IT BUT FOR A MEASURE DESIGNED AS MUCH TO MAKE STUDENTS SAFE AS IT IS TO MAKE THEM FEEL SAFE, IT HASN’T QUITE HIT THE MARK >> PACKING YOUR BAGS DOESN’T MAKE IT SAFE EVERYONE IS TAKING IT AS A JOKE >> Andrew: SHE GOT HER BACKPACK TODAY, ONE OF THOUSANDS HANDED OUT TO STUDENTS FREE OF CHARGE BUT WHILE THE OUTSIDE IS SEE THROUGH, ANYTHING THAT YOU PUT INSIDE ISN’T AND THAT’S BECOMING THE POINT >> BECAUSE WE’RE ALREADY LIKE TRYING TO SEND A MESSAGE THROUGH THE BAGS SINCE IT’S CLEAR SO USING THIS IS JUST LIKE WE’RE MOSTLY GOING TO WRITE MESSAGES TOWARDS AUTHORITY AND LIKE THE PEOPLE IN POWER AND WE’RE PROBABLY GOING TO PUT IT ALL OVER OUR TWITTER SO THEY CAN SEE THAT THIS IS STUPID SOLUTION TO OUR SECURITY IS TO PUT SOME GOOD USE >> Andrew: THIS ISN’T THE ONLY SAFETY MEASURE THAT SCHOOLS HAVE TRIED OUT TAKE THIS SCHOOL DISTRICT IN PENNSYLVANIA >> WE’RE EMPOWERING OUR TEACHERS AND OUR STUDENTS TO DO SOMETHING >> Andrew: THEY’VE PUT A BUCKET FULL OF ROCKS IN EVERY CLASSROOM THE DISTRICT ARGUING THAT IT’S BETTER TO HAVE THOSE THAN NOTHING AT ALL, BUT THE MOST PROMISING SOLUTION, SAY SOME STUDENTS, ARE THE ONES STILL THIS THEIR CROSSHAIRS ARE STILL THE MOST ELUSIVE ONES >> RESOLUTIONS IS WHAT WE’RE DOING IS TO ADVOCATE FOR GUN CONTROL >> Andrew: ANOTHER THING AT MARJORY STONEMAN DOUGLAS STUDENTS ARE DOING — WRITING THE FIRST ISSUE SINCE THE SHOOTING OF THE SCHOOL’S NEWSPAPER COMES OUT THIS WEEK AND THE ISSUE OF “THE EAGLE EYE” WILL HAVE MEMORIAL ARTICLES ABOUT THE VICTIMS >> Rosemary: A TOWERING FIGURE IN THE FIGHT AGAINST APARTHEID DIED TODAY IN JOHANNESBURG WINNIE MADIKIZELA-MANDELA IS BEING REMEMBERED FOR HER ROLE IN A POLITICAL REVOLUTION >> IN THE MIDST OF REPRESSION SHE WAS A VOICE OF DEFIANCE AND RESISTANCE AND IN THE FACE OF

EXPLOITATION SHE WAS A CHAMPION OF JUSTICE AND EQUALITY >> Rosemary: WHAT GOES UNMENTIONED THOUGH ARE THE CONTROVERSIES THAT MARKED HER LATER LIFE AND NOW CAST A SHADOW ON HER LEGACY INSTEAD SHE’S BEING REMEMBERED FOR THE STAND THAT SHE TOOK AND THE SACRIFICES THAT SHE MADE ALONGSIDE HER HUSBAND, NELSON MANDELA >> MY HUSBAND HAS BEEN FIGHTING FOR THE LIBERATION OF THE AFRICAN PEOPLE, FOR THE HARMONY OF ALL OF THE RACIAL GROUPS IN THIS COUNTRY >> Rosemary: THEY MADE IN 1958, THE SAME YEAR THAT SHE FIRST WENT TO JAIL FOR JOINING MASS PROTESTS AGAINST LAWS THAT LIMITED THE MOVEMENT OF BLACK WOMEN WHEN NELSON MANDELA WAS SENTENCED TO LIFE IN PRISON SHE BECAME HIS PUBLIC VOICE AND GAINED POLITICAL POWER IN HER OWN RIGHT SHE SPENT 18 MONTHS IN SOLITARY CONFINEMENT AND WAS BANISHED TO A REMOTE TOWN BUT EXILE ONLY MADE HER MORE RADICAL >> WE ARE NOT THE WHITE MAN’S CHILDREN WE COULD HAVE KILLED THEM ANYTIME THAT WE WANTED TO >> Rosemary: WHILE HER HUSBAND PREACHED PEACE AND NON-VIOLENCE SHE BECAME KNOWN AS A RUTHLESS RUTH IRAQDELLING ON SHE WOULD LATER STAND ACCUSED HAVING ORDERED BODYGUARDS TO TORTURE AND KIDNAP AND EVEN KILL SUSPECTED POLICE INFORMANTS >> HE SAID HE KILLED THESE TWO GENTLEMEN ON YOUR INSTRUCTION? >> THAT IS LUDICROUS >> Rosemary: DESPITE CONVICTIONS FOR KIDNAPPING AND FRAUD SHE REMAINED A POWERFUL, IF POLARIZING FIGURE, AND TODAY’S OFFICIAL TRIBUTES OVERLOOKED HER SCANDALS WINNIE MADIKIZELA-MANDELA DIED AFTER A LONG ILLNESS SHE WAS 81 YEARS OLD >>> STILL AHEAD TONIGHT’S “NATIONAL” DOCUMENTARY A FAMILY TURN APART BY THE SIXTIES SCOOP GETS CLOSURE AFTER A SPECIAL CBC INVESTIGATION, CONNIE WALKER TAKES US WITH HER “FINDING CLEO.” >> Andrew: AND AN INCREDIBLE SURVIVAL STORY FROM LOS ANGELES IMAGINE BEING STUCK IN THIS FOUR FEET WIDE, FULL OF TOXIC SEWAGE THE STORY OF THE 13-YEA ♪ ♪ Almost by accident she became one of the great, great stars and sender-uppers of strange ladies in our country Here is Catherine O’Hara [applause] ♪ [house band plays entrance music] ♪ ♪ How do you do? Oh, fine thanks And you? You never stop smiling, do you? I try not to Have you ever had a serious moment in your life? Oh, plenty. Yes Plenty? Behind every comedian there’s a lot of sadness Pagliacci here, eh? Wanted to do