How to Grow Microgreens from Start to Finish (COMPLETE GUIDE)

How’s it going everyone. Kevin from Epic Gardening here Today we are growing a powerful superfood called microgreens Now you may have heard of these before or you may be familiar with growing sprouts, which are a close cousin to microgreens But I think in today’s video and the process that we’re going to go through, we’re just going to talk about a very bare bones, as you can see, very minimal equipment way to grow a lot of nutritious greens at home Now, you know, I started gardening in an apartment and in a townhouse, places with almost no light at all. And you know, this is one of the things that you can grow no matter where you live I mean you can grow them if you have a big sprawling property, which I would be very jealous of, even on my property now I don’t have a ton, ton of space. But even if you’re an apartment dweller, you can grow microgreens So we have a bunch of different types here But before we really get into the nitty gritty of how we’re going to do this, I’m going to clear up probably a few of the most common questions about microgreens in general. So the first question would be, are microgreen seeds different from normal seeds? And the answer is no. These are the same exact species, the same exact plants you would normally grow to their full size, except for the fact that we’re planting them much more densely than you normally would. Let’s say you’re doing a broccoli green, there’s no way you’re going to be planting thousands of broccoli seeds right next to each other if you’re going to grow them all the way up But in a microgreen situation you would, and that’s because you’re harvesting them very early on in their life cycle Maybe eight to 11 days for broccoli, one of the longer ones would be basil and even that’s only 25 days And we all know you can have basil that goes throughout an entire summer if you’re growing it to maturity. So that is one of the most common questions The second most common question is where to get seeds And so I like to get mine from True Leaf Market or Everwilde Farms Anywhere you can buy a bulk seed is going to be a good idea. Because if you buy, for example, we have some dun peas right here If you were to have bought those in seed packs, you’d be spending quite a bit of money to actually cover an entire tray So without further ado, we’re going to address the basic setup for how to grow microgreens The soil, et cetera, and also some different techniques based on the type of seed, including soaking and including the density that you’re going to plant those seeds. So the first thing to talk about is the soil medium Now I’m using a very standard potting mix here. It’s very fine grained, although you can grow microgreens hydroponically if you want Or you can grow them in something like a coconut coir, which is an inert medium that doesn’t provide a lot of nutrition, but it does have kind of the same textural qualities Now what you really want in your soil or whatever growing media you use is that it’s fine grain. You do not want a lot of these large particles And for that reason, buying something like garden soil or even some types of potting mix that have a lot of wood products in them aren’t a good idea And that’s because when you’re planting, the larger the particles the harder it is for those roots to kind of get around And that’s why you just want to avoid that because you want nice even growth throughout the entire tray You want to get as much as you can of these microgreens So what I like to do is I take two cups of water, and this is unmoistened soil mix And I’ll put the water in first And what that’s going to do is that’s going to help prevent any sort of mold issues because all the water is going to wick upwards through the soil mix instead of downwards, top watering And you can kind of get a lot of mold and fungal issues if you do that, in my experience And I’ve also noticed that one of the biggest killers of new growers’ microgreen trays is that fungal problem, getting that mold, that sort of spidery looking mold. And so what I’ll do instead, as you’re seeing me do here, is I will bottom water and then I will fill from the top And then what we’ll do with our spray bottle right over here is, once we’ve sewn our seeds we can go ahead then and give it a light mist on the top And that’s really all it’ll need until you get some germination going on these trays. Now another little tip here is when you’re growing your micros, you don’t want to fill the soil all the way up to the brim because if you do that, you’re going to have some issues when it comes to harvesting. You know, you don’t really need to wash microgreens when you harvest them, provided you don’t have any mold issues and you know exactly how they grew So the best way to prevent actually having to wash is recessing your soil just a little bit. You know, maybe a quarter inch, half inch below the surface And then when you come through with your scissors as you’re cutting, you’re not cutting off any dirt with it or you’re not pulling up any roots So that’s what I like to do and this is just about as much as I would put in here. And you can see it’s just really nice, fine grained, not a lot of large particles. And I like to smooth it out. And if you want to, you can even come through with another tray and kind of give it just, just a quick little pat just to lightly compress it Don’t go overboard here and it will leave these little row patterns so you do want to re-smooth those out because you don’t want your seeds to clump But just gives it that little bit of compression to help the seeds adhere to the