Hamlet? That’s right Yes, all those great girls parts This is true, is it not — [laughter] I’ll play it I don’t care Would you like to play Hamlet? Sure One day? I played Cyrano de Bergerac once No actually, sorry, I played Christian The, uh The boy Yeah. The one who, yes That went by me fast. How did you happen to play Christian? In theatre arts in high school We sort of got our own place together, we put on a may show Was this an all girls school you went to? No, it wasn’t It was boys and girls It was co-ed high school But how did you get to play Christian? Because there was only a few people that would sort of take over the writing and directing and producing the shows, you know? The showoffs, like a few people and myself And, uh I wanted to put on “Cyrano de Bergerac” and I couldn’t get any guys to be in it We had a couple of guys We had one guy for Cyrano de Bergerac I was directing it but then I ended up playing Christian Did the guys think it was a little bit sort of a delicate thing to do? I don’t know. I don’t know what their problem was What high school was this? I’m not gonna send my kid to this school Burnhamthorpe Collegiate in Islington in Toronto [audience laughs] Anyone from Islington out there? I think things have changed a great deal by now I need a ride home [laughter] Tell me why it was almost by accident that you got in to this performing business This was not an ambition of yours from the day of five or six No I guess it wasn’t I don’t know, I guess, um I was always being silly but didn’t have much control over it so I never really — nobody else took it too seriously so I guess I didn’t myself but when I got in to theatre arts in high school, my vast experience, I got really involved in it then Our theatre arts teacher, at the time, we didn’t think she was teaching us much because she’d sort of “oh, do what you want” and she’d leave the room

You know, but now I realize — Out for a smoke or something No, looking back I realize it was great because you can’t make somebody be creative or get things going on their own and she really did — she gave us a lot of freedom and we would just improvise and write scenes and plays and things on our own In that way it was great experience for improvising For that? Yeah And that’s how you got to Second City? You wandered up one day and said hi, here I am Experience in improvising No, not hi No, Second City opened on Adelaide Street in Toronto, first of all, about five years ago And my brother was a waiter there and there was a long line up to be waiters and waitresses there because it was so much fun It was a great place It was so new And he got my sister and I in and we were waitressing and then they held auditions and I was watching the stage as I was waitressing thinking oh I’d love to do that And they held auditions and I auditioned and didn’t get in And then they went bankrupt That’ll serve ’em right [laughter] Absolute justice there No. [laughs] And they opened again at the fire hall a few months later and I auditioned and got in the touring company And I guess that’s how I got in You’re not with the company in live performance now No, I’m not. Just the television company Why, because that takes up so much of your time? Yeah, and plus I did the stage for about three and a half years and it’s — it’s such a school for comedy and acting, improvisation and all sorts of things and it’s really — I mean a lot of people go in and out, it moves fast [mumbles] [laughter] ♪ ♪ >> Rosemary: CANADA HAS SPENT YEARS TRYING TO COME TO GRIPS WITH THE HUNDREDS OF INDIGENOUS WOMEN AND GIRLS MURDERED OR JUST DISAPPEARED, BUT DESPITE THE LAUNCH OF A NATIONAL INQUIRY, EVEN RELIABLE STATISTICS ARE HARD TO COME BY, LET ALONE SOLID FACTS IT’S OFTEN BECAUSE THESE TRAGEDIES BEGIN WITH FAMILIES TORN APART — RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS AND THE FORCED ADOPTIONS OF THE SIXTIES SCOOP CHILDREN SEPARATED FROM PARENTS AND SIBLINGS SCATTERED AND THINGS THAT TIE PEOPLE TO EACH OTHER AND THE PAST CUT LIKE CLEO NICOTINE SMAGANIS TAKEN FROM HER FAMILY DECADES AGO THE CBC PODCAST “MISSING AND MURDERED,” CONNIE WALKER HELPED TO PIECE TOGETHER WHAT HAPPENED TO HER IN “FINDING CLEO” SHE FOUND A TRUTH BOTH SHOCKING AND PAINFUL (♪♪♪) >> THIS IS THE ONLY PICTURE THAT I’VE HAD OF CLEO SINCE I WAS 18 SO SHE MUST BE ABOUT — LOOKS TO BE 7 OR 8 >> Reporter: IT’S SMALL AND FRAIL BUT IT’S ALL CHRISTINE CAMERON HAS LEFT OF HER SISTER, CLEO >> THIS IS THE ONLY CONNECTION, THE ONLY EVIDENCE OF HER THAT I HAD FOR, YOU KNOW, OVER FOUR DECADES JUST THIS TEENY-WEENY LITTLE PICTURE AND THIS IS IT >> Reporter: INSTEAD OF MEMORIES OF HER SISTER, SHE’S LEFT WITH ONLY QUESTIONS ALL SHE KNOWS IS THAT YOUNG CLEO DIED DECADES AGO THE DETAILS OF HER SHORT LIFE AND TRAGIC DEATH REMAIN SHROUDED IN MYSTERY >> ALL WE KNEW IS THAT SHE WAS IN ARKANSAS AND SHE TRIED TO COME HOME AND WAS PICKED UP AND MURDERED THAT’S THE STORY THAT WE WERE TOLD, RIGHT? >> Reporter: CHRISTINE AND HER SIBLINGS WERE BORN IN SASKATCHEWAN AND SEPARATED FROM THEIR BIOLOGICAL MOTHER, LILLIAN, AS CHILDREN THEY WERE ALL ADOPTED INTO WHITE FAMILIES AND SCATTERED ACROSS THE CONTINENT, MAKING IT ALMOST IMPOSSIBLE TO FIND OUT WHAT HAPPENED TO CLEO AND WHERE SHE ENDED UP >> I HAD WRITTEN COUNTLESS LETTERS >> Reporter: AFTER YEARS OF HITTING BUREAUCRATIC BRICK WALLS CHRISTINE TURNS TO US FOR HELP THE >> I DIDN’T KNOW HER AGE OR HER BIRTHDAY OR WHEN SHE DIED WE HAD TRIED SO MANY THINGS OVER THE YEARS AND ALWAYS, ALWAYS NOTHING — NOTHING, NOTHING >> Reporter: WITHOUT KNOWING HER BIRTH DATE, ADOPTIVE NAME, OR ANY BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT CLEO, OUR INVESTIGATION FOR OUR PODCAST HAS TO START HERE — ON THE LITTLE PINE FIRST NATION IN SASKATCHEWAN WHERE CLEO’S STORY BEGINS >> SO THIS USED TO BE OUR GATHERING SPOT, ESPECIALLY WHEN WE WERE YOUNG THIS IS WHERE WE’D COME TO GET OUR FISH >> Reporter: CLEO SPENT HER EARLY YEARS HERE WITH HER COUSIN WAYNE HE REMEMBERS DAYS SPENT FISHING AND PLAYING BY THE RIVER WITH HIS COUSIN >> A LOT OF GOOD MEMORIES GROWING UP HERE ON THE RESERVE A LOT OF GOOD PEOPLE IN THIS TOWN >> Reporter: WAYNE IS NOW CHIEF HERE AND PROUD OF HIS COMMUNITY >> THAT’S WHERE WE WERE — THAT’S THE HOUSE WHEN THE KIDS GOT TAKEN AWAY >> Reporter: HE TAKES US TO THE HOUSE WHERE THEY ALL LIVED WITH THEIR GRANDMOTHER

HE IS STILL HAUNTED BY THE DAY THAT CLEO AND HER SIBLINGS WERE TAKEN BY SOCIAL SERVICES >> ALL YOU COULD HEAR WERE CAR DOORS SLAMMING AND I WAS SITTING AT THE WINDOW AND I COULD SEE CLEO LOOKING BACK AND CRYING YOU KNOW, SHE WAS THE OLDEST AND I NEVER SAW THEM AGAIN (♪♪♪) >> Reporter: WHAT HAPPENED TO CLEO AND CHRISTINE WASN’T AN ANOMALY THE SAME HEARTBREAKING SCENE WAS PLAYING OUT IN INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES ACROSS THE COUNTRY A WAVE OF APPREHENSIONS BY SOCIAL WORKERS >> THEY ARE THE PRODUCTS OF A SUDDEN AND SHARP RISE IN ILLEGITIMATE BIRTHS AND MARRIAGE BREAKDOWNS AMONG INDIAN AND MÉTIS PEOPLE >> Reporter: IN SASKATCHEWAN THE GOVERNMENT HAD A NEW PROBLEM — WHAT TO DO WITH ALL OF THE INDIGENOUS CHILDREN SUDDENLY IN THEIR CARE >> THIS IS A SPECIAL ADOPTION PROGRAMME >> Reporter: THEIR SOLUTION? A NEW PROGRAMME CALLED “AIM,” ADOPT INDIAN AND MÉTIS AND IT EVEN RAN ADS LIKE THESE THE GOVERNMENT IS PROTECTING THEIR IDENTITY NOW BUT BACK THEN THESE ADS SHOWED SMILING HAPPY INDIGENOUS KIDS, AVAILABLE FOR ADOPTION (♪♪♪) MANY CHILDREN WERE ADOPTED, MOST IN WHITE FAMILIES AT THE TIME THE WHOLE EXPERIMENT WAS CALLED A SUCCESS BUT FOR CHRISTINE AND SO MANY OTHER CHILDREN OF THE SIXTIES SCOOP THE RESULT WAS A CHILDHOOD FILLED WITH LOSS AND SHAME WHAT WAS IT LIKE FOR YOU TO BE AN INDIGENOUS CHILD IN A WHITE FAMILY? >> IT WAS ENTIRELY UNFAMILIAR IT WAS SOMETHING FOREIGN, YOU KNOW, I WAS REMINDED, YOU KNOW, HOW LUCKY I WAS TO BE RAISED IN A NON-NATIVE HOME HOW LUCKY I WAS THAT I WASN’T RAPED OR IN A DITCH KIND OF THING I WAS AFRAID OF MY OWN PEOPLE FOR A LONG TIME AND I WAS ASHAMED OF MY OWN PEOPLE FOR