soil once they actually start to germinate. So that’s it for our soil Now we’re going to go into a more simple seed and talk about how to actually sow them. So here I have purple top white globe turnip seed, which is in the Brassica family. And you can see the seeds are quite small So the smaller the seed generally the less you’ll need because they cover pretty well And so I’ve got about one and a half ounces right here and let’s go ahead and sprinkle it on the surface. As you sprinkle your microgreen seeds, I like to start from corner to corner and kind of come through just like this and give it as even a distribution as possible You don’t need to go overboard and get really meticulous with it, but you just want to avoid large pockets and clumps of seed Which is why when we tamped the soil down it was a good idea to smooth out those ridges And that’s why you want this soil to be as smooth as possible when you start it out. So you can see I’m just evenly distributing, just kind scattering these And oftentimes you’ll miss the corners a little bit cause you’re afraid of spilling seeds so you won’t actually sow on the corners. So just come through, make sure that you exhaust all the seeds that you used and you’re going to be in a really good spot This looks like a pretty even distribution for these turnips and I could even save some of this. I may have gone a little over the one and a half ounces, probably closer to two. This looks like really good spacing to me, but I am going to go ahead and sprinkle the rest in here And that’s pretty much it for sowing a small seed like turnips Now that we have our seeds sown, we do have a little bit of water coming up from the bottom of the tray if you remember, but we have to give them a little water over the top because that does start to trigger the germination process. So I like to give it a very light mist There we go, of just normal water, nothing too fancy Make sure I get adequate coverage It also kind of helps to adhere the seed to the surface of the soil where once those roots starts to come out, they’re actually going to start to adhere themselves instead of growing in a weird pattern. So boom, we’re just going to hit it with some water Not too crazy, but just enough to get the surface wet That’s about all we’ll need. And then what I’ll do, in this phase they don’t need light But remember most of the time you’re burying these seeds below the soil if you’re growing them in a normal gardening situation. We’re not doing that here And so what I like to do, and this does two things. First of all, putting a tray on top like this is going to block out light, which some seeds do prefer darkness in order to germinate. In fact, I would say most seeds prefer a bit of darkness to germinate But it’s also going to provide a little bit of pressure that’s going to simulate it being buried underneath the soil Cause remember we just sowed these on the surface there So that’s what I’m going to do Now what you have to do is just sit back and wait Every day or two you can kind of check Usually for something like turnips in particular, this is going to take about three days to start germinating, those roots to start going down And then what you’ll see is you’ll see these start to push up And so the tray actually will sort of rise on its own And then what you’ll see is some yellowy-looking leaves And they’re yellow because they don’t have any ability to photosynthesize yet because they have not been exposed to light. And that’s completely normal Don’t think that your microgreens are unhealthy because of that So we’re going to leave this one alone and we’re going to tackle a couple of these other seeds that have some more interesting sowing and spacing and germination requirements One type of seed that is really popular to grow as a microgreen or even for juicing is wheat grass One of the most popular ones you see at juicing stores all over the place And as you can see if we take a look at this seed here, I’ll see if I can bring it close for you You can take a look at that seed and it’s much larger and also it’s a bit more hard. The seed coat is a bit harder. And so on the instructions on this packet, and just through my own experience, I know that you do want to soak this seed in order to improve germination rates before you put it into the trays like you just saw us do with those purple top globe turnips. So on the back here it says, soak for eight to 12 hours, rinse and drain, then place in a bowl or sprouting container What I’ll do is I will place in the tray that we’re growing our microgreens in or, in this case, our wheat grass seeds. So in this case, what I like to do with my microgreens, if I know I’m growing a lot of different soaking style types, is I’ll create a couple of different bowls, fill them with water and I’ll dump these in the bowl and then I’ll set various timers so I know, you know, when that period is done Because you don’t want to soak them too long, otherwise too much water gets in and in fact they can actually drown, um, in water. They can sort of start to rot and drown. It’s not what you want You just want to get a little bit of water through the seed hull to start speeding up that germination process instead of just surface sowing these wheat seeds right on top without soaking them You’ll get spotty germination or the soil will have to be really wet in order to make that work, which also has its own issues. You know, you got that mold problem that I was talking about So we’re going to go ahead and soak these as well as some other varieties and we’ll get right back to planting. As I mentioned, our first one going in will be our wheat grass So we can just dump that in there