A LONG TIME BECAUSE I DIDN’T KNOW ANY BETTER OKAY, SIT DOWN IT’S OUR LITTLE TIME TO BE TOGETHER AND, YOU KNOW, SHE KNOWS HOW MUCH I LOVE HIM >> Reporter: NOW A MOTHER AND GRANDMOTHER, CHRISTINE BELIEVES THAT HER LIFE WOULD HAVE BEEN DIFFERENT AND CLEO MIGHT HAVE BEEN SAVED IF THEY HAD BEEN ALLOWED TO STAY WITH THEIR FAMILY >> AND YOU RUN AWAY THERE WAS THIS PERCEIVED INCOMPETENCE ON BEHALF OF THE GOVERNMENT WHO VIEWED NATIVE PEOPLE AND THERE’S THIS GREATER SOCIETAL VIEW THAT WE ARE INCOMPETENT TO LOOK AFTER OUR CHILDREN AND THAT’S NOT THE CASE (♪♪♪) >> Reporter: AFTER MONTHS OF RESEARCHING AND DIGGING, WE FINALLY HAVE A LEAD ON CLEO NOT IN ARKANSAS, BUT HERE IN MEDFORD, NEW JERSEY THERE IT IS, THERE IT IS MY PRODUCER MARNIE FOUND A HEADSTONE ONLINE >> SO THIS IS WHAT WE’RE LOOKING FOR >> Reporter: IT’S THE SAME FIRST NAME AND BIRTH YEAR AS CLEO WE THINK THAT IT MIGHT BE CLEO >> THAT LOOKS THE SAME I FEEL THAT WE COULD LOOK RIGHT HERE AND JUST SEE IT HOW ABOUT YOU? THERE IT IS! >> BELOVED DAUGHTER, CLEO MEDONA, MAY 7, 1965, TO DECEMBER 22, 1978 IS THIS IT? HAVE WE FOUND CLEO? IS MADONIA HER ADOPTED NAME? AND WE FIND A MRS. MADONIA WHO WE BELIEVE THAT COULD BE CLEO’S ADOPTIVE MOM IN A NEARBY TOWN WE TRY CALLING HER REPEATEDLY BUT SHE DOESN’T ANSWER SO WE DECIDE THAT WE NEED TO KNOCK ON HER DOOR >> SO, YEAH, WE’RE JUST LOOKING FOR MRS. MADOIA’S HOUSE AND

WE’RE WONDERING IF THIS IS THE BEST WAY TO DO THIS — TO KNOCK ON HAD WOMAN’S DOOR AND ASK ABOUT HER DAUGHTER WHO HAS BEEN DEAD FOR 38 YEARS, IF THIS IS FAIR TO HER? I DON’T KNOW THAT I FEEL VERY GOOD ABOUT DOING THIS >> YOU HAVE ARRIVED AT YOUR DESTINATION >> GOOD LUCK >> HI, ARE YOU MRS. MADONIA MY NAME IS CONNIE WALKER AND I’M A REPORTER WITH THE CANADIAN BROADCASTING CORPORATION IN ONTARIO WE WERE RIGHT CLEO MADONIA IS CLEO SEMAGANIS HER ADOPTIVE MOM DOESN’T WANT TO GO ON CAMERA BUT WE TALK FOR ALMOST 20 MINUTES SHE TELLS ME THE TRUTH ABOUT CLEO’S DEATH SHE SAID, YES, IT WAS MY DAUGHTER CLEO BUT SHE TOOK HER LIFE SHE TOOK HER LIFE SO THE STORY THAT HER FAMILY HAS ALWAYS BELIEVED IS WRONG CLEO WASN’T MURDERED BUT THE TRUTH IS EQUALLY TRAGIC JUST MONTHS AFTER THIS PHOTO WAS TAKEN CLEO TOOK HER OWN LIFE SHE WAS 13 YEARS OLD CHRISTINE IS GRATEFUL TO FINALLY KNOW THE TRUTH BUT IT’S NOT ENOUGH WE BRING HER TO NEW JERSEY, SHE WANTS TO LEARN MORE ABOUT HER SISTER’S FINAL DAYS >> I WANT TO KNOW EXACTLY WHAT HAPPENED THE DAY SHE DIED I WANT TO KNOW WHO WAS IN HER LIFE CLOSEST TO THE END I HAVE SOME ANSWERS BUT I WANT MORE AND I WON’T STOP UNTIL I GET THOSE ANSWERS >> Reporter: HOW ARE YOU FEELING? >> OH, GOOD, GOOD, GOOD >> Reporter: THE NEXT DAY SHE GETS THEM WE DISCOVER THE POLICE REPORT INTO CLEO’S DEATH STILL EXISTS >> THE CASE FILE AND SOME LETTERS, I’M NOT SURE WHO THEY’RE FROM OR WHO WROTE THEM >> Reporter: ARE YOU READY TO LOOK AT SOME OF THESE? ALMOST 40 YEARS LATER CHRISTINE GETS A GLIMPSE INTO CLEO’S SHORT LIFE THROUGH HER OWN LETTERS >> SATURDAY, LET’S GO TO THE MALL IF YOU WANT TO LET’S GO SEE “UP IN SMOKE.” >> Reporter: TYPICAL TEEN ANGST >> THE ONLY REASON I HATED HIM IS BECAUSE HE DIDN’T LIKE ME >> Reporter: CHRISTINE DEVOURS EVERY WORD, FINDING A WELCOME CONNECTION TO HER LONG LOST SISTER >> I NEVER KNEW THAT YOU LIKED BRUCE SPRINGSTEEN, SINCE WHEN? >> Reporter: DO YOU LIKE BRUCE SPRINGSTEEN AS WELL? >> YEAH, YEAH >> Reporter: BUT WE SEE HOW DESPERATELY UNHAPPY CLEO WAS >> FROM THE TEACHERS >> Reporter: SHE CONFIDED IN HER TEACHERS THEY SAID THAT SHE WAS VERY, VERY UNHAPPY SHE WAS WORRIED ABOUT HER FAMILY AND WANTED TO GET BACK TO THEM IN THE WORST WAY CLEO EVEN TOLD THEM, THE GOVERNMENT HAD ABSOLUTELY NO RIGHT TO LET ME GO THEY TOOK ME AWAY FROM MY FAMILY, FROM MY SISTERS AND BROTHERS IN THE MIDST OF ALL THESE PAPERS ARE CLEO’S FINAL WORDS — I AM SORRY AND IN THE NAMES OF THE TWO TEACHERS THAT SHE SAYS SHE LOVED >> YOU’RE WELCOME SORRY FOR YOUR LOSS (♪♪♪) >> THE THING THAT SADDENS ME THE MOST ABOUT THIS PROCESS WAS THE VALUE OF A CANADIAN GIRL, A CREE GIRL TO THE GOVERNMENT OF THE DAY SHE HAD NO VALUE BUT SHE WAS INVALUABLE TO US IN LIFE AND IN DEATH I’M VERY HAPPY I KNOW IT DOESN’T LOOK LIKE I’M HAPPY BUT I’M VERY HAPPY IT’S A GOOD DAY IT’S A GOOD DAY I’M HAPPY THAT I FOUND HER

YOU FOUND HER THANK YOU I FEEL REALLY GOOD >> Rosemary: CONNIE AND THE PRODUCERS DELVE MUCH DEEPER INTO THE STORY OF FINDING CLEO IN HER PODCAST “MISSING AND MURDER,” ALL 10 EPISODES OF THIS STORY ARE ON OUR WEBSITE ALONG WITH ANOTHER CASE THAT CONNIE AND HER ♪ ♪ Ad: Bitcoin is the first decentralized digital currency Reporter: This might be the first time in history a new currency is been launched with a video that explains how it is made It is possible to make physical bitcoins, but not necessary It’s a digital currency Each bitcoin is actually a unique code making it easy to shop online or send bitcoin around the world for almost nothing Ad: Bitcoins are generated all over the internet by anybody running a free application called a bitcoin miner Reporter: Bitcoins are mined, that’s the official term, by computers Slowly released one by one as computers complete complicated calculations There’s a limit on how many will be created Production will stop at 21 million But anyone can buy and sell or exchange bitcoins with other currencies It’s also a decentralized system which means no one country, no one entity, no one government or no one corporation owns it Right now were seeing governments all around the world printing money, printing, printing which is devaluing people’s savings Reporter: Canada recently became the first country in the world to have a bitcoin ATM More are expected The US has the dollar, Mexico has the peso, it’s kind of like the currency of the internet The future currency of the internet I think it’s an exciting new venture I think it’s the beginning of something really, really big Reporter: Perry Sedorski has studied bitcoin and says digital currencies have huge potential and one special risk I think the biggest threat would be for someone to hack into the bitcoin operating system and basically try to crash it I think that would be the biggest concern I think anybody that lives in a high inflation country is thinking about putting their wealth in bitcoin to shelter from inflationary effects and anybody trying to move money around the world that doesn’t necessarily want to pay high transaction costs is going to find it favourable to use bitcoin Bitcoin could, however, drop in value if it turns out to be a fad that fades At the same time, authorities are worried about bitcoin It’s harder to trace than regular currency The concern is that money launderers and others could use it to cover up their crimes A concern highlighted when this website, linked to illegal activities, was shut down But there are legitimate early adopters out there, small businesses that already accept bitcoin Like this coffee shop, where the first ATM was installed Well, there’s lots of online websites that accept bitcoin as payment You can basically use it just like any cash I sold my jet ski personally for bitcoin about six months ago Reporter: For the currency to go mainstream, become more than a curiosity for most people, most experts say it will have to be accepted by major retailers Everything may just depend now on what consumers demand Havard Gould, CBC News, Toronto [camera shutters click] Man: That’s as far as we’re gonna get Français? Français? Merci beaucoup ♪ ♪ >> WHEN HE WAS ARRESTED WE WOULD ALWAYS SAY AT LEAST HE’S SAFE AND HE’S IN PRISON AND HE’S BEING WATCHED AND EATING, RIGHT? BUT HE WASN’T SAFE >> Andrew: CURTIS MCGOWEN WAS A 32-YEAR-OLD FATHER WHO WANTED TO GET HELP AND INSTEAD HE DIED FROM A DRUG OVERDOSE ALONE IN AN ONTARIO JAIL CELL CANADA’S PRISON SYSTEM IS DEALING WITH THE BLUNT END OF THE OPIOID CRISIS THE RATE OF DRUG CRISES ARE GROWING IN THE JAILS BEHIND BARS TREATMENT IS HARD TO GET (♪♪♪) >> Reporter: IT’SA PROLIFIC