And in fact I’m going to use the rest of this because I’m going to sow it pretty heavily. So we’re going to do all eight ounces, which I’ll need to fill a little bit more water in there. No problem though Next we have dun peas Peas are a fantastic and actually quite valuable if you were to sell these at a market, uh, and also quite nutritious and delicious microgreen So dun peas you can tell are much smaller than they end up once they’re soaked and it’s about five to eight ounces per tray So what I like to do is we’ll just measure out four ounces really quickly here We’ll do that and we’ll do another four cause I’ll sow these pretty heavy as well. There we go These soak for about six to eight hours, maybe even up to eight to 12 These soak for four And then we also have our final soaker of the mix that we’re going to be growing in this demonstration is our sunflower seeds So that will be right here So these are black oil sunflower seeds, those are the best ones for microgreens They have a bit of a different look to them There’s hundreds and hundreds of different types of sunflower seeds So you can see these are all black. They’re not speckled, they don’t have any white streaks I’m going to use about eight ounces of these as well These soak for about four hours. And on these the colder the water the better Um, I’m just using water out of my filter so it’s a little bit chilled, so it’ll be just fine And we’re going to do eight ounces of these just cause I want to make sure I have some extra. And no big deal if you have extra, you can always just start another tray up. So we’ve got our things soaking I’m gonna make sure, depress these down, make sure they all get submerged Nice and good And we will be back when we go ahead and have these all soaked so we can sow them. As you can see, we’ve quite a few things soaking here We’ve got our sunflowers, our peas, our wheat grass, and actually one bonus one that I just added, nasturtium Nasturtium an exceptionally delicious and prized vegetable for chefs I mean you can go to a restaurant and sell those and it’s quite valuable, but also for yourself nutrition-wise very, very advantageous to be eating those So we’ve got our two cups of water This here is something I’d recommend just as a base layer, you know, for your microgreens and for your nutrition. This is just a simple salad mix I think it’s extremely valuable to have that in your repertoire You can get a basic mix, you can get a more spicy mix that’s a little bit more forward with those mustards and those arugulas. But in general, I really do like to have a basic salad mix ready at any time Because remember you go to the store and you buy, I don’t know, one head of lettuce or certainly if you were to buy microgreens, the price is out the roof. And as you can see, we’re not spending a whole lot on the production of these microgreens. Your, your soil is not that expensive, especially if you buy in bulk. Your seeds, certainly for these cheaper seeds, aren’t that expensive, right? Lettuce produces a ton of seeds per plant. That’s why the, the seed price itself is relatively cheap I think the basic mix is maybe if you buy it, if you start buying these in the pound increments, you can get these for $8 for a pound of seed Which is more than enough for 16 trays worth, which is much more than you’re going to want to consume in a week, certainly And honestly, that’ll feed you for a month or more And so we’re talking $8 plus some of the cost of the, the soil for quite a bit of food for quite a long time So we’re just prepping the seeds here and you know, figured I would go over a couple other questions about microgreens that I often get And so one thing that a lot of people ask is does it matter if the soil is organic or does it matter if the seeds are organic? Now, certainly that’s a much deeper question than I think is applicable to just a microgreen scenario. I mean, the question of organic versus conventional is a very hotly debated and hotly contested one. I find for myself, if I can, I will But I have to remember that I could also grow these in a hydroponic environment where I’m just growing them on like a coconut coir mat That’s technically not organic certified. However, uh, in my worldview of how I think about how that plant actually grows and the nutrition that’s entering my body, then certainly I would view that as an organic product just because I know exactly what I did to that plant And so I would just caution you to pay attention to the fact that organic certification is very different from the method in which a plant is grown You know, in organic produce,you can still use pesticides, you can still use fertilizers and you can still use, um, fungicides, herbicides, right? They just have to be natural and not synthetic So you know, sometimes I think people will make a differentiation or a false dichotomy between something that’s natural being good and something that’s synthetic being bad, right? Arsenic, completely natural, naturally occurring compound,