RAP SHEET… AMBER McPHERSON PIECES TOGETHER THE PAPER TRAIL LEFT BY HER BROTHER, CURTIS McGREW AN, PAGES OF PETTY CRIMES — >> BREACHED, WAS ARRESTED AGAIN AND HE JUMPED AND BROKE HIS FOOT >> Reporter: AND EMERGENCY ADMISSION RECORDS >> ARRESTED, TIMES THREE THIS MONTH STEALING TO SUPPLY HIS HABIT >> Reporter: HIS ADDICTION BEGAN AS IT DID FOR A LOT OF DRUG USERS WITH A PRESCRIPTION FOR PAIN MEDICATION >> HERE’S MOM AND DAD AND CURTIS >> Reporter: HE THEN BOUNCED BETWEEN HIS FAMILY, THE STREET, THE HOSPITAL AND JAIL FOR ALMOST SEVEN YEARS THEN THE VICIOUS CIRCLE OF PROBATION, OVERDOSE AND RE-ARREST ENDED LAST FALL >> SOMEONE FOUND HIM LAYING ON THE STREET IN GUELPH AND CALLED THE AMBULANCE AND THEY TOOK HIM TO THE HOSPITAL HERE IN GUELPH AND THEY REVIVED HIM WITH NARCAN AND POLICE WENT THERE TO ARREST HIM BECAUSE PART OF HIS PROBATION WAS NOT TO USE DRUGS >> Reporter: RELEASED AND BUSTED AGAIN, DAYS LATER MCGOWAN LANDED HERE IN A CELL IN THE INFIRMARY FOR A BROKEN FOOT, CLOSE TO MEDICAL ATTENTION BUT NOT CLOSE ENOUGH TO PREVENT AN OVERDOSE ON FENTANYL WHEN THE STAFF FOUND HIM IT WAS TOO LATE >> WHY WAS MY BROTHER DEAD IN THE MEDICAL UNIT AND THEY CHECKED HIM EVERY 20 MINUTES WITH A LOG THING AND THEY WOULD GO BY SO I WANT TO KNOW HOW DID THIS HAPPEN I THINK THAT WE DESERVE TO KNOW THAT >> I FIND IT AMAZING THAT HE SURVIVED AN OVERDOSE ON THE STREETS BUT DIES OF ONE IN JAIL NOT EVEN LIKE SIX WEEKS LATER >> THEY REALLY NEED YOU TO HELP ME >> Reporter: MCGOWAN’S FAMILY SAID THAT HE WAS DESPERATE FOR TREATMENT BUT DIDN’T GET IT >> I HOPE TO SEE YOU >> Reporter: WITHOUT IT HE STOOD A LITTLE CHANCE AGAINST THE TEMPTATION OF DRUGS, SMUGGLED BEHIND BARS IN INCREASINGLY CREATIVE WAYS >> HE DID TELL ME SOME THINGS HOW THEY GOT THEM IN WAS IN KINDER EGGS AND SWALLOWING PACKAGES AND PEOPLE GETTING BAIL AND THEN GETTING ARRESTED AGAIN OR GOING BACK IN SOMEHOW >> Reporter: ONTARIO IS STEPPING UP ITS EFFORTS TO KEEP DRUGS OUT BY BRINGING IN FULL BODY SCANNERS >> SO HERE WE HAVE IDENTIFIED A PIECE OF CONTRABAND THAT DOESN’T BELONG >> Reporter: LIKE THIS ONE INSTALLED AT THE REMAND CENTRE IN EDMONTON >> WE APPLY THE DIFFERENT FILTERS >> Reporter: BUT CUTTING ADDICTIVE INMATES OFF DRUGS HAS CONSEQUENCES >> FORCING THEM TO BE SOBER YOU’RE NOT DOING ANYBODY ANY FAVOURS AND THAT’S ANOTHER DEAD BODY BECAUSE THE RISK OF OVERDOSING AFTER PRISON IS 40 TO 60 TIMES HIGHER THAN THE GENERAL POPULATION WHICH IS RIDICULOUSLY HIGH >> Reporter: THIS FORMER CORRECTIONAL DOCTOR SAYS THAT PHYSICIANS ARE RELUCTANT TO OFFER ADDICTIONS TREATMENT IN PROVINCIAL FACILITIES WHERE THE SENTENCES ARE SHORT AND THE POPULATION TRANSITORY HER SURVEY FOUND THAT JUST HALF OF THE DOCTORS IN ONTARIO JAILS PROVIDE DRUG TREATMENT SUCH AS METHADONE AND IN MOST CASES ONLY IF THAT INMATE WAS ALREADY IN TREATMENT PRIOR TO JAIL >> SOME OF THEM DON’T SEE THAT AS THEIR JOB AND THEY SEE THEIR ROLE AS BEING PRIMARY CARE PROVIDERS THIS IS SORT OF LIKE A WALK-IN CLINIC TYPE SETTING AND I’LL DEAL WITH THE URGENT ISSUE AND I’M NOT HERE TO PREVENT ANYTHING THAT HAPPENS IN THE FUTURE NECESSARILY >> THOSE APPREHENSIONS AND THE PRECONCEPTIONS ARE NO LONGER VAL HID IN MY OPINION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE PRESENT CRISIS >> Reporter: DR. SHARIFI WORKS IN B.C.’S CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM, NOT AS A CORRECTIONS EMPLOYEE BUT UNDER THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH SIX MONTHS AGO B.C. FOLLOWED ALBERTA AND NOVA SCOTIA’S LEAD BY TAKING THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR INMATES’ HEALTH OUT OF THE HANDS OF JAILED ADMINISTRATION AND GIVING IT TO THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH TO ENSURE THE STANDARDS FOR CARE ARE THE SAME BEHIND BARS AS THEY ARE OUTSIDE SINCE THEN SHARIFI SAYS THAT NO ONE HAS DIED OF AN OPIOID OVERDOSE IN B.C. JAILS A THIRD OF THE INMATES ARE NOW GETTING TREATMENT FOR ADDICTION BUT IT’S STILL EARLY AND THERE’S A WAITING LIST >> WE LOOK AT METHADONE AS A DRUG BUT IT’S NOT REALLY A DRUG IF YOU WERE DIABETIC AND YOU WERE ON A MEDICATION CALLED