but you don’t want to eat it. And penicillin, certainly something that did not occur in nature or certainly not in large amounts or had to be discovered and it is completely a lifesaver for many people on this planet. So just something to think about But we’re going to go ahead and sow these, basic lettuce salad mix So we’ve got some arugula in here. We’ve got some romaine, we have some normal leaf lettuces and I think we do have a little bit of a spicy flair with some of those mustards and mizunas, which is just a tasty mix I mean this is, this is really cool because you’re growing what you would buy at the store, you know, a chopped up mix of things Just get different seeds in the same packet and you’re really good to go So same principles apply here. Nothing too fancy. We’re just sprinkling Nice and even And that’s going to be it for the planting section of this presentation We’re going to go into the blackout dome period or the germination period of these plants in just a sec And so I hope you’ll join me there as I mist this off and cover it up We are going to move on So here we are in the garden shed. As you can see, a vast array of microgreens are sitting in here waiting to germinate These are all the ones that we’ve planted up We’ve got all the way from salad mix to chives to turnips, to some of the ones that we’ve soaked Our wheat grass, our nasturtiums, our sunflowers and our peas Now you might be wondering, why aren’t the lights on? Well, the plants don’t really need light yet Remember, they’re germinating They’re starting their life Almost no seeds, at least certainly not these ones, need light in order to germinate and so we’re going to cover them up You can see we’ve got these trays on top, like I mentioned in the prior sections of this presentation, but we also have a couple of trays on top. Now, why would you do that? Well, what I’ve seen from my friends who are commercial microgreen farmers at large scales now is putting a little bit of added weight on top of the tray, forces those seeds to struggle a little bit more, get really well established and grow up nice and healthy and strong And so when you start to see these pop up, then you’ll know, okay, it’s time to take the tray off and analyze and say, do we need to expose it to light? So what we’re going to do is patiently wait for a few days I may check in once or twice over the course of the germination process, but really now it’s a waiting game As long as you set all these trays up correctly, the right soil, the right amount of water, the right soaking or non-soaking, depending on the type of seed and the right distribution of seeds, then you should be in a good spot to just cross your fingers, wait and hope you have a good germination in these trays So we’ll be back in a couple days Okay. It has been a few days, three days to be exact I’m really curious to see what is going on underneath these trays and we’re going to talk about moving into the next phase But first we need to uncover the magic Nasturtiums looking okay Sunflowers looking good Wheat grass looking very good Peas are coming up nicely. Our salad mix, we’ve got our chives a little slower, alliums a little bit slower and our turnips are going absolutely crazy So let’s take a quick closer look at these for a second So here are the nasturtiams. You can see they are starting to germinate, but they’re just a bigger, harder seed so they’re a little bit slower The sunflowers are doing really nicely. The wheat grass, you can see it’s yellow, but not a big deal because that’s because it’s not been exposed to light But this is going to grow up rapidly once we expose it to light Pea shoots are all coming up very nicely. The salad mix, again, densely seeded, really nice spacing and yellow. But again, that’s because of no light The chives we’re going to keep under cover still because they’re only just now popping out some roots. So we need to wait a little bit on that And then we’ve got our turnips So it is time now to talk about how to use light for these microgreens So this is my favorite part of growing microgreens When you actually get to turn the lights on, I don’t know, something about the way that all the different microgreens grow and look, it’s just so fun to see them growing like this So let’s talk about these lights You can use a couple of different lighting technologies I really prefer LEDs or sunlight if possible You could certainly grow these outdoors You do not need to grow them in a shed like I’m doing here But just for the purposes of this presentation and for control, I find it to be quite a bit easier to grow it under lights You get to control every single aspect of the growth Certainly when I was a commercial grower that was paramount If you’re a home grower, you could be a little more laissez-faire It doesn’t really matter But the thing that you really need to think about is light placement So this is a 440 watt I believe white LED You don’t need to use something this extreme It’s just what I have on hand and it has a nice footprint Footprint means the area that the light is cast over. I can cover one, two, three, four trays with this and I could honestly even squeeze in a fifth Down here you can see I’ve got a different light. So this is a shop light,