INSULIN I WOULDN’T WANT TO CUT BACK YOUR INSULIN DOSE AND EXPECT TO YOU DO WELL >> Reporter: THE ONTARIO GOVERNMENT SAYS THAT THEY’RE ALSO LOOKING AT SHIFTING RESPONSIBILITY IT’S TOO LATE FOR THE EIGHT MEN WHO DIED OF OVERDOSES IN ONE PROVINCIAL FACILITY ALONE THEY’RE THE SUBJECT OF AN INQUEST NEXT WEEK A SEPARATE INVESTIGATION IS ALSO UNDERWAY INTO CURTIS MCGOWAN’S DEATH >> I AM SO TIRED >> Reporter: FOR NOW THE ANSWERS THAT HIS SISTER HAS ARE IN HIS LAST LETTER TO HER PENNED IN JAIL >> WHAT I’M TRYING TO SAY IS THAT I NEED HELP AND I DON’T LIKE ASKING FOR HELP >> Reporter: HELP THAT NEVER CAME

VIK ADHOPIA, CBC NEWS, GUELPH, ONTARIO >> Andrew: VIC MENTIONED EIGHT DEATHS AT ONE FACILITY AND WE ASKED THE PROVINCE FOR THE TOTAL NUMBER OF DEATHS BUT DIDN’T GET AN ANSWER AND INSTEAD THE MINISTRY TOLD US THAT THEY’RE REVIEWING HOW BEST TO TRACK OVERDOSES AND THIS IS AN ISSUE BEYOND ONTARIO B.C. CORRECTIONS TOLD US BETWEEN 2016 AND 2017 ITS STAFF DEALT WITH 96 SUSPECTED OVERDOSES THAT WERE NONFATAL AND FOUR THAT WERE FATAL IN ALBERTA, BETWEEN JANUARY 2016 AND NOVEMBER 2017, THERE WERE 122 SUSPECTED OVERDOSES, THREE INMATES DIED >> Rosemary: COMING UP THE 13-HOUR SEARCH FOR A TEEN BOY WHO FELL DOWN A DRAINAGE PIPE >> THE BUREAU OF SANITATION WAS OPENING UP A DETACH TO PLACE THE CAMERA INTO THERE AND THAT’S WHERE WE LOCATED JESSE HERNANDEZ ALIVE AND TALKING >> Rosemary: HIS RESCUE, YOU BETTER BELIEVE IT IS OUR ♪ ♪ So what about the dos and don’ts of tipping? Have you ever found yourself sheepishly putting pennies underneath the bill, half wondering if it’s as tacky as it feels? Or what about the waitress who launches in to a diatribe on the politics of veal? Now that you’ve lost your appetite, does she still deserve a tip? Well Calgary restaurant critic John Gilchrist says no He’s got a few more tips on tipping to serve up as well When I look at tipping, I’m looking at the service right from the get go When I make a reservation over the phone, do they respond adequately? [phone rings] Good morning, Tiatro Sloan speaking You look for the service how you’re met at the door, where you’re seated ♪ ♪ How does the evening flow? Are you getting your water glass re-filled? ♪ ♪ The bread in the basket, is it fresh, is it warm? ♪ ♪ Reporter: Well John, what about those pennies? John: No, that is just gauche, I think Reporter: Let’s tackle something more general then Are there any guidelines for tipping in the 90s? If you’re offered adequate service in a restaurant, people say somewhere 10, 15, 20 per cent over and above the bill would be nice What we’re looking at there is the price before the taxes added People have a lot of confusion about that Do I tip on the GST? Well, no. You don’t Reporter: And here’s a trick Double the GST on a restaurant bill and it’s about 14 per cent Not bad as far as tipping goes, but even better, it’s an easy way around the arithmetic Okay, let’s cut to the chase here Who are the best tippers? John: People on business trips, number one People who’ve worked in the industry, number two And generally younger people who are starting to make a few bucks Reporter: And the worst? People — shall we say over 50, and I hate to say it, a lot of women come in for a bad rap on this, don’t tend to tip terribly well Reporter: But others say tipping is more about psychology than gender I find if you give them too much service, like if you start chatting them up and stuff like that, the tip is less If you give them really cold service, if you just give them the facts, you know, about the food, you know, that kind of thing, the tip’s much better Reporter: And then there are those friends who don’t tip, period My best advice on them is don’t go out with them Let them eat by themselves Or else invite them over to your house But yes, there are some people you just don’t want to go out to restaurants with Reporter: And how does it feel when a customer stiffs you? Yeah, I had a huge wedding party one night It was back when I was working