like a T5 grow light shop light type of thing Very similar to the lights I have overhead right now That is a fluorescent and so you can also use fluorescent lights The difference is the power draw on an LED is going to be slightly more efficient given the same wattage and also the T5 fluorescent is going to output a bit more heat Neither of those should be a huge deal when you’re growing microgreens, but what I find is most important is lighting placement The closer you can get your light to the canopy of your trays, the better. Microgreens are going to be extremely light hungry You don’t want them to stretch or etiolate, which is where they’re sort of going towards the sun, they’re not getting enough sun and they just get a little spindly and unhealthy You’d much rather have them be bushy, compact, nice and healthy And that means trying to get this placed as close as you can without overheating or burning the plants. So I could afford to get this a little closer Just for the purposes of the video, I have it a little bit higher up But you could get away with a placement like this, so long as it’s still covering the amount of trays that you want to grow. Now, as far as timing, a lot of people will recommend 12 on 12 off, so sort of mimicking daylight You can get away with up to 16 on and eight off or you can get up to even 18 and six. The more light the better You can watch your plants and make sure that they’re not having a bad reaction to too much light. Oftentimes, remember we’re growing hundreds or even thousands of seedlings in a single tray It’s a good idea to give them a lot of light So I have these both set on the same timer It comes on at about 7:00am and it turns off at about 12 at night So they’re getting a lot, a lot, a lot of sun What we’re going to do is we’re going to grow all of these for the next three to 10 days depending on the variety. Like I said, the chives are going to take a little longer, the nasturtiums are going to take a little longer But we’re coming in and now is when you do want to make sure and inspect You want to make sure, hey, do I have mold growth? If I do, you can hit it with a little bit of grapefruit seed extract You can hit it with a couple of different things that help. Uh, grapefruit seed extract for little mold spots I find is like a good spot treatment to help. You don’t have to scrap the whole tray, but if you do let it get out of control then you do have to scrap the whole tray. So I would really watch out for mold You just want to make sure you can give your trays a nice little lift and you’ll get a sense for how much water that soil is holding. If it feels light, give it a nice water and just make sure that they are well-hydrated Because remember you’re growing thousands of seeds in a small amount of soil All those roots cumulatively are going to suck up a lot of that moisture out of the soil, especially when they’re getting a lot of light and they’re photosynthesizing and they’re using a lot of water in that process So we are going to check in over the course of the next few days and from there we will go ahead and move into the next phase of microgreen growing So here we are on the second day or I guess the first full day of having light on these microgreens. You can see they respond really quickly to light They green up and they grow very, very quickly So we’ll just take a quick look just so you can get a sense of how they should start to look after you start exposing them to light. First of all, let’s check our nasturtiums Definitely looks like covering them up for a little bit longer has aided with germination, so they’re just a slower germinator We’re going to let them keep going Our sunflowers have really started to green up. You can see them start to reach, which is exactly what we want. Eventually if you want, you can kind of brush off these seed hulls and you can let them drop And you want to wait until it’s a little bit thicker then you can just kind of run your hands over the top The wheat grass is an extremely prolific and quick grower It’s greened up and I think you remember yesterday it was about here, so it’s grown over an inch over the last 16 to 18 hours Kind of giving it a little pet here Our peas also starting to green up Then our basic salad mix and our turnips are greening up like crazy and growing like crazy as well These ones will probably be ready to harvest relatively soon And then our chives, which we have left under cover, the germination looks much better You can see that it’s just a lot more white in here, which is indicative of a lot more root hairs coming out and roots and taproots So we’ll leave that covered until it pushes up above this line and we’re looking good. We’ll come back in a couple of days. Welcome back everyone We are on day five or six. Things are looking really good in here As you can see the nasturtiums, I have taken off the cover We’re going to take a closer look at those in a second Show you a couple of mistakes that can happen The sunflowers are looking really good. You’ll notice again on these, when we do a closeup, the seed hulls are still on. When they grow up, we’re going to want to kind of brush them to make sure that those come off The wheat grass is looking really good and some of these microgreens are actually harvestable right now So what I’m going to do is go through a basic harvest process to show you guys exactly how to do it, to prolong your shelf life,