in a bar, like a night club, but I had a wedding — ♪ ♪ (♪♪♪) >> Andrew: TONIGHT ON “THE NATIONAL,” THE OFFICIALS IN CALIFORNIA SAY THAT AN S.U.V THAT PLUNGED OFF A CLIFF LAST WEEK MAY HAVE BEEN DELIBERATELY DRIVEN OFF THE ROAD AN ENTIRE FAMILY OF EIGHT IS BELIEVED TO HAVE DIED NOW INVESTIGATORS HAVEN’T FOUND ANY EVIDENCE OF BREAKING OR SKID MARKS AT THE SCENE AND AUTHORITIES SAY THAT THE CHILD PROTECTIVE SERVICES WERE LOOKING INTO THE FAMILY AFTER RECEIVING A COMPLAINT >> Question: WHAT WOULD YOU SAY TO YOUR VICTIM? >> Andrew: THE MAN KNOWN AS THE “AFFLUENZA” TEEN WAS RELEASED FROM A TEXAS JAIL HE AVOIDED JAILTIME AFTER ADMITTING THAT HE KILLED FOUR PEOPLE IN A 2014 DRUNK DRIVING CRASH THEY SAY THAT COUCH WAS IRRESPONSIBLE BECAUSE HE WAS TOO RICH AND SPOILED BUT COUCH SPENT TWO YEARS IN JAIL AFTER HE VIOLATED HIS PROBATION BY FLEEING TO MEXICO >> SO I THINK THAT WE CAME IN AS TEAMMATES AND WE SHOULD LEAVE AS TEAMMATES TOO, I THINK THAT HAS NEVER BEEN A QUESTION >> Andrew: AFTER 18 YEARS WITH

THE VANCOUVER CANUCKS, TWINS DANIEL AND HENRIK SEDIN ARE HANGING UP THEIR SKATES THEY BROKE THE NEWS TO THEIR TEAMMATES AND THEIR FANS BEFORE HITTING THE ICE AT ROGERS ARENA THIS MORNING >>> 11:00 a.m., PRACTISE AS USUAL, JUST THE WAY THAT THE SEDINS WANTED IT >> WE GOT EVERYBODY IN THE ROOM AND IT WAS REALLY EASY, WE DIDN’T MAKE A BIG THING OF IT AND THEY WANTED US TO TREAT THEM AS NORMAL AND THEY WANTED US TO ENJOY THIS LAST GAMES >> Andrew: THEY SAID THAT THE TIME WAS RIGHT, THAT THE CONTRACTS ARE UP AT THE END OF THE SEASON AND THEY WANTED TO GO OUT ON THEIR OWN TERMS >> WE WERE LEANING TOWARDS THIS AND YOU DON’T WANT TO MAKE A FINAL DECISION, YOU NEVER KNOW HOW YOU’LL FEEL DOWN THE STRETCH BUT WE FELT THAT IN THE LAST COUPLE WEEKS THAT WE HAVE MADE THE RIGHT DECISION >> THERE’S A COLOUR CODE HERE SO YOU FOLKS CAN KNOW WHO’S WHO >> Andrew: THE SEDINS WERE JUST TEENAGERS WHEN THEY WERE DRAFTED BY THE CANUCKS PLAYING FOR AN ELITE TEAM IN SWEDEN >> DANIEL SEDIN >> Andrew: BUT SOON THEY WERE DOMINATING THE OFFENSIVE ZONE WHILE THEY NEVER BROUGHT HOME A STANLEY CUP THEY’RE THE HIGHEST SCORING PLAYERS IN CANUCKS’ HISTORY >> I JUST LOVE WATCHING THEM PLAY THE REAL SAD PART ABOUT THIS IS THAT IT’S JUST THAT THE GAME IS LOSING TWO INCREDIBLE AMBASSADORS >> PEOPLE CAN SAY WHAT THEY WANT ABOUT US, THERE’S GOING TO BE DIFFERENT OPINIONS AND THE LEAST YOU CAN DO IS TO COME IN AND TO TREAT PEOPLE LIKE THEY SHOULD BE TREATED AND COME IN WITH A SMILE ON YOUR FACE >> Andrew: THAT LEGACY WILL BE REMEMBERED OFF THE ICE AS WELL THE BROTHERS HAVE DONATED A LOT OF TIME AND MONEY TO A PROVINCE THAT’S BECOME HOME >> Rosemary: LAST NIGHT WHILE YOU WERE SLEEPING A LOS ANGELES BOY WAS BEATING THE ODDS AND STRUGGLING TO STAY ALIVE YESTERDAY HE FELL INTO A SEWER PIPE AND WASN’T SEEN AGAIN UNTIL THIS MORNING AND HIS STORY IS OUR “MOMENT OF THE DAY.” >> ONCE I PULLED THE LID OFF THE MANHOLE COVER HE WAS RIGHT THERE (♪♪♪) >> Rosemary: IT STARTED AT AN EASTER FAMILY PICNIC IN THE PARK JESSE HERNANDEZ AND SOME FRIENDS HOPPED A FENCE AND JUMPED ON PLANKS UNTIL ONE GAVE WAY HE FELL INTO A RIVER OF SEWAGE FLOWING AT 24 KILOMETRES AN HOUR SANITATION CREWS NARROWED DOWN A SEARCH AREA AND THE CITY USED ROBOTIC CAMERAS TO HUNT FOR CLUES >> ONE OF THE CAMERAS SHOWED HAND PRINTS ON THE SIDE OF THE SEWER AND AN ELBOW >> Rosemary: THEN FINALLY THE BREAKTHROUGH >> THE BUREAU OF SANITATION WAS OPENING UP A MAINTENANCE HATCH TO PLACE THE CAMERA INTO THERE AND THAT’S WHERE WE LOCATED JESSE HERNANDEZ ALIVE AND TALKING >> Andrew: YOU KNOW, ROSIE, THEY’RE TALKING ABOUT HOW THE WHOLE THING FEELS LIKE AN EASTER MIRACLE AND YOU THINK ABOUT JUST SURVIVING THE FALL AND NEVER MIND THE TOXIC SLUDGE OF A MAZE THAT IT WAS, SOMETHING LIKE 25 FEET INCREDIBLE >> Rosemary: HE DID HAVE TO BE DECONTAMINATED IN THE HOSPITAL BUT HE WAS RELEASED THIS MORNING JUST A CRAZY STORY >> Andrew: ABSOLUTELY THAT IS “THE NATIONAL” FOR THIS MONDAY, APRIL 2 THANK YOU FOR JOINING US, GOODNIGHT >> Rosemary: GOODNIGHT