to make sure that there’s no contamination, all sorts of other things It’s all small fun little tips, pretty much common sense But I figured I might as well cover it just in case If it’s your first time growing micros, you’re going to have these questions anyways So here you can see the nasturtiums and you can see that these ones on the edges really started to crawl out towards the light because it’s not a perfect seal when you put one of these trays on top. And so the seeds, even these ones in here, they notice that light or photons are coming in from here and they said, you know what, let me go over there So that’s why you see this pattern of them crawling towards the light Now that the light is actually coming from a downward source, they’re actually going to start straightening up and growing normally, but I could have stood to take the cover off a little bit sooner just to prevent that. Now you’ve got your sunflowers, nice dark green color here, looking beautiful. Like I said, you can kind of come through and do this and all of the seed hulls, or at least most of them, will start to come off, which helps you with your cleaning process Now the wheat grass is ready for its first cut It’s about four to five inches long We can come through and we’ll cut it right about there and that’ll be a really good spot to start harvesting and maybe even making a little wheat grass juice with this. Pea shoots are looking really nice You can see based on the placement of both of these lights, if you look, you can see all of these pea shoots are slightly curving this way and that’s because this light source is actually stronger than this one and it’s actually closer than this one too So you can see these plants really do respond to a healthy dose of light And if you are working in, you know, interesting conditions where you don’t quite have the exact lighting set up you would want, you can take this and maybe rotate it over here, move this one over here and you can kind of play musical chairs to make sure that everything’s getting the right amount of light for enough time Basic lettuce salad mix, you can start to see the differentiation in some of the seeds, some darker leaf varieties as well as some larger, more broad-leaved varieties As we move over to the turnips, they’re looking really good and they’re also ready for their first cut or actually their only cut. You can see they’re about three to four inches long, so it’s time to cut those guys And then finally our chives have come off of their blackout dome And so they actually smell really, really nice. They’re starting to green up And what you’ll notice with the chive seeds are they’re sort of folded in half That first leaf structure to come out is folded in half And you can see this one right here, it’s kind of folded As soon as it starts getting exposed to light, that fold unfolds and it’ll go boop. And so it’ll look like they, they grow double overnight, but in fact they’re already that long and they just need to unfurl themselves towards the light. So pretty soon we’re going to see these chives I’d like to harvest them when they’re about right there Here we are with our wheat grass. It’s time to harvest And actually most of the time when I’m growing microgreens, I wouldn’t use something like grass shears But we’re growing wheat grass so it makes sense to use them Now what you want to do is, we did have the soil a little bit below the top, but also wheat grass is one that you can cut and come again So I try to cut a little bit higher so as not to remove every single blade of grass that is coming out of that center of the stem And so I would cut maybe right around this mark right about there So I’m just coming through, I’m grabbing the top, cutting and just putting it in my bowl here. Pretty simple process Just come through with my blades, grab this, cut. There we go. And we’re good And so wheat grass you can probably get two or three cuts out of wheat grass, which is really nice. It’s unlike many microgreens, many microgreens you really can’t. So uh, this is why, I mean first of all the seeds are really cheap and second of all you can get three cuts out of it You can mix it into any sort of juice and it’s just a really good addition So it’s a staple microgreen for me If I was growing them, you know, for straight up nutrition I would definitely be having wheat grass pretty much all the time. And you don’t need to be too precise about your cuts Just come on through, keep on cutting And let’s make short work of this Get a little messy. It’s all good Now we have our tray So we’ve got a ton of wheat grass microgreens here, and we can also just give this tray a deep water We definitely hurt these plants a little bit. Give it a deep water, throw it back under the lights, let it grow up again and cut it. But, what are we going to do with all this wheat grass? This is not the best juicer for the job, but it is the only juicer I have So I’m going to throw a bunch of this wheat grass through the top It sort of masticates and chews it, spits out the fiber right here and the juice will drop down right here So let’s go ahead and see if we get a good result [inaudible] [inaudible]

And here we go. It’s not a lot, but it’s maybe a couple ounces of wheat grass, super potent And then what I like to do since the taste of this straight up is not that enjoyable to me, you can certainly just shoot it down and that’s completely fine What I like to do is I mix in another juice So I found some kumquats and turned them into a juice These as well are also super tart, so you can’t really have this on its own either Usually I just dilute this with water. I’m going to mix the two We’ll give that a little bit of a taste test. Honestly, the color, color change is kind of cool too. So shake that up Both of these should temper each other out and then we’ll have a nice little juice. But you can do whatever you want with wheat grass juice I mean you could mix it into other juices, throw it into a smoothie You could make a ton of it and then freeze it and then use it later A lot of different things you can do. So let’s go ahead. Cheers Thanks for watching guys That’s so much better. Yeah, the tartness of the kumquat, maybe mix some orange juice into it Okay. We’re back. It’s day seven The wheat grass has gone through two cuts already actually Probably going to get only one more out of it. But the rest of the microgreens, besides the chives, are ready to go So let’s talk about harvesting in general We’ll talk about storing and then we’ll even talk about how to use some of these microgreens. Plenty of ways. Your imagination is kind of the limit, but I kind of have my pet ways of using them so I’ll share those with you guys You can see, compared to how the nasturtiums started out, all the stems have started to straighten up They’ve gone straight towards the light and you’ve got these beautiful classic nasturtium leaves. Honestly, I can even smell them from here But this is going to be a super delicious nutritious tray We could let this grow a little bit longer of course, but we’ll probably harvest a few Then we have our sunflowers and these are, some of these are pushed down just because I just watered this tray But you can see most of the seed hulls are off and again you can just keep doing this to get them off. But a nice hefty looking tray here. Like I mentioned, the wheat grass going through its third cut now and it grows maybe an inch every day. So it’s crazy. Pea shoots are looking incredible, they are looking so nice. Uh, I mean this is like easily over pound of pea shoots You can see on the individual pea you’ve got the seed leaves down here or no, actually that’s a true leaf. Then there’s some secondary leaves showing You also have some tendrils coming out. So these are very, very mature Our basic salad mix is looking amazing Probably four to six ounces on this tray right now. The turnips, which I just also watered down, we’ve got a huge hefty amount And then our chives are, I mean they could use another day or two, so I’m probably going to wait on the chives. But chives, fantastic addition And I actually just eat these seed hulls too. I don’t really mind And so I don’t try to get too many of them off Okay. We are here at day 10, maybe 11, I think it’s day 11. And as you can see we’ve got quite a bit of growth In fact, we may even have let some of these go a little bit too long, which we can talk about. But first of all, let’s go over each of these crops So the nasturtiums have grown up quite considerably. You’re going to get, I mean, almost a grocery bag full of nasturtiums off of just this right here We have our sunflowers in the back. Now these are the ones that, I don’t know if these grew exactly like I would have liked Sometimes you get a tray that is like this, so it’s kind of good that I have this for illustrative purposes. But you know, just some of them died a little bit back here and they just aren’t quite as tall as I would like. That being said, they’re still going to be really nutritious and delicious So if you get a tray that’s like this, sometimes you just kind of don’t luck out or maybe you didn’t water exactly perfectly. You get something like that going on. Not the biggest deal We can still harvest this. We can still eat this. Next we have our pea shoots Now, this is a tray that did really, really well. Look at this You’ve got easily over a pound of delicious pea shoots. Now, I personally will, well, you know what? I’ll tell you exactly what I like to do with these afterwards Let’s roll through the rest of them first. We have our basic salad mix, which is looking very healthy and our turnips, which were the fastest grower I probably could have stood to harvest these a little bit earlier than I did because they’re growing so tall, they’re actually starting to fall a little bit That’s not a big deal. It just makes harvesting a little bit harder So kind of nice to actually showcase some of the issues you might run into as it comes to harvest. You can get trays that maybe look a little bit stunted You may have planted a little too dense You may have not watered quite enough Some little pathogen may have actually hit parts of the tray,

not the biggest deal. You can certainly just give them a nice wash, harvest, eat. This one may have gone a little long. Just harvest it a little earlier That’s one way to prevent this Chives over here looking really good They’re getting right around to that harvestable level So certainly the longest crop But if you’ve ever had fresh chive microgreens you’ll know it is worth the wait So as far as what I like to do for harvesting For the larger trays, I’ll actually use grass shears There’s a lot of different things you can use. You can use normal scissors, you can use micro-tip pruners, whatever you want But if we’re talking about something like a pea shoot, I could come in and just chop like this. Same within the nasturtiums. For, you know, the lettuce salad mix or for the turnips for example, I find that it’s better to use micro-tips or like smaller shears cause then you can just grab and cut as you need You can leave the rest living on the tray and then boom you’ll have it as fresh as you can possibly get it For things like chives, again, those micro-tips are really good cause chives will grow for quite a while and most of us aren’t using tons and tons of chives all at the same time. Okay So we’re here and I figured what I’d do is just harvest some of the pea shoots, one of the easier ones to harvest with these grass shears. But like I said, you can use a lot of different cutting instruments. Really is up to you I usually like to get a big bowl and then I will harvest outside and bring it into the kitchen. And we’ll go through a little bit of the storage process. But, you know, just come through and clip about an inch above the soil surface So you’re not taking up any dirt. This is completely clean, fresh microgreens that you do not have to wash. I would, I would caution that advice though, I’m not, you know, a food safety expert I just personally do not wash mine cause I know how I grew them and I know that I’m not getting any dirt and I know that there’s no pathogens or anything like that. So I don’t wash them I would not say that that’s a general recommendation though But we just come on through. We’re going to take this whole tray out And so I would say if you’re a first time microgreen grower, the ones that I showcase that would be good recommendations for you, would be these pea shoots. I would say that any of these greens-based ones, turnips, the basic salad mixes or anything in Brassica family in fact – kale, kohlrabi, collards, broccoli, cauliflower Any of those would be really good options because they all grow relatively the same way. I would recommend sunflowers If you like nasturtiums I would highly recommend growing those And other things that are good Things that I didn’t showcase in this one would be a radish Radishes are a very popular microgreen that a lot of people like to grow and they’re highly nutritious and also in fact maybe even easier than any of the ones I’ve shown so far. Just because the seed’s large, you’re not having to deal with any seed issues and it just germinates very quickly and grows vigorously. So I would say definitely give radish a try But you can see we are going to come on through, just keep on going Almost done here Another thing I would say is one of the most common questions I get is can you keep regrowing? And the answer is typically no So for things besides a grass like you saw us do with wheat grass, yeah, you could of course regrow wheat grass because that’s how that plant itself grows. Um, but for something like a pea shoot, when you’re cutting off everything and there’s nothing left, so we have our root, we have our seed and we have the beginning of a pea You might be able to get a regrowth here, but it’s very unlikely and honestly the soil is kind of spent anyways because we have sucked up quite a bit of nutrition. In fact, let me show you the matting of the soil. See that? So a lot of this soil’s nutrition has kind of been used at this point because they’ve, they’ve been here for 12 to 14 days now So in my experience it’s best to just start a new tray What do you do with these? That’s the next question people will ask I honestly will throw these into my worm bin if, if you’re doing vermicomposting, very good green material for your worms Also a little bit of extra You could consider this soil kind of like a bedding material This will go really good into your hot compost bin as well And I just like to recycle my soil, my microgreen soil into my compost, and then I can actually mix the compost back into the next microgreen tray Or I can just throw it out in my actual edible garden But we’ve got a hefty amount of pea microgreens here, so let’s just go ahead into the kitchen and we’ll talk about storing them really quickly For something like pea microgreens, what I like to do is I have a mesh crisper bag And other microgreens I actually would enclose in a full, you know, maybe a Ziploc freezer bag or something like that I find that the pea microgreens are hardy enough to be able to survive in something like a mesh bag So I’ll just pack them in and I’ll put them in a relatively high humidity crisper setting just so that they store pretty long But these you’ll want to use in the next three to five days anyways because you

know it’s best to use your stuff as fresh as possible from both a just a taste perspective, freshest perspective and just a nutrient density perspective as well This plant is still alive so it’s slowly dying as soon as you cut it So we’re just going to stuff this stuff in there. You can, you don’t have to be particular about how densely you pack it I find sometimes a little bit denser means that it does preserve a little bit better. But that’s pretty much it And then when you’re going to use something like pea shoots, what I like to do is I’ll just take them on a cast iron and just throw them in the skillet with some garlic You know you could do like some soy sauce and like that, you get a little bit of an Asian flavor going on But this is the way I like to store pea microgreens So thank you so much for watching the microgreens presentation I really hope that it’s inspired you to grow at least some of these microgreens and enjoy those flavors and those nutrients in your food every single day Very easy to do. If you have any questions at all. I am Kevin My company is called Epic Gardening, so you can find me on YouTube as Epic Gardening There’s a daily podcast called the Epic Gardening podcast, Instagram, Facebook, and of course the website where there are super in depth articles. In fact, the only thing that’s not called Epic Gardening is the book that I just came out with So if you’re looking for a more in-depth guide into urban gardening options for beginners, if you’re trying to grow some more of your own food in a very simple, practical way, and maybe you are somewhat limited on space or maybe you’re not, there’s something in here for everyone. In fact, there even is an entire section on my in-depth process for growing microgreens themselves. So there’s quite a bit in here And you can find that on Amazon or wherever books are sold. Again, it’s called Field Guide to Urban Gardening So thank you so much for checking out my presentation on the superfood summit, and until next time, good luck in the garden and keep on growing